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The Lines of Demarcation of Pope Alexander VI.”, read by Dr. S. E. Dawson before the Royal Society of Canada in 1899, and printed in their Transactions (second series, 1899–1900, volume V., section 2), it was argued with much plausibility that this bull had been suppressed, and Dr. Dawson refers to it repeatedly as "the unpromulgated bull”.

Comparison of the photograph of the front of the document, here reproduced, with like reproductions of the same class of documents in palaeographic works such as Dr. L. Schmitz-Kallenberg's Practica Cancellariae Apostolicae Saeculi XV. Exeuntis (Münster, 1904) leaves no room for doubt as to the authenticity of the manuscript. The endorsement of the bull, Registrata in camera apostolica, also accords with the practice of the papal chancery. Of the two Spanish and obviously unofficial endorsements, one reads as follows: Bula del papa Alexandro en que concede a los rreyes catholicos y sus successores todo lo que ganaren y conquistaren enlas Yndias, es la data año MCCCCXCIII. The other endorsement begins with the words, Esta se emendo y esta la emendada. ... The last words, probably three in number, are undecipherable. The text is the same as that printed in Navarrete, Viages, vol. II., no. 17, Pp. 23–27, from the transcript in the Simancas archives. Navarrete, however, stops with the date, omitting the words Gratis de mandato sanctissimi Domini nostri pape, and the names of the officials of the chancery: B. Capotius, D. Serrano, and L. Podocatharus, the pontifical secretary.


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2. South Carolina Federalist Correspondence, 1789-1797

The following letters, mainly written by William Smith to Gabriel Manigault and Ralph Izard, are printed from the manuscripts in the possession of Mrs. Hawkins Jenkins, Wantoot Plantation (Pinopolis), St. John's, Berkeley, South Carolina.


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New York June 7, 1789. Dear Sir:

... Much harmony, politeness and good humor have hitherto prevailed in both houses—our debates are conducted with a moderation and ability extremely unusual in so large a body-consisting of men under the influence of such jarring interests coming from such different countries and climates and accustomed to such different manners. How long this delightful accommodation will continue is uncertain: I sincerely wish I shall never see it interrupted ...

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R. has given me battle on the plains of X. Y. after suffering a defeat at Charleston; I have fortunately given him as complete an overthrow here as I did there,' and I hope he will let me alone.



New York 26th Sept. 1789. Dear Sir:

I am just returned from the Senate where the following Officers have been approved of - Mr. Jay Chief Justice: Judges of the Supreme Court J. Rutledge, Cushing, Wilson, Harrison, and Blair. Edmund Randolph Attorney General, Major Pinckney is appointed District Judge for South Carolina. The Judges both of the Supreme Court and the District Courts are chosen from among the most eminent and distinguished characters in America, and I do not believe that any Judiciary in the world is better filled. The President asked me before the nominations were made, whether I thought your Brother John, Genl. Pinckney, or yourself would accept of a Judge in the Supreme Court. I told him that I was not authorized to say you would not, but intimated that the office of Chief Justice would be most suitable to either of you: That however was engaged. Mr. Jay's Office has this day been filled by Mr. Jefferson, who is expected here soon from France. The home Department is added to it, and the name of the office changed. Mr. Jefferson is called Secretary of State. I hope it may suit your Brother to accept, if it should be only for two or three years; as it is of the first importance that the Judiciary should be highly respectable. The Office of District Judge I hope will be agreeable to Major Pinckney. If either of them should refuse to accept, let me know of it by the first opportunity, and tell me whom you wish to be appointed that will accept. The President will not nominate any but the most eminent: and if none in South Carolina of that description will accept, he will be obliged to have recourse to some other state. I write this letter in a hurry hoping that it may be in time to go by Capt. Freneau. Your son is above stairs drinking tea with the Ladies. I never saw him look so well. He is not absolutely fat; but as near it as you would wish him to be.

I am Dear Sir
Your most ob'. Servt.



New York December 29th 1789. Dear Sir

I have already written to you by this opportunity. Capt. Motley's being detained by contrary winds and bad weather gives me an opportunity of again urging you to procure and send me as soon as possible the sentiments of the members of the Legislature upon the subject of the adoption of our state debt by Congress. If a vote in favor of the measure could be obtained, it would put it in my power to speak with

1 The allusion is to David Ramsay's unsuccessful contest of Smith's election to Congress.

? 1. e., Thomas Pinckney.
* Charles Cotesworth Pinckney.

greater confidence than by being possessed simply of the opinions of individuals. I am fully persuaded that it would be of infinite advantage to our State if the measure should be adopted. I have written to Mr. John Hunter, the Member from Little River District on the subject. He is a man of whom I think well; perhaps it may be useful for you to confer with him. When I consider the great loss of time which for several years we have experienced in debating about indents, and many other circumstances which must occur to you, I do not think it possible that you should differ with me on this subject. I am extremely sorry however to find that my Colleague continues to do so, and I am told that some of our members in the House of Representatives are in sentiment with him. Congress will meet in a few days; but I think the business I have mentioned to you will not be decided until I receive an answer to this letter. Henry is well, is now with me; has this morning received your letter by Capt. Elliot, and says that he intends writing to you by him next week. This will probably find you at Columbia. I hope most sincerely that I may not be mistaken in thinking it will not be for the happiness of the people at large that the Legislature should continue to sit there. Remember me to all friends, and believe me sincerely Yours etc

Ra ... IZARD,


New York March 26, Dear Manigault,


I am not surprised at your anxiety on the question respecting the assumption of the State debts; we are no less agitated about it and are apprehensive of the issue, tho we think it must finally take place; the opposition to it is considerable and the arrival of the North Carolina Members an inauspicious event, as they are expected to be against it. Two of them have taken their seats—one is very warmly opposed to it and the other doubtful—two others are daily expected. The Committee of the whole have agreed to it by a majority of five but should all the North Carolina members vote against us, the result will perhaps be fatal.

Some memorials from the Quakers and the Penylva Society for the abolition of Slavery which were presented to our House have thrown us into a flame which is now fortunately extinguished after a considerable loss of time—two unmeaning resolutions have been passed to gratify the memorialists, (Who are much displeased with them by the bye) and we obtained an explicit declaration that Congress have no power to interfere with the emancipation of slaves. The Quakers are gone home much discontented and the House has been censured by the public for taking up the business.


New YORK, Augt. 3, 1790. Dear Manigault,

I have pleasure in congratulating you on the Assumption, a meas4 Pierce Butler.

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