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that has operated and is still ope- it is an imperious duty, binding on rating on the moral state of man, every mortal, to exert his ulma by the system of education intro- endeavours for the support of himduced by Bell and Lancaster, self and those he has contribute which in its progress, will multi- to bring into the world. By the ply the happiness of every suc sweat of his brow, man is ordainceeding age by increasing its ha-ed to earn his bread. No claim bits of virtue and probiiy. In twen can honestly be set up for relief ty years we may fairly contem till every effort has been made and plate that there will scarce be an failed. The neglect of this princi. individual to be found who will ple has brought on the nation the not possess the means of making evils it now endures; unless the himself acquainted with his duty consent and opinion of the work. to God and man.

ing classes can be brought back The blessed effects of a general to a recognition of this truth, it is system of education, I hold equal. in vain to look for relief from any ly high with Mr. Whitbread, and remedy that can be proposed. consider it as the foundation on which is to be built any system for

ENGLISH PARLIAMENTARY COURbettering the condition of the people of England. Whatever can lead men to curb their passions

May 7th, 1916. and teach them to oppose the fu Mr. TIERNEY in reply to Lord ture to the present, must be at. Castlereagh, observed, that if ever tended with the most important he saw real fear disguised under a results to their happiness.

lofty tone-if ever he saw a perDisposed as I am 10 look to son attempt to look tall by walkeducation as a most powerful aux ing upon stilts (a laugh)—if ever iliary, so great is the evil with he saw a minister betray a conwhich we have to contend, that it sciousness that he was toitering to would not, in my humble opinion, his fall, it was on that night, and be safe to confide in any plan that in the person of the noble lord. did not offer not only an equal, (Hear, hear.) The noble lord was but extended scale of support for mistaken when he attributed to the afflicted. I am neither called him and his friends the impres. on nor disposed to enter into the sion prevailing in the public mind discussion of any abstract prin- against him: they on his side did ciples. It matters not whether not deal in sinecures, and such an every human being be entitled to attempt would be a sinecure. (.4 a support from the produce of the laugh.) The house was told that, earth; or that the most imperious by voting for the motion, they duty on man after the payment of would withdraw their confidence debts-is, the exercise of charity from ministers. For his own pari, I am disposed to allow every lati- he had no confidence to withdraw, tude that can be required to the for he had never given any; but claims of misery, and to agree that he differed as to this point; he did the exercise of benevolence is the not think that the ect of the highest source of human enjoy- vote would be to remove the ment.

noble lord and his colleagues from Nor is the axiom less true that his office. He wished to know


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whether, at a late meeting of his friends in adversity, would no
friends, he meant the select few doubt persuade one or two of his
on one of those occasions which connexions to lend also their aid
served the noble lord as a drill, to the servants of the crown.
previous to his exercises in that (Continued laughter and cheers.)
house-the noble lord had not On behalf of the people of En.
fairly told them, that if they did gland, he claimed that much more
not take care to vole with govern- should be done than ministers
ment, the government could not had suggested: if the noble lord
support itself, and that they must thought that the country did not
fall with it? (hear, hear.) And yet understand him, he was miser-
he would undertake to say, suo ably mistaken; at least
periculo, that until the house far as respected economy, the
should force him to resign, the people of England were not to
noble lord would remain on the be deceived in the intentions of
treasury bench to the end of time. the noble lord and his colleagues.
The noble lord had asserted that “ \Vhat,” said the noble lord,
his mode of proceeding was the " will they desert us now, after
most constitutional: he (Mr. T.) we have won for them so many
would not enter into any discus- glorious battles, and after we have
sion with him as to what was and conquered for them such a happy
what was not constitutional, for peace?(Laughter.) To this he
upon that subject, as upon most (Mr. T.) could only reply, that
others, the ideas of the noble lord one distinguishing characteristic
were not a little confused. (Laugh of Englishmen was their great
ter.) Mr. Pitt proceeded in an good sense, which opposed itself
open and a manly manner, and to all sorts of imposition. It
did not resort to petty private might be truly said, that no man
meetings to frighten ministerial in our history had ever gained
members into a belief of imagi- for a time an unmerited reputa-
nary dangers. (Continued cheers tion, that had not soon been ex-
from all sides.) His Majesty's posed by the national penetration,
ministers, not withstanding all the and degraded to the low level
confidence expressed by their from which accident had raised
leader, mig he shortly find it ne him. (Hear, hear.) The natives of
cessary to employ a little of their Great Britain ould easily dis-
spare strength, and to re-import linguish between such people as
what for a time they had exported. the noble lord opposite and such
(Continued cheers.) The admini men as the Duke of Wellington.
stration, which now set all advice (Long.continued cheering.)
at scorn, and would rely on no The cloud which had hitherto
thing but its popularity, and the surrounded the noble lord, and
confidence of a rich and happy na-

the intervention of which, like a tion, might in a few weeks deem mist, had “ made him but great. it prudent to bring back into this er seem, not greater grow,' country a right honourable gen now fast dispelling, and leaving tlemen, whom but a short time him exposed as he really was. ago they sent out of it; and that The presence of a right honourgentleman, partly out of gratitude, able gentleman, who was on his and partly out of compassion to his way to reinforce the ranks of VOL. II.

3 K



the treasury, would again throw God for his good luck. (Hleer, back his lordship to the place he and laughter.) He (Lord C.) would had originally occupied. It could find that he could no longer ride not be said of the noble lord, that the people of England; and that, “ he was great ere fortune made if he proceeded with the system him so;" his lordship had been he had declared himself detervery successful, and he (Mr. T.) mined to pursue, he would raise recommended that he should re- a storm of resentment which he tire with submission, and thank would find it impossible to allay.

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CHAP. 22. An act concerning By this act it is enacted, that all the Convention to regulate the such persons as had been citizens commerce between the territories of the United States anterior to the of the United States and his Bri- late war, and were at its comtannic majesty. (The act of the mencement inhabitants of the proBritish parliament of April 1816, vince of Canada, and who, during in relation to the same convention, the said war joined the armies of is entitled-An act to carry into the United States, as volunteers, effect the Convention, &c.)

and were slain, died in service, or Be it enacted and declared by continued therein, till honourably the senate and house of represen- discharged, shall be entitled to the tatives of the United States of following quantities of land resAmerica, in congress assembled, pectively, viz.-Each colonel 960 That so much of any act as impo- acres; each major to 800 acres; ses a higher duty of tonnage, or of captain 640 acres; subaltern officer impost on vessels, and articles im. 480 acres; non-commissioned offi. ported in vessels, of Great Britain, cer, masician and private, 320 than on vessels, and articles im acres

to extend to niedical and ported in vessels of the United other staff, to rank according to States, contrary to the provisions of their pay. the convention between the United They shall likewise be entitled States and his Britannic majesty, to receive from the treasurer of the ratifications whereof were mu- the United States, three months tually exchanged the twenty-se. additional pay. [Approved March cond day of December, one thou 5, 1316.] sand eight hundred and fifteen, be, from and after the date of the rati. Ctrap. 40. An act to authorize fication of the said convention, and the payment for property lost, capduring the continuance thereof, tured or destroyed by the enemy, deemed, and taken to be of no while in the military service of force or effect. [Approved March the United States, and for other 1, 1816.)


This act remunerates the ownChap. 25. An act granting boun-ers, whether volunteers or drafted ties in land and extra pay to certain militia, for the loss of horses killCanadian volunteers.

ed or lost whilst in the military

service of the United States—also 21,000,000 dollars by individuals, the owners of any horse, mule, ox, &c. wagon, cart, boat, sleigh or har. The payments of the subscripness, lost in the military service tions to be made by instalmentsof the United States, if without one fourth in gold or silver coinany fault or negligence in the the remainder in like coin, or owner, unless the risk was agreed funded debt of the United States. to be run by the owner.

It shall be lawful for the United Houses occupied as military de. States to redeem the funded debt posits, and in consequence thereof subscribed--and for the Bank to destroyed by the enemy, to be paid sell the same for gold and silver, for. The amount of loss and value Provided, that it shall not sell of property, shall be ascertained more than 2,000,000 dollars there. by the best evidence the nature of of in any one year; nor any part the case will admit of, in the pow. without giving notice to the seer of the party to produce. cretary of the trcasury: and offer

But no claim shall be allowed, ing it to the United States at the unless it shall be exhibited within current price. two years from the passage here. The management of the affairs of. [Approved April 9, 1816.] of the Bank committed to twenty

five directors-five of whom being Chap. 43. An act in addition to stockholders, shall be appointed an act to regulate the Post-office annually by the president of the establishment.

United States and the senate-pot By this act the rate of postage more than three of whom to be reon letters, &c. is reduced to the sidents of any one stale, and twensame amount, as before the act of ty of whom shall be annually electFebruary 27, 1815. And by sect. ed by the qualified stockholders. 3, all letters and packets, not ex The corporation is restricted ceeding two ounces in weight, to from contracting debts exceeding and from any member of congress the sum of 35,000,000 dollars, unor delegate, the secretary of the less authorized by law of the Unitsenate, and clerk of house of re ed States. presentatives, shall be conveyed Not to make any loan to the U. free of postage for thirty days pre- $. exceeding 500,000 dollars, vious to each session of congress, nor to any particular state exceedand for thirty days after the termi. ing 50,000 dollars, nor to any fonation thereof. (Approved April reign state, unless authorized by 9, 1816.]

law of the United Siates.

The dividends shall be half Chap. 44. Anact to incorporate yearly. A statement of the affairs the subscribers to the Bank of the of the Bank shall be laid before the United States.

stockholders every three years. By this act it is enacted, that a The secretary is authorized to Bank of the United States of Ame. call upon the Bank for a statement, rica shall be established, with a not exceeding a weekly one, of its capital of 35,000,000 dollars, to be

concerns. divided into 350,000 shares of 100 No stockholder unless he be a dollars each share-70,000 shares, citizen of the United States, shall or 7.000,0.0 dollars part thereof, vote in the choice of directors. shall be subscribed and paid for by The corporation is restricted the United States--the remaining from suspending payments in spe.

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