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Placed within the control of the Coin- to the interests of morality, and the mittee. From the abstract of the re- good of the service. Before we sepaceipts and expenditure, it appears that rated, desertion had quite ceased, as although the former exceed those of last had the necessity for flogging; habits year by more than 5001. still the ex- of drunkenness, and other vicious in. penses will subject the Society to en. dulgences, bad quite disappeared on gagements amounting to nearly 2000.; board; and the obedience and activity so that great exertion is necessary on the of the crew were highly satisfactory, part of its friends to provide for the pay- and had been very favourably noticed. ment of this sum, and to secure a supply They all volunteered to re-enter in the of books adequate to the numerous an ship, if she were continued in commisurgent demands upon the benevolence sion; and I have heard from an excelof the Society. The Committee, in thus lent officer, who carried a great part of venturing on an expenditure beyond them with him into another ship to their existing resources, look to the which he was appointed, that he still ob. public liberality to approve their zeal, serves in them the same good conduct." and enable them to fulfil their engage- Since this Report was presented, we ments. They state, that "they ven- have understood that the debt mention. tured forward with reluctance; but the ed in it has been considerably reduced ; stimulus of so bighly interesting a cause but that there is reason to apprehend was too powerful to be resisted, avd the that no balance will remain in the treagood effects of their labours such as to surer's hands at the next anniversary, eucourage every possible exertion in unless some timely resources are affordcontinuing them. The beneficial effects, ed towards providing for the future sup. indeed, of this Society are not conjec: ply of the sacred volume. Many urgent toral or merely speculative; the actual applications have been received from fruits that have flowed from it are most home and foreign stations, which, for valuable and much beyond expectation.” want of the necessary means, liave not Numerous instances of the moral and yet been complied with. We are fur. religious improvement effected in the ther informed that during the last year Navy and Army by the distribution of 10,112 copies of the word of God have the Scriptures, are recorded in the Re. been furnished. chiefly to individual ports of the Society.
sailors and suidiers in his Majesty's serSeveral iuteresting comınanications vice; which, with the exception of the occur in the Appendix to the Report. years 1816 and 1817, when the British The following will shew their tetonr. army in France was so amply supplied, From an Officer commanding one of his exceeds the issue of any former year
Majesty's ships lately paid off, dated since the formation of the Society in March, 1821–
1780, “ I wish all success to your approach. ing meeing at as an important BRITISH AND FOREIGN PIBLE branch of an admirable institution, pro
SOCIETY. ductive, I believe, of much religious, The “ Monthly Extracts” of the Bri. moral, and professional benefit. In the tish and Foreigo Bible Society continue slip I last commanded we were fully to bear ample testimony to the exsupplied with Bibles and Testaments, tensive usefulness of this and simi. from the Naval and Military Bible So- lar institutions throughout the world, ciety; all of which were distributed as will appear from the following pas. gratuitously to the men, according to sages taken from some of the recent their messes, on our being first manned; Numbers. and they were certainly duly appreciat
Domestic. ed; for subsequent requests for indivi. From the Tenth Report of the Camdual donations of books were frequent- bridge Auxiliary Bible Society, ly made during the whole time the ship . " It is with real pleasure your Comremained in commission (nearly three mittee report, that the funds are on the years and a hall), and on paying off, the increase, and that they bave been so crew, as well as the officers, were dig. Jargely supported by the growing libeposed to subscribe a larger sum to the rality of their friends, that they bave Naval and Military Bible Society than I been enabled to remit to the parent inthought it right to take from them. stitution, within the year, the sum of
“ I think the effects, as far as they 8001. making, with the sum of 5 7301. re. could be traced, were very favourable mitted in former years, a total contribution from this Auxiliary Society of of the nnlearned, the dangers of ignorant 6,5301.
enthusiasm, have been dwelt on with “ A corresponding increase has also all the acumen and all the zeal of potaken place in the issues of Bibles and lemical divinity. Far be it from me to Testaments, of which there have been depreciate the merits of many illustrious circnlated from the depository, during divines, who have devoted their time the last year, 1,139; viz. 653 Bibles, and and abilities to elucidate the sacred 486 Testaments; being an excess, above writings; neither do I wish to disthe issue of the preceding year, of 274. courage, but on the contrary have con. The total number of copies of the holy cured in, the labours of the Society for Scriptures, which have been circulaied promoiing Christian Knowledge, and by the Cambridge Auxiliary Society am a member of a society for publishing since its formation in the year 1811, now religious tracts in the sister kingdom : amounts to 13,638-a little leaver, in- but the path of salvation, as pointed out deed, as it may appear, considered in in the Bible itself, should be open, as itselt, but the precious effects of which the light of heaven, to all. The impor. may surely bafile all the efforts of our tant doctrines of revelation, the sublime calculation or conjecture, till they shall and simple moral precepts of theliospel, be revealed with certainty in the great its pathetic and interesting narratives day of account.''
and parables, set casuistry and critiFrom the speech of Lord Ashtown, at cism at detiance : they sink deep into
the anniversary of the Southampton the heart; the inost unlearned reader Branch Bible Society-.
comprehends them, and feels their " The translation of the Bible into force. He forms liis rules for faith and oor vulgar tongue, and its diffusion practice, not on difficult passages, or among the laity, were the grand ob- insulated texts, but on the general scope jects of our primitive reformers; and and tenor of the Scriptures, on what its translation into the vulgar tongue of is every where inculcaied- the love and all nations, and its consequent diffusion, fear of God, faith in Christ, and good are our great objecis now. There is will towards men. Has any of us ever not an argument that has been adduced known the most illiterate man or woman against the Bible Society, that lias not inade worse in any relation of life, as been urged with equal force against parent, child, brother, friend, or subthe first reformers. The necessity of a ject, by the perusal of the Bible?" learned commentary, the incompetency
(To be continued.)
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
with the humiliating reverses which France.—Some tumults of a serious France has sustained, and which paved nature have taken place in Paris, and the way for their restoration to the also in some other parts of France. throne. The tumults in Paris have On the 24th of February, General originated in the popular indignation Berthon appeared in the market-place which has been excited by the preachof Thouars, with some other officers, ing of certain Jesuit missionaries, and a party of about forty or fifty in- who, it is said, have not only revived dividuals, and publicly read a procla- some of the worst mummeries of Poination announcing the determination pery, but have laboured to re-estaof the confederacy of which he was the blish the exploded doctrines of divine head to destroy the dominion of nobles right, unqualified submission, and and priests, and to abolish taxes, &c. blind faith. We fear that even under He invited all who agreed in his pro- its purest and simplest form, Chrisject to meet him at an appointed place, tianity would be an object of indifferand a few persons appear to have join- ence, if not of dislike, to a large pored his standard ; but the party were tion of the people of Paris ; but with speedily dispersed. The General him- the extrinsic and adventitious adjuncts self has not yet been taken,- This of bigotry, fanaticism, and political movement seems to have arisen from servility, it must be doubly revolting the discontents which prevail among to them. The agents in the late outthe soldiery, who have never ceased rages have manifested their hostito view the Bourbons in connexion lity to the missionaries, by explosions of fulminating powders, by placing the first regarded the schools instituted mephitic compositions in several of in France on the system of mutual the churches where the missionaries teaching, and the manifest discouragepreached, and by insulting the wor- ment with which these schools are now shippers on their ingress and egress. treated by the persons in power, while The presence of the military has been the rival establishments of the peres required to suppress these disgraceful de la foi, under Jesuit influence, are transactions; but the disposition of particularly favoured. And when it is mind, in which they originated, it will considered that the New Testament, be found much more difficult to sub- which began to be liberally introduced due. When we speak of these scenes into the former, has been excluded as disgraceful, we do not mean to ex- from the latter, some idea may be empt the government from a share of formed of the improbability of diffusthe reproach. They appear to have ing rational and spiritual views of acted unwisely in giving their direct Christianity by means of the favoured countenance to the itinerating mini- system. The attempt, however, to strations of these missionaries through- arrest the progress of light in France, out ihe kingdom, and in the heart of can hardly succeed. It may be shut Paris itselt; especially as these men out by one entrance, but it will force affect to treat France as a heathenized its way through others. The distaste land, and in token of its being reclaim felt to the missionaries and their ed, by their efforts, to Christianity, patrons will incline many to read the solemnly plant theCross wherever they Scriptures to which they are so hostile. go. Nor do their proceedings outrage The zeal they display will serve to only those whose minds have been excite a spirit of exertion in those more infected with the impiety and infide- sober and rational minds, who are oplity which were so widely diffused by posed to their bigotry and excess, and the Revolution ; nor even the still who yet desire to see Christianity uni larger number of those who, perhaps versally diffused. The Protestan. unreasonably, think they see in the Churches, enjoying as they do rest growing ascendancy of the Jesuits, and toleration, and the Bible Societies devoted as these are to the Romish connected with them, will also, we bierarchy, the revival of the power of trust, do something to prevent the the priesthood, and the resumption of stagnation of moral and religious imthe tithes and other property of the provement; and there being a large church. The best and soundest part class of the community who will exerof the Gallican Church have been cise, notwithstanding all that can be equally opposed to them, because they done to restrain it, the right of prianticipate, from the success of the vale judgment, religious light will, by Jesuits, the re-establishment of the the blessing of God, gradually spread, most revolting errors and abuses of and its influence will serve to fructify the Romish faith and ritual, and the tracks which are now either barren, or renewed subjection of the human un- are covered with the weeds and briars derstanding to the gross ignorance and of scepticism and immorality. blind superstition of the darker ages. The extent of the late disturbances, The offence at the present moment is owing to the state of the French press, increased by a belief that the mission- cannot be ascertained; nor are we told aries are warmly patronized and favour- how far they have been connected with ed, not by the king, but by his family, any prevailing dissatisfaction respectand especially by his brother, who is ing the character and conduct of the generally regarded in France as being new ministry. It is abundantly clear, at the heard of the now dominant party, however, that the ultra-royalists, who and who has credit given him, in the were so unpopular before, have lost general estimation, whether justly or none of their unpopularity by being not we pretend not to say, for that de- in power, and have even materially gree of uncompromizing bigotry which increased it by some of their measures, would lead him to favour the preten- and especially by the law for the resions of the court of Rome, and even gulation of the press, and by their to replace in its full vigour, if it were efforts to repress the freedom of dispossible, the whole of the ancient cussion in the chamber of deputies, ecclesiastical regime. What seems to where its members occasionally emhave given a colour to this severe judg- ploy the most outrageous expressions ment
of the royal family, is the marked of vituperation against the speakers on aversion with which they have from the opposition side of the house, not even scrupling to charge them clamo- be made by the Turks. To the report rously with being rebels, and that for that the Greeks are to be aided by an language which would be deemed, in American squadron, we do not attach our house of commons, not only venial any credit. but perfectly constitutional. SPAIN.- We observe with satisfac
DOMESTIC. tion the operation of a more moderate The plan for the reduction of the spirit in ihe Spanish Cortes, and a five per cents. has been carried into greater degree of oriler and tranquilli. complete effect. For every 100l. of 5 ty in the capital, and throughout the per cent. stock, the holder will receive country, than prevailed a few months 105l. of 4 per cents, irredeemable for ago. The separation of Spanish Ame
seven years. The united stock of those rica, with the exception of Cuba and who have dissented from the governPorto Rico, from the mother country, ment proposal, amounts only to about seems now to be nearly universal, and 2,600,0001., and notice has been given will, we doubt not, prove final. Even to the holders that they will be paid off the Spanish part of St. Domingo has at par. Manyof them would now,withthrown off its dependence, and is like- out doubt, be glad to retract their disly, it is said, to form an union with sent, as, at the present market-price the Haytian Republic; an event which of stocks, they are losers by their deis rendered more probable by the na- termination. The same plan of reducture of its population, a large majority tion is to be extended to the Irish 5 of whom consists of Free Blacks and per cent. stock. People of Colour.
The debates in the house of comPORTUGAL.—Things seem likewise mons on various financial questions, fast tending in the Brazils to a separa- and particularly on the Estimates for tion from Portugal. The Brazilian the year, have been unusually protracttroops, in concert with the colonists, ed. In addition to the regular oppohave forced the Portuguese regiments sition of the Whiy party, and the peremployed to garrison the different for- tinacious, and sometimes ill-judged, tified places to einbark for Europe; re- though on the whole useful efforts of fusing at the same time to permit some Mr. Hume, to enforce retrenchment, troops, which had arrived from Lisbon, the ministry have had to encounter, on to land. The colony is thus freed from some occasions, the dissent of many of the control of the mother country, and the country gentlemen who have usualwill probably proceed to assert its in- ly supported their measures, but whom dependence. The Prince Royal is the distresses of the agricultural instill detained at Rio de Janeiro.
terest, and the universal clamour for Turkey.—The same uncertainty a diminished expenditure, have of late seems still to envelop the relations of rendered more rigid in their notions this country. The newspapers have of economy. been sanguine in their anticipations of In a debate on a motion of Mr. Cala peaceful arrangement of the subsist. craft, gradually to abolish the salt tax, ing differences between the Porte and ministers succeeded in resisting it only Russia; but the only ground they ap- by a majority of four votes, in a house pear to have for this confidence is, consisting of 334 members. This small that no authoritative declarations of a majority, amounting almost to a dehostile character have been promul- feat, speaks so strongly the sentiments gated on either side. It is true no of the country on the question, that hostile manifestoes have as yet indi- we would hope government will be incated the approach of war; but we are clined, before long, to give up this most greatly mistaken if the quiet but un- onerous and impolitic tax, which, beceasing preparations of both parties sides its interference with many of the do not almost as certainly mark their most important branches of the nacommon expectations, as if war had tional industry, has the farther odium been loudly threatened.
of pressing with unequal severity on The refractory Pacha of Albania has those who are least able to bear it. at length been delivered up to the A more successful effort was made Turkish forces employed in the siege by the regular opposition, strengthenof Joannina, and his head sent to the ed by many country and neutral memSultan. The army thus liberated will bers, on the motion of Sir Matthew doubtless be employed against the Ridley, for the reduction of two of the Greeks, to subdue whose rebellion a six junior lords of the Admiralty. The powerful effort, it is said, is about to actual saving, in this instance, was allowed to be of but trifling amount; those reductions in our naval and mibut the offices being considered unne litary establishments, and in the difcessary, the house seemed determined ferent public offices, which have this to manifest its recognition of the prin- very year been effected by ministers, ciple of abolishing every supertlous as against the abolition of the sinecure appointment. On the division, there- appointment of a second postmasterfore, 182 voted for Sir M. Ridley's mo- general? We are the more anxious tion, and only 128 against it; being a to express our opinion of this argumajority of 54 against ministers.
ment, because it is perhaps the first This motion was followed by ano- time it has been distinctly and openly ther for the reduction of one of the two avowed, by public men, that useless postmasters-general, each of whom re
and expensive offices are to be retainceives a salary of 25001. a-year, al- ed with the direct view of upholding though it could not be denied, that with the influence of the crown in Parliarespect to one of them the office was ment. And even if such a principle a sinecure. The motion, however, were more constitutionalthan we think was negatived by a majority of 25, it is, (and for ourselves we regard it as many of the saine country gentlemen most unconstitutional,) it surely was who had voted for the reduction of not very wise to select the present mothe less questionable appointments at ment for its enunciation. We do not the Admiralty Board opposing the deny that the goverment ought 10 abolition of the second postmaster, possess a large share of influence; but general, although all parties seemed then it should be that legitimate into concur in considering the office, in Huence which arises from their papoint of utility, as altogther super- tronage of offices required by the exiAuous. It is difficult to conceive the gencies of the state, and with a view motive for this sudden change of con- to the public good; from the collection duct. We are ourselves disposed to and administration of a revenue of attribute it to the mischievous influ- sixty millions of money; from a large ence of party spirit, producing a fear army and navy; from all the muliiof giving undue weight to the opposi- plied civil and judicial appointments tion, if measures proposed by them, in the United Kingdom, and in our exhowever right and reasonable, should tensive colonial possessions; and from be successively carried against minis- the support of a large share of the ters. An alarm of this kind appears to patronage of our immense empire have seized some of the independent in India. With such vast means of country gentlemen immediately after fair and legitimate influence, it surethe successful effort of patriotism by ly cannot with truth be said, that which they had extinguished two lords government have not rewards enough of the Admiralty; and before a week in their gift to carry on the busipasses, they are found strenuously sup- ness of the state, or that they are unporting a perfectly different view of der the necessity, in order to enthe obligations of Parliament! The able them to do so, to resort to the principal argument used to defend the 'awkward, invidious, and expensive exsecond postmaster-general against pedient of unnecessary official appointthe economists was, that in these days ments. And do they not, in fact, lose of increased light, when public opi- mure in one direction by the odium nion, not to say popular delusion, has which such questionable modes of ingained a force unknown to former creasing their influence excite, than times, such appointments are abso- they gain in another by a few votes lutely necessary for maintaining the that may be invariably relied on in due influence of the crown. Supposing the house of commons this argument to be just, how came Great retrenchments have been these gentlemen to be insensible to making, by ministers themselves, in the its force, when, a few evenings be- treasury, and in various other offices fore, they placed their extinguisher under government; and they propose over the heads of two lords of the Ad- to carry their plans of economy into miralty? How came they to overlook every department of the state. The it when they concurred, on various oc- king has himself graciously directed casions, with Mr. Banks in his mea- a reduction in various parts of his sures for abolishing useless offices ? establishment, which will amount to Do they not see that whatever truth a saving of 30,0001.; and the retrenchthere is in it, applies as strongly (if ments from the civil list, and in the not much more strongly) against all different government offices, are ex