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no other man perhaps could have an estate of $400,000.-Such was done as much towards it. His death his attachment to money, that he is a national loss. It will be no easy was never known to lend or credit matter to find a successor like a single dollar to any man. Upon him, in every respect qualified for the best mortgage or other isethat appointment. As a man of curity that could be given, he science, he occupied an elevated would not lend a cent. He never rank, and may be numbered among invested one dollar in any of the the most enlightened of our coun- / public funds; neither would he trymen.
keep the notes of any bank longer
than till he could get them Account of Mr. Baird, who died changed. He deposited his specie June, 1816. Mr. Baird was of Ger- in a large iron chest, until it would man extraction. His father left hold no more-He then provided him a valuable farm of 500 acres a strong iron hooped barrel, which in the vicinity of York, (Penn.) | he also filled. After death his with some farming and household strong boxes," from whose bourne articles. He kept a tavern a num no traveller had ever returned,” ber of years, married a wife, and yielded $230,000 in gold and silraised four children. He accumu. lated an immense estate which he The cause of his death was as preserved so tenaciously, that he remarkable as the course of his afforded not a dollar for the educa- life. A gentleman from Virginia tion of his family. He was never offered him 12 dollars per bushel known to lay out one dollar in for 100 bushels of clover seed; but cash for any article he might be he would not sell it for less than in want of; he would do without 13 dollars, and they did not agree. it, or find some person who would The seed was afterwards sent to barter with him for something he Philadelphia, where it sold for 87 could not sell for cash. He farmed per busbel, and brought in the largely and kept a large distillery, whole 8550 less than the Virgini. which he supplied entirely with an offered for it.-On receiving an his own grain. He kept a team for account of this sale, he walked the conveyance of his whiskey and through his farm, went to his disfour to Baltimore, which, when tillery, and gave various directions he could not sell for money at a to his people.--He then went to price that would suit him, he bar. his waggon house and HANGED tered for necessaries for his family HIMSELF. and tavern. In this way he amassed
DEBATES OF THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT,
DURING THE SUMMER OF 1816.
STATE OF IRELAND. sion of this ruinous course, by tha:
monstrous act which, remitting
penalties incurred to highly of It will naturally be asked by an fending districts, sanctioned tha: impartial inquirer, why Ireland shocking principle, that in the has not been infinitely more im- enormous extent of his offencei proved by its long connexion dur the delinquent should find his bes: ing six centuries with England?- security. why it still has to complain of evils I am astonished that the mini. which were the subject of animad-sters who have, by the disturbed version in the early period of that state of Ireland, justified their connexion? The answer is obvious claim for extended military force, -the inference irresistible—it do not themselves propose remehas been misgoverned. No other dial measures: one and one only, cause can been assigned. History has been adverted to-education does not afford a single instance of its superior efficacy, no me of any two countries, so long uni can think more highly than I do, s ted under the same government, providing largely for future ame. which are not assimilated in man lioration. But can we look to this ners, customs, and habits. Ireland as a remedy for existing evils? I is the solitary and melancholy ex-may be permitted, too, to say, that ception to this general rule. if by education be intended the a:
Illicit distillation is a source of pacity of reading and writing, I much evil to Ireland, demorali- believe the Irish are not an unzing her people, and encroaching educated people: certainly not as on her scanty resources of taxa- compared with the people of Eng tion. It is, as I fear, too much pro- land: the reports before the house tected by individuals of rank and prove this. Mr. Newham, in a worš power, and largely practised by the containing much useful informaprofessors of exclusive loyalty. Notion, states, from actual inquiry, man, however high in station, that in a district comprising about should be allowed to protect his de one half of the county of Cork, pendents in a course of disobedi. there were upwards of 300 unenence to law, nor should alleged dowed schools, educating not less loyalty secure any class of the than 22,000 children. community from sharing the bur Education can however be 09 thens of the state. Parliament has cure for the political erils of Ireindeed contributed to the exten- land, unless accompanied by radi
dice or power.
cal reform of the present vicious from the writings of Dean Swift, system;—it has grown out of the he were to attempt to show the accumulated misgovernment of poverty, wretchedness, and cowarmany centuries, and it is the dice of the Irish: if he undertook bounden duty of parliament to in- to prove from the operation of stitute exact inquiry into the laws enacted before the reign of causes and effects of that system James I., that the affections of the -o search it to the bottom, and people had been incessantly and neither to be allured nor deterred violently alienated; if he undertook from the path of duty by preju. to show all those calamities, then,
indeed, he could not much encourSir J. Newport dwelt upon the age the hopes of the right holitigation, difficulty, and delay at- nourable baronet. Without, howtending Irish elections, especially ever, going so far as that, he was where the returning officer had still inclined to think that the difany bias. The difficulty and delay ficulties and evils which encomhe instanced in his own case, passed Ireland, formed a Gordian where the election was extended knot which could not be cut, and to 15 days, although there were which only the gradual lapse of only 900 voters to poll. But when time could unravel. he had to petition against the re
Before he followed the right turn, the scrutiny continued no honourable baronet through all the less than 76 days in Ireiand, and details into which he had entered, 16 days before the committee of the house would probably expect that house, before his claim was from him a statement of what was established. Such a system was, the present condition of Ireland. the house must feel, calculated to Generally speaking, the north of weary out any candidate; and as Ireland was tranquil. No distur. the evils belonging to the system
bances prevailed there, except were imposed upon the Irish re what arose from distillation, and presentatives, by the union, it was the consequent opposition to the peculiarly the duty of the imperial revenue laws in certain districts. parliament to remove them. Those, however, were neither se
rious nor alarming. The extreme Mn. Peel, Chief Secretary for west of Ireland, also the counties Ireland.
of Mayo, Galway, and Carlow, When the information which he were comparatively tranquil. The (Mr. Peel) intended to move for, same might be said of the south should be produced, it would then of Ireland, of Cork, Wexford, &c. be competent for the house to de- | The east of Ireland was likewise cide what course ought to be pur. generally tranquil. He meant that sued. He did not wish to dis. in those counties no applications courage all expectation of its be had been made to government for ing possible to apply some remedy extraordinary police. The counto the evils which afflicted Ire- ties in which disturbances actually land. But, if he believed with the prevailed were Tipperary, King's right honourable baronet, that the county, Westmeath, and Limepresent state of tumult and disor- | rick. The magistrates of King's der had grown out of the abuses county had requested the applicaand errors of six hundred years of tion of the insurrection act: but mismanagement; if by quotations they had since petitioned for its
removal, asserting that tranquillity racter of the lower orders. In difwas perfectly restored. In West- ferent counties different appear. meath and Limerick, a considera. ances were presented. He bad ble improvement had taken place, himself been in some, and it was but the insurrection act was still impossible to find any where men in force. Since he last addressed more tractable, more obedient to the house, the magistrates of the the laws, or more disposed to pay county of Louth and county of all due deference to their supeCavan, had petitioned the govern- riors. He was ready to declare that ment of Ireland for the application, it was impossible to see them not of the insurrection act, but of without admiring many of their the extraordinary police act. Such qualities. He believed, indeed, that was the general state of Ireland at the character of the Irish people the present moment There was had been variously misrepresentnothing more difficult than to give ed, in general, not from any delithe house a character of the pre- berate design, but because, in fact
, cise nature of the disturbances they were often presented under which now agitated Ireland. In different and singular aspects
. former periods of the history of From his observation of them, he that country, tumults and outrage believed, they possessed great fi
• had subsisted, but they were ge- delity; in their dealings with each nerally to be traced to small and other great honesty; from their comparatively unimportant causes. early marriages, they were in geParticular and local grievances, neral very chaste; and be it told to personal animosities, or heredi- their honour, that certain crimes tary feuds, constituted the princi- which disgrace and degrade more pal sources of them. At other civilised countries were utterly times, grievances of a more dis- unknown to them. He was eren tinct and positive nature were al- told that the Irish language did leged, such as the high price of
not possess a name by which they land, for example, and the pro- could be designated. But in those fessed object of the combinations parts of Ireland, especially in the was to lower it. But the distur-county of Tipperary, their des bances which now prevailed had pravily was shocking. If any one no precise or definite cause. They should urge that he overstated it, seemed to be the effect of a gene- he was prepared to confute him by ral confederacy in crime—a com- irrefragable documents. He did prehensive conspiracy in guilt--a not speak from vague and ambigusystematic opposition to all laws
ous rumours. What said the reand municipal institutions. The cords of the courts of justice in records of the courts of justice that county? What would be the would show such a settled and evidence of the twelve men im. uniform system of guilt, such panelled to try midnight murmonstrous and horrible perjuries, derers of an invaluable magistrate as could not, he believed, be found belonging to that county? If he rein the annals of any country on the quired proof for what he had asface of the globe, whether civilized serted, he need go no farther. If or uncivilized. He was far from
any one would take the trouble to meaning to say that those dread
peruse the minutes of that trial, ful offences arose from the gene. They would be able to form a rally malignant or depraved cha- thorough idea of the character of
the people. They would see their and resembling the magistrate extraordinary fidelity to each other (Mr. Baker) in person, narrowly in a bad cause--the facilities they escaped from falling a sacrifice. afforded to escape punishment Information was conveyed by sig. the readiness they manifested to nals from one party to another. redress the injuries offered to The gentleman to whom he alany of their party-the difficulty of luded saw several persons on the bringing home conviction to the tops of the houses and hay-ricks, guilty, and the detestation in waiting for the fatal catastrophe. which every one was held who at When the shot was fired, loud all contributed, or was instrumen-cheers were uttered by those who tal in giving effect to the laws were thus waiting, and then they against them. With respect to the all retreated. The plan, therefore, murder of that magistrate, he was had evidently been determined afraid it was too clearly establish- upon months before it was put in ed, from the records of the court execution: and although no less of justice, that it had been plan than 13,0001. were offered as a rened several weeks before it was ward for apprehending the mur. carried into execution. The ma derers, by the government and by gistrate upon whom the foul deed the resident gentry in the county, was committed, was a most amia- he believed no evidence whatever ble man. He spoke from the opi- was obtained as the result of that nions of others, as he had not the offer: such was their fidelity in a least knowledge of him personally. bad cause, and such was the
nd, indulgent, and a abominable system of confederacy ready friend to the poor; but at upon which they acted. Not a perthe same time he was a most de son was found to come forward termined enemy to that terrible and make a voluntary disclosure. system of combination which pre He would mention one conclusive vailed. In the neighbourhood of proof of the feelings by which they his dwelling, a house had been were actuated. One of the mur. burned down, because the inhabi- derers who was apprehended, and tant of that house had taken land afterwards hanged for his crime, at higher rent than was thought when in prison, expressed a desire a proper equivalent by those mis to disclose some particulars. His guided men. The magistrate in life was offered as the promised consequence, exerted himself to reward for his confession. He ac. discover the offenders, and by his cordingly communicated a part; indefatigable efforts six of them but he afterwards retracted, at the were apprehended. Upon this, the instigation of his wife, who went remainder determined to murder on her knees to him in the prison, him. On the day fixed for the atro- and implored him to be executed cious act, there were no less than rather than divulge the secret. four different parties stationed on (A laugh, and hear, hear!) The different roads waiting for his ap house might probably smile at the proach. The murder was com conjugal affection of the woman, mitted at
distance from but he could assure them, there Cashel, and the particulars which was as much attachment between he related were derived from a the husband and the wife as could gentleman who happened to be possibly exist between two persons, travelling that road at that time, and the concern which she felt