The Javanese Candi: Function and Meaning
BRILL, 1995 - 162 halaman
"The Javanese Candi" is the outcome of a thorough study during many years on the function and the meaning of the monuments of ancient Indonesia, commonly called "candi," A re-examination of the archaeological evidence, while scrutinizing textual data from inscriptions and literary works, systematically rejects the current opinion as if the "candi" was a royal tomb to enshrine the ashes of the cremated body of the dead king. Instead, the "candi" was meant as a temple building where people could pay homage to the king and invoke the blessings of the forefather.
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Angkor Wat archaeological ashes Bali Balinese bhatara Bhre Borobudur Bosch Brahma bronze Buddha Buddhist building Candi Kalasan Candi Merak Candi Pawon Candi Plaosan caskets Casparis Casparis's cella central Coedes complex connection cremated cubical Damais deceased king deity deposit devaraja dewata lumah dharma dhinarma dhinarmeng divine enshrined erected excavated function funerary gods gold Goris Gunung haji holy Indonesian inscribed inscription Java Jayavarman Jayavarman II Jonggrang Kalasan kamulan Kawi Khmer Krom Kwak lingga located lotus meaning meters mokta monument Ngabean niches ning Old Javanese Pararaton Pastika patapan Pawon plates Poerbatjaraka portrait image Posthumous Name pradaksina Prambanan prasasti Pre Rup pripih pura religious reliquary ring ritual royal Sailendra sanctuary sang dewata sang hyang dharmma sang hyang prasada sang lumah shrine silunglung sima sira Siva Sivaite Soekmono statue stone structure stupas Stutterheim temple pit tomb translation village Visnu word candi worship Yasodharapura Yogyakarta Zoetmulder