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SECTION

SECTION Wood, R. v. 1 Mood. C. C. 278; 4 C. & P. 381 5 33 Woodward v. Squires, 39 Iowa, 435

24 R. v. 1 Sess. Cas. 217

1118

r. State, (Ind.) 7 Crim. Law Mag.
State r. 1 Bay, 351

628
244

1014 State r. 110 Ind. 82

1304
v. State, 5 Tex, App. 296

1557 State v. 17 Iowa, 18

1308
v. State, 9 Tex. App. 412

846 State r. 46 Iowa, 116

Woodworth v. State, 26 Ohio St. 196

649, 652 State r. 49 Kans, 711 1521 Woody, People v. 48 Cal. 80

196 Stater. 53 x H. 484 525, 592 Woolaver, State t. 77 Mo. 103

576, 1764 a State t. 53 Vt. 560 155 a, 160 Wooley v. Watkins, 2 Idaho, 555

29 U.S. r.1 Brunf. 456 1823 Woolcock, R. 1. 5 C. & P. 516

1516 U. 8. v. 2 Gall. 361 648, 652 Wooldridge v. State, 13 Tex. App. 443

543 U. 8. v. 14 Pet. 430 1319, 1321 Wooley, People v. 44 Cal. 494

837 U. 8. v. 3 Wash, C. C. 440

1823
State r'. 59 Vt. 357

1517
U.S. t. 44 Fed. Rep. 753
1286 Woolfolk v. State, 85 Ga. 69

512 r. Brush, 11 Sup. Ct. Rep. 738 268 Woolford, R. r. 1 M. & Rob. 384

997, 998 v. People, 59 N. Y. 117 1277, 1288, 1304, 1316 i Woolley, R. v. 1 Den. C. C. 559; 4 Cox C. t. State, 50 Ala. 144 640, 644 C. 193; T. & M. 280

1150, 1186, 1188 v. State, 34 Ark. 341 53, 1506 Woolmer, R. r. 1 Mood. C. C. 334

418, 427 v State, 7 Crim. Law Mag. 531 1311 a / Woolsey, State v. 92 Ind. 131

1328 a P. State, 48 Ga. 192

1757, 1758, 1764
t'. State, 14 Tex. App. 57

1079 v. State, 92 Ind. 269

536
v. State, 30 Tex. App. 346

826, 836 r'. State, (Ind.) 36 X. E. Rep. 158 1512 b | Woolstan, R. r'. 2 Strange, 834

1605 1. State. 11 Tex. App. 318 1556 a Wooster r. Manfg. Co., 37 Me. 246

288 1. State, 12 Tex. App 174

t. State, 55 Ala. 217

1451, 1452 t. State, 81 Tex. Cr. 571 459 Wooten v. Miller, 7 S. & M. 380

279 Woodard, State v. (Iowa) 50 N. W. Rep. 885 644 Wootten, U. S. r. 29 Fed. Rep. 702

1831 C State v. 23 Vt. 92

1474 a

. Dawkins, 2 C. B. (X. S.) 412 464, 507 Woodburne, R. v. 16 St. Tr. 54

119 Worcester, Com, t. 126 Mass. 256 1498 a, 1519
1186
Com. r. 141 Mass, 58

1498 a Wooden u. Shotwell. 3 Zab. 465

1491
r. Georgia, 6 Pet. 518

282 a Wooderd, State 1, 20 Iowa, 541

677, 717 Worcester Turnpike Co., Com, v. 3 Pick, 327 91 Woodfall, R. t. 6 Burr. 2661 1663 Word . Com., 3 Leigh, 743

72 Woodfin. State r. 87 X. C. 526 1557 Worden, State v. 46 Conn. 319

578 Woodford r'. People, 62 N. Y. 117 828, 829, 835, 839 Work, Com. v. 43 Leg. Int. 57

1337 Woodhead, R. 1 M. & R. 549 1082 a Workman, State r. 39 S. C. 151

455 Woodhurst, R. 1. 12 Cox C. C. 443

150, 557

State v. (S. C.) 17 S. E. Rep. 694 119, Woodley, State v. 25 Ga. 235 950

377, 619 Woodlief v. State, 21 Tex. App. 412

1530
State 1. 35 W. Va. 367

1557 Woodman, R. 1. 14 Cox. C. C. 179 1173 | World, The, R. v. 13 Cox C. C. 305

1594 Woodrow, R. v. 15 M. & W. 404

88, 180
v. State, 50 Md. 49

1444 Woodruff 2. State, 20 8. W Rep. 573 813 Worley, R. v. 3 Cox C. C. 535

1276, 1277 Woods, State v. 49 Kans. 237

Worrall, R. t. 7 C. & P. 516
State r. 31 La. An. 267

811

U. 8. v. 2 Dall. 297; Wh. St. Tr.
State r'. 68 Me. 418

30

189, 189 2 54, 288, 1848, 1857, 1858 State v. (Mo.) 27 S. W. Rep. 1114 641, 641 a

U. S. v. 23 Dall. 384

1620 v. Com., 1 Ben Mon. 344 1498 a, 1512 6 | Worster v. Lake Co., 5 Fost. 525 v. People, 55 N. Y. 515 568 | Worth, State v, R. M. Charl. 5

1453 v. State, 36 Ark. 36 1506, 1507 Wortham v. State, 70 Ga. 336

455 a v. State, (Tex.) 20 S. W. Rep. 915 1512 a

v. State, 59 Miss. 179

1463, 1465 a v. Town, 19 Oreg. 108 1512 a Worthington v. State, 58 Md. 403

291, 930 Woodside v. Ridgeway, 126 Mass. 292 1087 | Wortley, R. v. 1 Den. C. C. 162

867 v. State, 2 How. (Miss.) 655

117, 381

R. v. T. & M. 636; 2 Den. 334; 5
Woodson, State t'. 5 Humph. 55

1128, 1263
Cox C. C. 382

1030 v. Com., (Ky.) 21 S. W. Rep. 584 615 d' Wotten, U. S. v. 29 Fed. Rep. 702

1337 v. State, 24 Tex. App. 153 1263 Wray, Ex parte, 30 Miss, 673

476 Woodward, Com. t. 102 Mass. 155

489, 534
State v. 109 Mo. 594

570 People v. 45 Cal. 293

211 a, 214
State u. 72 N. C. 253

1506 People v. 2 N. Y. Cr. Rep. 32; 31

Wreden, People '. 59 Cal. 392
Hun, 57
899 Wreidt v. State, 49 Ind, 579

1503, 1510
R. 0. 8 C. & P. 561
Wren v. Com., 25 Gratt. 989

241 R. 1'. L. & C. 122; 9 Cox, 95 985, 990,

t'. Com., 26 Gratt. 952

241, 242 992 . State, 70 Ala. 1

1463 a R. 1. 11 Mod. 137 852 Wright's Case, 1 Lew. C. C. 135

672 State v. Houst. 455 | Wright, In re, 3 Wyo. 478

30, 31 U.S. v. 44 Fed. Rep. 592

1822
Com. v. 1 Cush. 46

1595, 1614, 1657

578

61

462

27

30

SECTION

SECTION Wright, Com. v. 3 Grant, 437

267 Wynn, R. v. 1 Den. C. C. 365; 2 C. & K. 859896, Com. v. (Ky.) 27 S. W. Rep. 815 1760

1827 Com. v. Thach. C. C. 211

1481 Wynne, R. v. 2 East P. C. 664; 1 Leach, 413 903 People v. 93 Cal. 564 581, 582, 584 Wyse, State v. 33 S. C. 582

489 People v. 87 Mich. 70

381, 485 People v. 90 Mich. 362

1452
People v. 136 N. Y. 625

525
People v. 9 Wend. 193
727 Yager, State v. 72 Iowa, 421

1500 a, 1505
R. v. 3 B. & Ad. 681
1474 | Yakel v. State, 30 Tex. App. 391

1512 a R. v. 1 Burr. 543

25, 26 Yanta, State v. 71 Wis. 669 R. v. 9 C. & P. 554 n. ; Car. Crim.

Yarberry, Territories v. 2 New Mex. 391 155, 543 Law, 278

887, 900 Yarborough, Ex parte, 110 U. S. 651 1356 6, 1372, R. v. 9 C. & P. 754 445

1832, 1848 a R. v. D. & B. 431 : 7 Cox C. C. 413 962 6

v. State, 41 Ala. 405

983 R. 4. 4 F. & F. 967

550, 557, 577
State v. 77 N. C. 524

524 State v. 41 Ark. 410

1556 a

v. State, (Ga.) 12 S. E. Rep. 650 819 State v. 6 Jones, (N. C.) 25 1411, 1832 | Yarrell, State v. 12 Ired. 130

1474 State v. 89 N. C. 507 835 a Yates, R. v. C. & M. 132

1282, 1319, 1322 State v. 9 Wash. 96

728 a
R. 1. 6 Cox C. C. 441

1348 v. Clements, 3 B. & Al. 503

1656
R. v. 12 Cox C. C. 233

1303, 1595 v. Com., 33 Gratt. 880

380
State v. 27 Minn, 52

1764 v. Com., 77 Pa. 470

1557 State v. (Ohio) 10 Crim. Law Mag. 439820 v. Dressel, 140 Mass. 147

994
v. Lansing, 9 Johns. 395

1571 v. Meek, 3 Iowa, 472

1854
v. People, 32 N. Y. 509

87, 419, 455 a,
v. People, 1 Breese, 102
1126

491, 649 t. People, 61 lll. 382

1061
v, State, 26 Fla. 484

113, 377 t. People, 101 III. 126

1506
v. State, 67 Ga. 770

977 v. People, 38 Mich. 744

78, 79
v. State, 10 Yerg. 549

938
v. People, 1 N. Y. C. R. 462
831 v. Milwaukee, 10 Wall. 497

1426 v. People, 4 Nev. 407 45, 61 Yeaton, State v. 53 Me. 125

1556 a v. R., 14 Q. B. 148

1383

v. U. S., 5 Cranch, 281
v. State, 42 Ark. 94
| Yellowstone Kit v. State, 88 Ala. 196

1491
v. State, 5 Blackf. 358
1747 Yeomans ». State, 21 Nebr. 171

1752 v. State, 18 Ga. 383 513 Ye Park, People v. 62 Cal. 204

486 a, 488 v. State, 30 Ga. 325 899, 1070, 1072 Yepperson v. State, 39 Tex. 48

1467 v. State, 4 Humph. 194 557, 564 Yerger, Ex parte, 8 Wall. 85

268 v. State, 23 Tex. App. 313 1467 Yerkes, Com. v. 12 Cox C. C. 208

964 v. State, 5 Yerg. 154 987 Ye Wan, Territory v. 2 Montana, 478

15 a v. State, 9 Yerg. 342

641 Yee Dan, Territory v. (N. M.) 37 Pac. Rep.
v. State, 31 Tex. Cr. 354
1760 1101

362, 509
v. U. S., 16 Fed. Rep. 112
1846 Yoe v. People, 49 Ill. 410

237, 238, 522 Wrigley, Com. v. 6 Phila. 169

1371 Yoho, State v. (Iowa) 53 N. W. Rep. 1088 813 R. v. 1 Lew. 127 519 Yoke, State v. 9 Mo. App. 582

1491, 1493 Wroe v. People, 8 Md. 416

1426 Yonkers Board of Health v. People, 140
v. State, 20 Ohio St. 460

542
N. Y. 1

1426 Wroughton, R. v. 3 Burr. 1683 1556 a Yonoski v. State, 79 Ind, 393

1431 c Wyatt, Com. v. 6 Rand. 694 1465 a | Yordi, State v. 30 Kan. 221

532 R. v. 39 L. J. M. C. 83 198 York, Com. v. 9 Metc. 93

455 a R. v. 1 Salk. 380

1572 R. v. 3 Cox C. C. 181; 1 Den. C. C.
State v. 2 Hayw. 56

1257, 1269
335 ; 2 C. & K. 841

885, 906 State r. (Mo.) 27 S. W. Rep. 1096

State v. 5 Harring. 493

885 t'. State, 2 Swan, (Tenn.) 394

561

State v. 70 N. C. 66 1538, 1540, 1544, 1546 Wycherly, R. c. 8 C. & P. 265 592 Young, Com. v. 33 Gratt. 827

1498 a Wyckoff, State v. 2 Vroom, 65 208, 238, 245, 279,

Com. v. 9 Gray, 5

1019, 1020, 1022 280, 281, 287, 522 People v. 31 Cal. 563

1261 Wylde, State r. 110 N. C. 500

1700
People v. 102 Cal. 411

389 Wyman, Com. v. 8 Metc. 247 1043, 1051, 1061

R. v. 8 C. & P. 644 211 a, 215, 371, 482, Com. v. 12 Cush. 237

30

483, 562, 563, 1768, 1773 State v. 80 Me. 117

1313
R. v. 10 Cox C. C. 371

372 State v, 42 Minn. 182

1514
R. v. 1 Den. 194

1828 State v. 59 Vt. 527

1751
R. v. 2 East, 16

1858 Wymberly, State v. 40 La. An. 460

1257

R. 1. 38 L, T. (N. S.) 510; 14 Cox C.
Wynehamer . People, 13 N. Y. 378

1530
C. 114

561 Wyngall, U. S. v. 5 Hill, 16

267

R. v. 3 T. R. 104 1118, 1119, 1126, 1131, 1170 Wynn, People v. 12 N. Y. Sup. 379

1467
State 1'. 26 Iowa, 122

1664, 1666 C

858

381

SECTION

SECTION Young, State v. 99 Mo. 284

1757 | Zarresse
Zarresseller v. People, 17 ni. 101

1514 State v. 76 N. C. 258

1161, 1189 Zeibart, State v. 40 Iowa, 169 238, 444,522, 648 State v. 46 N. H. 266 666, 669 Zeiger, People r'. 6 Park. C. R. 355

88 State v. 47 N. H. 402 697 Zeigler v. Com., (Pa.) 14 Atl. Rep. 237

1502 State 1. 37 N. J. L. 184 1400 Zeisler, U. S. v. 30 Fed. Rep. 499

1491 U. 8. v. (N. C.) 7 Crim. Law Mag. 729 41 | Zeitler, State v. 63 Ind. 441

1514 v. Com., 12 Bush, 243 825, 837, 841 Zellers, State v. 2 Halst. 220

493, 500, 501, v. People, 134 III. 37 1276

502, 503 v. People, 6 Ill. App. 434 640. Zelt, Com. v. 138 Pa. 615

1512 Q. 1528 a . State, 58 Ala. 338 1519 a | Zenobio v. Axtell, 6 T. R. 162

1656 t. State, 95 Ala. 4

380 Zephon, Com. v. MS. Phil. 1844
v. State, 50 Ark. 501
850, 858 Zes Cloya, C. S. v. 35 Fed. Rep. 493

586
o. State, 11 Humph. 200
484, Zimmerman, State v. 78 Iowa, 614

1528 a v. State, 10 Lea, 165

1431
State v. 83 Iowa, 118

1498 a v. State, 44 Tex. 98

640
State v. 47 Kans, 242

712, 727 v. State, 7 Tex. App. 75

642, 644

v. State, 4 Ind. App. 583 1473, 1474 v. State, 31 Tex. Cr. 24

617 Zink v. People, 77 N. Y. 414; 6 Abb. New Young Men's Society, People v. 65 Barb. 357 1431 b Cas. 413

914, 971 Younger, R. v. 5 T. R. 450

1431 c ' Zinner v. Com., (Pa.) 14 Atl. Rep. 431 1500 a State v. 1 Dev. 357

1249 Zoldoske v. State, 82 Wis. 580 311, 385, 641 a, 643 Yslas, People v. 27 Cal, 630 182, 603, 605, 645 d Zook v. State, 47 Ind. 463

1466 Yundt v. People, 65 III. 372 325, 390 Zorn, State v. 22 Oreg. 591

50, 389 Zschocke v. People, 62 III. 127

1063 Zufall, City v. 40 Kans. 47

1505 Zug v. Com. 170 Pa. 138

1477 Zabriskie v. State, 43 N. J. L. 640 1757, 1763' Zulueta, R. v. 1 C. & K. 215

1892 Zallner v. State, 15 Tex. App. 3 155? Zumhoff v. State, 4 Greene, (Iowa) 526

1530

INDEX.

(THE FIGURES REFER TO THE SECTIONS.)

ABANDONMENT, when a defence to attempt, 1865.
ABANDONMENT OF DEPENDENTS, 1563 et seq. (See MISCONDUCT IN

OFFICE.)
ABATEMENT OF NUISANCE, 97, 1426, 1498 b.
ABDUCTION AND KIDNAPPING.

Indictment must conform to statutory conditions, 586.
woman in such case may be a witness, 587.
indictment must be in county of offence, 588.
original actors are all principals, 589.
kidnapping and “inveiglement” specifically indictable, 590.
ignorance no defence to indictment for, 88.
when with consent of girl abducted, 1756, 1765.

suggestions for defence, 561, vol. i.
ABERRATION, homicide through, 317–18, 320.
ABETTOR, constituents of, 219.
ABORTION.

Producing an abortion is an offence at common law, 592.
woman a witness for the prosecution, 593.
consent no defence, 594.
otherwise as to necessity, 595.
non-pregnancy no defence to indictment for attempt, 596.
nor non-potency of agency, 182, 1831.
indictment must be special, 599.
evidence inferential, 598.
all concerned indictable, 599.
homicide incidental to, 316, 323, 390, 430.
conspiracy to commit, 1364.

suggestions for defence, p. 569, vol. i.
ABSENCE, proof of, in bigamy, 1691.
ABUSE OF ELECTIVE FRANCHISE (see ELECTIONS).
ABUSING FEMALE CHILDREN (see RAPE, SEDUCTION).
ACCELERATING DEATH” is homicide, 155 a.
ACCESSARIES, law of, as to attempts, 198, 223.

venue in case of, 287.
ACCESSARYSHIP.
Statutory Changes.

Common law recently modified by statutes, 205
Principals,

Principal in first degree is actual perpetrator, 206.
presence is not necessary when causal connection is immediate; e. 9.,
when agent is irresponsible, 207.

ACCESSARYSHIP_Continued.

accessary before the fact cannot be convicted as principal, 208.
non-resident party may be liable for agent's acts, 209.
wife not ordinarily co-principal with husband, 210.
principals in the second degree are those present aiding and abetting, 211.
mere presence does not involve complicity, 211 a.
capacity to execute not always essential, 211 b.
confederacy must be real, 211 c.
and not mere sympathy, 211 d.
if principal is irresponsible, indictment should not be for aiding and

abetting, 212.
confederacy with constructive presence may constitute principal, 213.
but act must result from confederacy, 214.
in duels all are principals, 215.
persons abetting suicide are principals in murder, 216.
persons executing parts of crime separately are principals, 217.
persons outside keeping watch are principals, 218.
an abettor must be near enough to give assistance, 219.
persons confederating for wrongful purpose are chargeable with inci-

dental felony, 220.
distinction between two degrees only essential when punishment varies,

221.
conviction of principal in the first degree not a condition precedent to

trial of principal in second degree, 222.
in misdemeanors all are principals, 223.

and so as to treason at common law, 224.
Accessaries before the Fact.

Commanding and counselling constitute accessaryship before the fact, 225.
several instigators may be combined, 225 a.
must be causal connection, 226.
silent acquiescence is not counselling, 227.
countermanded advice does not implicate, 228.
accessary not liable for collateral crime, 229.
relative guilt of accessary and principal, 230.
assistance must be rendered knowingly and really, 231.
detectives not accessaries, 231 a.
may be accessary before the fact to manslaughter, 232.
accessary before the fact need not be originator, 233.
quantity of aid immaterial, 234.
conditions of time immaterial, 235.
grade of guilt not necessarily the same, 236.
conviction of principal no longer a prerequisite, 237.
indictment must particularize offence, 238.
verdict must specify grade, 239.
jurisdiction of, 287.

attempts, 240.
Accessaries after the Fact.
An accessary after the fact is one who subsequently assists or comforts

the felon, 241.
knowledge of principal's guilt is essential, 242.

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