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MANUAL

362.27 Item 6. Additional money withdrawn. If the respondent withdrew any
money in addition to the salary reported in item 5, or if he withdrew
varying amounts at irregular intervals, instead of a salary, enter
the total amount withdrawn here. This amount should be included in
the figure entered in items 3 or 4 or 8.

362.28 Item 7. Goods and services received. If goods and services were taken from the business for family use and not paid for, obtain your respondent's estimate of their retail value and enter the amount here. If the goods were taken for the use of a member of the consumer unit, this amount should not be included in the figure entered in items 3 or 4 or 8. If the goods were given to someone outside the consumer unit report the retail value of these goods or services as gifts or contributions: in K-108 if housefurnishings, in N-24 if clothing; in P-30 if recreation, etc., in Q-9 if auto, in Y-25 for all other goods and services. The retail value of these goods or services should have also been entered in the appropriate expenditure sections, either as items purchased for family use or as gifts if given to persons outside the family; for example, if a grocer brought home food for family use, the retail value of this food should have been entered in L-3 or if given as a gift, in L-42.

362.29 Item 8. Net loss from owned business. If the business was operated at a net loss in 1950, enter the amount of the loss here. If there is an entry in this item there should be no entry in items 3 or 4. However, a self-employed person could suffer a net loss and still pay himself a salary or withdraw money or goods or services from the business; that is, there can be an entry in item 8 and in items 5, 6, or 7, even though he suffered a net loss.

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Survey of Consumer

MANUAL

363

SECTION V. INCOME FROM UNINCORPORATED BUSINESS OR FARM OWNED BUT NOT
OPERATED.

363.1 General Instructions. In Section V you will report the same kind of information for persons who had income from an unincorporated business or farm which was owned but not operated by a member of the consumer unit that you did in Section U for an unincorporated business or profession owned and operated by a member of the consumer unit.

Note that we do not consider it possible for a profession to be owned but not operated. Even if an attorney or doctor derives income from a firm in which he is no longer active, this should be recorded in Section U and explained in a footnote.

If any member of the consumer unit owned a business either wholly or in partnership which was operated by someone outside the consumer unit fill in this section. The most frequent case of this kind is when a person owns a farm which is share-cropped, i.e., which is farmed by someone else with the owner receiving a share of the profits. However, if the owner rents the farm to a tenant farmer at a stated rental, such income is entered in Section H. Occasionally, you will find a respondent who owns a small business, which is operated by a manager.

If one family member owns more than one business, use a separate column for each business, heading each column with his family member number.

363.2 Detailed Instructions.

363.21 Item 1. Share of profits. The amount of profits reported should be your respondent's share before personal taxes. By profits, we mean net earnings. For a discussion of net earnings see Section 363.24.

Items 1 and 4 are alternatives. If there is no report for profits in Item 1, there must be a report of losses in Item 4. If the business broke exactly even, enter a dash (-) in both Item 1 and Item 4.

363.22 Item 2. Cost withdrawn.

business, report it here.
entered in Items 1 or 4.

If your respondent withdrew any money from the
This amount should be included in the figure

363.23 Item 3. Goods and services received. If goods or services were taken from the business and not paid for, obtain your respondent's estimate of their retail value and enter the amount here. See Section 362.28 for a further discussion.

363.24 Item 4. Net loss. If the business was operated enter your respondent's share of the loss here. this item, there should be no entry in Item 1. entry in items 2 or 3 and 4.

at a net loss in 1950, If there is an entry in However, there can be an

Survey of Consumer

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S-364

LINE-ITEM INSTRUCTIONS, BLS 1847-B

MANUAL

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364.11 In addition to the report of income in Section U or V, you will obtain in Section W a statement of changes in investment in an unincorporated business or profession. This will enable us to separate business debts and savings from those of the family. Generally there will be no entries in Section W unless there are entries in Sections U or V. We will use this information in combination with that obtained in Section S to round out our picture of the changes in the consumer unit's savings during 1950. Note that our final column in Section W is Change in Investment - not total investment as of either January 1 or December 31, 1950.

364.12 The ways in which people increase or decrease their investments in business are listed at the beginning of this section. If necessary, read these to your respondent to clarify the question.

364.13

Money invested in unincorporated businesses is usually obtained from the profits of the business itself, or from the family savings or income from other sources.

For each member of the consumer unit who increased or decreased his business investments, enter the family member number at the top of a column and enter the amounts as requested in Items 1 or 2. Do not make any entries in the "Change in Investment" column.

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364.21 Item 1. Increase in Investment. Report here the increase in the respondent's investment in an unincorporated business, or profession. Investments in business are increased by:

Buying all or any part of a business, such as business property, land, building, equipment, etc.

Improving business property

Building up inventories, accounts receivable, and cash reserve

Decreasing mortgages, business debts, and accounts payable.

If the increase in investment reported in Item 1 represents business
profits left in the business, explain this in a footnote, and indicate
whether this sum in included in the figure reported in Section U,
Items 3 or 4.

MANUAL

364.22 Item 2. Decrease in Investment. Report here the decrease in your respondent's investment in an unincorporated business or profession. Investments in business are decreased by:

Selling all or any part of a business such as business property, land, buildings, equipment, etc.

Decreasing inventories, accounts receivable, and cash reserve

Increasing mortgages, business debts, and accounts payable.

Survey of Consumer

S-365

LINE-ITEM INSTRUCTIONS, BLS 1847-B

MANUAL

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365.1

General Instructions. In Section X you will record income from all other sources. Income from some of these sources is generally small for any one consumer unit and people are apt to forget about it. However, when such income is added up for all consumers, it makes up a very important part of total national income. So, ask about each item specifically.

Include in this section all income except money received in direct
return for work done as an employee (reported in Section T), income
from owned business (Sections U or V), and income from roomers and
boarders, or real estate (Section H).

365.2 Detailed Instructions.

365.21 Item 1.

Interest received from bonds, savings accounts, mortgages, loans, etc. Interest is money received for the use of money. Enter all amounts received as interest during 1950 which were or could have been drawn in cash, such as interest on savings accounts, mortgages held by the consumer unit, notes, bonds, postal-saving certificates. Exclude accrued interest which was not payable in cash during the year, as in the case of Series E savings bonds, which have not been surrendered. If such bonds were cashed during the year, enter here the total interest received, i.e., the difference between the amount received and the original cost.

365.22 Item 2. Dividends received from stock and cooperatives. Enter all dividends received in cash during 1950. Include dividends received and patronage refunds from cooperatives, cash dividends from paid up insurance policies, and insurance dividends left on deposit, not applied to premiums.

365.23 Items 3 through 5. Receipts based on military service. Enter in these items all money received during 1950 from government agencies for present or past military service except military pay received for active service by service personnel living at home. Enter such pay in Section T.

365.24 Item 3.

Enter mustering-out pay which is defined as pay given at the time of an honorable discharge to veterans of World War II below the rank of major or lieutenant commander who served prior to July 1, 1947. Those without overseas service were entitled to $200; with overseas service, $300. Include also in Item 3 the cash bonuses paid to veterans of World War II by several states.

Survey of Consumer

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