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port; in prosperity, for a humble ding defiance to the whole world and dependent spirit; and in death, to produce such another draught. for the fulfilment of his “ exceed-. Most of the party, induced by ing great and precious promises.” their example, tasted also of the Commit your soul to Him as
far-famed waters, and, having tastfaithful Creator ;” “the faithful ed, pronounced them of the finest God who keepeth covenant.” In relish, notwithstanding the polluthe mean time, be not you unfaith- tion of clay and mud with which ful to Him ; betray not his cause they were contaminated : a deciin the world by inconsistency of sion which we never had occasion conduct; and shew your faith by to revoke during the whole time of being fruitful in good works, and our stay in Egypt, or even since. by living to his praise and glory. The water in Albania is good, but
the water of tbe Nile is the finest in the world.”-Richardson's Tra.
vels along the Mediterranean, vol. Tothe Editor ofthe Christian Observer. 1. p. 33. See also Turner's Tour in The following illustrations of Scrip- the Levant, vol. II. p. 511 ; Belture, compiled from Richardson's zoni's Researches in Egypt, p. 315. Travels along the Mediterranean, Matt. vi. 5. They love to pray. with a few corroborative references standing in the synagogues, in from other works, will doubtless the corners of the streets, that they, be considered interesting by many may be seen of men.-Such was the of your readers. The insertion in osientationis devotion of the Phariyour miscellany of a similar paper, sees. Retirement and privacy were which I lately communicated, in- not considered either as necessary duces me to present this as a suit- or desirable in prayer. This part. able companion, and as the contin of their conduct is still imitated by nuation of a series, which shall be many persons, especially among the transmitted as circumstances may
Mohammedans. “ An aged Turk permit.
is particularly proud of a long flow
ing white beard, a well shaved Exod. vii. 18. The Egyptians cheek and head, and a clean turshall loath to drink of the water of ban. It is a common thing to see the river. This was a severe in such characters, far past the bloom diction, especially when we con. of life, mounted on stone seats, sider the great estimation in which with a bit of Persian carpei, at the the water of the Nile was held, and corner of the streets, or in front the peculiar delight which the Egyp- of their bazars, combing their tians expressed in partaking of it. beards, smoking their pipes, or of this circumstance, the follow- drinking their coffee, with a pitcher ing is a remarkable instance. “The of water standing beside them, or water is immediately fresh, without saying their prayers, or reading the any brackish intermixture : but the koran.”—Richardson's Travels, vol. overflowing stream being then at I. p. 75. Sre Job xxix. 7; 1 Sam. its height, was deeply impregnated iv. 13; Morier's Second Journey with mud: that, however, did not through Persia, p. 208; Travels deter the thirsty mariners from of Ali Bey, vol. I. p. 17. drinking of it profusely. If I were Matt. xxi. 7. And brought the to live five bundred years, I shall ass, and the colt, and put on them never forget the eagerness with their clothes, and they set him therewhich they let down and pulled up on.-" The fellahs, or peasants, the pitcher, and drank off its con- who were engaged in cultivating the tents, whistling and smacking their fields in the neighbourhood, obfingers, and calling out tayeep, served our landing, and brought tuyeep, 'good, good,' as if bide down tbeir miserable asses withou
saddles or bridles, to help us their steady flight from north to through the sand. The place of south, following the course of the saddles was supplied by their thiek river, as far as the eye could aewoollen plaids, which were folded company them.” - Richardson's and laid on the backs of the ani- Travels, vol. I. p. 378. mals: and as the Egyptian ponies Proverbs iii. 28. Say not urto require mote driving than curbing, thy neighbour, Go, and come again, they were guided by the same in- and to-morrow I will give, roken strument by which they were knock- thou hast it by thee. They had ed and goaded along on their jour- opened and explored a temple at veys."--Richardson's Travels, vol. Absambul. It is then added; - Here I. p. 120.
a most disagreeable scene occurred Jer. viii. 7. The crane and the between the workinen and a reswallow observe the time of their vengeful Arab. The field of our coming. The migration and perio- operations was directly under the dical Alight of birds, instinctive as precipitous front of the temple, they must certainly be considered, and ihe boatmen had no sooner are yet peculiarly demonstrative of commenced their labours, than an the providential superintendence of Arab, who had taken possession the Creator. The natural history of the height immediately above, of the crane furnishes striking evi- proceeded to roll down large stones dence of this assertion. " Imme- upon them. Fortunately no per diately after landing, we were sur. son was burt; but all were instantprized and delighted with a flightly dislodged, and greatly alarmed. of birds, wbich we discerned at The stones that he rolled down with first like a thick dark speck in the such remorseless vengeance, were heavens, which gradually enlarged more than sufficient to have killed as it approached, and discovered any man, even bad they fallen from a at length the array and order of height less considerable than that their flight. They wheeled along from which tbey were precipitated. their airy movements, in the form On looking up, the enemy was soon of a semicircle, enclosing within discovered, by no means shrinking itself numbers of smaller circles; or attempting to conceal himself, the component parts of which
were but, bold and daring in his attack, constantly shifting their relative threatened a renewal of hostilities positions, advancing to the front, on the first man who should re. as if by a sudden impulse, then sume the operation. He was sumfalling back to the rear, alternate- moned to retire ; but, do, he bad ly occupying and giving place to chosen his ground, and would not others. The lively competition was quit the advantageous post that constantly maintained, each of them made one man a match for so many. every instant passing or passed by There was no time for parleying, he his fellow. All was grace and har. might soon bave been supported by mony, not one discordant move- bundreds, which would bave redment throughout the whole array; dered negotiation more difficult, every thing appeared as if regulat- and opposition on our part less ed by a preconcerted plan, in which effective. Aware of this, Lord every member understood and per- Belmore desired an English sailor, formed bis part with freedom and who by this time had come up with precision, alike the subordinates a musket in his hand, to fire a ball and the superiors. They were too within a small distance of bis head, high in the air for us to hear
any so as just to let him hear the sound noise from the steerage of their of it. The order was instantly wings, or to know what species of obeyed, and had the effect of makbirds they were, but we jodged ing bim crouch down behind an them to be cranes. They held on elevation in the rock. Several other shots were fired at him, from other wards us. On returning to visit quarters, and our assailant began us next morning, he made up to the to feel that his post was not quite interpreter, and asked for his proso tenable as he had at first con- mised baxiss, that was to indemceived it to be: and looking up nify him for the injury which his from behind bis entrencbment, and property had sustained. The inseeing the same sailor, who had terpreter, instead of learning the fired the first shot at him, now amount, and satisfying him by dislevelling a pistol to hit him more charging it, endeavoured to put directly, he instantly got up, and him off, under the pretence of not took to bis beels. Our swift-foot- having money about him, and deed Greek, who by this time bad sired him to have patience, or to scaled the height, pursued him for wait a little. The pretence and a great way into the desert, wish-delay made him perfectly frantic: ing to take him prisoner, and there- he became quite abusive, imaginby prevent him from alarming his ing that the interpreter, by attempttribe, or giving us any further an- ing to put him off a little, did not noyance, till we should have satis- mean to indemnify him at all; for fied ourselves with the temple, and in their intercourse with one anothen a short time would put us out ther, when a person defers any of their reach; but the swift-foot transaction of this kind till to-mor. ed Greek, after having for a con- row, which he might as well do tosiderable time equalled the pace of, day, they think he has no very sewithout being able to overtake, his rious intention of doing it at all : antagonist, abandoned the chace and in their colloquial language, of the swifter footed Arab, and re-bouchára, which signifies to-morturned without his prey. On in- row, is often taken in an acceptaquiring into the cause of this most tion synonymous with never. Such extraordinary and unprovoked ag- was the construction wbich the gression on the part of the Arab, Arab put upon the words of the which still appeared the more'un- interpreter, and such was the plan accountable, as he had been very of revenge which he adopted. On civil and complaisant to us the hearing this account of the bunight before, we found that it arose siness, all of us were extremely from the following cireumstance, sorry for the poor Arab. It was and that we had our interpreter to impossible now to indemnify him in blame for the whole affray. This any way for his loss, or to conpoor man was the owner of the fine vince him that the word of an Engcrop of barley that grew on the lishman is as good as bis money : edge of the river, close to where and that though wait a little, we landed; and there being no grass may be equivalent to never,' in in the place, Lord Belmore desired Arabic, it is not so in English; the interpreter to ask his perinis- and that a whole party ought not to sion to pasture the goats upon it be attacked because the interpretill to-morrow, when we should be ter did not choose to obey the comgoing away; and that he would wands of his master.” — Richardtben compensate him for whatever son's Travels, vol. I. p. 432. See damage they should have done to also Dodwell's Tour through Greece, bis crop. To this the Arab most vol. II. p. 15. cheerfully and readily consented :
Matt. vi. 7. But when ye pray, and politely hinted, that two milch use not vain repetitions, as the goats could not do much injury to heathen do: for they think that his corn, for the short time that they shall be heard for their much we proposed to remain : and went speaking.–The following extract off to his home, happy and con- furnishes us with an exemplificatented, and fricudly disposed 10. tion of the conduct which our Lord.
so jastly and so strongly condemns. organs to pronounce them. When « Next morning, the 27th, we he bad done with this, he took up started again at an early hour, as the chorus of another word, Allah soon as the reisses had got through careem, “ God assisting ;" Allah their prayers. With one of them hedaim, “ Eternal God;" Al ham this was
a very long and a very de lelai, “ Glory to God;" or some serious concern. He generally other word or phrase, or attribute spent an hour in this exercise every of Jehovah, and repeated it over as morning, and as much in the even- many times as he had vowed to do. ing, besides being very punctual in The usual number for repeating the performance of this duty at the certain words is thirty-three times intervening periods of stated prayer. each : and the Mussulman's beads Certainly he did not pray in secret, are strung accordingly three times communing with his heart, but call- thirty-three, with a large dividing ed aloud, with all his might, and bead between each division. The repeated the words as fast as his usual phrases so repeated, are those tongue could give them utterance. just mentioned. To hear this man The form and words of his prayer repeat bis prayers, his variety of were the same with those of the unconnected tones running through others; but this good man had made all the notes of the gamut, proa vow to repeat certain words of duced quite a ludicrous effect ; you the prayer a given number of times, would say this man was caricatur. both night and morning. The word ing, or making a farce of devotion ; Rabboni, for example, answering but to look at him, while engaged to our word Lord, he would bind in the performance, nothing could himself to repeat a hundred or two be more serious or devout, or more hundred times, twice a day; and, abstracted from the world, tban accordingly went on, in the hear- his appearance. All bis countrying of all the party, and on bis inen thought well of his devotions, knees, sometimes with his face di- and never manifested the slightest rected steadily to heaven, at other disposition to smile at, or to twit times bowing down to the ground, him for, bis oddities: on the conand calling out Rabboni, Rabboni, trary, they said, that he was a rich Rabboni, Rabboni, &c. as fast as man, and would be a great sheikb. he could arliculate the words after So great is their respect for prayer, each other, like a school-boy going that raillery on that topic would through his task ; not like a man not be tolerated among Mussolwho, praying with the heart and the
maps. While on the subject of understanding also, continues longer prayer, it may be worth while to on his knees, in the rapture of de- add the following particulars. In votion; whose soul is a flame of fire, their addresses to the Almighty, enkindled by his Maker, and ele- they are not permitted to use any vated towards his God; andwho,like terms expressive of any part of Jacob, will not let him go until be the human body, or even of esterbless him. Having settled his ac- pal objects, considering it offensive count with
the word Rabboni, to God, and a species of idolatry which the telling of his beads en- to do so. They have five stated abled him to know when he had periods of prayer daily : souba, or done, he proceeded to dispose of morning dawn, when they say iwo his other vows in a similar man- prayers ; dochr, or noon, when ner. Allah houakbar, “ God most they say four prayers ; el asst, or Great," perhaps came next; and about three o'clock, when they also he would go on as with the other, say four prayers; magreep, or at Allah houakbar, Allah houakbar, twilight, when they say three prayAllah houakbar, &c. repeating the ers; el ushe, or about half past words as fast as he could frame bis eight o'clock, when they say four
prayers. In performing their ab- left it to moulder in the dust; the lutions before prayer, they begin scheme of redemption, however with the hands, which they wash abounding in mercy, would scarcethree times; then the mouth three ly have addressed itself so forcibly times, throwing out the water: as it now does, to our affections having cleansed the nose, they wash and our hopes. For we should it three times; the face and eyes then have wanted that confidence three times ; then they draw a line which we now possess, springing from the eyebrows to the ears, from the blessed assurance that he which they cleanse and wash; then who was 'a man of sorrows, and pass their wet hands behind their acquainted with grief,' hath enterneck, and over the head ; then ed within the veil,' bearing with they wash their arms three times; him a tender sense of our wretchedlast of all, their feet, and various vess and infirmity. Had the ferother parts of the body. They mination of Christ's ministry on are then purified as their religion earth been instantly followed by enjoins, to address their Maker.” his disunion from 'humanity, we Richardson's Travels, vol. I. p.463, might have been cast back into a
state resembling that condition of
fear, that 'spirit of bondage' and To the Editor of the Christian Observer. distrust, which is the reproach and I CANNOT forbear calling your at the curse of what, by some, is tention to what appears to me an called the religion of nature. The extraordinary passage in the British satisfaction for sin would still inCritic for last October, It occurs deed have been offered; but then in the review of Professor Le Bas's we should have been without a Sermons. But I must first place mediator to plead it. Our aftlicbefore your readers the paragraph tions must siill have been made of the sermons-a very just and immediately to God, in all the unbeautiful one, in myopinion--which mitigated blaze of his perfection forms the subject of the critic's re- and power.” marks.
“ Io this passage,” says the re“ It is a further source of un- viewer, “a position is advanced, speakable joy,” says Mr. Le Bas, which, we confess, startled us a " that our Lord's assumption of little, and for which we are not humanity was not temporary and aware of any sufficient authority... transient ; that he still retains bis The hypostatic union, during our union with that very nature which Saviour's abode upon earth, though suffered so much for his (our) perhaps indispensable for the purredemption, and with it a personal poses of his mission, is a subject and experimental knowledge of all which it almost oppresses our faculthe perils and conflicts which beset ties to contemplate. But to supthe path of our pilgrimage. Our pose its continuance in any degree, souls may now be tired on the truth, in the celestial mansions, seems an ibat we are not only at the disposal immeasurable increase of difficulty, of an omnipotent Creator, but un- and wholly uncalled for by any neder the protection of one who calls cessity. The Son may surely be bimself our Brother, with a com- conceived to sympathize with us, bination of all the feelings and though he should no longer retain sympathies which belong to that any portion of our infirmities: since relation. Had the union of the the Scriptures uniformly ascribe, two natures in our great High even to the Father, feelings of kindPriest been limited to the duration ness and commiseration for us, who of his appearance here; had he,
has never experienced our sufferon bis ascension to heaven, laid ings and sorrows." aside his earthly tabernacle, and If I speak of this critique wili