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make void that promise if we are not and, if they have come with right mowanting on our part? Our Savioar has tives, all the hopes of glory. told us that “ the wind bloweth where “ In a less extensive sense, or rather it listeth ;' can we not be content then in the most complete acceptation of to let the Holy Spirit operate in his own the metaphor, they only are risen with way, and at his own times, but must we Christ who are risen from the death of undertake to determine the mode, and sin unto the life of righteousness. This the extent, and the period of that, con- spiritnal resurrection of our nature, cerning which we know nothing but by throngh the powerful assistances afford its effects? Christians! let ns rather ed us under the new covenant, must comply with his ordinances and endea. take place in this life, or we shall never vour to do our duty, and trust with un.. attain into that final and proper resur. linsited confidence in his holy proinises. rection in which our souls shall be for Of this we may rest assured that no un. ever united to bodies fashioned like unto righteons person will be admitted into the glorious body of our Redeemer." the kingdom of Christ and of God; and
pp. 63, 64. the declaration of our Saviour ought to make every one tremble, “ Not every
These considerations appear to one that saith unto nie, Lord, Lord, us so just, as greatly to lessen, in not every member of my church on point of practical effect, the imearth,-shall enter into the kingdom of portance of the verbal part of the heaven-the kingdom of glory-bat he controversy respecting the precise that doeth the will of my Father which
sense of the single and much conis in heaven.'” pp. 15, 16.
troverted term, Regeneration, as : As we are on this point, we may used in our public formularies. If as well finish all that relates to it, the construction pat upon the term before we touch on other topics. be not such as in any measure to In page 63, Dr. Jarvis, after quot- diminish the universal necessity for ing Rom. vi. 2-6, has the follow- repentance, faith, conversion, and ing observations.
sanctification of heart, we are cer“ We are risen, says the Apostle, in tainly not disposed to argue, with baptism. Does the resurrection, in this any great warmth, points of mere metaphorical sense, mean only the rise grammatical precision. We must ing of the soul from the death of sin to however state, that our fear has althe life of righteousness? This would
ways been that, under the make the Apostle affirm that the inward
appearand spiritual grace always accompanies real dispute has been for essential
ance of a technical controversy, the the outward and visible sign : in which case, all dispute npon the subject of the principles closely connected with efficacy of baptisin would be at an end. the doctrines of original and actual But the great body of Christians will sin, justification by faith, and the admit the expressions in ourTwenty-fifth necessity of a complete renovation Article to be correct, that the sacraments of character by the grace
power • bave a wholesome effect or operation of the Holy Spirit. in such ovly as worthily receive the
2. The force of the word resursame. And if this be admitted, then it must also be admitted that the bap.rection, and its connexion with the tismal resurrection is a complex term,
one we have hitherto been considerinvolving the outward and visible sign, ing, form the second subject of Dr. as well as the inward and spiritual grace. Jarvis's Appendix. This discussion In the largest acceptation of the word, is closely allied with the preceding: all baptized persons are risen with for our author having endeavoured Christ. They are made members of his to shew that regeneration, as used body, the church. They have risen in the Grecian philosophy, and as from an uncovenanted, to a covenanted borrowed by the Hellenistic Jews, state.
They are translated into God's denoted the final resurrection of the kingdom. From being aliens and foreigners, they are admitted 10 be fel. body, and its reunion with the soul, low-citizens with the saints, and of the
now infers with confidence, that household of God. They are allowed regeneration is, in the sense of the to partake of all the means of grace, sacred writers, either synonymous
CHRIST, OBSERV, No. 252. 5 I
with avasadis, resurrection, or dif- the highest sense in which it can be fering from it only as a continued applied to men in this world. His lanstate of existence differs from its guage amounts, in fact, to a description incipient moment. Thus he con.
of the Christian character. He affirms siders the two terms as properly re
that the true Christian doth righteouslating to the eternal state of being that Jesus is the Christ; loveth God and
ness; doth not commit sin; believeth in the future world, and as appli- all mankind, but more especially all cable only metaphorically to the who partake of the same renewed present life. On this we merely nature; overcometh the world by his stop to observe, that with regard to faith ; and guardeth himself from the the word Resurrection, the remark temptations and assaults of his spiritual is perfectly clear. Of course it re- adversary. In a word, he who is regeJates properly to the future world, nerate in this world, in the most com. and only metaphorically to the pre- plete sense of the metaphor, is risen
from the death of sin unto the life of sent. But, with respect to the word Regeneration, we pause : we do not righteousness.” pp. 66, 67. reject, but we hesitate. To proceed,
We have not space to dwell on however, with our author-He cites the other passages which Dr. Jarvis various passages
in the New Testa- endeavours to illustrate, but must ment, where the word Resurrection hasten to a criticism of great mois used, (such as Luke xx. 34-36; ment offered by him on the affinity Acts xiii. 32, 33 ; Rom. i. 1, 3, 4; of the words Renovation and Re. Col. ii. 12; Col. iii. 1; Rom. vi. generation. He considers the dis2–6.) in order to shew that the tinction which has been made of word Regeneration may be employ- late years between these two exed with the like latitude, and must pressions as unfounded in fact, as be subjected to similar limitations. unsupported by the usual language The tendency of this part of Dr. of the ancient fathers, and of the Jarvis's argument is good, as 'our greatest divines of our own church ; quotation above, from his 63d and and as narrowing the phraseology 64th pages, will have convinced the of the Scriptures, and leading to reader; but its force, as respects confusion and schism. He conthe word Regeneration must de- cludes by asserting that Resurrecpend on the admission of the pre- tion, Renovation, and Regeneration, mises from which it is deduced. were in a metaphorical sense used
3. The last, and perhaps the anciently as convertible terms. His most valuable, certainly the most remarks here are too important not spiritual and practical, part of the to be cited. Appendix, contains an examination, “ If the renovation of our nature be as we have already intimated, of but another term to express its resar. other expressions in the New Tes- rection or regeneration from the death tament, which have an affinity to
of sin to the life of righteousness, then the terms Regeneration and Resur
it will be seen that our spiritual regerection. In this review, (which is,
neration is the process of our whole
mortal life. It is begun when the Holy however, very far from embracing all Spirit begins to operate opon our minds. the passages which might have been
It is promoted by the use of all the comprehended,) Dr. Jarvis begins
means of grace, by the preaching and with Jobniji. 5; and John i. 11, 13. reading of the word of God, by prayer, He then notices the several impor. by the administration of the sacraments, tant passages in the First Epistle of by our very trials and afflictions. While St. John (1 John ii. 29 ; iii. 2, 3, the seeds of sin remain in our nature, 9, 10; v. 1, 4, 18,) and makes the
our inner man must be renewed from following judicious observations.
day to day. We must be for ever en.
gaged in purifying our bodies and our “ In these remarkable expressions, the souls, and continually becoming more Apostle evidently uses the term and more perfectuntil this mortalityshall of God, to denote those who are so in be swallowed up of life," pp. 74, 75.
On the whole, it is impossible for matter that, owing to the late controus not to observe with pleasure the versy, most important concessions inviting openings to a reconciliation have been made, unless the better of contending opinions which this information which has been elicited respectable publication presents. on this subject lead to correspondThe chief point of novelty in it is ing results. The practical use which the import given to the word Rege. the clergy of the episcopal churches neration; on which topic we will of England and America make of only further say, that we think the this doctrine in their ministry, is arguments of our author highly de- the great question. If infinitely serving of attention. Probably the more than a baptismal investiture, sense given to the word by the if a deep, pervading, abiding, spi. Greek writers, the Jews, and the ritual change of heart is indispenearly fathers, has not had sufficient sably necessary in every descendweight with many modern divines. ant of our fallen parents, then the This part, however, of the question doctrine of conversion, or renovais really of less moment, if we are tion, or regeneration, call it what allowed, with Dr. Jarvis, to con. we will, is of prime moment, and sider the grace of the Holy Spirit should appear both from the press as not necessarily and invariably and the pulpit in broad distinction accompanying the outward admi. from all questions of mere outward nistration of baptism; if we are privilege. We would suggest to the further at liberty to expound and respected author's consideration, illustrate regeneration by the nu- whether the manner in wbich this merous other passages in holy doctrine is displayed in the sermon Scripture, which describe an en- before us is adequate to the intire change of heart and life; and finite importance of the souls of if we are likewise free to distinguish men, and the extreme danger of a the liturgical and charitable use formal, worldly, and lifeless Christiof the term, as connected with the anity. We are aware indeed that sacrament, from the ordinary and conciones ad clerum have been practical consideration of it, as sy- allowed to expatiate very widely on nonymous with all those various points of learned criticism, as if figurative expressions by which the taking for granted that all is right New Testament enforces on us the in matters of faith and practice ; indispensable necessity of a new and we do not deny that the chief creation in Christ Jesus.
questions involved in the baptismal We need scarcely remark how controversy are of quite sufficient widely distant is all this from the importance to become the subject dangerous notions which appeared of discourse and erudite inquiry on in the well-known tract of Dr., now such an occasion as a convention Bishop, Mant, which gave rise to or visitation sermon. Still, matters the baptismal controversy; a tract should not be left thus. All buman in which, as it originally stood, the beings, young and old, rich arid public were taught that baptism poor, cleric or laic, are rapidly has“ rightly administered,” that is, by tening to eternity; points of infinite an authorized clergyman, and irre- moment, points to which all subspective of its being "rightly re- jects of form and ritual are far ceived," always conveys those spirit. subordinate, press for instant and ual benefits of which the outward paramount attention. We entreat sacrament is a sign and a seal, but, the episcopal clergy on both sides as experience too plainly proves, of the Atlantic, to consider whether is by no means invariably an instru- spiritual religion, the religion of the ment of conveyance.
heart, the religion which springs Sull, it is comparatively a small from the grace of the Holy Spirit
the religion which flows forth in elements of all social and national contrition for sin, which clings felicity, and are attendants and with affectionate and holy faith to handmaids of religion. the atoning death of the Saviour, and which produces the fruit of divine love to God and man The Nature and Obligations of Perwhether this religion is not in fact sonal and Family Religion; with EVERY THING - whether it is not
a Variety of Prayers, for Indivithe remedy of human misery, the duals and Families. By DANIEL characteristic of the Gospel, the DEWAR, LL.D., late Professor glory of the Son of God, the source of Moral Pbilosophy in the Uniof every good word and work. It
versity and King's College of is the persuasion that this view of Aberdeen, and now Minister of true religion is gaining ground ra- the Tron Church, Glasgow, pidly amongst us, that has induced Second Edition, greatly enlarged. us to notice the present publication Glasgow: Chalmers and Colas holding out a prospect of in- lins. 8vo. pp. 426. price 8s. creasing harmony of sentiment and feeling. The rest is to be learned “We are setting up,” said Dr. upon our knees, in the closet, in Paley, in his Charge to the Clergy communion with our own hearts, of the Diocese of Carlisle in the by the illumination of the Holy year 1790, “ a kind of philosophiSpirit, by the study of the Bible. cal morality, detached from religion, In proportion as religion, thus ac- and independent of its influence, quired by Divine teaching, is super, which may be cultivated, it is said, added to an orthodox creed and as well without Christianity as with the attainments of sound theologi- it; and which, if cultivated, renders cal knowledge, will our episcopal religion and religious institutions churches flourish under the Divine superfluous." We fear that in Scotblessing and grace. We take our land as well as in England there leave of Dr. Jarvis- of whose zeal- has been too much truth in this ous labours, missionary spirit, and observation. The “philosophy of earnest contention for the faith morals" has been too often taught against those Socinian principles on principles either adverse to which so fearfully prevail in the Christianity, or at variance with its site and vicinity of his pastoral mini- spirit, or altogether independent of strations, we have heard not without it; and the consequence has been much pleasure and satisfaction that many young men have entered with a sincere respect for the talent on the study of theology with temand industry manifested in this pers and principles far remote from work, with an entire approbation the humble simplicity and intellec
of his sentiments, and with tual diffidence of Christian discia fervent desire and prayer that the ples. The great and essential arti
interchanges of Christian affection cles of religion have in such cases - and esteem with our American breth- been either wholly overlooked, or ren may not only cement our sister at least have not received that prochurches in harmony and good will, minence to which they are entitled. but may likewise contribute to the Erroneous views of the moral chageneral good understanding and racter of God and man have been amity of two nations, already united cherished and promulgated. The by so many ties of kindred and revealed will of the Creator has not language and common interests, been openly and decidedly appealed and called, therefore, in an especial to as the supreme standard of right manner, to the cultivation of that and wrong; and the obligations of peace and charity which are the virtue have been deduced rather
from considerations of feeliog, of Dr. Dewar is already known honour, or of interest, than from to the public as the author of two those nobler and purer motives treatises ; the one, on " the Chawhich God himself has been pleased racter and Customs of the Irish;" to address to us.
and the other, on
" the Internal We are gratified, however, to find Evidences and Designs of Christithat notwithstanding the evil results anity.” The present work will which have been so frequently at- not detract from his reputation. tributed to the manner in which It may not indeed enlarge his morals and metaphysics are studied fame among merely literary men; in the Scotch universities, there are and we should pity the writer some, we would hope many, pro- who would make this his main or fessors of moral philosophy," who, ultimate end. But it will be relike the anthor of the valuable work ceived with gratitude by those who before us, have formed more correct value evangelical truth as the true sentiments of what ought to be the foundation of morals and the only ethical system of Christians; who effectual safeguard of human sohave founded the science of morals ciety; and will be hailed as a valuon the solid basis of Christian prin- able gift at the altar of domestic ciple; who have availed themselves piety. of the sacred lights of revelation, The work consists of eight chapin exploring the dark and intricate ters on the following subjects: mazes of the human character ; and The importance of personal religion instead of exploding the Christian to all, but particularly to heads of graces, as Hume has done, under families ;- The necessity of family the designation of “ Monkish vir- religion to personal religion ;--The tues," have elevated them to their nature of the duties of family relijustly exalted place in the code of gion ;-The manner in which they moral obligation. And, indeed, of ought to be discharged ;-Motives what avail are speculations on to the practice of them;-The immorality, when unaccompanied by provement of family afflictions ;practical principle? And what is The duties of young persons ;-and the value of that virtue which ter- the dangers and duties more pecuminates in theory or in feeling? liar to young Christians. These It may figure in the pages of a varied topics are severally illusphilosophical system; it inay trated with ability, with distinctsmooth" the rugged surface of hu- ness of apprehension, and with beman society; it may please the coming seriousness of mind and lovers of theory and the sentimental manner. On some of the topics subjects of feeling ; but it will the author is rather prolix; and leave the diseases of human nature this tendency to spread out has the exactly where it found them, and effect of frequently enfeebling his oppose a very contemptible barrier statements, which would gain much to the march of profligacy and vice. by being exhibited in a more conThat morality alone is profitable, densed form. The style of Tacitus and suited to the state of man as a is perhaps one of the best models fallen and sinful creature, which for works of didactic instruction; looks to the will of God as its rule, that of Sallust or Livy seems better and the glory of God as its end; adapted to oral communications, and which appeals to such sublime particularly from the pulpit. The and purifying principles as those manner of Paley, though deficient wbich are inculcated and exempli- as respects feeling and “unction," fied in the valuable work before is, from its simplicity and perspi'us, on “ The Nature and Obliga- cuity, admirably suited to the contions of Personal and Family Reli- veyance of religious and moral gion.”
truth from the press. But the