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sides of the magnificent road now recover its power by drying in the formning round the Calton-hill, to sun. Ice may therefore be probe pounded and dried carefully be- duced in the tropical climes, and fore the fire, in a bachelor's oven. even at sea, with very little This powder, being thrown into a trouble, and no sort of risk or inwine decanter, fitted with a glass convenience. stopper, was afterwards carried to the college; and at a late lecture in the natural philosophy class (which he has been teaching this session in the absence of Profes. sor Playfair in Italy) he showed the influence of its absorbing pow The following circumstance er on his hygrometer; which, in may be interesting to those who closed within a small receiver of inquire into the causes of longean air-pump, fell from 90 degrees vity: to 32 degrees, the wetted bulb be A gentleman of considerable re. ing consequently cooled about 60 search lately made a catalogue of degrees of Fahrenheit's scale. The near eight hundred persons who Professor, therefore, proposed on had attained a great age, and found the instant to employ the powder their habits of life only to agree in to freeze a small body of water. He one particular, namely, early rising poured the powder into a saucer in the morning. This confirms the about seven inches wide, and well-known result of a similar inplaced water in a shallow-cup of quiry made by one of our learned porous earthenware, three inches judges. in diameter, at the height of half an inch above, and covered the whole with a low receiver. On exhausting this receiver till the gauge stood at 2-10ths of an inch, the MAN WITH A HORN GROWING OUT water in a very few minutes ran
OF HIS FOREHEAD. into a cake of ice. With the same
From the Spanish. powder an hour afterwards he froze a large body of water in Guanaxuato, (kingdom of Mei. three minutes, and he will, ico) 2180 February, 1817.- The doubt, push these ingenious and phenomenon presented by the man interesting experiments much fur of whom we here give a resemther.
blance, is certainly one of the most It appears such earth will ab. singular which nature has produsorb the hundredth part of its ced, and has justly excited the at. weight of moisture, without hav. tention of the inhabitants of this ing its power sensibly impaired, city. We reserve for another occaand is even capable of absorbing sion, a description by learned phyas much as the tenth part. It can sicians of this singular deformity hence be easily made to freeze of Pablo Rodriguez, and will conthe eighth part of its weight of fine ourselves now to a slight water, and might even resume the sketch, sufficient for the intelliprocess again. In hot countries the gence of the curious, and the ex. powder will, after each process, planation of the drawing.
(Note on the foregoing by Dr. C. Wistar, professor of anatomy in the University of Pennsylvania.)
The production of horny substances on the surface of the body, is not so surprising after reflection upon the subject, as it is upon the first view of it.
Most of these horns, as they are called, appear to consist of the same substance with the cuticle, and are analogous, in some respect, to those excrescences from it
which are denominated corns. Not. Pablo Rodriguez, by trade a withstanding the cuticle exists in porter, and at present in the hos the fætus in utero, and therefore pital of St. Andres of this city, has may be considered as an original ind for a long time the singular part of the body, it appears neverexcrescences which are seen on theless to be dependant upon the the right side of his head. From cutis vera;, for it is reproduced by a common base this tumour di skin, whenever it .
videosu insene linte three branches; the
rhén nails move our fingers, vand
which, hard and crooked. (particu the claws of other animals, have a larly the principal one, which is strong resemblance to those horny about 12 inches in length) present substances. These nails and claws the texture of a ram's horn, fluted are continuations of the cuticle, lengthwise; a part of it being and supply
and supply its place in covering a burnt, it exbaled a smell similar to part of the fingers and toes; and that of horn. We are not able to when the cuticle is separated from say whether the excrescence is re- the cutis vera by putrefaction, they ally of the nature of horn, but we come off with it, and leave bare the will add that it does not adhere to parts they covered. the cranium, and that being cut They also have the same chemi. transversely, it appears like the cal qualities with the cuticle. Like agglomeration of many membranes the cuticle, they are reproduced or callous scales, connected verti- by the cutis, and seem dependant cally.
upon it for their growth. It is thereThe discovery and examination fore probable that a particular conof this phenomenon, are attributa- dition of the portion of the cutis ble to accident. Rodriguez, who al vera which is connected with these ways kept this excrescence cover. excrescences, occasions their fored, was supposed to have a large mation, but the nature of this conwen, until a package of sugar fell dition is unknown to us. The ex. upon his head, broke the largest ternal cause which produces corns branch of the tumour, and obliged is completely ascertained, although him to present himself at the hos we are ignorant of its modus opepital. He is now there, and has randi. been visited by many of the cu It is mechanical pressure, rious of this city and the neigh- which, when confined to a small bourhood.
spot, produces excrescences with
a small base, like corns; and when more honourable, meritorious, or applied so as to act upon a more practically useful. extended surface, occasions a ge The establishment of steam naneral thickening of the cuticle, vigation will form an important such as takes place on the soles of epoch in the history of our species. the feet.
- The name of the man who acThe portrait of a person who complished it will live to the rehad a large excrescence of this motest ages, if he be not robbed kind, is to be seen at Mr. Peale's of the fame which is due to the museum, in Philadelphia.
employment of a superior genius, (See the French work—“ Dic with surprising courage, industry, tionnaire des Merveilles de la Na perseverance, and success. ture," Istvol, title “ Conforma Robert Fulton was born in the tions extraordinaires,” for several town of Little Britain, in the curious instances of the same na county of Lancaster, and state of ture.)
Pennsylvsnia, in the year 1765; he was of a respectable though not opulent family. His father, Robert
Fulton, was a native of Kilkenny, CHARACTER of the late ROBERT in Ireland, His mother was also of Fulton, Esq. from COLDEN's life a respectable Irish family, by the of that celebrated Engineer, read name of Smith, established in before the Literary and Historical Pennsylvania. Society of New York.
In his infancy he was put to
school in Lancaster, in PennsylWe cannot think that it will be vania, where he acquired the rudi. imputed to an undue partiality for ments of a common English eduour regretted associate, if we say cation. that there cannot be found on the His peculiar genius manifested records of departed worth, the itseif at a very early age. In his name of a person to whose indivi childhood, all his hours of recrea. dual exertions mankind are more tion were passed in the shops of indebted than they are to the late mechanics, or in the employment Robert Fulton. The combined ef. of his pencil; and at this early peforts of philosophers and statesmen riod of his life he had no other have improved the condition of desire for money than to supply man; but no individual has con himself with the necessary mateferred more important benefits on rials to indulge his taste for mehis species than he whose memory chanism and drawing, now engages our attention.
By the time he had attained the When we have taken a view of age of seventeen years, he became what he has done, and bestowed so much an artist with his pencil, some consideration on its effects, as to derive emolument from paint. it will not appear that this praise ing portraits and landscapes, in is exaggerated, and we shall be Philadelphia, where he remained obliged to acknowledge that till he was about twenty.one. In though others may have been con this time he had made the ac. ducted in the paths of science by quaintance of our celebrated counsuperior learning, and may have tryman Doctor Franklin, by whom had a more dazzling career, the he was much noticed. labours of no individual have been Mr. Fulton throughout his
course as a mechanist and civil | his machines were broken or disengineer, derived great advantage ordered, he, with the utmost calmfrom his talent for drawing and ness and composure, pointed out painting. He was an elegant and their defects or the causes of his accurate draftsman.
disappointment. If an experiment It is gratifying to find, that Mr. failed, though it had cost him Fulton ever felt as an American. great pains and labour in the preHis long residence abroad did not paration; and although the failure enfeeble his attachment to his was frequentiy, and obviously, country. Thoughts of her pros owing to the awkwardness or unperity and welfare were connected skilfulness of those who assisted with all his projects; and those that him, his temper could not be dishe thought might be of advantage turbed; he would not hear the to her, he communicated with a scoffs of some of the numerous promptness and disinterestedness bystanders, which were frequently which marked his desire to serve expressed in whispers intended to her.
reach his ear. Not a fretful orangry Ardour and perseverance were word ever escaped him, and after a characters of Mr. Fulton's mind; disappointment he recommenced when he had conceived what he his preparations with the same thought a practicable and benefi- ardour, and with the same calmcial project, he left no means un ness, with which he at first began. tried, and spared no pains for its Even when his physical strength accomplishment.
must have been exhausted by his It may be well to notice here, corporeal exertions, and the excesa matter not otherwise of impor- sive fatigue he would sometimes tance, than as it serves to mark undergo through a sultry day, his the pliancy of Mr. Fulton's mind, spirits were never for a moment and the versatility of his genius. depressed. On these occasions he At a time when he was taking a showed himself as much a moral step which, as he thought, would as a mechanical philosopher. be decisive to the fate of nations, We have all witnessed with which put his life at risk, and what zeal Mr. Fulton bestowed might determine his own fortune, his time, his talents, and his purse, he amused himself with making for the promotion of the useful sketches from the scenery of Hol. and the fine arts. One of the last land, and representations of the acts of his life manifested this dismanners, figures, and costume of position. By his wili, which was the Hollanders; some of them are made but a few days before his broad caricatures, which cannot death, he devised that, in certain but excite a smile. They are found events, his pictures, and one half in his port folio, and though in ge- of his property not otherwise disneral they are but sketches, they posed of, should go to an academy show that they are from the hand of fine arts, when such an academy of a master, guided by wit and should be established, at the place genius.
which may be the seat of the naThroughout the whole course tional government. of his experiments, no opposition Mr. Fulion was about six feet or contradiction, no failure or dis high. His person was slender, but appointment, irritated, discoura-well proportioned, and well formged, or discomposed him. When ed.-Nature had made him a gen
tleman, and bestowed upon him | relations he was zealous, kind, ease and gracefulness. He had too generous, liberal, and affectionate. much good sense for the least af He knew of no use for money but fectation; and a modest confidence as it was subservient to charity, in his own worth and talents, gave hospitality, and the sciences. But him an unembarrassed deportment what was most conspicuous in his in all companies.--His features character, was his calm constancy, were strong, and of a manly beau. his industry, and that indefatigable ty: he had large dark eyes, and a patience and perseverance, which projecting brow, expressive of in- always enabled him to overcome telligence and thought: his temper difficulties. was mild, and his disposition live. He was decidedly a republican. ly: he was fond of society, which The determination which he often he always enlivened by cheerful, avowed, that he never would accordial manners, and instructed or cept an office, is an evidence of pleased by his sensible conversa the disinterestedness of his polition:-He expressed himself with tics; but his zeal for his opinions energy, fluency and correctness, or party, did not extinguish his and as he owed more to his own kindness for the merits of his opexperience and reflections, than to ponents. Society will long remem. books, his sentiments were often ber and regret him; but be will interesting from their originality. be most lamented by those, by
In all his domestic and social whom he was best known.
END OF VOLUME 11.