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were then collected on the bank of the the one abounding in fine woods, and river, to learn the manners and customs deer, and buffaloes; the other destitnte of their ancestors, and hear the old men of both ;-that these imagine, that when recite the traditions of their forefathers. the spirit of bad men leaves the body, ?'bey were assembled again, at sunset, it proceeds on the same road as that of for the same purpose; and were taught good men, till the road forks, when it to regard as a sacred duty, the trans- takes the way to the bad country, snpmission to their posterity of the lessons posing it to be the other ;—that many thus acquired. He said, that this custom expect a great day, when the world will is now abandoned by all the tribes with be burnt and made over again, far plea. which he is acquainted, except, to use santer than it is now, wben the spirits his own words, “ where there is, will return from the spirit country and here and there, an old ancient fellow, settle again upon it; and that near the who apholds the old way;"—that many place where they were buried will be have talked of resuming their own cus- their future bome. toms, which the Whites have gradually On Sunday evening, two poor Indian undermined; but are unable, from the hunters came in, with no covering but loss of their traditions; that he supposes a little blanket wrapped round them. that these might be recovered, from Our host immediately lighted his pipe, distant tribes over the Mississippi; but gave two or three puffs, and passed it that the Choctaws are acting more wise. to his Indian guests, who did the saine ; Jy in seeking civilization.
when it was laid down again. As soon He said that they had an obscure as the strangers heard that I was story, somewhat resembling that of Ja. British,” they seemed much pleased ; cob wrestling with the Angel; and that and indirectly confirmed what I had the full-blooded Indians always separate previously heard, both in the Creek aud " the sinew which shrank," and ibat it Choctaw nations, of the lingering attachis never seen in the venisop exposed for ment of many of the lodians to their sale. A gentleman, who had lived on ancient allies. Before the linters are the Indian frontier, or in the nation, for rived, my host had been speaking on ten or fifteen years, told me that he the subject; and said tliat the older inhad often been surprised that the In- dians had frequently inquired of 'bim, dians always detached this sinew, but where their White people were gode ;it had never occurred to him to inquire that tliey had fine times formerly, when the reason.
their White people were among them, My half-breed Choctaw also informed who used to give them handsome presents me, ibat there were tribes or families for pothing; but they disappeared sudamong the Indiaus, somewhat similar to denly, and nobody had ever seen them the Scottish Clans. Those of the same since : “ however, may be they'll come family or clan are not allowed to inter- again.” He said that many large districts marry, although no relationship, how. had suffered severely, especially during ever remote, can be traced between the late war, for refusing to fight against them, and though the ancestors of the the British; and some individuals bad' two parties may have been living, for been put to death, even by their own centuries in different and distant nations. nation, after it had gone over to the Indeed, wherever any of the family or Americans. I told them of the death of clan meet, they recognize one another as King George ; whó, among the Chocbrothers and sisters; and use one ano. taws, is often spoken of with a degree ther's houses, though personally strau- of respect that must gratify a British gers, without reserve.
heart; although enlightened' humanity With respect to the religions belief of forbids us to wish that they stiould chethe Choctaws, he said that it is a pre- risb their former feelings under circun. vailing opinion among them, that there stances which must render them prois a Great Spirit, who made the earth, doctivé only of disappointment. and placed them on it, and who preserves Our bunters, who conversed with us them in their hustiog journeys, and through the medium of our half breed gives them their “ luck in life;" that, host, remained till late; an Indian never however, they do not often think of thinking of leaving any thing that he is Him;--that they believe that all who die, interested in, merely because it is night, go to the spirit country; but that some as they have no fixed engagements to snppose it is divided into two patious; prevent the sleeping whenever they
please. We endeavoured to obtain one had previously crossed alone. In the of tbem for a guide the next morning, course of this day's ride, we crossed the as ons track was a lonely one : but he last waters which fall into the Tombighad hurt bis foot." We accordingly set bee; and some little streams, wbicb, ont alone, very early, as there was not taking an opposite direction, empty a habitation of any kind for the distance themselves into the Tennessee. We also of fifty miles; which we were therefore passed, thongh still in the lodian nation, to complete in the day, or to lie in the the boundary line between Mississippi woods : and as the day was wet, we pre- and Alabama.. The country became ferred the former. We might perhaps more hilly; and we were glad to exhave felt some apprehension also of wild change our muddy streams for clear beasts such an unfrequented road; pebbly brooks. since, although we were informed that At night, we slept in the woods; and, wolves, unless nearly famished, are in the morning, crossed Bear Creek, a scared by the scent of a human being, a beautiful romantic river. A few miles hungry papther is sometimes pot inti: further, we came to the summit of a midated even by a fire. Our conrse, hill, from which we had an extensive the whole day, was along an Iudian path, view of the country below us. The sørabout twelve or fourteen inches broad, face was broken into lofty ridges, among throngh woods which protected us from which a river wound its course; and the thie hot sun when it gleamed between mass of forest which lay between 08 the showers. It was twice crossed by and a very distant horizon, exhibited no hunters' paths, a little narrower than trace of animated existence, except a itself; and we were admonished, that, solitary cabin and one patch of Indian if we deviated into these, we should corn. The view of this boundless soli. perhaps come to no babitation for 100 tude was naturally a sombre one; but, or 150 miles. We arrived safely at the to us, emerging into light from the reend of our journey abont sunset; hav. cesses of thick woods, in which, for. ing seen only two Indian hunters and many days, our eyes had seldom been two wolves, in the course of the day. able to range beyond a narrow. circle of
The Chickąsaws, among whom we a few hundred yards, it imparted sensanext arrived, generally appeared to us tions of cheerfulness which it would be neater in their persons than our friends difficult to describe. Not that we were the Choctaws. The Chickasaws seem tired of the wilderoess. The fragrance 10 expend in ornaments their savings of the woods which enveloped as in a and the annuity, of which the Choc. cool shade, aud the melody of their laws appropriate a large proportion to warbling tenants, regaled the senses their farms or cattle. - Among their with a perpetual feast: while the gam. customs, I was told that they bury bols of the squirrels, the cooing of the their dead in their houses. While doves, the variety of large snakes, which getting a cup of coffee at a full-blood- ofien crossed our path, birds with the ed Chickasaw's, a little Negro girl richest plumage, which we bad seen only the only person about the house who, in museums, and, above all, tbe mag. could speak English, said, “ Master's Dificent forest trees which here attain wife is lying behind you." On looking their largest growth, all presented an round, I saw nothing but a bed; when unfailing succession of objects to inthe little girl told me to look under it. terest and ainusę us. Besides, tbere is, When she observed that I was disap- something so soothing in the retirement pointed on perceiving nothing, she said, of these vast solitudes, that the mind * Mistress is buried there; but don't is, at first, unwilling to be disturbed in speak loud, or master will cry.” its reveries, and to awaken from the
We again set off early in the morning, deep, and, perhaps, unprofitable musand breakfasted at an Indian's. Soon iogs into which it has suffered itself to after breakfast, we crossed a swamp, be lulled. Yet, although it would shrink which had been beld up in terrorem bem from the glare of a day-light which fore us for some days; and took the pre- would summon it to its ordinary cares, cautiou of passing it in company with and wonld start back from a sudden in. some gentlemen who were acquainted troduction into the din and bustle of a with its intricacies. Our prudence, jarring world, it is refreshed by looka however, was unnecessary; as the drying abroad on the face of vature, and is weather had rendered it far less difficult delighted to revive its sympathies with and troublesome than several which we the rational creation of which it forms
a part, by glancing on the distant con- on Sunday. I was told, indeed, that fines of civilized life.
there were instances of their walking Towards evening, we passed, not with. twenty miles over the mountains and re. ont regret, the line which separates the turning the same day. present territory of the Chickasaw What animation would an occasion. nation, from their last cession to the al glance at Elliot or Brainerd infuse United States. As I had previously into our missionary committees! and learnt that my journey wonld not be how cheering to many a pious collector extended by visiting the Missionary of one shilling per week in our female Settlement among the Cherokees, I de. associations would be the sight of her termined to take Brainerd in my way; Indian sisters, rescued from their deand proceeded through Alabama and graded condition, and instructed in the East Tennessee, to the north-east cor. school of Christ! ner of the State of Georgia, where it is After leaving Brainerd I crossed the situated. In passing through the northe river Tennessee, which here forms the ern part of Alabama, I was particularly boundary of the Cherokee Nation. I struck with the rapidity with which it now bade a last adieu to Indian terri. has been settled. It is little more than tory; and, as I pursued my solitary ride two years since these public lands were through the woods, I insensibly fell into sold. At that time not a tree was felled; a train of melancholy reflections on the and now the road is skirted with beauti- eventual history of this injured race. ful fields of cotton and Indian corn, Sovereigns, from time immemorial, of the from $0 to 120 miles in extent. Where. interminable forests which overshadow ever I inqnired, which I seldom failed this vast continent, they have gradually to do as often as I stopped, I found that been driven by the White usurpers of there were schools and opportunities their soil, within the limits of their prefor public worship within a convenient sent precarious possessions. One after distance. I was gratified by receiving another of their favourite rivers has been the same information throughout East reluctaully abandoned, until the range Tennessee,
of the hunter is bounded by lines pre· At the foot of the Cumberland Moun- scribed by his invader, and the indepentains we slept in a solitary hut, where dence of the warrior is no nore. Even we found a neat old woman, of 70 or their present territory is partitioned ont 80 years of age, very busily engaged in in reversion; and intersected with the spinning. A young clergyman, who had prospective boundaries of surrounding been visiting Brainerd, was also drived States, which appear in the maps, as if in by heavy rain; and his offers to con- Indian title were actually extinguished, duct family worship were thankfully and these ancient warriors were alaccepted by our hostess and her son. ready driven from the land of their
We reached Brainerd early on the fathers. Of the innumerable tribes, Ist of June, and remained till the follow. which, a few centuries since, roamed, ing morning. The manner of proceed. fearless and independent, in their naing was so similar to that at Elliot, that tive forests, how many have been swept it is unnecessary to describe it. In. into oblivion, and are with the genedeed, this institution was orginally rations before the flood ! Of others, not former by some of the very missionaries, a trace remains but in tradition, or in who afterwards went on to establish the the person of some solitary wanderer, settlement at Elliot. The number of the last of his tribe, who hovers like a Cherokee children amounted to about ghost among the sepulchres of his 80; and, in addition to these, were two fathers-a spark still faintly glimmer. little Osage Indians, wbo had been res. ing in the ashes of an extinguished race. cued from captivity. I was much gra. From this gloomy review of the past tified by hearing the children sing their history of these injured tribes, it was Cherokee Hymus : and many ancient refreshing to turn to their future prosprophecies came forcibly to my recol. pects; and to contemplate those mislection, when joining, in this Indian sionary labours, which, under the bless. country, with Americans, Indians, and ing of God, are arresting the progress Africans, in singing the praises of the of that silent waste, by which they were only true God, and Jesus Christ whom fading rapidly from the map of nations. hie bath sent. Some Negroes attended Partial success, indeed bad followed family prayer; and many come from a the occasional efforts of the American considerable distance to public worship Government for the civilization of the
Indians ; but it was reserved for the per. bath, are now distinguished for the quiet severance of disinteresied Christian and cleanliness which pervade their jove, to prove, to the world at large, the streets, and the peace and good order practicability of an undertaking which observed by their inhabitants on that had often been abandoned in despair. hallowed day. The aid of the Society
It is animating to contemplate the continues to be extended, either by adUnited States—in the name, as it were, vice or by more effectual methods, to and as the representative of the various sach distant towus or districts as shall nations who have participated in the apply for it; and it has already reached wrongs inflicted on this injured race- to no less than nine counties, preparing to offer the noblest compen. In the month of August 1819, a short sation in their power, by diffusing the Report was published detailing the conGospel throughout the Aborigines of viction and punishment of five men, dethis western world. And, surely, if any tected by the Society's agents in dissemiargnments were necessary in support nating obscene hand-bills on the Ealof Missions, in addition to those derived ing, Winchester, and Chelmsford racefrom the force of the Divine commands, grounds ; when no less than nine hunand the suggestions of diffusive charity, dred and sixteen copies were seized we should find them in the history of the and destroyed. These prosecutions early intercourse of Christian Europe bave at one race-course, and probably with Asia, Africa, and America.
at others, put a stop, for a time at least,
to this outrage on public decency. SOCIETY FOR THE SUPPRESSION The Society have since discovered three OF VICE,
wholesale dealers, by whom the hawkers The Committee, in their Ninth Oc
were supplied. One of these three casional Report, lately published, ac- men was the same individual who had knowledge with great satisfaction the
made his escape at Doncaster; the enlarged contributions received since second was the printer; and the other the publication of their last Report. was possessed of a large stock of copThey regard it as a subject of the per-plate prints of the most disgusting highest congratulation to every in obscenity; which he not only retailed biassed mind, that no sooner did the in this country, but exported largely Society stand forward at a critical mo- to America. Bills were found against ment in the great cause of the Christian these offenders, who were tried at the Religion, against the combined efforts Lancaster assizes, and, having pleaded of blasphemy and infidelity, than the guilty, were severally sentenced to two needed supplies were readily obtained, months' imprisonment, to which, in the new auxiliaries appeared on its side, last of the three cases, was added a fine and many persons, from whom the so- of 501. The judge, on passing sentence, ciety had not previously met with any remarked, -" The public are very much co-operation, now zealously joined in indebted to the Society for extending promoting its useful objects, and in
their care to distant parts of the coun. giving it additional vigour and effect.
try ; and I am very glad that they have The Society has carried into effect extended it to this place, because it its established plans for preventing open promotes decency, morality, and reli. profanations of the Sabbath, with in- gion." creased success. Since the last Re
In London, the Society observed a port, its agents have regularly inspected 'considerable abatement in this traffic the numerous districts in and about during twelve months after the prothe metropolis; and do less than one
ceedings against various offenders in hundred and thirty-four offenders have the year 1818: but subsequently it bebeen prosecuted to conviction. By gan (though more covertly) to resume these meaus an opportunity has been its former activity; of which the Society afforded to the conscientious dealer for being apprised, six dealers were prosemaintaining a decent and religious ob- cuted and convicted. servance of the day; the outrages on The last transaction under this head public feeling have been restrained; respects the protection of one of the nuisances before complained of have principal public seminaries in the king. very sensibly abated; many districts dom, from the baneful effects of this have changed their appearance; and detestable trade. The head master some, from having been noted for an fond that two boys were possessed entire disregard of the Christian Sal. of obscene snuft-boxes, and quickly as.
CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 243.
certained that they had been sold to depôts, taking with him a letter address. them by an itinerant Italian hawker; ed to the officers commanding, wiihi spewho, for the purpose of carrying on his cimens of the books, and offering supinfamous traffic with this seminary, had plies solely on the terms of purchase at fixed his residence, for a time, at a pube reduced prices, except for regimental lic house in a neighbouring town. Ap- schools, hospitals, and guard-rooms; plication being made to the Society, wbich, upon the written requisitions of the man was immediately apprehended, commanding officers, he is authorized and convicted of the offence, and sen- to supply gratuitously. By means of tenced to six months'imprisonment, and this travelling agent, forty stations or to pay a fine of 51. The interposition corps have had copies of the holy Scrip. of the Society was so sensibly felt at tures tendered to them; and, in consethe seminary allnded to, that a liberal quence, no less than 4615 copies of the contribution, to be continued annually, word of God have been distributed, was in cousequence transmitted in aid towards which the individuals supplied of its funds.
have contributed the unprecedented sum The Committee detail, under the of 4841. 8s. 6d. The Society has thus head of “infidel and blasphemous pub- had the best possible proof of the desire lications,” ten different indictments, not of the men to become possessed of the one of which has failed, either for want holy Scriptures, with a strong pledge of a proper selection or of competent that they value the books, and are likeevidence. Several of these were insti. ly to make a right ise of them. The tuted against Richard Carlile and his agent thus employed lias invariably agents. The results are before the pub- received the countenance and support lic, and need not be bere repeated. of the officers in command; and in some Repeated prosecutions, following close- instances he has not only had their corly on the publication of blasphemous dial assistance in promoting the object and infidel works, and leaving their of his mission, but has obtained their vendors no hope of profiting by their names as subscribers, besides supplying crime, are absolutely necessary to check them with Bibles for their own use, at this enormous evil; and under this view the Society's prices. the Committee solicit instant and effec- The agent of a kindred institution at tual aid from all classes of sincere Gravesend, who also acts for this Sofriends to religion and humanity. They ciety, in visiting twenty-one ships, in pledge themselves to the most perse- which detachments were embarked to vering efforts in the application of the join their regiments abroad, to the Society's funds, undeterred by any con- number of 1646 individuals, found siderations of a personal nature, and, scarcely twenty copies of the
Scriptures least of all, by the reproaches of evil. among the whole of them. This agent, minded men. They profess to do no- a Lieutenant in the Royal Navy, has thing more than to put the existing distributed to these persons 362 Bibles laws into execution against vice and and Testaments. immorality; a duty binding on all friends The Committee are now engaged in to social order, morality, and religion, the introduction of a plan for an enlarg
ed circulation of the Scriptures in his NAVAL AND MILITARY BIBLE Majesty's ships, in the hope of extendSOCIETY.
ing to the British sailor, in common with The Committee of this excellent in the British soldier, the means of becomstitution state in their last Report, that ing a purchaser of the sacred volume. pressing and extensive demands conti. As the result of their proceedings due to be made npon them for copies of during the year, the Committee report, the holy Scriptures, both at home and that since the anniversary of 1820, they abroad. Urgent applications had been have found it necessary to purchase no made not only from Scotland and Ire- less than 8924 Bibles, and 4850 Testaland, and various naval and military sta- ments, without being able to keep a tions in England, but from India, the sufficient stock of books to meet the deMauritius, Ceylon, Corfu, Halifax, and mauds upon them. The total distribuCanada. Besides extensive issues through tion of the Society, in Bibles and Testathe medium of the Committees of Auxi- ments, for the year has been 10,142 liary Societies, a person of piety and copies. These exertions have unavoid. zeal, many years in the army, has been ably involved the Society in pecuniary employed to visit various regiments and engagemeuts far beyond the means