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to ascertain on what principle the who acquits himself of his obligacustom can be justified. They tion, as a conscientious man, will are not suspended as trophies; still involve himself in perplexities of less, we should imagine, can they po trivial kind; we regret it, bebe intended as decorations : the cause he who does not incurs the church-warden, therefore, should guilt-we can call it by no softer not allow the practice. The house name-of perjury; and we regret of God, the temple of the Prince it, because this oath is too often of Peace, should be preserved, as an effectual bar to the discharge of far as possible, from all secular as- this important office, by such men sociations, and most of all so from as, from ibeir characters and printhose which recal ideas of war aud ciples, are the most likely to be of human glory.

service to their neighbours. We On the Archdeacon's observa- heartily wish that those who possess tions respecting the mode of as- the power to effect some modificasessing the parochial rates, we must tion in so obnoxious a feature in make one remark, as a mistake may our ecclesiastical discipline, would possibly arise, and occasion a dif- avail themselves of that power, and ficulty which a little previous cau- would not allow, we do not say tion would prevent. The repairs, a blind attachment to old forms, , for which rates are assessed upon for that we are sure they disclaim, the parishioners, should not be but a wholesome dread of innovamade before the rates are collect- tion, to prevent their exchanging a ed, but the repairs and assessment requirement, the compliance with should be co-temporaneous with which, in such a way as a religious each other. We do not say that in man would interpret his duty, is, by no case would the church-warden the great increase of population, be justified in first incurring the and other altered circumstances of expense, and afterwards demand- the age, rendered impracticable for ing the reimbursement: but as a one of a less arduous and doubtful difference is known to exist in the character. We say doubtful, bedoctrines maintained in the spiritual cause, after all, we consider not only and temporal courts in relation to the growth of neighbourhoods to this matter, it is better to make be a serious impediment to the disihe rafe coeval with the repairs, not charge of this duty, but that the to reimburse the church-warden, very fulfilment of it might not in lest the account might be regarded modern times be attended with all in the light of a private debt. the benefit which forinerly accom

'In advancing to the duty of panied it. The censures of the presenting, as forming part of the church are now become almost church-wardens' obligation, the obsolete : presentable offences are reverend author, while he admits far more multiplied, and far less the difficulty attending its fulfil- gravely regarded, than in former ment, strenuously urges the duty of times: the very proceeding upon so doing, on account of their oath, presentment would be now conwhich pledges them to its perforin. sidered an innovation, and it might ance. It is true the sentiments and be prejudical, in the present spirit usages of the times are changed. of the times, to allempt to revive It is true, that obstacles of a fore it. Our author remarks as follow's midable nature stand in the way; on this subject. but the oath remains-remains un.

« In times when the hierarchy was altered, unmodified. We do not in its strength and vigour, when the say we do not regret this; for it is constitution of the church was unena subject of deep regret to us, as feebled by the empiricism of theorists, it must be to every, considerate in ecclesiastical polity, while the canon mind. We regrel it, because he law was less restraiued by the jealousies

p. 15.

of the civil, before the spiritual courts is the more unaccountable, because the were paralized by the prohibitions of punishment should in all cases corre. the temporal, the procedure by pre spond to the degree of guilt; and guilt, sentment was easy, simple, and upper. in the consideration of the law, is to be plexed : and it may fairly be presumed measured by the injury done to pubthat the censures and penalties wbich lic or private rights and immunities." ensned on proof and conviction, were far from being inefficacious in checking

It is on this account, we doubt those scandals against religion, and those offences against morals, which felt not, that our author has offered a more immediately under the jurisdica suggestion, in which we cannot but tion of our courts. It is certain, how. agree with him, both because we ever, that blasphemies and crimes of think that the ends for which

prethis description were then more seriouse sentments are to be made, will, by ly considered, more unfrequently com- its adoption, be much more cerúitted, more sedulously concealed from tainly obiained, and because the the public eye, less flippantly spoken unpleasant difficulties which might of in common conversation, and less otherwisé attach to the presenter lightly esteemed in common opinion will be thereby avoided. The It is true the capon law continues in this respect in its former force; but suggestion is, that in every case in

which the law has given an election, having been rarely resorted to for nearly the last cevtury, it may be said

that is, in which both the civil to be becoming obsolete. Bit while and the canon law bave provided the oath continues in its present form, a punishment for an offence, the church-warden cannot otherwise be church-wardens would do well to discharged from it than by presenting prefer an application to the civil sneh persons and things as according to magistrate, rather than to the echis skill and knowledge are presentable." clesiastical judge. This is noticed He will so far have done bis duty and

in p. 18, and repeated in p. 45. discharged his conscience; and it will

We could have wished somewhat remain with the Ordinary, whether bishop, archdeacon, chancellor, or

more of detail in this part of the commissary, to require or dispense address; but there is sufficient to with, at his discretion, the institntion trace the author's meaning. There of such further proceedings as the case

where not only the and age may justify, and the law has church has pronounced her cendefinitively pointed out.” pp. 13, 14. sures, but the statutes have im

This last remark leads the posed their fines, In these cases Archdeacon to comment on the the latter are to be preferred. But inequality which exists in the scale the generality of cases which bare of punishments awarded to viola. excited animadversion, and call for tions of the laws of the state and the correction of the canon law, are those of the church, or. secular untouched by the civil. These then offences and spiritual crimes. are proper subjects for present“ It is perhaps a singular anomaly in

ment; for, as our author remarks, our civil code, that, while for the pro

“ The church-warden is to the eccletection of the person and the security siastical law, what the peace-officer is of the property of the subject, it has been considered as inflicting a punish. for 1821, recently published, on the ment more than commensurate to the subject of adultery and divorce, by offence, some of the grossest crimes of Mr. Tebbs, of Doctors' Coinmons. The the Christian institute, crimes more

nature of the work does not allow of deeply affecting the happiness of the quotation in our pages; but the reader individual, more injurious to the well.

who wishes for information may refer being of the community, remain un

to Mr. Tebbs's elaborate Dissertation, noticed and disregarded in the criminal, pp. 239-—242, for some remarks on the jurisprudence of the country. This defective state of our criminal laws with

respect to the punishment of a crime • This last remark is strongly exem- most deeply offensive in the eyes of plified in the St. David's Prize Essay God and man.

are

cases

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to the civil. As the one has the charge done; and for the method of doing of the peace and good order of the coin- it, we may quote the following suga monwealth, the other may be regarded gestions from an essay, lately pub, as the guardian of religious decency lished, on the Claims and Duties" and morals. From hence it follows, of the Cburch. that matters presentable may, as the

“ It might not be impracticable, form of the oath signifies, relate either to persons or things. În regard to especially if the clergy were made persons, the right of presentment extends agents in the duty, to procure to all blasphemers, to all oppugners honest replies to such questions as of Christian doctrine and faith, to all might properly be asked, and which licentious offenders against Christian could be answered without entering deportment, and against the purity of into personal accusations. And Christian manners. In things presents surely no pastor who is conscienable are comprehended all such irregn. tiously anxious for tbe promotion larities, defects, and abuses as are

pro. of religion and church principles in hibited by the canons and constitations of the Church, whether they respect the his parish could think much of the structure itself, the church-yard, the labour of occasionally reporting to vestments of the minister, or any articles

his diocesan, or seeing that his consecrated to sacred uses, and which are church-wardens did so, such partinecessary for a due administration of culars, for instance, as the average the various rites of worship." p. 16, number of the communicants and

A more particular enumera- attendants at church, compared tion of presentable offences the witb the population of the parish a Archdeacon considers unnecessary, the progress of the schools and because a practice has hitherto charitable societies; the regulations survived the too prevailing remiss- for the observance of the Sunday, ness in discipline, of supplying the and the degree of success attending churchwarden at stated periods them; with similar particulars relawith articles of inquiry for their in. tive to the state of religion, educaformation and guidance. Unhap- tion, and morals. These the clergy pily, however, we are compelled and their church wardens might preto remark, that this is the very sent without incurring the pain of circumstance which increases our making personal accusations, which regret. These papers contain inqui- as things are at present managed ries arranged under various heads, do litile or no good. At the same applying to the state of the church, time, the power of presenting nothe parish, its habits, morals, and torious offenders should doubtless similar particulars, to all of which be retained : and a solemn injuncis reported the consolatory, if it tion also should be added to do so, were not delusive, statement, “ Alt without fear or favour, so far as well." It must be deeply painful may be really practicable in the to a diocesan to find his visitatiou present circumstances of society.” table covered with papers contain- In such suggestions, we doubt not ing so many falsehoods. We can- that Archdeacon Jefferson would not call thein otherwise. Who, that heartily have concurred. For obknows any thing of our neighbour- vious reasons, however, he might hoods, believes them to be other- not think a visitation charge the wise ? And where is the apology proper vehicle for conveying them. to be found for this? In the im. His was an address to churchpossibility of doing any thing else! wardeos upon their existing duties ; Then why continue to compel a and however much be might wish conscientious man to take an oath a modification of them, he could to do what is allowed to be morally only officially press a discharge of impracticable? Why not abolish, the obligations of their oath. or at least modify, the oath? It In conclusion, we again recomis clear that something should be mend the Address to the petusal CYRIST. OBSRRY, NO. 347

SN

and attentive consideration of all not apprehend that with the lodians who are in any way connected with of England a good swing would offices such as these. There are always be a sovereign cure: but, to several passages which we have be serious, we do think that the been almost tempted to quote, but Jaws have entrusted, to the officers our limits would not allow us; and of whom we speak, a power, wbich, we consider as the most prominent if judiciously exercised, mighi prove feature in the case, the duty of highly useful in our parishes, and presentment. The Archdeacon's re- of great assistance to the parochial marks on the maintenance of devout clergy, with whom they ought ever order in our public assemblies for to act in such matters in the strictworship are particularly good. (see est concert. A church-wardermigut pp. 39, 40.) We do not apprehend by so doing prove himself, what lhe that the churchwarden would be laws intended he should be, a sort of justified in resorting to such a mode moral aid-de-camp to tbe minister, of enforcing decorous behaviour at and might powerfully second ilie cburch, as might be deduced from public labours of the latter on his a precedent of Father Ugarte, one field-day, the Sabbath, by a few of the Spanish Missionaries to well-directed attacks on the stronger California, mentioned in Venegas's holds of evil in his parish during History, p. 318, vol. I. Finding that the week. He might atso, on the Indians, whom he bad collected the Sunday, visit charity schools, for public prayer and instruction, poor - house,' and other parochpaid oo attention to his reproofs for ial institutions; he might see that their troublesome conduct, the fa- the shops were shut; be might ther made a dangerous experiment empty the public houses ; he might of what could be done by fear. induce many a straggler to repair Near him stood an Indian of great to church ; he might prevent inreputation for strength, and who, decorous conduct while there; and presuming on this, their only valued might assist to preserve that good superiority, was more rude than the order and solemnity in Divine worrest. Father Ugarte, who was a ship' which become the temple of man of uncommon strength, ob- God. So long as the oath remains, serving the Indian in the height of the daty remains : if that is modihis laughter, and, making signs of fied, the latter may be altered ; but his mockery to the others, seized till then, we cannot but maintain him by the bair, and lifting him up, the obligation in general, as our swung bior to and fro in the air. author bas defined and enforced it, The historian states the effect of -making, however, as no doubt the this to have been highly beneficial. Searcher of Hearts himself will The rest of the party ran away in make, every necessary allowance the utmost terror, but soon re- for what the inevitable alterations turned, one after apother; and the of times and circumstances may father so far succeeded in intimi- have rendered wholly impractic dating them, that they behaved more able. regularly for the future. We do

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

&c. &c.

3

GREAT BRITAIN.

thwaite ;-Gems etched by R. Dagley, PREPARING for publication :--Practical with Verse Illustrations; by the Rev.G. Sermons, by the late Rev. R. Postle. Croly;-Translations of ancient Greek

Political and Ethical Fragments; by instruction, in Hebrew, for the benefit T. Taylor ;-Bibliotheca Biblica, con- of his brethren ibroughout the world, sisting of a select descriptive catalogue Many Jews are beginning to take much of the most important works of biblical interest in the instruction of the young; criticism and interpretation ; by W. and Jewish schools, on the new systein, Orme;- Academic Lectures on Subjects are likely soon to be established in dif. connected with the History of Modern ferent part of Europe, Europe; by the Rev, H. .C, O'Donne- It is computed that there are more ghue, A. M.,

than one hundred steam-vessels,plying In the press :-Sermons on the lead. in various parts of this empire, not ing Characters and Events in Genesis, merely against the currents of our rivers, by the Rev. Dr. Rudge ;- The Book of but in the face of tides and winds, in the Ecclesiastes illustrated by the Rev. G. adjacent seas. Loudon and Edinburgh, Holden ;- The Statistics of England, by London and Calais, Liverpool and Dube Mr.Lowe ;-Tour through Sweden, Nor. lin, Holyhead and Dublin, Bristol and way, &c. by A. De C. Brooke ;-Ser- Liverpool, Brighton and Dieppe, are Inors by the late Rev. Henry Martyn : now connected by steam-vessels, wbich reprinted from an edition printed at perform their voyages in measured time. the Church.mission Press, Calcutta. Within the last few weeks, an iron ves.

sel, of 280 tons burden, performed its Cambridge. The annnal prizes of first voyage from London to Paris direct. fifteen gaineas each, given by the Re. It reached Ronen in fifty-five hours, and presentatives in Parliament of this Uni. proceeded from Rouen to Paris in a versity, for the best dissertations in day and night. Latin prose, are adjudged. as follows:- A new London Bridge is to be erectBenior Bachelors—Populis diversis ea- ed as near as possible to the west side dem instituta parum conveniunt: A. of the present bridge, and to afford a Barron and R. Lyon.–Middle Bache- clear water-way of not less than 690 lors Astronomia laus et utilitas: A. feet. It is to be faced with granite, and Ollivant, and J. A. Barnes.Sir Wm. to consist of five archos ; the centre Browne's gold medals for the Greek ode arch to rise twenty-three feet above and for the Greek and Latin epigrams, bigh water mark. to W. M. Praed. No Latin Ode.ad. Extensive Roman antiquities have for judged.-The Porson prize for the best some time been in a course of discovery Translation of a passage from Sbakspeare at Castor, near Peterborough. Fiftyinto Greek verse, is adjudged to W. six rooms in one villa, are stated to have Barham.--All the above gentlemen are been satisfactorily traced and excavatof Trinity College,

ed, covering a space of five hundred The long projected Welsh College for square feet. Two other large villas also students for the ministry whose friends have been brought to light; with' nuare not able to afford them the advan

merous tesselated pavements, founda. tages of an Oxford.or Cambridge edu- tions of small houses, and miscellaneous cation, is about to be erected at Llam- curiosities. Mr. Artis, the explorer, peter, in Cardiganshire. The sam of proposes publishing, by subscription, a 15,0001. 3 per cents. is already collect. series of plates illustrative of his dis. ed; and his Majesty has mopificently coveries, consisting of plans and secsent a donatiou of 1,000l. accompanied tions of the buildings and hypocausts, by a letter in his own hand, express tesselated pavements, pottery, paintings ing his warm approval of the object, in fresco, sculptured stoves, coins, &c. and bis testimony to the character of The total amount of the sums expend. the right reverend prelate to whom the ed during the year 1820 for the mainprincipality is indebted for this highly tenance of the poor in England and valuable and long needed institution. Wales was 7,329,5941. A Quarterly Magazine in the Welsh SANDWICH ISLANDS. language, to be conducted upon the The following particulars respecting principles of the Church of Englaud, the present state of the Sandwich Is. will shortly be commenced. In forward. lands, have been published as a consing both these objects, the lord Bishopmunication from the captain of an Ameof St. David's las long been zealous and rican vessel who lately visited them on persevering,

a whaling voyage. They furnish another Dr. Hirschell, a learned Jew, is pre. proof to the many on record of the paring a work explanatory of the whole blessed effects of Christianity even op of the details of the system of mutual the temporal condition of mankind.

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