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tions of children, so that they Truth,” are to the following purshould choose the society of their port :parents, and enter into habits “ However, I would observe, of cheerful and unreserved inter- that though I assuredly believe course with them; and concluded these doctrines, as far as here exby advising that every thing should pressed ; (for I am not willing to be done to promote among the trace them any higher, by reasonmembers of the same faunily union ings or consequences, into the una and cordiality. Such seem to have revealed things ofGod;) and though been the rules by which he regu- I exceedingly need them in my view lated his own conduct, and which, of religion, both for my own conin his old age, he recommended to solation, and security against the bis descendants.
consequences of my own deceitful We shall not lengthen out this heart, an ensnaring world, and a already extended article by any subtle tempter; as also for the due minute examination of Mr. Scott's exercise of my pastoral office; yet works. They are before the public, I would not be understood to place and the very extensive sale of the acknowledgment of them upon some of them shews the estimation a level with the belief of the doc. in which they are widely held. The trines that have before been spoken characteristic excellencies of his of. I can readily conceive the chawritings, as Mr. Wilson observes, racter of an humble, pious, spiriare a calm, argumentative tone of tual Christian, who either is an ut. scriptural truth; a clear separation ter stranger to these Calvinistical of one set of principles from ano- doctrines, or, through misapprehenther; a detection of plausible er- sion or fear of abuse, cannot rerors; an exhibition, in short, of ceive them. But I own, that I find sound, comprehensive, adequate a difficulty in conceiving an humble, view of Christianity ; such as go pious, spiritual Christian, who is a to form the really solid divine. stranger to his own utterly lost conHis motto may be conceived to have dition, to the deceitfulness and debeen, “ Knowing that I am set for pravity of his heart, to the natural the defence of the Gospel.”
alienation of his affections from The justice of this statement God, and to the defilements of his would be admitted, with certain best duties; who trusts, either in unimportant limitations, by many whole or in part, allowedly, to any who did not exactly concur with thing, for pardon and justification, bim in all his views upon subjects but the blood and righteousness of of doctrine. His principles, as the a crucified Saviour, who is God readers of his “ Force of Truth” manifested in the flesh; or who exmust soon discover, were Calvinis- pects to be made meet for the in. lic; and, during the whole time heritance of the saints in light, in which intervened from the date of any other way than by being born that publication to the last hour again, new created, converted, and of his life, he continued to enter. sanctified by the Divine power of tain the same opinions.
the Holy Ghosta But so far was be from laying any “ As to men of another spirit, unwarrantable stress upon the pe. who appear sincere, bumble, and culiarities of Calvinistic theology, willing to be taught of God, in their that from an early period he dis. inquiry after truth, but do not entinguishes pointedly and expressly, tirely agree with what has been between those iruths which are es- laid down as my view of the truth, sential to salvation and those opi. I would only wish them to observe nions which are properly termed the distinction established between Calvinistic. His own declarations some and others of these doctrines. on these points, in the “Force of Such persons do not, I dare say, materially differ from that which nicely adjusted to every other. He has been mentioned as necessary to might be of opinion, that to the salvation ; and therefore, as I allow poor penitent sinner, the assurances that they may have been in the main and invitations of the Gospel are taught of God, so I only require quite as valuable, and quite as full the same allowance; and that it of comfort, as a belief in predestimay be supposed that the same nation. He might, if a real ChrisGod who, according to his promise, tian, find as much support in the bath led both, as far as needful to promises, and love, and faithfulness salvatiou, in the same way, has in of God, as in the doctrine of final other things left us to differ, for the perseverance, especially when be mutual exercise of candour and for- bears in mind, that the fact of his bearance, till that time when we finally persevering is itself to be a shall know even as we are known. test of his religion. He might in
“ As to the grand doctrines of short, upon principles strictly Antithe Gospel, which I have endea- Calvinistic, seem to derive substanvoured io mark out as necessary to tially the same practical benefit salvation, they are neither so un- which the Calvinistic theory holds certain por so difficult as men out to its disciples ; and a calm obwould persuade us: their uncer- server, looking at the effects of the tainty and difficulty arise wholly two systems, might be of opinion, from our pride, prejudice, love of that in the hands of moderate and sin, and inattentive ignorance of pious men, they tend much more our own hearts. There is really nearly to the same practical result, much difficulty in bringing vain than the abettors of them severally man to cease from leaning to his appear to imagine. own understanding ; and in pre- And if Mr. Scott himself—who vailing with him to trust in the never scruples to unite togetber Lord with all his heart, and to be those truths of Divine revelation willing, in the humble posture of a which to many appear as if they little child, to be taught of God. must exclude each other; who was Nothing but a deep conviction of reproached by Anti-Calvinists for guilt, a fear of wrath, and a sense his Calvinism, and by Hyper-Calof our lost condition by nature and vivists as an Arminian; wbo assertpractice, can bring our minds into ed the doctrine of Universal Rethis submissive frame; but this demption as well as of Personal being effected, the difficulty is over, Election-were selected as an inand the way of salvation is so plaiq stance to illustrate the sentiment, that the way-faring men, though we know not that it would be liable fools, shall not err therein. As to to much objection. His theology, the other doctrines, which I believe as his son truly informs us, was myself, though they seem plain distinguished by its highly pracenough to me, I desire not to pro. tical character : and therefore it selyle others to them, but am wil. was, ibat Antinomian persons of ling to leave them as matters in all sorts could not endure him. which infallible men may differ If he would have been coutented without danger."
with an exposition of doctrine, he We are not disposed either to at- might perhaps have been as poputack or to vindicate the peculiarities lar as his heart could wish; but to of his system. A conscientious Ao- press upon men the application of ti-Calvinist might think it no great doctrines,-to urge them to a corevil, if his own system were charged responding life of holiness and with being incomplete without purity, and this not merely in ge. them; for in this stage of being heneral terms, but by laying before would perhaps not be over anxious them the various and particular to have every part of his creed very obligations which it beboved them to observe,—this was intolerable, ple or have too great love of popudownright Arminianism-sheer le- larity, are very apt to be betrayed. gality-a bondage not to be borne To all such persons we would reamong Christian people. How commend, without hesitation, the could a man expect to be heard example of Mr. Scott. He conwith common patience, who forgot sidered himself responsible to God, so deplorably the character and and to God alone; and by going claims of the privileged orders! straight forward, to use his own
We dwell the longer upon this expression, he preserved that which point, because it serves to shew is far better than a vulgar and how worthless and contemptible a fleeting popularity,-a conscience thing is vulgar popularity. It may void of offence toward God and generally be affirmed, that where a toward man. preacher is really in earnest and The publication of this “Life" faithfully presses the essential will not have been without service, truths of the Gospel, the people if it should only tend to convince will hear him gladly: but this will a minister of Christ how much may depend materially upon the sim- be done by a right use of his talents, plicity of their minds. Let a con- even in a situation of comparative gregation be under the influence of obscurity, for the cause of truth. party spirit; let them be violent Mr. Scott had to struggle with peCalvinists, or contentious Armini- cuniary difficulties almost through ans ; let them, in the pride of spi- the whole course of his ministry: ritual discernment and the arrogant he had apparently as little leisure assumption of superior wisdom, sit as any other clergyman who is in judgment upou their ministers; engaged in public and official and there is no teacher so unworthy duties : his health was so infirm, of his post as not to be the very that Cowper thought even bishoporacle of his doctrinal faction; and rics would stand vacant if the conno man so well qualified to divide dition of accepting them were to rightly the word of truth as not to entail the personal afflictions and be greeted with the salutation, that troubles by which he was assailed : he is a dumb dog, and a blind he bad no advantages of educaleader of the blind that his pre
tion; no benefit from family consence is weak, and his speech con- nexions; and had he lived to the temptible. We have already seen age of Methusaleh, the dispensers that Mr. Scott, when expounding of preferment would have passed the Epistle to the Ephesians, was him by. Yet under all these dissoon reported to have abandoned couraging circumstances, how much his principles.
was he enabled, by the Divine blessHis steady and uniform persever- ing upon his abundant labours, to ance, under all his discourage- effect for the glory of God and the ments, in what he deemed conscien- benefit of mankind. To say that tiously to be the path of duty, is an he has acquired a name, which admirable trait in his character, will be remembered in distant geand bespeaks great uprightness nerations and in remote quarters of and integrity of heart. A man of the globe, would sound like an apmore flexible disposition might peal to worldly motives : the point, have been tempted to yield to the to which we would advert, is the obvious wishes of his audience, and benefit which his works will convey to take the tone of his doctrine to thousands and tens of thousands, from those whose duty it is not to
who never beheld his face in the teach and command, but to hear flesh. “Posthumous reputation!” and to obey. It is a spare, into he exclaimed in his last illness; which ministers of weak minds, who
“ the veriest bubble with which the either have no stability of princi- devil ever deluded a wretched mortal. But, posthumous usefulness of situation is no bar to real usein that there is indeed something. fulness; and so far as circumThat was wbat Moses desired, and stances will allow, it says to every Joshua and David and the Pro- one of them, “ Go thou and do phets; the Apostles also, Peter likewise." and Paul and John ; and most of We cannot close our observations all, the Lord Jesus Christ.” (p.522.) without once more expressing the We do not imagine that every mi- gratification which we have felt in nister in humble life possesses the ihe perusal of this edifying and same mental powers and qualifica- most interesting volume. Seldom tions with this great man, even does it happen that a biographer when animated by the same princi- has such valuable materials ; and ple of Christian piety : but his ex- we know not in what way tbey ample is instructive and encou- could be more judiciously or more raging; it tells them that obscurity usefully employed.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
which had served them for last winter's PREPARING for pnblication :-Ecclesi. provisions, which afforded them the astical Architectare; by J. P. Neale ;- means of preserving life till their arrival Bibliotheca Gloucestrensis.
at a post belonging to the Hudson's Bay In the press :-Outlines of Charac. Company. ter ;-Abridged History of the Bible, The Second Report of the Commis. in Verse; by Mrs. Richardson.
sioners for building Churches, states
that new churches or chapels have The persons composing the north been complet at Blackburn, Bitton, west land expedition lately returned to Birmingbam, Walcot, Chatham, ChristEngland. The toils and the sufferings church, Southampton, Oswestry, Stepof the expedition have been of the most ney, Wandsworth, and in Regent-street, trying description. It was fitted out in Westminster; in which accommodation the summer of 1819; and in 1820 it ad. has been provided for four thousand vanced to the shores of the Great Bear and eighty.one persons in pews, and Lake, where it wintered. In the ensu. for nine thousand nine hundred and ing spring, it descended the Copper forty-nine poor persons in free seats. Mine River to the ocean, and proceeded The expense bas been about 65,0001. in two canoes to explore the coast, Lord Robert Seymour, one of the eastward from the mouth of the Copper Governors of Bethlem Hospital, has Mine River towards Hudson's Bay. So lately stated the following interesting far as the eye could penetrate, the sea particulars.was open, and free from ice. In con. “ Humanity has of late made great sequence of the early setting in of win advances in the care of insanity. A ter and other uptoward circumstances, man now speaks without repugnance of the party were obliged to return, sub- his near relation being disturbed in ject to extreme privations. For many mind, and thinks it bis doty to see him days they subsisted upon sea-weeds, frequently in bis confinement;
wbereas, the tattered remnants of their shoes, till within the last few years, when a and a powder produced by pounding person was sent to a mad-house, his fa. the withered bones of the food which mily made as much a point of putting they had already consumed. Mr. Hood, him out of their minds as if he had nine Canadians, and an Esquimaux pe. been consigned to the grave. I have rished, The survivors reached the been all my life in the practice of visilGreat Bear Lake, where they found ing the asylums of lunatics, as well apon the beads and bones of the animals the continent as at bome; and I ang
sure, that I have not on ten occasions not abate her incessant talking, or prowitnessed a lunatic visited by either a duce the slightest difference in her man. relative or a friend, till within the few ner. It was then judged expedient by last years.
the matron, that some more nice and « Whenever I have of late years gono
difficult work should be given to her, through the wards of our hospital, I which was done ; and this employed ber have been much pleased with every thing for some weeks, at the end of wbieh I bave observed in them. Very little time I again saw her, and was much personal restraint is pow imposed upon struck by her composure and reserve. the patients; and when it has been we I asked her whether she was not much avoidably applied, it has been only for better. She answered, that she did not a short time : no unfortunate sufferers know how it was, but the difficult work are now cliained without clothes to our she had lately done had certainly done walls, as formerly; no wretched patient good to ber head. This passed last is encaged in iron; and the strait waist week; and I was much pleased to see coat is now so much out of use in our her this day brought up by the physihospital, that there was this day no one cian, who recommended her going out of the two hundred and twenty-three on trial for a mouth." patients in the honse so confived. I His lordship strongly congratulated think it my duty upon every occasion to the Governors on the remarkable im. deprecate this horrible instrument of provement which has been of late efrestraint as being highly unfavourable fected, both in the moral and medical to respiration and health. I never pass management of the insane, laying par. through the female galleries of the bos. ticular stress upon the former. pital withont being struck with the
INDIA. marked calmness, tranquillity, and The Calcutta newspapers state, that cheerfulness, which prevail amongst the during the last festival of Juggernaut, patients, and which are greatly attri- there were so few pilgrims present that butable to the needle-work which is put they were unable to drag the car. The into their hands by our humane and va- Brahmins called in other aid, but no luable matron. It is matter of deep devotee could be persuaded to sacri. regret, that ineans have not yet beep fice himself to the idol. It is added, devised of giving, with safety, work to "They now talk of removing the Rath our male patients, as is the practice of to a more central situation. The Brahseveral well-regulated country asylums. mins have sagacity enough to perceive Experience has proved that bodily la- that they must remove the theatre of bour is a powerful means of abating their sanguinary superstition beyond that unnatural activity of mind, which the sphere of a free press, [the writer is the usual characteristic of insanity, should have added, and of the exertions This principle is strongly illustrated in of Christian missionaries and instructhe case of a very interesting young tors) or that the bigotry of thirty cenwoman, now in the hospital, whom I tories will disappear. To the glory of saw some months ago quite unemployed, our Indian administration, a large por. talking rapidly and incessantly, and tion of the population of Bengal are much confused iu her ideas; when I receiving the rudiments of an improved asked the matron why she bad not given system of education, while thousands to her needle-work, who told me that of elementary works are circulating she never attempted to force any work throughout our empire. Even Hindoo on a patient, and that this woman had women, against whom widowhood and repeatedly objected to all work when consequent burning alive are denounced offered to ber. Soon after this, the for learning the alphabet, and who must young woman, complaining much of her not read the Veda under pain of death, confinement, earnestly requested that I have placed their daughters at the pubwonld obtain her enlargement, which I lic schools." andertook to endeavour to do, on two An application was made, some time conditions ;-the first was, that she sioce, to the Court of Directors of the should talk less; and the second, that East India Company, by the Goveroor she should work more ; to these she im. General, when reporting on the state of mediately agreed, and some coarse regimental schools, to obtain a certain veedle. work was put into her hands, number of books adapted to the for. which was done by her with manifest mation of soldiers' libraries; the forma. indifference and carelessness; but it did tion of which, his lordship considered, CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 261.