Catena Aurea

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Cosimo, Incorporated, 2013 - 2868 halaman
In the 13th century, Pope Urban IV, desiring that scholars of his day be better acquainted with the ideas of early Christians, assigned Saint Thomas Aquinas to compile a commentary on the Gospels based on the teachings of the Church fathers. The result is the Catena Aurea, or "Golden Chain." This eight-volume set, composed of analyses of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, gives readers a deeper insight into how the original teachers of Christianity read and understood Scripture. In the Catena, each Gospel is presented chapter-by-chapter and verse by verse alongside relevant Biblical passages and critical analysis by such Church luminaries as Augustine and the Venerable Bede. Of particular interest to students of religion, seminarians, and clergy, the Catena is a classic of Catholic scholarship that will serve as a useful and easy reference. Italian philosopher, scholar, and Dominican Friar SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS (1225-1274) is widely considered to be the Catholic Church's greatest theologian. He was canonized in 1323 and proclaimed Doctor of the Church in 1567.

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Thomas Aquinas, the most noted philosopher of the Middle Ages, was born near Naples, Italy, to the Count of Aquino and Theodora of Naples. As a young man he determined, in spite of family opposition to enter the new Order of Saint Dominic. He did so in 1244. Thomas Aquinas was a fairly radical Aristotelian. He rejected any form of special illumination from God in ordinary intellectual knowledge. He stated that the soul is the form of the body, the body having no form independent of that provided by the soul itself. He held that the intellect was sufficient to abstract the form of a natural object from its sensory representations and thus the intellect was sufficient in itself for natural knowledge without God's special illumination. He rejected the Averroist notion that natural reason might lead individuals correctly to conclusions that would turn out false when one takes revealed doctrine into account. Aquinas wrote more than sixty important works. The Summa Theologica is considered his greatest work. It is the doctrinal foundation for all teachings of the Roman Catholic Church.

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