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SECTION Wood, R. v. 1 Mood. C. C. 278; 4 C. & P. 381 5.33 R. v. 1 Sess, Cas. 217

1118 State r'. 1 Bay, 351

628 State r. 110 Ind. 82

1304 State v. 17 IOWA, 18

1309 State r. 46 Iowa, 116

885 State v. 49 Kans, 711

1521 State r. 53 x H. 484

525, 592 State t. 53 Vt. 560

155 a, 160 U. S. r. 1 Brunf. 456

1823 U. 8. v. 2 Gall. 361

648, 652 U. 8. v. 14 Pet. 430

1319, 1321 U. 8. v. 3 Wash, C. C. 440

1823 U. 8. t. 44 Fed. Rep. 753

1286 r. Brush, 11 Sup. Ct. Rep. 738

268 v. People, 59 N. Y. 117 1277, 1288, 1304, 1316 t'. State, 50 Ala. 144

640, 644 1. State, 34 Ark, 341

53, 1506 v State, 7 Crim, Law Mag. 531

1311 a r. State, 48 Ga. 192

1757, 1758, 1764 v. State, 92 Ind. 269

536 r. State, (Ind.) 36 X. E. Rep. 158

1512b 11. State, 11 Tex. App. 318

1556 a 1. State, 12 Tex. App 174

572 t'. State, 81 Tex. Cr. 571

459 Woodard, State v. (Iowa) 50 N. W. Rep. 885 644 State v. 23 Vt. 92

1474 a Woodburne, R. t. 16 St. Tr. 54

119 Woodbury v. State, 69 Ala. 242

1186 Wooden v. Shotwell, 3 Zab. 465

1491 Wooderd, State r. 20 Iowa, 541

677, 717 Wood fall, R. 1. 6 Burr. 2661

1663 Woodfin, State r. 87 N. C. 526

1557 Woodford r. People, 62 N. Y. 117 828, 829, 835, 839 Woodhead, R. r 1 M. & R. 549

1082 a Woodhurst, R. 1'. 12 Cox C. C. 443

150, 557 Woodley, State r. 25 Ga. 235

950 Woodlief v. State, 21 Tex. App. 412

1530 Woodman, R. 1. 14 Cox. C. C. 179

1173 Woodrow, R. v. 15 M. & W. 404

88, 180 Woodruff x. Stare, 20 8. W Rep. 573

813 Woods, State v. 49 Kans. 237

578 State t. 31 La. An. 267

811 State . 69 Me. 418

30 State v. (Mo.) 27 S. W. Rep. 1114 641, 641 a v. Com., 1 Ben Mon, 344 1498 a, 1512b v. People, 55 N. Y. 515

568 v. State, 36 Ark. 36

1506, 1507 v. State, (Tex.) 20 S. W. Rep. 915

1512 a v. Town, 19 Oreg. 108

1512 a Woodside v. Ridgeway, 126 Mass. 292

1087 v. State, 2 How. (Miss.) 655 117, 381 Woodson, State 1. 5 Humph. 55

1128, 1263 v. Com., (Ky.) 21 S. W. Rep. 584 615 d v. State, 24 Tex. App. 153

1263 Woodward, Com. 1. 102 Mass. 155

489, 534 People v. 45 Cal. 293

211 a, 214 People v. 2 N. Y. Cr. Rep. 32; 31 Hun, 57

899 R. V. 8 C. & P. 561 R. 1'. L. & C. 122; 9 Cox, 95 985, 990,

992 R. v. 11 Mod. 137

852 State v. Houst. 455

462 U. S. v. 44 Fed. Rep. 592

1822

SECTION Woodward v. Squires, 39 Iowa, 435

r. State, (Ind.) 7 Crim. Law Mag.
244

1014 v. State, 5 Tex. App. 296

1557 v. State, 9 Tex. App. 412

846 Woodworth v. State, 26 Ohio St. 196 649, 652 Woody, People v. 48 Cal. 80

196 Woolaver, State r. 77 Mo. 103

576, 1764 a Wooley u. Watkins, 2 Idaho, 555

29 Woolcock, R. 1. 5 C. & P. 516

1516 Wooldridge v. State, 13 Tex. App. 443

543 Wooley, People r. 44 Cal. 494

837 State r', 59 Vt. 357

1517 Woolfolk v. State, 85 Ga. 69

512 Woolford, R. r. 1 M. & Rob. 384

997, 998 Woolley, R. v. 1 Den. C. C. 559 ; 4 Cox C. C. 193; T. & M. 280

1150, 1186, 1188 Woolmer, R. r. 1 Mood. C. C. 334

418, 427 Woolsey, State v. 92 Ind. 131

1328 t'. State, 14 Tex. App. 57

1079 v. State, 30 Tex. App. 346

826, 836 Woolstan, R. 1'. 2 Strange, 834

1605 Wooster r. Manfg. Co., 37 Me. 246

288 t'. State, 55 Ala. 217

1451, 1452 Wooten v. Miller, 7 S. & M. 380

279 Wootten, U. S. r. 29 Fed. Rep. 702

1831 € r. Dawkins, 2 C. B. (N. S.) 412 464, 507 Worcester, Com. v. 126 Mass. 256 1498 a, 1519 Com. r. 141 Mass. 58

1498 a 1. Georgia, 6 Pet. 518

282 a Worcester Turnpike (0., Com. v. 3 Pick, 327 91 Word r'. Com., 3 Leigh, 743

72 Worden, State v. 46 Conn. 319

578 Work, Com. v. 43 Leg. Int. 57

1337 Workman, State r. 39 S. C. 151

455 State v. (S. C.) 17 S. E. Rep. 694 119,

377, 619 State r'. 35 W. Va. 367

1557 World, The, R. v. 13 Cox C. C. 305

1594 v. State, 50 Md. 49

1444 Worley, R. v. 3 Cox C. C. 535

1276, 1277 Worrall, R. v. 7 C. & P. 516

867 U. 8. v. 2 Dall. 297 ; Wh. St. Tr. 189, 189

254, 288, 1848, 1857, 1858 U. S. v. 23 Dall. 384

1020 Worster ». Lake Co., 5 Fost. 525

283 Worth, State v, R. M. Charl. 5

1453 Wortham v. State, 70 GA. 336

455 C v. State, 59 Miss. 179

1463, 1465 a Worthington v. State, 58 Md. 403

291, 930 Wortley, R. v. 1 Den. C. C. 162

867 R. v. T. & M. 636; 2 Den. 334; 5 Cox C. C. 382

1030 Wotten, U. S. v. 29 Fed. Rep. 702

1337 Wray, Ex parte, 30 Miss. 673

476 State v, 109 Mo. 594

570 State u. 72 N. C. 253

1506 Wreden, People t'. 59 Cal. 392

61 Wreidt v. State, 48 Ind, 579

1503, 1510 Wren v. Com., 25 Gratt. 989

241 t'. Com., 26 Gratt. 952

241, 242 t'. State, 70 Ala. 1

1463 a Wright's Case, 1 Lew. C. C. 135

672 Wright, In re, 3 Wyo. 478

30, 31 Com. v. 1 Cush. 46

1595, 1614, 1657

SECTION Wynn, R. v. 1 Den. C. C. 365; 2 C. & K. 859 896,

1827 Wynne, R. v. 2 East P. C. 664 ; 1 Leach, 413 903 Wyse, State v. 33 S. C. 582

489

Y

SECTION Wright, Com. v. 3 Grant, 437

267 Com. v. (Ky.) 27 S. W. Rep. 815 1760 Com. v. Thach. C. C. 211

1481 People v. 93 Cal. 564

581, 582, 584 People v. 87 Mich. 70

381, 485 People v. 90 Mich. 362

1452 People v. 136 N. Y. 625

525 People v. 9 Wend. 193

727 R. v. 3 B. & Ad. 681

1474 R. v. 1 Burr. 543

25, 26 R. v. 9 C. & P. 554 n. ; Car. Crim. Law, 278

887, 900 R. v. 9 C. & P. 754

445 R. v. D. & B. 431 ; 7 Cox C. C. 413 962 b R. 4. 4 F. & F. 967

550, 557, 577 State v. 41 Ark. 410

1556 a State v. 6 Jones, (N. C.) 25 1411, 1832 State v. 89 N. C. 507

835 a State v. 9 Wash. 96

728 a v. Clements, 3 B. & Al. 503

1656 v. Com., 33 Gratt. 880

380 v. Com., 77 Pa. 470

1557 v. Dressel, 140 Mass. 147

994 v. Meek, 3 Iowa, 472

1854 v. People, 1 Breese, 102

1126 1. People, 61 ml. 382

1061 t. People, 101 Ill. 126

1506 v. People, 38 Mich. 744

78, 79 v. People, 1 N. Y. C. R. 462

831 v. People, 4 Nev. 407

45, 61 v. R., 14 Q. B. 148

1383 v. State, 42 Ark. 94

211 a v. State, 5 Blackf. 358

1747 v. State, 18 Ga. 383

513 v. State, 30 Ga. 325

899, 1070, 1072 v. State, 4 Humph. 194

557, 564 v. State, 23 Tex. App. 313

1467 v. State, 5 Yerg. 154

987 v. State, 9 Yerg. 342

641 v. State, 31 Tex. Cr. 354

1760 v. U. S., 16 Fed. Rep. 112

1846 Wrigley, Com. v. 6 Phila. 169

1371 R. v. 1 Lew. 127 Wroe v. People, 8 Md. 416

519

1426 v. State, 20 Ohio St. 460

542 Wroughton, R. v. 3 Burr. 1683

1556 a Wyatt, Com, v. 6 Rand. 694

1465 a R. v. 39 L. J. M. C. 83

198 R. v. 1 Salk. 380

1572 State v. 2 Hayw. 56

1257, 1269 State r. (Mo.) 27 S. W. Rep. 1096

858 1. State, 2 Swan, (Tenn.) 394

561 Wycherly, R. c. 8 C. & P. 265

592 Wyckoff, State v. 2 Vroom, 65 208, 238, 245, 279,

280, 281, 287, 522 Wylde, State r. 110 N. C. 500

1700 Wyman, Com. v. 8 Metc. 247 1043, 1051, 1061 Com. v. 12 Cush. 237

30 State v. 80 Me. 117

1313 State v. 42 Minn, 182

1514 State r. 59 Vt. 527

1751 Wymberly, State v. 40 La. An. 460

1257 Wynehamer 1. People, 13 N. Y. 378

1530 Wyngall, U. S. v. 5 Hill, 16

267 Wynn, People v. 12 N. Y. Sup. 379

1467

Yager, State v. 72 Iowa, 421

1500 a, 1505 Yakel v. State, 30 Tex. App. 391

1512 a Yanta, State v. 71 Wis. 669

27 Yarberry, Territories v. 2 New Mex. 391 155, 543 Yarborough, Ex parte, 110 U. S. 651 1356 6, 1372,

1832, 1848 a v. State, 41 Ala. 405

983 State v. 77 N. C. 524

524 v. State, (Ga.) 12 S. E. Rep. 650 819 Yarrell, State v. 12 Ired. 130

1474 Yates, R. v. C. & M. 132

1282, 1319, 1322 R. 9. 6 Cox C. C. 441

1348 R. v. 12 Cox C. C. 233

1303, 1595 State v. 27 Minn, 52

1764 State v. (Ohio) 10 Crim. Law Mag. 439 820 v. Lansing, 9 Jobns. 395

1571 v. People, 32 N. Y. 509

87, 419, 455 a,

491, 649 v. State, 26 Fla. 484

113, 377 v. State, 67 Ga. 770

977 v. State, 10 Yerg. 549

938 v. Milwaukee, 10 Wall. 497

1426 Yeaton, State v. 53 Me. 125

1556 a v. U. S., 5 Cranch, 281

30 Yellowstone Kit v. State, 88 Ala. 196

1491 Yeomans r. State, 21 Nebr. 171

1752 Ye Park, People v. 62 Cal. 204

486 a, 488 Yepperson v. State, 39 Tex. 48

1467 Yerger, Ex parte, 8 Wall. 85

268 Yerkes, Com. v. 12 Cox C. C. 208

964 Ye Wan, Territory v. 2 Montana, 478 Yee Dan, Territory v. (N. M.) 37 Pac. Rep. 1101

362, 509 Yoe v. People, 49 Ill. 410

237, 238, 522 Yoho, State v. (Iowa) 53 N. W. Rep. 1088 813 Yoke, State v. 9 Mo. App. 582

1491, 1493 Yonkers Board of Health v. People, 140 N. Y, 1

1426 Yonoski v. State, 79 Ind, 393

1431 c Yordi, State v. 30 Kan. 221

532 York, Com. v. 9 Metc. 93

R. v. 3 Cox C. C. 181; 1 Den. C. C.
335 ; 2 C. & K. 841

885, 906 State v. 5 Harring. 493

885 State v. 70 N. C. 66 1538, 1510, 1544, 1546 Young, Com. v. 33 Gratt. 827

1498 a Com. v. 9 Gray, 5

1019, 1020, 1022 People v. 31 Cal. 563

1261 People v. 102 Cal. 411

389 R. v. 8 C. & P. 644 211 a, 215, 371, 482,

483, 562, 563, 1768, 1773 R. v. 10 Cox C. C. 371

372 R. v. 1 Den. 194

1828 R. v. 2 East, 16

1858 R. v. 38 L, T. (N. S.) 510; 14 Cox C. C. 114

561 R. v. 3 T. R. 104 1118, 1119, 1126, 1131, 1170 State v. 26 Iowa, 122

1664, 1666 €

15 a

455 a 914, 971 Younger, R. v. 5 T. R. 450

SECTION

SECTION Young, State v. 99 Mo. 284 1757 Zarresseller v. People, 17 NI. 101

1514 State v. 76 N. C. 258

1161, 1189 Zeibart, State v. 40 Iowa, 169 238, 444,522, 648 State v. 46 N. H. 266

666, 669
Zeiger, People r'. 6 Park. C. R. 355

88
State v. N. H. 402
69 Zeigler v. Com., (Pa.) 14 Atl. Rep. 237

1502 State r. 37 N. J. L. 184 1400 Zeisler, U. S. v. 30 Fed. Rep. 499

1491 U. 8. v. (N. C.) 7 Crim. Law Mag. 729 Zeitler, State v. 63 Ind. 441

1514 v. Com., 12 Bush, 243 825, 837, 841 Zellers, State v. 2 Halst. 220

493, 500, 501, v. People, 134 III. 37 1276

502, 503 v. People, 6 Ill. App. 434 640 Zelt, Com. v. 138 Pa. 615

1512 a. 1528 a v. State, 58 Ala. 338 1519 € Zenobio v. Axtell, 6 T. R. 162

1656 t. State, 95 Ala. 4 380 Zephon, Com. v. MS. Phil. 1844

381 v. State, 50 Ark, 501

850, 858
Zes Cloya, C. S. 1. 35 Fed. Rep. 493

586
v. State, 11 Humph. 200
484 Zimmerman, State v. 78 Iowa, 614

1528 a v. State, 10 Lea, 165

1431
State v. 83 Iowa, 118

1498 6 v. State, 44 Tex. 98

640
State v. 47 Kans, 242

712, 727 v. State, 7 Tex. App. 75

642, 644

v. State, 4 Ind. App. 583 1473, 1474 v. State, 31 Tex. Cr, 24

617

Zink v. People, 77 N. Y. 414; 6 Abb. New Young Men's Society, People v. 65 Barb. 857 1431 0 Cas. 413

1431 c
Zinner v. Com.. (Pa.) 14 Atl. Rep. 431

1500 a State v. 1 Dev. 357

1249

Zoldoske v. State, 82 Wis. 580 311, 385, 641 a, 643 Yslas, People v. 27 Cal, 630 182, 603, 605, 645 d Zook v. State, 47 Ind. 463

1466 Yundt v. People, 65 I. 372 325, 390 Zorn, State v. 22 Oreg. 591

50, 389 | Zschocke v. People, 62 II. 127

1063 z Zufall, City v. 40 Kans. 47

1505 Zug v. Com. 170 Pa. 138

1477 Zabriskie v. State, 43 N. J. L. 640 1757, 1763 Zulueta, R. v. 1 C. & K. 215

1892 Zallner v. State, 15 Tex. App. 3 1557 Zumboff v. State, 4 Greene, (Iowa) 526

1530

INDEX.

(THE FIGURES REFER TO THE SECTIONS.)

ABANDONMENT, when a defence to attempt, 1865.
ABANDONMENT OF DEPENDENTS, 1563 et seq. (See MISCONDUCT IN

OFFICE.)
ABATEMENT OF NUISANCE, 97, 1426, 1498 b.
ABDUCTION AND KIDNAPPING.

Indictment must conform to statutory conditions, 586.
woman in such case may be a witness, 587.
indictment must be in county of offence, 588.
original actors are all principals, 589.
kidnapping and “inveiglement” specifically indictable, 590.
ignorance no defence to indictment for, 88.
when with consent of girl abducted, 1756, 1765.

suggestions for defence, 561, vol. i.
ABERRATION, homicide through, 317–18, 320.
ABETTOR, constituents of, 219.
ABORTION.

Producing an abortion is an offence at common law, 592.
woman a witness for the prosecution, 593.
consent no defence, 594.
otherwise as to necessity, 595.
non-pregnancy no defence to indictment for attempt, 596.
nor non-potency of agency, 182, 1831.
indictment must be special, 599.
evidence inferential, 598.
all concerned indictable, 599.
homicide incidental to, 316, 323, 390, 430.
conspiracy to commit, 1364.

suggestions for defence, p. 569, vol. i.
ABSENCE, proof of, in bigamy, 1691.
ABUSE OF ELECTIVE FRANCHISE (see ELECTIONS).
ABUSING FEMALE CHILDREN (see RAPE, SEDUCTION).
ACCELERATING DEATH” is homicide, 155 a.
ACCESSARIES, law of, as to attempts, 198, 223.

venue in case of, 287.
ACCESSARYSHIP.
Statutory Changes.

Common law recently modified by statutes, 205
Principals.

Principal in first degree is actual perpetrator, 206.
presence is not necessary when causal connection is immediate; e. 9.,
when agent is irresponsible, 207.

ACCESSARYSHIP- Continued.

accessary before the fact cannot be convicted as principal, 208.
non-resident party may be liable for agent's acts, 209.
wife not ordinarily co-principal with husband, 210.
principals in the second degree are those present aiding and abetting, 211.
mere presence does not involve complicity, 211 a.
capacity to execute not always essential, 211 b.
confederacy must be real, 211 c.
and not mere sympathy, 211 d.
if principal is irresponsible, indictment should not be for aiding and

abetting, 212.
confederacy with constructive presence may constitute principal, 213.
but act must result from confederacy, 214.
in duels all are principals, 215.
persons abetting suicide are principals in murder, 216.
persons executing parts of crime separately are principals, 217.
persons outside keeping watch are principals, 218.
an abettor must be near enough to give assistance, 219.
persons confederating for wrongful purpose are chargeable with inci-

dental felony, 220.
distinction between two degrees only essential when punishment varies,

221.
conviction of principal in the first degree not a condition precedent to

trial of principal in second degree, 222.
in misdemeanors all are principals, 223.

and so as to treason at common law, 224.
Accessaries before the Fact.

Commanding and counselling constitute accessaryship before the fact, 225.
several instigators may be combined, 225 a.
must be causal connection, 226.
silent acquiescence is not counselling, 227.
countermanded advice does not implicate, 228.
accessary not liable for collateral crime, 229.
relative guilt of accessary and principal, 230.
assistance must be rendered knowingly and really, 231.
detectives not accessaries, 231 a.
may be accessary before the fact to manslaughter, 232.
accessary before the fact need not be originator, 233.
quantity of aid immaterial, 234.
conditions of time immaterial, 235.
grade of guilt not necessarily the same, 236.
conviction of principal no longer a prerequisite, 237.
indictment must particularize offence, 238.
verdict must specify grade, 239.
jurisdiction of, 287.

attempts, 240.
Accessaries after the Fact.
An accessary after the fact is one who subsequently assists or comforts

the felon, 241.
knowledge of principal's guilt is essential, 242.

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