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the serious apprebensions of those death: but where was the agony to around him; and we find them him? Peace, peace, perfect peace ! communicating to such members All our hopes have been exceeded. The
close has been a cordial to us all; and of his family as were at a distance, almost daily intelligence of his state. stant
prevalence of snch tempers, ander
how snbstantial the comfort! The con. The pature of his complaint assist
the most trying of circumstances,-how ed in bringing on at intervals con- much superior an evidence is this, to siderable depression of spirits : but any degree of confidence unsepported still his prevailing desire was to by even a like measure of meetness for depart, in the confidence that he the inheritance of the saints in light ... should be with Christ.
He was pouring ont bis blessings and count of his deafness, be had con
prayers for the dear children to a very tracted the habit of expressing au
late period; particularly on Saturday dibly wbatever passed in his mind, night (though so very ill), when realmost without being aware of it:
minded that it was Jane's birth-day.'" and tbe train of bis thoughts, it appears, was of a striking and most
We cannot prevail upon oure edifying kind. " Oh what a com
selves to omit the following strikfort it is," observed one of his ser- ing testimonies of the love and vants, “ that my master thinks veneration in wbich be was held by aloud!” With occasional depres
ihose that had the best opportunision of spirits--for where there is ties of appreciating bis worib. great faith, it will often be severe
" It is not easy to describe the deep ly tried--there was such a view of grief of his people, when the mournfal the emptiness of all eartbly things, neighbourhood. Our friend is gone!"
event was made known in the village and such a 'longing for the things of
• We have lost our friend!' were tbe laheaven, such a submission to the mentations of the poor on every side. will of God, such self-abasement, Even the most stupid and thoughtless of humility, and heavenly-mindedness, bis parishioners were roused to feeling as must have refreshed and delight on this occasion. Numbers of the paed every Christian heart. At times rish and neighbourhood came to take a be expressed considerable appre- last look, and stood by the corpse overhension of the pang of death it. whelmed with grief,- many of whom self: but such was the merciful had paid little attention to his instruc. appointment of Providence, that tions wbile living." pp. 629, 630.
“ The funeral took place on the Mon the concluding scene was calm and day following, April 23. It was our inpeaceful; not a groan, not a sigh tention to act strictly according to his escaped him; the “ weary wheels own directions, by makivg it as plain of life at last stood still," and the and private as possible. But, as the separation of the immort:! spirit hour approached, numbers of those who from its earıbly tabernacle was per- bad enjoyed bis acquaintance, with ceived only by his gently and quiet, many others who' esteemed bin bigbly
in love for his work's sake,'-some of ly ceasing to breathe. Thus, observes one of his family, distance, began to collect around the
them coming from a very considerable All that he has taught and done is church and the parsonage-bouse. On now sealed byhis dying testimony,and his the procession leaving the garden-gate, dying example. No blot can now come it was attended by sixteen clergymen; upon it from him; which was so long while thirty or forty respectable females, and so much the object of his prayers. in full monruing, stood ready, io dooble Blessed be God! more heavenly dis- line, to join it as it passed towards the positions, surely, could not be exbibit- church. That little building was more ed than prevailed in him throughout his crowded, probably, than on any formes illness-even when he walked in dark, occasion; and a large number of perness. Not one of all his fears has been song collected 'round the windows, 06realized: indeed, they all vanished away able to enter for want of room. In the one by one. The last which he express absence of the Rev. J. H. Barber (the ed was, on Friday, of the agony of preseut rector), who had been disap
pointed of arriving in time, the funeral shall feel it as an additional motive, service was read by the Rev. S. B. Ma- if we can hope in this way to prethews, corate of Stone. The Rev.John vail upon our readers to have reHill, vice-principal of St. Edmund's Hall , Oxford, addressed the congrega. will then see, not only that we have
course to the work itself. They tion, previously to the interment, from the words of dying Jacob, I have wait. stood clear of exaggeration, but ed for thy salvation, O Lord!" and the that it is impossible, by a brief and very appropriate hymn was sung, be. general view of the case, to afford ginning,
an adequate impression of its most • In vain my fancy strives to paint
interesting realities. The moment after death,' &c. In the two concluding chapters, " Mr. Wilson's funeral sermon was we are furnished with a view of Mr. preached on the Friday following. It Scott's character, habits, &c., and was our intention, and very much our an account of bis various writings. wish, that it should have been deliver. These chapters are drawn up in a ed from the same pulpit, whence the very able manner, and add in po venerated servant of Christ who gave small degree to the value of the occasion to it had, for eighteen years, • declared the whole counsel of God! publication. The funeral sermons but it was foreseen that the little church by Mr. Wilson are too well known of Aston would be utterly inadequate to render it necessary for us to to receive the numbers who would de- make any large extracts from them sire to be present. The neighbouring in this place. To those who are church of Haddenham therefore, which unacquainted with these discourses, had been kindly offered, was thankfully, we would strongly recommend the though, at the same time, somewhat perusal of them. The reader will reluctantly, accepted for the service. there fiod a very just description The event shewed the necessity of mak. both of the public character of this ing the exchange, for even that large building was not sufficient to accommo. good man, and of his private excel date the crowds who assembled. The lencies: his determination of mind appearance of the congregation, in in serving God, bis extraordinary which a large proportion of all ranks diligence, his exemplary behaviour had provided themselves with mourn. in domestic life, his devotional spiing, evinced how highly my dear father rit, his faith and patience under af. was esteemed in the neighbourhood, Aictions, and, tinally, the test of his thongli bis infirmities and engagements Christian sincerity, in the gradual had conspired for a long time past to but regular advances which be made confine him within the limits of his own village.” pp. 531, 532.
in every branch of real godliness,
and especially in overcoming his The concise account which we constitutional failings. These sehave here given of the last hours veral points are elucidated with Mr. of this excellent wan, will appear, Wilson's usual ability, and we will to those wbo are acquainted with not weaken the force of his statethe work under review, meagre and ment by abridging them. : unsatisfactory. We must however It is natural that we should rebe contented, in these pages, with a gard the observations upon this subgeneral statement: it is impossible ject by the biographer bimself without great injustice to the sub- with certain allowances for the feelject, and to the editor of these ine- ings and partialities of a son to his moirs, to attempt any thing fur- father. But truth requires us to ther. The particular and very in- state, that we rise from the perusal teresting details which occupy the with a complete conviction of the following forty pages, would lose a exemplary fairness with wbich he great part of their effect, if com- bas executed this difficult task, pressed within the limits which we Who that has read the narrative of could afford to them. We must Mr. Scott's life, can doubt either therefore decline the task ; and of the general powers of his uns
CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 251. 5 B
derstanding, or of the Christian three farthings a day; lest, on the temper of his heart? Who can removal of the scarcity, they should doubt of his practical disregard of have been too much pampered to worldly emoluments; of the trust return contentedly to their ancient which, with reference to temporal fare. Mr. Scott argues however, as well as spiritual things, he re- it will be observed, for a bare de posed in the promises of God; of cent maintenance ; that is, probathe jealousy with which he watch- bly, for such a maintenance as beed against the influence of a world- comes a clergymau's situation in ly disposition ; of his liberality and society, but nothing beyond it. For largeness of heart; and of his ca- a person like “ the old bachelor tholic spirit towards men of real Swartz,” this may be all very propiety, wherever he found them? per ; but in a vast variety of cases, The illustrations which are here what is to become of the families furnished, on these and other simi- of clergymen if this rule were lar points, are highly pleasing, and strictly to be followed ? By not they are amply borne out by the providing reasonably and modehistory with which we were pre- rately for his own household, is not viously acquainted.
a minister rather tempting ProviThe only question in our minds dence than trusting it ? His chilis, whether Mr. Scott did not seem dren are to have the benefit of a to carry his notions on some of good education : is it only, that, in these matters to an extreme. We the event of his removal before allow that, if he erred, be erred on they arrive at years of maturity, the safe side: but when we find they may be plunged into helpless him asserting, that although “we poverty? Would Mr. Scott have are to live at the altar, yet a lio- condemned the prudence which ing, a bare decent muintenance, induces a clergyman to lay by a without any avaricious or ambi- little for his widow and children, tious views of advancing ourselves by some annual payment, if he can or our families, or hankering after afford it, to an insurance office? indulgences, should content us,” We think not: it is the mode which we conceive the statement to be Providence seems itself to point out put in terms not sufficiently quali- for securing the comfort of his fafied. That no avaricious or ambi- mily: and to leave in distress those tious views should ever influence who are dependant upon bim, on the mind of a Christian minister, the principle, that whatever can or any Christian at all, is a pro- be spared should be given in chaposition which will not be contro. rity; to be, in fact, uncharitable verted: but it does not follow that towards those who have tbe stronga clergyman should be confined est possible claim, under the pre. to a bare, decent maintenance. text of being charitable to others, What is to be the amount of this is surely not to be ranked among bare maintenance? The late Mr. the obligations of a Christian". Fletcher, it has been said, carried
* The Bishop of Gloucester, in speakthe principle so far as to be per- ing concerning the lawful pursuits of fectly astonished when some per business in a clerical life, observesson hinted a doubt whether him- « Of such pursuits, personal attention self and his house-keeper could to the sources of our pecuniary suplive upon two shillings a week : port, and especially the superintendAnd we have heard it said, on re
ance of our assigned portion of land, spectable authority, that during the stand obviously the first. That degree late distress in Ireland, one of the of regard to our temporal concerns, Southern Committees restricted the
which will prevent waste, and enable allowance to each individual of the maintain our families in decent comfort,
us to owe no man any thing, which will orowds whom they supported, to educate our children, and provide, if We make these remarks, not to more grieved him, as a dereliction of condemn the principle on which Mr. the principles with which he had labourScott acted through life, but to
ed to inspire them. Often have we guard against a perversion of his heard him descant with satisfaction on principles: he expresses bimself
the case, I think, of Mr. Walker of Tru. strongly; but, if we mistake not, lady, in all other respects suitable, be
ro, who declined a connexion with a he would wish to be understood with a reasonable latitude of in- mention the sarcastic congratulation
cause she possessed 10,0001. ! and often terpretation. His views are thus offered at a visitation by a dignified illustrated by his son.
clergyman, to an evangelical brother “ Subsequently we have heard him
who had married a lady of fortune, declare, that if a man have faith strong
'Aye, aye, brother we all aim enough, and urgent occasions call for at the same object, though we have it, he may perhaps do as well for his
our different ways of attaining it!' family if he expends what he has to Hence, when many years ago two young spare in judicious charities, as if he ladies of large fortune were placed un lays it by ;' and again, that, 'in some
der his care, it was one of his counsels cases, he should think it right to make
to them, that neither of them should a point of disposing in charity of at marry a clergyman : ‘for,' said he, if least as much as was laid by;—and this,' he is not a good one, he is not worthy he adds, 'I call seed-corn. Yet it should of you; and, if he is a good one, you be observed, that he had a great objec- will spoil him.' tion, where it could be avoided, to pub
" And all that we have been now redic collections being made for a cler. lating was held, it should be observed, gyman's family after his decease. The and persisted in by one who had felt necessity for this, he thought, should be
more than most men the inconveniences guarded against by all fair means. Nor arising from the want of money, even should it be supposed, that he in any
as an obstruction to his great and good way reflected upon clergymen who designs." pp. 591—593 were born to wealth, or on whom Providence otherwise conferred it, if only Scott's character by many compe
The testimony borne to Mr. they made a proper use of it. Aspiring
tent witnesses, and among these by after it was what he condemned. « Agreeably to these sentiments, we
Mr. H. Thornton *, Mr. Pearson t, have seen him expressing a strong dis- and Mr. Wilberforce f, would naapprobation of ministers encumbering turally suggest the inquiry, What themselves with lucrative academies, were his faults ? Was he so perand losing perhaps the sacred charac- fectly free from the ordinary infirter in that of tutors. He had, if pos- mities of human nature, as to be sible, a still stronger aversion to their above the reach of animadversion ? aiming at rich marriages. A marriage Was there nothing in his disposiwith a rich wife is, I believe, what none of his sons would have ventured to pro.
tion or character, which a Chris
tian would wish to be otherwise ? pose to him. Few things would have alarmed him more for their safety; or
Far different, certainly, was his
own impression, when, in closing possible, some moderate inheritance for his ministerial labours, he applied those whom we leave behind, cannot, in
to himself that pathetic exclamathe present circumstances of the church, be blamed. It is not incompatible with
tion, God be merciful to me a sinChristian duty, or with the standard of ner! And although it does not beministerial spirituality. It is even need. come a son to dwell upon the faults ful, to prevent many scandals and of- of a parent, yet it is evidently no fences, which neglect and consequent part of his design to hide any dedistress would produce. But all beyond fects of character, or to represent this—the devotion of any considerable him in any other view than truth time to these objects, the indulgence of and justice demand. anxious solicitude, the aim at much goods laid up in store-directly oversteps * See an interesting letter from Mr. the boundary, and plunge us into sin." Thornton, in p. 430, dated 1813 or 1814. Charge, 1822, p. 12.
+ Page 605,
“ His failings," as we are inform. remarkably successful; and Chrised by Mr. Wilson, "lay on the tian parents may naturally wish to side of roughness of temper, pride be informed of the method which of intellect, and confidence in his he pursued. The bints which the own powers ;” and doubtless, in filial piety of bis biographer bas the conflict which he so long main- preserved on this subject, are tained with the corruptions of his worthy of great attention: and alown heart, the natural dispositions though it will sometimes happen would sometimes break forth. that no care bestowed upon the " But;" we are told upon the same
young can keep them from the authority, “ from the time when he first vices and follies of the age, yet the obeyed with his whole heart the truth blessings of early religious instrucof the Gospel, he set himself to struggle tion, when seconded by a judicious against these and all other evil tenden. example, are seldom entirely lost. cies, to study self-control, to aim at In the statement given on this subthose graces which are most difficult ject, in the volume before us, Mr. to nature, and to employ all the motives Scott himself is made the principal of the Gospel to assist him in the cou. speaker; and it is in the midst test; and he gradually so increased in of his own family circle, and for habitual mildness, humility, and ten the benefit of them and their childderness for others, as to become no less exemplary for these virtues, than he ren, that he complied with their had long been for the opposite qualities desire of commuvicating such reof religious courage, firmness, and de marks on this head, as his ex termination. He used to observe, that perience bad suggested to him. it was no excuse for a man to allege, The paper is too long for insertion that this or that holy temper was not in this place: it may suffice Therehis turn; for every grace ought to be, fore to observe, that he considered and must be, the turn of every sincere bis own success as consisting in Christian. í can most truly say, that this; that he always sought for during an acquaintance of about twenty his children, as well as for himself, five years, which gradually matured, on my part, into a filial affection, I scarce.
IN THE FIRST PLACB, the king. ly ever saw an instance of more evident dom of God and his righteousness, growth in real obedience, real love to
To this grand principle every other God and man, real victory over natural was kept subordinate: and his infirmities; in a word, real Christian entire conduct, in relation to his holiness. In the concluding years of children, was such as to accord his life, he was, as it appeared to me, with that grand Christian motive. obviously ripening for heaven. . He had Ingoing more into detail, he recomfought a good fight, he had finished his
mended, " Whatever else you teach course, he had kept the faith ; so that at last his genuine bumility before God, not to teach them subjection; and
or omit to teach your children, fail his joy in Christ Jesus, his holy zeal for the diffusion of the Gospel, his tender that to the mother as well as to affection to his family and all around the father.” He enforced, as of him, his resignation to the will of his great importance, forming habits heavenly Father, and his exclusive trust of application. He guarded his in the merits and grace of his Saviour, sons against allowing their children seemed to leave little more to be done, to mix familiarly with those of but for the stroke of death to bring him persons of higher pretensions; a to his grave in a full age, like as a shock caution peculiarly necessary to of corn cometh in its season!” pp. ministers, who usually occupy a 587, 588.
station in society much beyond that Toward the close of this chapter, which their fortune would comwe have a short account of Mr. mand. He was friendly to early Scott's sentiments on the impor- religious instruction by catechisms, tant subject of education. In his prayers, &c. He dwelt upon the own family he appears to have been importance of gaining the affec