Gambar halaman
PDF
ePub

may occa

per'd with by any thing else that has the least tendency to irritate or disturb them. The patient should lose blood at the arm, live on sender diet, and keep her bowels laxative; her pores should be kept gently open by nitrous Drinks, and if necessary to mitigate pain or procure sleep, she fionally take an Opiate.

I cannot conclude this subject without re. marking the extraordinary effects of Lightning in dispersing a schirrous tumor of the breast, in a gentlewoman, who from thence received a stroke as she was standing at a wir. dow observing a heavy thunder shower : The lightning set fire to the thatch of the house, at the same time, forced the chim. ney-piece from the wall, and raised the cara pet from the floor.

This case was communicated by Dr. Eason of Dublin to Dr. Duncan, and appeared in the fourth Volume of the Edinburgh Medical Commentary: It deserves the attention of the curious, whether confidered in a philofophic or medical view.

attention

By fome Experiments made at Upsal, fevee sal years ago, it appear'd, that knots or Ganglions of the tendons were perfectly difpersed by Electricity, which in its nature, as far as we know, is similar to that of Lightning. In indurated, glandular swellings of the neck or breasts, I would therefore recommend a trial of its effects, as ingeniously suggested by the author of thie preceding, extraordinary case. Besides, see véral modern instances have occurr’d, where EleEtricity has been found an effectual remedy in obstinate obstructions of the Menses.

SECTION

S E C T Í O N XIV.

Influence of the Passions on the Body and Mind;

and Effects of Climates, or sudden Changesi of Weather on delicate Constitutions.

IN

N the course of the preceding work, I

have had frequent occasion to remark the general influence of the passions, effects of weather, and the falutary power of fresh air, fimple diet, and moderate exercise; but as I could not without tedious digressions, sufficiently expatiate on their nature and manner of acting on the body and mind; feveral particulars equally applicable, and essential to the health of both Sexes, were reserved for the subject of this, and the following fe£tion.

By the Pasions of the Mind, is meant; those faculties with which it is endowed, and when naturally exerted, constitute the very Elements of Life ; but if perverted, or erring in extremes, become destructive to

[ocr errors]

its existence. Thus the extravagance of Hope may be exalted into enthusiasm little short of madness; and excessive Fear may sink into despair. The human body is made up

of such frail materials, that they must necessarily decay, and often be put out of order. We are not only subject to pain and diseases, but to irregularities of the passions, and influence of weather ; all which affect the spirits, intelleet, and memory, so as to render the same person very different at different times, in thinking, speaking, and acting ; as any one, who is not robustly insensible, must naturally discover from his own feelings.

Considering its admirable structure, the number and exquisite fineness of its movements, that in a healthy state, all its parts must conspire to perform their proper office, and that the least failure occasions some disease; it appears matter of astonishment that we are more than the transitory beings of a day.

The

[ocr errors]

The periods of human life distinguished by Youth, Maturity, and old Age, are not inaptly compared to the seafons of Spring, Summer, and Winter ; each being attended with certain peculiarities which sensibly affect the constitution.

In Youth or the first stage of life, the circulating force of the blood being more than equal to the resistance of its vessels, the solids are thrust out and extended in growth. After Maturity, the power of the folids and Auids continue nearly equal for several

years, and this period conftitutes the prime or summer of life. In the last, the quantity and circulating power of the blood is every day diminishing, and in time, overcome by the increasing resistance of the solids, which introduces old Age.

Every period has its attendant Disorders; the first subjects the patient to Fluxes of Blood from the nofe or other parts, in consequence of the stress laid vascular system. Glandular complaints and

eruptive

upon the

« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »