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upite, if necessary, to prevail on him a mile distant, we looked round almost to kill himself. He said, that three or instinctively, and there was our faith, four instances of this kind usually hap- 'ful fellow still watching our steps : he: pen in a year, in the circle of his ac- then came up and set as right, made quaintance; but that it is more common signs that our road now lay in the difor an Indian, who has killed another section of the sun, and then finally by accident or design, to remain with disappeared ; leaving us much affected the body till he is found, Jest his rela- by his disinterested solicitude. tions should suffer. He mentioned a " We had a delightful ride along our circumstance of difficulty, which was Indian path, through a forest of fine then pending in the neighbourhood. A oaks; which, within ten or twelve miles woman being greatly insulted and de- of Yaloo Busha, was occasionally interfamed in the presence of her husband, spersed with small uatural prairies, and and threatened with a blow from a assumed the appearance of an English knife, stabbed ber assailant to the park. I felt as if I was approaching heart : doubts have arisen whether she consecrated ground; and the confidence is bound to kill herself, her family in which I had in the kindness of those sisting that circumstances justified the on whom I was going to intrude myself deed.
--for Christian kiudoess is not capri. « We left the Indians in the middle cious—relieved me from any awkward. of their games, and rejoiced to think ness about my reception. If I had felt of the blessings which missionary efforts any, it would soon have been dismissed are preparing for them.”
by the simple hospitality of the misOur traveller a few miles farther on sionaries. torned aside, with the intention of visit.
“Soon after my arrival, we proceeding the missionary settlement among ed to the school, just as a half-breed, the Choctaws, at Elliot, about 60 miles who has taken great interest in it, was distant from the road. Of this visit he preparing to give the children'a talk, gives the following narrative :
previously to returning home sixty “Our course was through the woods, miles distant. He is a chief of great along a blazed path about a foot broad; influence, and a man of comprehenand, as it was necessary to procure a
sive views. He first translated into guide, our bost rode with us till he had Choctaw, a letter to the children, from engaged an Indian, who, for a dollar, at
some benevolent friends in the North, tended us twenty-five miles on bis little who had sent it with a present of a box horse. . At night we reached the cabin of clothes : he tben gave them a long of a half-breed, who took us in. We address in Choctaw. When he took found him setting a trap for a wolf, his leave, be shook hands with me-said which bad attempted, a few honrs be- he was glad to hear that the White fore, to carry off a pig in sight of the people in England were interested in family.
the welfare of their Red brethren-that “ lu the course of the evening, one of the Choctaws were sensible of their want the missionary brethren arrived from of instruction, and that their teachers Elliot, for some cattle, which were
were pleased to say that they were not ranging in the woods : he promised us a incapable of it-that they were gratehearty welcome at that establishment.
ful for wbat had been done, and were “ The following day we set off early, aware that it was their duty to co-opeour friends having procured 118 an Indian rate, to the utmost of their ability, with to take us the first twelve miles : he those who were exerting themselves on conld not speak English ; but, having their behalf. received his quarter of a dollar, and
“ As soou as school was over, the parted from us at the appointed place, boys repaired to their agricultural labe returned to draw our track in the bours; their instructor working, with sand, pointing out all the forks and little them, and communicating information cross-paths, and again left us. After in the most affectionate manner : the proceeding about a mile, where we were girls proceeded to their sewing and do. a little embarrassed, we were surpri. mestic employments, under the mission. sed to fiod him again at our side, making ary sisters. They were afterwards at motions to direct our route. Again we liberty, till the supper.bell rang ; when shook hands and parted: but being we all sat down together to bread and agaiu puzzled by a diverging path, half milk, and various preparations of Indian
à; the Missionaries presiding at the their nation, and enable them gradually offerent tables, and confining them to induce their roaming brethren to selves, as is their custom, except in case abandon their erratic habits for the ocof sickness, to precisely the same food cupations of civilized life. The general as the scholars. After supper, a chap. feelings of the nation, at this moment, ter in the Bible was read, with Scott's are most auspicious to their underPractical Observations. This was fol- taking. For the reasons which I as, lowed by singing and prayer; and then signed when speaking of the Creeks, all retired to their little rooms, in their the community at large is most solicitous log cabins.
for civilization. In this they have made " In the morning, at day-light, the some progress; many of them are growboys were at their agriculture, and the ing cotton, and spinning and weaving girls at their domestic employments. it into coarse clothing. About seven o'clock, we assembled for “ Of the three districts or towps in. Leading, singing, and prayer; and, to which the 15 or 20,000 souls who soon afterward, for breakfast. After an compose this nation are divided, one has interval for play, the school opened with appropriated to the use of schools, its prayer and singing, a chapter in the annuity for seventeen years, of 2000 Bible, and examination on the subject dollars per annum from the United of the chapter of the preceding day. States for ceded lands; another its anThe children then proceeded to read- puity of 1000 dollars per annnm, with ing, writing, accounts, and English the prospect of 1000 more; and one has Grammar, on a modification of the requested the United States, not only British System. The instructors say to forbid the introduction of ammunition that they never knew White children into the nation, that the bunter may be learn with so much facility; and the compelled to work; but to send their specimens of writing exhibited une annuity in implements of busi andry. quivocal proofs of rapid progress. At a recent General Council of the Many spoke English very well.
Chiefs, 1800 dollars in money, and up"Toward evening I was gratified by ward of eighty cows and calves, were the arrival of the Rev. Cyrus Kings. subscribed for the use of schools; and bury, who has the general superiotend the total contribution of the Choctaws ence of the mission. He had been de. to this object exceeds 70,000 dollars. termining the direction of a path, to be “ Surely here is noble encouragem blazed to another settlement, on the ment for active benevolencel and the Tombigbee river, in Alabama; and al- indastry, judgment, and piety, of the though he had slept in the woods in seven or eight bretbren and sisters at heavy rain the preceding night, he sat Elliot seem to qualify them, in a pecuup in my room till after midnight, and liar manner, for their responsible office. the following morning rode with us They bave all distinct departments ; seven miles, to see us safe across the the Rev. Mr. Kingsbury being the Yaloo Basba.
superintendaut; another brother, tbe “ The immediate object of the settle. physician and steward ; another, the ment of Eliot (called by the Indians instructor of the children ; another, the Yaloo Busha, from its proximity to a manager of the farm. The females allittle river of that oame which falls into 80 bave separate and definitive duties. the Yazoo,) is the religious instruction At present, they are over-worked ; of the natives. The Missionaries are, and Mr. Kingsbury greatly regretted however, aware, that this must neces. that so much of his attention was veces. sarily be preceded or accompanied by sarily engrossed by secular concerns. their civilization; and that mere preach. But, coming iuto a wilderness, in which ing to the adult Indians, though par. the first tree was felled but about tially beneficial to the present genera. eighteen months since, they have had tion, would not probably be attended something to do, to erect ten or eleven with any general or permanent results. little log buildings, to bring into cultiWbile, therefore, the religious interests vation 40 or 50-acres of woodland, and of the children are the objects nearest to raise upward of 200 head of cattle, to their hearts, they are anxious to A deep seuse, however, of the impor. put them in possession of those qualifi. tance of their object, and an unfaulter. cations, which may secure to them an ing confidence in God's blessing on their important influence in the councils of exertions, having supported them under
the difficulties of an infant settlement; the oldest Indians can give no account. and under the still severer trials of a They resemble the Cairns in Scotland; final separation from the circle of their and one of the Missionaries mentioned dearest friends, and a total renuncia- baving seen a skeleton dug out of one tion of every object of worldly ambition of them.
" Their situation notwithstanding is “ I was highly gratibed by my visit to an enviable one. In a happy exemption Elliot-this garden in a moral wilderfrom most of the cares and many of tho ness; and was pleased with the oppostemptations of common life-conversant tunity of seeing a missionary settlewith the most delightful and elevated ment in its infant state, before the objects of contemplation--stimulated to wounds of recent separation from kinperpetual activity, by an imperious dred and friends had ceased to bleed, sense of duty-and conscions of disin- and habit had rendered the Missionaries terested sacrifices in the noblest cause familiar with the peculiarities of their can we wonder if they manifest a de novel situation. gree of cheerfulness and tranquillity,
“The sight of the children also, many seldom exhibited even by eminent of them still in Indian costume, was Christians, who are more in the world? most interesting. I could not help imaI was particularly struck with their gining that before me might be some apparent humility, with the kindness Alfred of this Western world, the faof their manner toward one another, ture founder of institutions which were and the minule attentions which they to enlighten and civilize his country, seemed solicitous to reciprocate. some Choctaw Swartz or Elliot, des.
“They spoke very lightly of their pri- tined to disseminate the blessings of vations and of the trials which the world Christianity, from the Mississippi to the sopposes to be their greatest; sensible, Pacific, from the Gulph of Mexico to as they said, that these are often expe- the Frozen Sea. I contrasted them in rienced, in at least as great a degree, their social, their moral, and their reliby the soldier, the sailor, or even the gious condition, with the straggling merchant. Yet, in this country, these hunters and their painted faces, who trials are by no means trifling. Lying occasionally stared through the win. out for two or three months in the dows; or, with the half-naked savages, woods, with their little babes-in tents whom we had seen in the forests a few which cannot resist the rain, here fall nights before, dancing round their mid. ing in torrents sach as I never saw in night fires, with their tomahawks and England--within sound of the nightly scalping knives, rending the air with howling of wolves, and occasionally their fierce war-whoop, or making the visited by panthers, which have ap
woods thrill with their savage yells. proached almost to the door-the fe. But they form a yet stronger contrast males of the mission must be allowed to with the poor Indians, whom we bad require some courage; while, during seen on the frontier-corrupted, demany seasons of the year, the men graded, and debased by their intercannot go twenty miles from home course with English, Irish, or American (and they are sometimes obliged to go traders. thirty or forty for provisions) without " It was not withont emotion that I swimming their horses over four or five parted, in all human probability for ever creeks.
in this world, from my kind and inter. “Their real trials, they stated to con. esting friends, and prepared to return sist in their own imperfections; and in to the tumultuous scenes of a busy those mental maladies, which the re- world; from which---if life be spared tirement of a desert cannot cure. my thoughts will often stray to the sa
“ In the course of our walks,Mr. Wil. cred solitudes of Yaloo Busha, as to a liams pointed out to me a simple tomb, source of the most grateful and refreshin which he had deposited the remains ing recollections. I was almost the first of a younger brother; who lost his way person from a distance, who had visited in the desert when coming out to join this remote settlement; andwas charged them, and whose long exposure to rain with several letters to the friends of and fasting laid the seeds of a fatal dis- the Missionaries. I believe they had ease. It was almost in sight of one of pleasure in thinking that I should prothose Indian Monnds,which I have often bably iv a few weeks see those, the en: met with in the woods, and of which dearments of whose society they had CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 241.
renounced for this world : it seemed to bled our nature; and, where, happily,
which holiness is vindicated-in wbich “ I left with them a late Number of justice is satisfied-in which our weak. the Missionary Register, and another of ness is upholden by Divine support-in the Christian Observer, which I had which boly desires are instilled into the just received from England."
heart-iu which sorrow is comforted
in which repentance is efficacions-in
reconciled-in which the world is over. CALCUTTA MISSION COLLEGE. 'come ; and, in our last hour, death is
deprived of his triumph. It is to such From a sermon preached by the Lord a scheme more especially, that the ApoBishop of Calcutta, on Advent Sunday, stle refers, when tie speaks of the mani1820, and coutaining many excellent fold wisdom of God: and its complicated and impressive passages, we shall ex- characters of power and wisdom we tract a few paragraphs respecting the are able to a certain extent to apprevalue and importance of the Gospel, ciate, even with our faint perceptiou of and the duty of communicating it to things divine. In no speculation merely the heathen, with especial reference to human have such difficulties ever been the case of ihe natives of India.
proposed for solutiou; still less can it “ There lurks in some men,” remarks be said that they have been solved upon his lordship, “ a degree of prejudice principles, at once so coherent, and at against what they denominate specu. the same time so sublime in their ob. LATIVE TRUTHS, and a proportionale jects, so simple in their operation, and disposition to treat them as of little so effectual in tbeir result. The greatimportance : such will not very readily ness of the Diety and the misery of discern in the scheme of our redemp- man had been the theme of sages from tion any proofs of the Wisdom of God. the earliest times : but who had ever There cannot, however, be a more
suggested, as among things possible, a anjust or more dangerous distinction, theory, by which, while God should be than ibat which is thus attempted. All vindicated, man should be saved ? the speculative truths of religion which
“ A zeal for the glory of God will be are revealed in Scripture (and no others forcibly directed to the state of those deserve any serious regard), are, in their nations, in which the Gospel is not inferences and consequences and re. merely undervalued, but utterly unJations, highly practical: they are, in known. truth, the very basis of all practice ; “Where, for instance, shall its ener. and none is more extensively so, than gies be excited, if they are dormant in the doctrine of our redemption through the land which we now inbabit? In Christ.
what other region of the known world “ We find, through all the walks of is the glory of God more effectually human life and in every region of the obscured, and his truthếto allude to earth, that faith in a Dvine Redeemer is the Apostle's saying-more palpably the groundwork of the severest morality; turned into a lie? (Rom. i. 25.) The and that no virtue, judged even as the case of ruder nations furnishes no an. world judges of virtue, from its benign
swer to this question : refinement, when effects on social happiness, can in point corrnpted, may be worse than barba: of efficacy or extent be compared with
rism; and system bas a power of evil the graces of the Christian, It may beyond simplicity. truly be affirmed, that the Advent of
“Where else too, we may ask, do we Christ kas, in its cousequences, eppo- find more evident vestiges of that fall from primeval uprightness, which the the well-being of any people, it were Gospel was designed to repair ? From surely too much to abandon' all esta. the dislocated strata and confused posi. blished maxims, and the dictates of our tion of heterogeneous substances in the common feelings, in mere courtesy to bowels of the earth, the Geologist attests supposed interests or secret predi. the breaking up of the vast deep in
lections. For the want of such natimes remote, if he yield not implicit tional blessings as those which are bere faith to the scriptures; and here, in enumerated, no equivalent can be plead. like manner, does the Christian trace ed, and no compensation made. indubitable evidence of that wreck and “ There is one other point which must suin of the moral world, which the same
not be overlooked: it is the UNIVERScriptures record. And who can con. SALITY, professedly intended and protemplate these appearances, and not
mised to the Faith of Christ; and, of lament them? or who, that laments course, the duty, which is thus imposed them, can be backward to employ the
on all Christians, in their proper spheres remedy?-l' mean not, of course, in any of action, to promote and exiend it. way but that of affectionate and Chris. “ If God is one, so also must be His tian solicitude, and by teaching and final purpose respecting man : if the persuading the things concerning the
Saviour be but one, $0 also must be the kingdom of God.'
method of salvation : if the Holy Spirit “ There have been, and even yet
be but oue, He can uever have inspired perhaps they are not extinct, certain or suggested all the jarring systems, prejudices against all endeavours to
which uivide mankiud." dissemivate Christianity in this coun
" It cannot be imagined, that, in the try. With those wbich are purely poli. work prescribed to the Church of Christ, tical I have no other concern, than to
tbat branch of it to which we belong remark, that all policy is, to say the has no part, nor even a subordinate part, least of it, very questionable, when it is
to fill. It should seem, indeed, it her manifestly opposed to the purposes of duties are to be measured by her means Him who ruleth in the kingdom of nien, and opportunities, that no church since and giveth it to whomsoever He will.' the days of the Apostles has been called (Dan. iv. 17.) No policy, in fact, in a to such lighi destinies. To what for. ease like the present, can be openly tuitous coincidence shall we impate it, avowed, which does not profess to keep that, at this moment, her clergy are in view the real interests and permanent exercising their ministry in every quarhappiness of the governed: and thus the ter of the globe? Io America, tlourishquestion will be reduced to the very ing, churches have grown up entirely simple one, whether the temporal and
under her patronage. In Africa, a coeteroal good, one or both of them, of lony has been planted, by which her the nations around us, would uot be pro
doctrines and discipline are brought moted by a gradual development to
into coutact with the superstitious of their minds and hearts, of the truths of iguorant and barbarous tribes. In New the Gospel. I say, gradual; for he who South Wales, she has a tield before her suould attempt or expect more than nearly equal in extent to the whole of this, would is the attempt do inischief, Europe. And what shall we say of and in the expectation evince little
Asia? A vast einpire has beeu given us, knowledge of the actual state of things.
or rather imposed upon us : aud wuere. 4 We hear it sometimes hinted, that
fore? He, who can reconcile such a these people are already in a condition consummation even to philosophical whichi, perhaps, may be deteriorated, views of the ways of God, withoui retebut cannot easily be improved. If, reuce to the purposes of His manitold bowever, the prevalence of liberal wisdom as revealed in Scripture, aud knowledge-habits of industry-mutual
can believe it to have been brought confidence ip the transactions of life- abouư merely for the grauticallou of our a respect for the basis of all moral iu. avarice or vanity, cannot have advanced tegrity, I mean truth-the absence of very far in the kuowledge which sound those social distinctions, wbich serve philosophy might teach bim : It is not only to depress the great mass of the merely unchrisuan; it is unphilosospecies—the elevatiou of the female phucai, it is unreasonable, to beneve that part of society to their proper dignity
Gou ever works lu valu, or ever brings and influence--and the possession of about mighiy revolutions with a view that liberty, wherewith Christ hath resuils comparauively meau aud made meo free (Gal. v. 1), and which is trivial." really the principle, however overlooked, His lordship then adverts to the intendof all national greatness and prosperity ed mission college at Calcutta. “An misti. in modern times ;-if these several par. tuliou," he remarks," is likely to arise in Liculars epter largely into the theory of tuis vicinity, calculated as we trust, un-,