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descanting on the delights, and we able error of doctrine, or inconsist. might almost say conversing in the ency of conduct, a coldness of language, of that blissful world ; heart, or even of manner, in a miendeavouring by every means to nister, will usually prevent his gainallure thither bis perishing fellow- ing access 10 the affections of his creatures. But an habitual spiritual. people. Tenderness was the premindedness in a minister, casts dicted and the fulfilled character of a holy radiance around his path: Him who is the great exemplar to it diffuses, as it were, an atmos- his church in Christian and miniphere of piety in his family and his sterial attainments. He did not parish; it spontaneously gives birth break the bruised reed or quench to the “ thoughts that breathe and the smoking flax; -bis whole life words that burn” in his sermons and was a career of mercy, benevolence, conversations ; it not only teaches and disinterested affection. How men that they ought to be Chris- deeply his immediate disciples tiaps, but it shews ihem practically drank of his spirit, may be seen, what it is to become such;it kindles not only in the Epistles of his betheir hearts by contact; it per- loved Apostle St. John, whose mesuades almost before it convinces ; mory is proverbially characterised and leaves on the minds of those by tenderness and sympathy, but who witness its simple and unos- even in those of a perhaps naturally tentatious coruscations, an effect less gentle spirit, -St.Peter; yea, of somewhat similar to that felt by the bim who was once a “ persecutor, disciples in the journey to Emmaus: and injurious," who “breathed out “Did not our hearts burn within threatenings and slaughter," but us, while he talked with us by whose altered character is evinced the way, and opened to us the throughout his writings, and no Scriptures ?” For want of this de- where more so than in his Epistle vout ardour of soul, many sincere to Philemon on behalf of his fuand pious men are very languid gitive but penitent slave. It will pastors; and the defect is the more instantly be felt, in perusing this to be dreaded in the present day, affecting Epistle, or indeed almost because the widely prevalent, and, any page of the New Testament, to a certain extent, just, terror of how efficaciously an affectionate fanaticism, is too apt to furnish an spirit in the ministers of Christ excuse for this coldness and secu- finds its way to the buman heart; larity of spirit; as if there were and how very different would have any thing in the highest elevations been the effect, if, instead of such of an habitual spiritual-mindedness a spirit, had been exhibited the contrary to truth and sobriety; any mere coldness of scholastic adIbing enthusiastic in a life of the monition, or the imperiousness of most intense devotion, or in the official dignity. Against nothing hallowed communion of the soul should a minister, who values with its Creator, Redeemer, and his pastoral usefulness, more streSanctifier.
nuously guard, than against un3. Another frequent cause of kind or objurgatory habits of administerial failure, even among good dress, either in the pulpit or in men, is the absence of an affection- his private intercourse with his ate and tender spirit.-A clergy- flock. Yet this is not enough: bis man, however wise or pious, if he heart must be imbued with amiable is deficient in the kindly sympa- affections; he should feel a prompt thies of the heart, must be content and unsolicited expansion of soul to forego a large measure of useful towards his fellow-creatures; 'he ness, especially among the poor, should love them as Christ loved the young, and the afflicted. Even him, and bear with them as his though there should be no assign- heavenly Father has borne with
him. It is impossible to calculate sters of Christ is most welcome, the ill effects arising from a hard, are those of pain, and want, and unfeeling discharge of clerical du- suffering, and dejection. A minities; or from austere or morose habits ster, therefore, must in the more retired walks of pas- them that weep;" his sweetest me, toral intercourse. Unhappily, tbe lodies must be attuned to a somelargest heart is not always accom- what plaintive key. For his sake, panied with suavity and kindness his Redeemer became “ a man of of deportment; yet, without these, sorrows;" and though, for that a minister, however justly respect- very reason, bis followers are pried, cannot hope to be the friend vileged to rejoice, yet their joy is and adviser of his people; except allied to a tenderness of spirit which so far, indeed, as the weight of his is not very remote froin sorrow ; character, and a consciousness of or which, at least, even in its most his real excellence, may be a counc elevated moments, is not unapt for terpoise for his external defect, the tenderest sympathies of our nafor if the defect be a defect of ture. Habitual cheerfulness is the heart, norbing can atone for it. The frame of mind which a minister urbanity of the most accomplished will desire to cherish; but, at the courtier would be an utterly un. same tiine, it must be a cheerfulness worthy and inefficacious substitute so chastised, and so growing out for that Christian affection which of devout affections, as readily to urges a pious minister to “ spend blend with the solemnities of reliand be spent" for his people. gion, and the most afflicting scenes
It would be tedious to enter into of human misery. His whole conparticulars on this inexhaustible duct should seem to say, The world subject; but it may not be inappo- is full of vice, and pain, and depress site to remark, that a clergymau sion; but religion suggests an allof piety, if he would be generally powerful remedy. His flock should useful in bis parisb, should espea ever feel that he is the bearer of cially beware of indulging a harsh this remedy. Whether he visits the spirit towards those who slight or sick or the healthy, the destitute oppose bis efforts for their wel. or the prosperous, the young or fare; and also towards religious the old, his presence should be persons who do not quite accord hailed as the harbinger of good. with his own views of Christian His veryremoustrances and reproofs doctrine. He must not be a man should be more in affection and of party-spirit: bis parish is his sorrow than in anger. The most family, and it is his duty to be erring of his flock should feel that zealous for the benefit of all its he loves their souls, and seeks their members. He will, indeed, like the happiness; and, however much they Royal Psalmist, make his delight may at first neglect or despise his with “ the excellent of the earth ;" message, such a line of conduct but this just preference will be far will in tine usually melt the hardest from leading him to display an acri- heart, especially when those visitamonious, or censorious, or superci- tions of sickness, desertion, or belious spirit towards others. If he reavement arrive, which sooner or could fully imitate his Saviour, no later fall to every person's lot: at degree of vice, no species of pro- which periods the presence of a de. vocation, would be able to overcome vout and affectionate pastor will be his gentleness and patience.
often valued as the visit of a miniThe importance of this tender stering angel, even by those who and affectionate spirit is the greater, least couried his admonitions in because “ man is born to trouble," their hour of prosperity. and the majority of those scenes,
(To be concluded.) in which the presence of the mini
life is calculated to inspire, the Tothe Editorof the ChristianObserver. Christian student enjoys the ad
vantage of being actuated by a It must be peculiarly gratifying to strong sense of duty, and of living every Christian mind to witness ihe in a spirit of prayer: for lie who great extension of a sincere and prays most diligently, will study to zealous piety among so many of the the greatest advantage, because he young men under instruction at our will enjoy the blessing of God on Universities ; from whose future his exertions; and I need not reexertions incalculable blessings may mark, that prayer, and a diligent be expected to the cburch and to use of the means for attaining know. the world. Those of them who ledge, are both necessary, and are studying with a view to the should ever be uuited. sacred office, have, I doubt not, But, even to the most pious and duly weighed the motives which conscientious student, à college liave influenced their choice ; and life presents mapy snares. Cirhave reason to hope that they have cumstances will frequently occur not been actuated merely by a pro- to unsettle his mind, and to withspect of preferment, or worldly in. draw him from bis pursuits. Deterest; but that the benefit of im- cision of character is therefore inmortal souls, which cannot be un- dispensable. The hours of study connected with the glory of God, should never be suffered to be in. has been their primary inducement truded upon; even intercourse will to turning their thoughts to the sa- friends should be restricted ; world. cred ministry.
ly associates especially should be It is not, however, sufficient that avoided; and a constant guard the motive be correct; the end is should be kept, to repel whatever still to be attained ; and unceasing bas a tendency to distract the diligence and watchfulness are re. thoughts. Common gratitude, as quired for persevering in the path well as a sense of duty,should prompt marked out for the candidates for to this necessary self-denial; for this important office. In particu. nothing surely can be more distresslar, very close attention to various ing to the friends of a youth, who preparatory studies is requisite, may perhaps have made many painWithout habitual vigilance, much ful sacrifices to promote his wishes valuable time may be frittered with regard to his future designaaway at college; and if, through tion, than to find that his improveneglect or indolence, the opportu- ment has not kept pace with his nities of improvement afforded advantages. during the period of academical This decision of character is also education belost, the evil can never necessary with regard to the intebe wholly repaired. In this, as in rests of the soul; for scholastico all other departments of human studies tend powerfully to deaden life, the parable of the Talents devotional feeling ; so that, without affords great encouragement to the great watchfulness and circumspecdiligent, and a solemn warning tion, the heart may almost insensi. to the slothful; “ For unto every bly become cold to the most affectone that hath, shall be given, and ing and important subjects, while he shall have abundance; but from the thoughts are engrossed by him that bath not, shall be taken others of a merely secular characaway even that which he hath." ter. Many a warm-hearted religi
Religious students have many ad- ous youth, in his eagerness to excel vantages over others. Besides those in literary attainments, it is to be habits of diligence, sobriety, and feared has lost sight of the princitemperance, and that repose of ples which influenced his conduct mind, which a religious course of at first setting out on his acade
mical career. It is lamentable that souls, how incumbent is it upon the means which are necessary to be him to ask himself; “ Am I walkused, in order to the ultimate at- ing consistently with my sacred taioment of a laudable object, profession, as a Christian man, a should thus, by the weakness or Christian student, and an intended corruption of our nature, be per- candidate for the Christian miniverted to the purposes of evil. stry? Am I humble, gentle, and Piety and learning, like prayer and forgiving? Am I diligent and studiligence, should go hand iu band; dious ? Am I pure and temperate the one reflects lustre on the other: in my habits ; devotional in my though, to the student who forgets spirit; and in all things endeavourthe end in the means, it may be ne- ing to adorn the doctrine of God cessary to add, that the one so far my Saviour ?" outshines the other, that the Apostle I have suggested these few cur. Paul was conteut to forego all the, sory hints, for those whom they may advantages whicb he had attained concern to improve upon at their at the feet of Gamaliel, and to leisure. There is one part of the count all things as loss, for the ex- subject in particular, which I could cellency of the knowledge of Christ wish to see treated more at length Jesus his Lord.
by some person equal the disNot only in proportion as the cussion; I mean, the duty of reliChristian student withdraws from gious students conscientiously dethe influence of the world, and voting their minds to the peculiar lives near to God in private, will studies of their college and univerhis own soul prosper or decline; sity. Those who are much acand his future usefulness, to a con- quainted with either of our univere siderable extent, take its mea- sities, and especially Cambridge, sure from the right or wrong use, will feel the great importance of he makes of his academical advan- this topic ;-a topic well worthy tages literary and spiritual; but the pens of those whose piety, tahis conduct is important also to lents, and experience on the sub. those around him for the eyes of ject, entitle them to guide the minds his companions and contemporaries of the religious part of the public, are upon him, and he is responsi- and especially of the rising race of ble for his example, not only as far academical students. Should any as regards himself, but as respects person, thus qualified, see fit to them also. When a student for take up this suggestion, he would the sacred ministry reflects upon confer a favour on many of your bis future desigualion as a servant readers, and promote the cause of of the Most High, to whom will sourd learning and religion. be committed the care of immortal
the earliest opportunity of comREMARKS DURING A JOURNEY
plying with your wishes, and of THROUGH SORTH AMERICA.
giving you the impressions I have (Continued from p. 418.)
received of the American character
in the course of my route. I might Philadelphia, Oct. 1819. indeed have done this at an earlier As I am now resting a little after period, but it would bave been py wanderings, I am anxious to take with less satisfaction to myself,
Indeed, I have occasionally been English blood which flows in their ted to doubt whether I have viewed veins. In the families of these pathe subject with impartiality, either tricians, in which I have spent many while receiving the kind attentions agreeable hours, I met with nothing which I have so generally met with, to remind me that I was not in the or when exposed to the incon- society of that class of our wellveniencies incident to travelling in educated country gentlemen, who the unsettled parts of the country. occasionally visit the metropolis, I have sometimes been ashamed to and mingle in fashionable or politind how much my opinions were tical life. The old gentlemen of intluenced for the moment by hu- this class are indeed gentlemen of mour or' circumstances, and how the old school; and the young necessary it was to guard against ladies are particularly agreeable, forming ideas of a particular towu refined, accomplished, intelligent, from the reception which I might and well-bred. happen to meet with, or the circle The second class may include the into which I might accidentally leading political characters of the fall. I shall in future lave little present day, the more eminent lawconfidence in any general conclu- yers, the well-educated merchants sions respecting a country, founded and agriculturists, and the most on the experience of a siógle tra- respectable of the novi homines veller; since, however candid may of every profession. It will thus be his representations, they must comprise the mass of the good necessarily be drawn from a range society of America ; the first class, of observation comparatively limite which comprehends the best, being ed; and be tinctured, at least in very limited, sui generis, and about some degree, with his own mental to expire with the present generapeculiarities.
tion. The manners of ihis second Having thus prepared you to class are less polished than those of receive my statements with caution, the corresponding class in England, I will give you my impressions and their education is neither so without reserve.-11, in opposition regular nor so classical; but their to their republican principles, we intellects are as actively exercised, divide the Americans into classes, and their information at least as the first class will comprehend what general, although less scientific and are termed the Revolutionary Heroes, profound. The young ladies of who hold a sort of patent of nobi- this class are lively, modest, and lity, undisputed by the bitterest unreserved; easy in their manners, enemies to aristocracy. Their num- and rather gay and social in their bers, indeed, are few, but they bave dispositions : at the same time, too many peculiar features to be they are very observant of the rules embraced in the description of any of female propriety; and if they other class of their countrymen. ever displease, it is rather from Many of them were educated in indifference than from either bashEngland; and even those who never fulness or effrontery. Their aptravelled had generally the advan- pearance is generally genteel and tage of the best English society, agreeable; their figures are almost either colonial or military. They universally good ; and they dress were formed in the English school; remarkably well-in this city, inwere embued with English associa- deed, more to my taste than in lions; and, however active they were almost any place I recollect: for in resisting the encroachments of the which they are indebted partly to mother country, they are, many of the short passages from Europe, them at least, delighted to trace which waft across the Atlantic the their descent to English families of latest fashions from London and rank, and to boast of the pure Paris ; partly to their accommo-*