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lawless adventurers; and an exten- lic discredit attaches to the offensive traffic has been carried on der. The Directors, therefore, thence for the supply not only of feel fully persuaded, that until the the Isle of Bourbon, but even of laws of France shall be so far althe island of Cuba. A vessel, with tered, as to place the slave-trader in 344 Slaves on board, named Le the list of criminals whose offence Succés, was detained in April 1821 is to be visited with a disgraceby his Majesty's ship Menai, Cap- ful punishment, little hope can lain Moresby, and carried into the be entertained of any material diIsle of France, where, no claim of minution in the existing Slave Trade possession or property being pre- of France. The same view of the ferred, she was condemned, and the subject bas happily been adopted Slaves were liberated. This very by the friends of humanity in vessel had already made a success- France itself. In the sessions of ful slave-voyage from Zanzebar to 1821 and 1822 various important the Isle of Bourbon, where she bad discussions took place on this subsasely landed 248 Slaves; and the ject in the legislative chambers ; Governor, M. Mylius, having been and although the French governinformed of the transaction, bad ment appears to have become more instituted judicial proceedings reluctant than ever to adopt the against ber; but the judges whose measures required for its represoffice it was 10 try the cause, hav. sion, yet good may be expected ing themselves participated in the to arise from the frequent agitation crime by purchasing some of her of the question. Soformation will Slaves, concurred in acquitting be extensively diffused, and a diDier; and, encouraged by this im- rection given to public opinion, punity, she was immediately dis- wbicb cannot fail to produce, in patched for another cargo of Afri. no long tiine, important results. cans,
and was returning with After these painful details, it is them to the Isle of Bourbon, wlien with no small satisfaction that the she was detained by the Menai. Directors state the formation, at Governor Mylius has since unfor- Paris, of a Committee, under hightunately been recalled, as it would ly respectable patronage, for ibe appear because he was determine express purpose of promoting the ed conscientiously to fulfil the du- entire Abolition of the Slave Trade. ties of his office, and was alive to The Society will use every effort to the calls of humanity aud justice. diffuse jusi information on the sub
This state of things may be con- ject of ihis base traffic: it will also sidered as arising in part from a co-operate with benevolent persons want of due vigilance in the pub- in other countries in promoting the lic functionaries; but it is mainly civilization of Africa, and the geto be attributed to the defective- neral welfare of its unfortunate naness of the laws abolishing the tives. Slave Trade. Even if the pe- Diffusion of Information in Foreign nalty of confiscation, the only one
Countries. which attaches to ibe violation of The Directors in their last Rethe French Abolition Laws, were port stated, that, with the view more frequently enforced than it of promoting the universal aboliis, it would do little to arrest the tion of the Slave Trade, they had progress of the Slave Trade ; the turned their attention to the diffugains being large, and the risk of sion, in foreign countries, of inforcapture and condemnation so small, mation respecting the real nature as to be easily insurable: besides of that traffic. Several highly inte. which, in the case of a judicial resting and appropriate publications conviction, followed only by con- have, in consequence, been widely fiscation of ibe properly, no pub- circulated in France, Spain, Portugal, and the Netherlands. In France duction to the Supplementary Re. especially, these have excited con- port of last year, to go a step besiderable attention; and fresh edi- yond any other nation, even betions of some of them have been yond Great Britain herself, in its undertaken by booksellers in Paris, measures of repression. An Act with a view to the profit to be de- was passed, declaring the crime of rived from the sale. A pamphlet Slave-trading by American ships, by M. Gregoire, and the excellent or American subjects, to be piracy, speech of the Duc de Broglie have and as such affixing to it the pu. been read with avidity. Mr. Wil. nishment of death. berforce also has published, in the Another important document had French language, a letter addressed reached the Directors from the to the Emperor of Russia; in which United States ; the Report of a with all ihe fervour of his elo. Commitee of the House of Reprequence, he paints the atrocities of sentatives, in the session of 1820 the existing Slave Trade, and urges and 1821, relative to the mutual bis Imperial Majesty to fulfil the exercise of the right of search by obligations so solemnly contracted Great Britain and America, with a by himsell, and the other powers view to the suppression of the assembled in congress at Vienna, Slave Trade. This Report contains to put an evd to this enormous a clear and decided opinion in faevil. It would have been impos- vour of the exercise of such a right, -sible to make these efforts bui for as ibe only effectual means of supthe silent and unostentatious, yet pressing the Slave Trade; while it effectual, liberality of many of ihe demonstrates that its use involves members of the Society of Friends, no sacrifice of national interest, who have contributed largely to the vor any compromise of national diffusion of information on the con- honour. A correspondence which tinent. Further aid, however, is followed on this subject between needed; and the Directors add, that Mr. Stratford Cauning, our am“ tbey are persuaded that the Bri- bassador at Washington, and the tish public will never suffer such Secretary of Stale of the Anierican a cause to fail for want of sup- Government, manifested a strong report: and it is in this confidence pugnance, on the part of ibat Goihat they make their appeal to its verument, to the measure recomtried benevolence."
mended by the Committee. Tbis United States.-The Government sentiment, however, appeared to and Legislature of the United States be confined to the Executive; for, bave continued to manifest the notwithstanding the arguments so same anxious desire to put an end recently urged by the American 10 the Slave Trade which has al- Secretary of State, a Report of the ways distinguished them.
Senate of the United States, pre. Their cruisers on the African sented during the session of 1821coast have well seconded their 1822, concurred entirely in the wishes; and five slave-sbips de- view taken the year before by the tained on suspicion of being Ame- House of Representatives, and rican property, though disguised earnestly urged the adoption of the uuder foreign flags, had already proposed expedient of a reciprocal been condemned in tbeir Vice-Ad- right of search as a most desirable miralty Courts, previously to the measure. month of January 1821.
The Report goes on to allude to The pertinacity with which some various other topics, to a few only of the subjects of the United States of which we can advert. Several still adbered to this infamous com- of them have indeed appeared bemerce, induced the American Legis- fore our readers in other shapes. lalure, as was stated in the intro- A treaty between Radama, King of Madagascar, and Mr. Farquhar, for the other course might arise out of the suppression of the Slave Trade the train of events. in that island, bad been carried No less do the Directors regret into effect, and every attempt to the tardy progress of general innelude its beneficent provisions had provement in the state of colonial been defeated.
bondage. More than fifteen years In the Isle of France, Governor have elapsed since the Abolition Farquhar had exerted biniself with of the Slave Trade was enacted great zeal, il endeavouring lo sup- by the British Parliament; but press the Slave Trade within the during that long period no effeclimits of his own government; and tive measures have been adoptthe measures he has adopted it was ed either by the Imperial Letrusted would
prove effectual. gislature, or by the Colonial An Act had been passed giving Assemblies, for ameliorating the to the captors of slave-ships a condition of the Slave, or paving moiety of bis Majesty's share of the way to bis future emancipation. the prize, and a bounty of 10l. per In many of the colonies, voluntary head, on all Slaves liberated under manumissions by the master still the treaties with Spain, Portugal, continue to be loaded with heavy and the Netherlands, and granting imposts ; and this cruel tax upon also the same bounties in some private benevolence prevails even other cases not previously pro- in colonies where the crown is the vided for by Act of Parliament. sole legislator. In all, the Slave This salutary provision will both continues absolutely inadmissable stimulate and reward the exertions as a witness in any cause, whether of our cruizers.
civil or criminal, which concerns The Directors express their con- persons of free condition ; and even cern, that when an important change in questions affecting his own perwas about to take place in the sonal freedom, and that of his posnavigation laws of this country terity for ever, the onus still rests as they affect the intercourse of the on him to prove that he is free, and West-Indian Colonies with foreign not, as in all justice it ought to nations, it should not have been do, upon the person denying his made a substantive part of the freedom to prove that he is a slave. measure that an efficient and ope. In none is the marriage of the Slave rative Register Act should be made legal, or guarded by any adopted by every colony to which legal sanctions; and, with partial The boon was to be extended. exceptions, his instruction in ChrisWhile the sugars of the West Indies tianity is left to the fortuitous efforts are protected in their monopoly of of voluntary missionaries. These the home market by a bighi duty, are some of the opprobrious cirnot merely on foreign sugars, but cumstances which continue to aton the sugars grown in our own East- tach with undiminished force 10 Indian possessions,-thus giving a our colonial system, and for which decided and exclusive preference it is clearly the duty of this country to the produce of cultivation by to provide a remedy, slave labour, over that by free la. In urging upon the British pubbour,--the least that could be de. lic the duty of assisting by iheir sired seemed to be, that no means efforts and pecuniary liberality in should have been omitted of effec- this great work of mercy and of justually preventing both the clandes- tice, the Directors thus energetically tine introduction of Slaves into our remark: “ For centuries we were own colonies, and their clandestine foremost in carrying on this guilty removal to the more productive traffic. Other nations may plead colonies of foreign nations, accord- that they are but treading in our ing as templations to the one or steps, and committing a crime into
which they were seduced by our nest industry, and of social and example. If we have been chief domestic comfort. For the trial in the guilt, let us be as prominent and success of this grand experiin our repentance. If ours have megt on human nature, as it may been, most largely, the profits, let be truly termed, mankind are greatour liberality be proportionate; ly indebted to the discernment and for the sincerity of that repeutance Christian benevolence of the Church may justly be suspected, which sa- Missionary Society. The sums they tisfies itself merely with acknow- bave expended have been conledging its fault, but does not en- siderable ; bot large and delightdeavour to repair the injuries fairlyful has been their reward. It may to be placed to its account. Never, be boldly declared, that, perhaps alas ! can we make to Africa any with the single exception of the thing like an adequate compensa- Moravian converts, never before tion; but let us at least do all we did any new colony manifest, in can, though with a tardy yet with a any thing like an equal degree, the liberal beneficence, to check the happy influence of Christian prinprogress of that wasteful destruc- ciple, in civilizing and improving tion which, in all the varied forms the rude and uninstructed, and in of human suffering, is desolating imparting to them the multiplied the frican continent; and, by re- enjoyments of civil and social life. moving the barrier which hitherto How different, or rather how has obstructed the entrance of re- opposite, in all particulars, is the ligious light, and of moral and so- scene exhibited io the world in all cial improvement, to open a way the provinces of Africa that are for their admission into those be- under the dominion of the crown nighted regions."
of France! While we cannot but To these exertions the colony feel confident, that what has been of Sierra Leone furnishes a strong accomplished at Sierra Leone will encouragement; for, from the tes- have the effect of vindicatiog the timony of numerous and impartial much injured natives of Africa, witnesses, it appears that the poor from those imputations of inferiouninstructed natives who were res- rity to the rest of the species which cued from the holds of Slave-ships, bave been so unjustly cast on them, and planted in that land of light we cannot also but indulge the and truth and liberty, are prompt. hope, that, if our neighbours of ly and amply rewarding the bene- France will not be influenced by volent labours of their instructors, – a higher motive, we shall surely and in the enjoyment of the bless- shame them out of holding forth ings of a British constitution both such a humiliating and disgraceful in church and state, transplanted contrast to the example of this for the first time into the soil and country, as will be afforded by climate of Africa, are, from the their still continuing to diffuse deroot of Christian principle, bring- solation and misery throughout that ing forth the blessed fruits of ho. unhappy land.
SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. * The last Report states, that the and religious Tracts, bas continued number of subscribing members without abatement; and the genenow amounts to 14,650; of whom ral operations of the Society have 635 were elected during the year. been progressively enlarged. Within the same period an acces- One of the earliest transactions sion of twenty Diocesan and District of the past year, was a resolution of Committees has been made. The the Board to reprint Bishop Bedell's circulation of Bibles, Prayer-books, translation of the Bible, and also to re-publish the Common Prayer amusement and instruction with the Book in the Irish tongue and religious tracts of the Society, in character. Some measure of this the formation of Parochial Lending kind appeared necessary, not only Libraries. Thus the full benefit of for the benetit of the Irish poor re
the wholesale price is extended to siding in the metropolis, but with a the retail purchaser : but the Soview of supplying the demands of ciety defrays no part of the ex-the Irish clergy. One volume of pense ; nor has it, in fact, any farthe Bible, comprising about half iher concern in the transaction than of the Old Testament, is already as being the medium of effecting a printed; and the work is rapidly most beneficial arrangement for its advancing towards completion. members, and of expediting their
A supply of books, not exceed communication with the booksel. ing the value of 1000l. has also lers." been granted for the use of gaols, The Board remark, “ The educaschools, bospitals, and workhouses tion now given to the poor naturally in Ireland. The distribution of excites among them a taste for readthese books was entrusted to the ing. This increased appetite for Irish Association for discourag- information must be gratified to a ing Vice and promoting Christian certain exteot; and unless it be Knowledge; and special instructions supplied with wholesome and nuwere given to the Committee for tritious food, it will probably deCorrespoodence to improve this vour those poisonous productions favourable opportunity of esta- of infidelity which are still disseblishing a connexion with the sister minated with unwearied diligence kingdom.
through the remotest districts of The next point to which the Board the land." advert is ihe formation of a Supple- . The shop opened in Fleetmental Catalogue in aid of Paro. street for the sale of anti-infidel. chial Lending Libraries. On this publications having been found to subject the following explavation is answer its purpose in a most effecgiven, in order to obviate some mise tual manner, it was thought that apprehensions which appear to have much advantage might be derived arisen. “It seems to have been from continuing the establishment, imagined, that some portion of the and adapting it to the general profunds which were intended exclu- motion of the Society's designs. sively for the promotion of religious The privilege of distributing books, designs, is now employed in pur- either gratuitously or at a reduced chasing books of fiction and enter- rate, at the Society's expense, has tainment. The fact, however, is, been hitherto necessarily confined that not a single shilling of the So- to subscribing members. A depociety's income is diverted from its sitory, however, is now established proper channel by the adoption of in Fleet-street, where Bibles, Tesibis plan. From the great extent taments, and Prayer-books, are sold of the negotiations now carried on to the public at cost price ; and all with the booksellers, and from the other books and tracts, either on arrangements which have been made the General or Supplemental Catafor securing prompt payment to logue, are sold to the trade, or to their bills, the Society is enabled to the private purchaser, at a very deal with them on very advantage. trifling advance on the cost price. ous terms.
They have, accord- It is hoped, that the advantage thus ingly, agreed to supply the books afforded to the public will soon be on the Supplemental Catalogue, at come so generally known, as to a reduced rale, to such members of contribute essentially to the promothe Society as are desirous of com- tion of sound religious knowledge. bining safe and approved works of The District Committee at Balla