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Sec. 3. The governor, secretary and judges, and all other officers under the territorial government, shall continue in the exercise of the duties of their respective departments, until the said officers are superseded under the authority of this constitution.

Sec. 4. All laws, and parts of laws, now in force in this territory, not Soconsistent with this constitution, shall continue and remain in full effect, until repealed by the Legislature, except so much of the act, entitled “an act regulating the admission and practice of attorneys and counsellors at law," and of the act made amendatory thereto, as relates to the term of time which the applicant shall have studied law, his residence within the territory, and the term of time which he shall have practiced as an attor Dey at law, before he can be admitted to the degree of a counsellor at law.

Sec. 5. The governor of the State shall make use of his private seal, until a State seal be procured.

Sec. 6. The president of the convention, shall issue writs of election to the sheriffs of the several counties, requiring them to proceed to the election of a governor, members of the General Assembly, sheriffs and coroners, at the respective election districts in each county, on the second Tuesday of January next; which elections shall be conducted in the man; per prescribed by the existing election laws of this territory: and the mem bers of the General Assembly, then elected, shall continue to exercise the duties of their respective offices untji the next annual or biennial election thereafter, as prescribed in this constitution, and no longer.

Sec. 7. Until the first enumeration shall be made, as directed in the se. cond section of the first article of this constitution—the county of Hamil. ton shall be entitled to four senators and eight representatives, the county of Clermont, one senator and two representatives; the county of Adams, one senator and three representatives; the county of Ross, two senators and four representatives; the county of Fairtield, one senator and two representatives; the county of Washington, two senators and three representatives; the county of Belmont, one senator and two representatives; the county of Jefferson, two senators and four representatives; and the county of Trumbull, one senator and two representatives. Done in Convention at Chillicothe, the twenty-ninth day of November, in

the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and two, and of the independence of the United States of America, the twenty-seventh. In testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names,

EDWARD TIFFIN, President. Attest, Thomas Scott, Secretary.

LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.

113

AN ACT to establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and to repeal the

acts heretofore passed on that subject.

Any free white

on conditions

one of the courts mentioned, three

tention to be

renounce allegi ance to any fa

rapplication, to

on oath, that he

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That any alien may be alien, being a free white person, may be admitted to become come a citizen, a citizen of the United States, or any of them, on the following memtioned, fr. conditions, and not otherwise:

First. That he shall have declared, on oath or affirmation, Alien to declare, before the supreme, superior, district, or circuit court, of some on oath, before one of the States, or of the territorial districts of the United me States, or a circuit or district court of the United States, three years before ad

mission, his iRyears, at least, before his admission, that it was, bona fide, his, intention to become a citizen of the United States, and to re- come a citizen, nounce forever all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, whatever; and particularly, by reign prince, fe. pame, the prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, whereof such alien may, at the time, be a citizen or subject.

Secondly. That he shall, at the time of his application to be at the time or admitted, declare, on oath or affirmation, before some one of bendmitted the the courts aforesaid, that he will support the constitution of the alien to declare, United States, and that he doth absolutely and entirely re

will support the nounce and abjure all.allegiance and fidelity to every foreign constitution, and prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, whatever; and particularly, by name, the prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, allegiance to any whereof he was before a citizen or subject: which proceedings fore shall be recorded by the clerk of the court.

be recorded, de Thirdly. That the court admitting such alien, shall be satis- The court admit fied that he has resided within the United States five years, at he

S o can a be satisfied that least, and within the State or Territory where such count is at he has resided the time held, one year at least; and it shall further appear to their satisfaction, that, during that time, he has behaved as States, one year a man of good moral character, attached to the principles of in the State, and the constitution of the United States, and well disposed to the ved as a man of good order and happiness of the same: Provided, That the good moral cha

racter, &c. Pro oath of the applicant shall, in no case, be allowed to prove his viso, fc. residence.

Fourthly. That in case the alien, applying to be admitted to In case the alien citizenship, shall have borne any hereditary title, or been of has borne any any of the orders of nobility, in the kingdom or state from nobility, he must which he came, he shall, in addition to the above requisites, renounce it, $c

that he absolute ly renounces all

oreign prince. Proceedings to

pited States five yonna ating the alien, to

five years with in the United

that he has behe

title or order of

Proviso: no alien

the U. States, t be then admit

Aliens who

jurisdiction of day 01 January, one to

mentioned.

make an express renunciation of his title or order of nobility, The renunciation of titles to in the court to which his application shall be made; which rebe recorded. nunciation shall be recorded in the said court: Provided, I hat whose sovereign no alien, who shall be a native citizen, denizen or subject, of is at war with any country, state or sovereign, with whom the United States

°shall be at war, at the time of his application, shall be then ted, &c. admitted to be a citizen of the United States: Provided also,

That any alien who was residing within the limits, and under were residing within the limits the jurisdiction, of the United States, before the twenty-ninth and under the dovo January, one thousand seve The U. States, be may be admitted to become a citizen, on due proof made to fore the 29th of some one of the courts aforesaid, that he has resided two Jan. 1795, may be admitted on years, at least, within, and under the jurisdiction, of the United the conditions States, and one year at least, immediately preceding his ap

plication, within the State or Territory where such court is at the time held; and on his declaring on oath or affirmation, that he will support the constitution of the United States, and that he doth absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state or sovereignty whatever; and particularly, by name, the prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, whereof he was before a citizen or subject; and, moreover, on its appearing to the satisfaction of the court, that, during the said term of two years, he has behaved as a man of good moral character, attached to the constitution of the United States, and well disposed to the good order and happiness of the same; and where the alien, applying for admission to citizenship, shall have borne any hereditary title, or been of any of the orders of nobility in the kingdom or state from which he came, on his moreover making in the court an express renunciation of his title or or.

der of nobility, before be shall be entitled to such admission: Proceedings to

by all of which proceedings, required in this proviso to be perthe clerk.. formed in the court, shall be recorded by the clerk thereof:

sad in? And provided, also, That any alien who was residing within the der the jurisdic- limits, and under the jurisdiction, of the United States, at any ion on the unle time between the said twenty-ninth day of January, one thou. tween the 29th sand, seven hundred and ninety-five, and the eighteenth day of the 18th of June, .

Jan. 1785, and June, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, may, with 1798, may, with in two years after the passing of this act, be admitted to be.

hcome a citizen, without compliance with the first condition April, 1802, be above specified. admittedcitizens. Sec. 2. Provided also, and be it further enacted, That in addi

ition to the directions aforesaid, all free white persons, being ens, arriving in the U. States, aliens, who may arrive in the United States after the passing must, in order to

rt of this act, shall, in order to become citizens of the United make registry, “States, make registry, and obtain certificates, in the following

erti manner, to wit: Every person, desirous of being naturalized, manner prescri- shall, if of the age of twenty-one years, make report of himself;

or if under the age of twenty-one years, or held in service, shall be reported by his parent, guardian, master or mistress, to the

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be recorded by

Aliens residing within and un

tion of the Uni. ted States, be.

in two years from the 14th

Free white ali

become citizens,

and obtain certificates in the

bed.

Certificate to be

dence of the time

record, in any State, having

risdiction, a seal

clerk of the district court of the district where such alien or aliens shall arrive, or to some other court of record of the United States, or of either of the territorial districts of the same, or of a particular State; and such report shall ascertain the name, birth place, age, nation, and allegiance, of each alien, together with the country whence he or she migrated, and the place of his or her intended settlement: and it shall be the duty of such clerk, on receiving such report, to record the same in his office, and to grant to the person making such report, and to each individual concerned therein, whenever he shall be required, a certificate, under his hand and seal of office, of such report and registry: and for receiving and registering each 50 cents to the report of an individual or family, be shall receive fifty cents; tering each reand for each certificate, granted pursuant to this act, to an in- port of aliens. dividual or family, fifty cents: and such certificate shall be ex- exhibited to the bibited to the court by every alien who may arrive in the Uni-court, as evited States, after the passing of this act, on his application to of alien's arri. be naturalized, as evidence of the time of his arrival within the val, &c. United States.

Sec. 3. And whereas, doubts have arisen whether certain Every court of courts of record, in some of the States, are included within the State description of district or circuit courts, Be it further enacted, common law ju. That every court of record, in any individual State, having and common law jurisdiction, and a seal, and clerk or prothono- be considered as tary, shall be considered as a district court within the meaning of this act; and every alien, who may have been natu- of naturalization ralized in any such court, shall enjoy, from and after the passing of the act, the same rights and privileges, as if he had been naturalized in a district or circuit court of the United States.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the children of per-th sons duly naturalized under any of the laws of the United persons duly naStates, or who, previous to the passing of any law on that sub-ene

the laws of the ject, by the government of the United States, may have be- United States, or come citizens of any one of the said States, under the laws under any State

Polaw, prior to the thereof, being under the age of twenty-one years, at the time of passing any law their parent's being so naturalized or admitted to the rights of on the subject by citizenship, shall, if dwelling in the United States, be consider-being under 21. ed as citizens of the United States; and the children of persons &c. to be considwho now are, or have been, citizens of the United States, shall, Children of citi though born out of the limits and jurisdiction of the United zens, born &'c. States, be considered as citizens of the United States: Provi- Proviso: the ded, that the right of citizenship shall not descend to persons right of citizenwhose fathers have never resided within the United States: Ship, Provided also, That no person heretofore proscribed by any Proviso: no perState, or who has been legally convicted of having joined son pro the army of Great Britain during the late war, shall be ad-victed of having mitted a citizen, as aforesaid, without the consent of the Legis-jou

"5" tish army, &c:' lature of the State in which such person was proscribed.

a district court, for the purposes

he children of

turalized under

the United States

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