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iron ; tons of boiler and nail plate; tons of sheet iron; tons of wire, rod, tire, and other iron; tons railroad iron; tons of anchors and chains; tons of rivets; tons nails; tons spikes; tons of blooms; tons miscellaneous products.

Steel Works.—Tons of cast or shear steel; tons puddled or :::blistered steel ; tons Bessemer steel.

Paper Mills.Tons of printing paper; tons writing paper; tons wrapping paper; tons straw pasteboard ; pounds colored papers ; tons wall paper; pounds bank-note paper; pounds other paper.

Gas Works.-Cubic feet of gas ; pounds coal tar; bushels coke.

Iron-Bridge and Roof-Building Establishments.Number of railroad bridges: average span and aggregate length; number highway and other bridges : average span and aggregate length ; number buildings roofed, and total superficies of roof.

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MINING. All mining and quarrying industries must be reported upon Schedule 4, for the Products of Industry.

The following rules will be particularly observed:

Distinguish between mines or quarries, and reduction works, making separate returns for each class, whether owned by different parties or not.

Mines and Quarries.—Under “Machinery,” state number of steam or hydraulic engines, and total horse-power. If water is used, number of water-wheels and horse-power (or, if more convenient, the diameter and width of wheel, and head, and amount of water); horse whims; machinery of ventilation, pumping, transportation, and the mechanical preparation of product, e. g., coalbreakers, washers, or other crushing, cleaning, and concentrating machines in use at the mine. Also state greatest depth of mine, or greatest length of tunnel.

Under “Labor,” distinguish between above ground and underground.

Under “Materials,” give powder or other explosives, timber and steel consumed, and fuel for machinery.

Under “Product,” give total tons of rock removed, and the tons of Ore included in that amount, with the value of the same.

Reduction Works.—Under "Machinery," report crushers,

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stamps, amalgamators, settlers, pans, &c., &c. Furnaces, their number and character.

Under "Materials,” state tons of ore, cost of fuel, total value of chemicals, amalgams and machinists' supplies.

Under “Product,” state kinds, quantities, and values of metals produced, regulus or saleable bye-products.

SOCIAL STATISTICS.—SCHEDULE 5. The collection of Social Statistics, Schedule 5, is, by the law of 1850, made an exception to the rule which governs in respect to the other schedules. All the materials for Schedules 1, 2, 3, and 4, must be obtained by the personal inquiry of the Assistant Marshal at each house, farm, shop, &c., of his subdivision. The Social Statistics, on the other hand, may be obtained, as far as possible, from official documents, from the published reports or the manuscript records of schools, colleges, prisons, asylums, &c. When such reports or records are not found, or are insufficient for the demands of the schedule, the information may, in perhaps the majority of cases, be obtained by correspondence. Marshals are therefore allowed at their discretion to appoint DEPUTY MARSHALS for the collection of Social Statistics. Such appointments do not constitute an interference with the duties of Assistant Marshals (Sec. 7, Act of May 23, 1850). One or more Deputy Marshals may be allowed to collect Social Statistics of an entire District or State, and will receive all the compensation allowed by law for the service.

If, on the other hand, Marshals do not choose to avail themselves of this provision, the statistics for Schedule 5, will, as for the other schedules, be obtained by the personal visitation and inquiry (or by such correspondence to that end as may be deemed necessary) of each Assistant Marshal within his own field; or of such one of the Assistant Marshals within a county (where there is more than one subdivision) as may be designated by the Marshal to perform that duty.

In case Deputy Marshals are appointed for the purpose, all Assistant Marshals will be notified that they are relieved from that work. In case certain Assistant Marshals only are appointed to the service, the remaining Assistants will be duly notified.

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Where Deputy Marshals for an entire State or District are appointed to take the Social Statistics, they will make their returns BY COUNTIES, sending in a separate schedule for each county, containing all the facts relating to that county, except where it shall be possible to report cities of considerable size by themselves.

Where one Assistant within a county is appointed to this service, he will make his return upon a single schedule for the entire county.

Where this service is left to each Assistant Marshal within his own subdivision (where the same is less than a county), great care will be taken to avoid duplications or omissions. The Taxes, the Churches, the Libraries, &c., &c., returned, will be those only which properly belong to that portion of the county which the individual Assistant Marshal is set to enumerate.

It is believed that the requirements of this Schedule (5) are sufficiently clear to be understood without explanations in detail of the several inquiries contained.

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