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COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS
JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia, Chairman
EDMUND S. MUSKIE, Maine
B. EVERETT JORDAN, North Carolina BIRCH BAYH, Indiana
JOSEPH M. MONTOYA, New Mexico
THOMAS F. EAGLETON, Missouri
JOHN V. TUNNEY, California
LLOYD M. BENTSEN, JR., Texas
JOHN SHERMAN COOPER, Kentucky
J. GLENN BEALL, JR., Maryland
LOWELL P. WEICKER, JR., Connecticut
RICHARD B. ROYCE, Chief Clerk and Staff Director
J. B. HUYETT, Jr., Assistant Chief Clerk and Assistant Staff Director
BARRY MEYER, Counsel
BAILEY GUARD, Minority Staff Director
TOM C. JORLING, Minority Counsel
Professional Staff Members: JOSEPH F. VAN VLADRICKEN, LEON G. BILLINGS, RICHARD D GRUNDY, JOHN YAGO, HAROLD H. BRAY MAN, RICHARD W. WILSON, PHILIP T. CUMMINGS JUDY PARENTE, and RICHARD HEROD
American Chemical Society, reprint of article in publication of entitled
National Milk Producers Federation, statement of...
Interior, Department of, Fish and Wildlife Service, publication of entitled
Summary of State laws and regulations regarding pollution from
Ruckelshaus, Hon. William D., appendix to statement--Continued
Chart of State allotments and reallotments since fiscal year 1967-
Coordination with CEQ..
Enforcement: Summary of enforcement actions.
Feasibility of alternative means of cooling for thermal power plants
near Lake Michigan___
FWQA basin planning..
FWQA technical studies.
FWQA technical studies..
GAO reports: EPA implementation of recommendations..
Manpower: Status report on manpower requirements--
Industrial pollution control technology: Summary with nine "state-of-
Memorandum of understanding between administrator, EPA, and
Municipal treatment of industrial discharges: Statement of policy..
Oil and hazardous materials:
Major oil spills of 1970.
Status report on implementation of section 11 and 12.
Regulations: Status of regulations to be promulgated under Water
Research on demonstration efforts on closed cycle systems--
Status of storm and combined sewer pollution control problems..
Summary of Federal expenditures in each of section 5 and 6
Summaries of research and demonstration projects under sec-
Comparative chart of Federal and nonfederal dollars for 1967
Digest of fiscal year 1970 State program plans
Supplement: Physical and Ecological Effects of Waste Heat on Lake
Water Pollution Control Federation, letter to Senator Muskie from
WATER POLLUTION CONTROL PROGRAMS
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1971
SUBCOMMITTEE ON AIR AND WATER POLLUTION
Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10:10 a.m., pursuant to call, in room 4200, New Senate Office Building, Senator Edmund S. Muskie (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Present: Senators Muskie, Randolph, Montoya, Eagleton, Boggs, Dole, Beall, Weicker, and Buckley.
Also present: Richard B. Royce, chief clerk and staff director; Bailey Guard, minority staff director; M. Barry Meyer, counsel, Thomas C. Jorling, minority counsel; and Leon G. Billings, Richard D. Grundy, Harold H. Brayman, and Philip T. Cummings, professional staff.
Senator MUSKIE. May I open the hearing this morning by saying that you are most welcome at this first hearing of the 1971 legislative session of this subcommittee.
I would like, first of all, to welcome two of our new committee members. We have five new Members of the Senate who are members of the full Public Works Committee, four of whom are also members of the Subcommittee on Air and Water Pollution. I would like to welcome Senator Buckley of New York, and Senator Weicker of Connecticut. Our other new members are Senator Bentsen of Texas, Senator Tunney of California, and Senator Beall of Maryland. We welcome them all.
The committee has been enlarged, because of the wide interest in the subject of pollution. I think we now have 13 members, out of a total of 16 members on the full committee.
This doesn't make us the dog or the tail. It just makes us an important part of this Public Works Committee.
I would also like to announce that because the workload of the committee will be very heavy this year, we have agreed yesterday to create a subcommittee, or panel, of the subcommittee, in which we will focus attention upon the environmental research we have triggered in the last few years, in our legislation. It will be a nonlegislative subcommittee, but its work will be very important, because only to the extent that we can make breakthroughs in the science and technology of pollution control can we really move ahead as rapidly as we need to.
Chairing that subcommittee, or panel, will be Senator Eagleton, of Missouri, who will be vice chairman of this full subcommittee. I am delighted to have him taking over that responsibility.
The hearings this morning and next Monday are in the nature of preliminary oversight hearings, and to a certain extent, they will be technical. We think that we need to have them at the outset of this session, to cover such subjects as the recent funding and manpower experience in the Federal program for water pollution control; the regulations to be issued by the Environmental Protection Agency governing permits for industrial discharges under the 1899 Refuse Act; regulations to be issued by EPA regarding State certification of discharges under section 21 (b) of the Water Quality Amendments of 1970: the extension and tightening of water quality standards; the preparation and promulgation of effluent guidelines.
As I say, I think that these hearings are an important preliminary to the discussion of legislation which is being introduced for our consideration this year.
Those who have followed the work of the subcommittee will recall that last year we had extensive hearings in the field of water pollution control. We will build on those hearings and put together our legislative recommendations for the Senate, which we hope to do in the first half of this legislative year.
So with that, may I welcome my colleagues this morning to this first hearing, and I suppose I ought also to give special recognition. as always, to the cooperative efforts that we have had on both sides of the aisle, over the years, in this field. I would hope that that would continue, despite the obvious change in some respects, of circumstances, and I think it will.
We had a good year last year, Senator Boggs, in terms of cooperation, and put together a tough Clean Air Act. I think we can have the same kind of cooperation this year to put together a tough Water Pollution Control Act.
May I ask Senator Boggs to say a few words.
Senator BOGGS. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I want to join you most wholeheartedly in welcoming Mr. Ruckelshaus and Mr. Dominick this morning, as well as welcoming the new members of our committee. I know they will add greatly to the committee, and to its work on solution to the many challenges facing our Nation.
In addition, I join you in expressing the need, and urgency, for the cooperation we have had in the past. As we move forward in these en vironmental matters, it will require great cooperation to achieve the very best legislation possible. Under your leadership, since the sub committee's organization in 1963, we have been fortunate in having this cooperation. I can assure you, Mr. Chairman, that I will do all I can to see that it continues.
Today is the first official appearance of Mr. Ruckelshaus, before the committee, since he assumed office, although we have met with him informally. We certainly welcome vou, Mr. Administrator. We have been greatly impressed by the efforts you have made in beginning thi new and important position.
Mr. RUCKELSILATS. Thank you, Senator.
Senator Boggs. We wish you well in the work you are doing.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
Senator MUSKIE. Thank you very much, Senator Boggs.