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CONTENTS.

Introductory
Methods of investigation.
Extent of violations of the law.
Nationality...
The reasons for the business.
Recruiting.
Methods of importation...
Marriage to American citizens.
Difficulties of detection...
System of exploitation..
The control of the girl..
The women in the houses.
Profits of the traffic...
The price of girls.....
Interstate and local conditions..
Results of the traffic..
Some tangible results of the investigation....

Page. 327 329 330 332 334 334 337 339 339 339 341 343 344 345 347 348 349

LIST OF TABLES.

331 332

Table 1. Arrests and deportations during six months of 1909..

2. Aliens deported as prostitutes or procurers, fiscal years 1908 and 1909.
3. Disorderly house and soliciting cases in the night court of New York

from November 15, 1908, to March 15, 1909..

332

IMPORTATION AND HARBORING OF WOMEN FOR IMMORAL PURPOSES.

INTRODUCTORY.

The importation and harboring of alien women and girls for immoral purposes and the practice of prostitution by them—the socalled “white-slave traffic ”—is the most pitiful and the most revolting phase of the immigration question. It is in violation of the immigration law and of the agreement of 1904 between the United States and other powers for the repression of the trade in white women. This business had assumed such large proportions and was exerting so evil an influence upon our country that the Immigration Commission felt compelled to make it the subject of a thorough investigation. Since the subject is especially liable to sensational exploitation, the Commission's report is primarily a statement of undeniable facts calculated to form a basis of reasonable legislative and administrative action to lessen its evils.

The report was presented to Congress December 10, 1909, and at once received a wide circulation. Steps were immediately taken to amend the immigration law of 1907 to more effectively prevent the importation of women and girls for immoral purposes, and their control by importers or others after admission to the United States. Such a law closely following the Commission's recommendations was approved by the President March 26, 1910.

By the terms of the new law the following were added to the classes excluded by section 2 of the immigration act of 1907:0"Persons who are supported by or receive in whole or in part the proceeds of prostitution. Under the terms of the act of 1907,“ women or girls coming into the United States for the purpose of prostitution or for any other immoral purpose,” and also “persons who procure or attempt to bring in prostitutes or women or girls for the purpose of prostitution or for any other immoral purpose,” were specifically excluded from the United Ststes. Under that law, however, there was no specific provision for the exclusion of that particularly reprehensible class of persons referred to in the act of March 26, 1910. The need for such a provision will appear later. The act of 1910 also amended section 3 of the immigration law o

by providing additional means for the punishment and deportation of aliens who in any way profit or derive benefit from the proceeds of prostitution.

a Prblic act No. 107, 61st Cong., 2d sess.
See pp. 732–733.
See p. 733

Section 3 of the immigration act of February 20, 1907, and the same section as amended by the act of March 26, 1910, follow:

Act of February 20, 1907.

Act of March 26, 1910.

SEC. 3. That the importation into the Sec. 3. That the importation into the United States of any alien woman or United States of any alien for the purgirl for the purpose of prostitution, or pose of prostitution or for any other for any other immoral purpose, is here immoral purpose is hereby forbidden; by forbidden; and whoever shall, di and whoever shall, directly or indirectrectly or indirectly, import, or attemptly, import, or attempt to import, into to import, into the United States, any the United States, any alien for the alien woman or girl for the purpose of purpose of prostitution or for any prostitution, or for any other immoral other immoral purpose, or whoever purpose, or whoever shall hold or at shall hold or attempt to hold any alien tempt to hold any alien woman or girl for any such purpose in pursuance of for any such purpose in pursuance of such illegal importation, or whoever such illegal importation, or whoever shall keep, maintain, control, support, shall keep, main control, support, employ, or harbor in any house or or harbor in any house or other place, other place, for the purpose of prosfor the purpose of prostitution, or for titution or for any other immoral purany other immoral purpose, any alien pose, in pursuance of such illegal imwoman or girl, within three years after portation, any alien, shall, in every she shall have entered the United such case, be deemed guilty of a felony, States, shall, in every such case, be and on conviction thereof be imprisoned deemed guilty of a felony, and on con not more than ten years and pay a viction thereof be imprisoned not more fine of not more than five thousand dolthan five years and pay a fine of not lars. Jurisdiction for the trial and more than five thousand dollars; and punishment of the felonies hereinbeany alien woman or girl who shall be fore set forth shall be in any district found an inmate of a house of prosti to or into which said alien is brought tution or practicing prostitution, at in pursuance of said importation by any time within three years after she the person or persons accused, or in shall have entered the United States, any district in which a violation of shall be deemed to be deported as pro any of the foregoing provisions of vided by sections twenty and twenty this section occur. Any alien who shall one of this act.

be found an inmate of or connected with the management of a house of prostitution or practicing prostitution after such alien shall have entered the United States, or who shall receive, share in, or derive benefit from any part of the earnings of any prostitute; or who is employed by, in, or in connection with any house of prostitution or music or dance hall or other place of amusement or resort habitually frequented by prostitutes, or where prostitutes gather, or who in any way assists, protects, or promises to protect from arrest any prostitute, shall be deemed to be unlawfully within the United States and shall be deported in the manner provided by sections twenty and twenty-one of this act. That any alien who shall, after he has been debarred or deported in pursuance of the provisions of this section, attempt thereafter to return to or to enter the United States shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be imprisoned for not more than two years. Any alien who shall be convicted under any of the provisions of this section shall, at the expiration of his sentence, be taken into custody and returned to the country whence he

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