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and when on foot, the same pay and emoluments as are now allowed to the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians and privates of a regiment of infantry; and that the farrier and blacksmith be allowed the same pay and allowances as are allowed to an artificer of artillery.
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, that the said regionent of dragoons shall be liable to serve on horse, or foot, as the President may direct; shall be subject to the rules and articles of war, be recruited in the same inauner and with the same limitations; that the officers, non-commission ed officers, musicians, farriers and privates shall be entitled to the same provisions for wounds and disabilities, the same provisions for widows and children, and the same allowances and benefits in every respect, as are allowed the other troops constituting the present military peace establishment.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacled, That the President of the United States be authorized to carry into effect this act, as soon as he may deem it expedient, and to discharge the present battalion of mounted rangers, on their being relieved by the said regiment of dragoong.
Src. 5. And be it further enucled, That the sum required to carry into effect the provisions of this act, is hereby appropriated, in addition to the appropriations for the military establishment for the year 1833. An Act for the payment of horses and arms lost in the Military service of
the United States against the Indians on the frontiers of the Illinois and Michigan Territory. (Approved February 19, 1833.]
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That any mounted militiainau or volunteer whilst in the service of the United States, in the late expeditions against the Indians, on the frontiers of Illinois and the Tere ritory of Michigan, who sustained dainage by the loss of any horse which was killed in battle, or died in consequence of a wound received therein, or in consequence of a failure on the part of the United States, to furnish such horse sufficient forage whilst in the service, oi in consequence of the owner being dismounred, or separated and detached from the same, by order of the cominan liug officer, or in cons-quence of the rider being kille:) oor wounded in battle, shall be allowed and paid the value of such horse at lhe time of going into service: Provided, Such loss was not the result of neg. ligence on the part of the owner; the time employed in going to the place of Rendezvous, and reluroing home after being discharged, to be taken and considered as actual service.
Sec. 2. And be il further enacted, That any person in the aforesaid service of the United States, as a volunteer or drafted militia man, who furnished himself with arins and military accoutrements, and has sustained loss by the capture or destruction of the same, without fault or negligence on his part, shall be allowed ant paid the value thereof.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all claims arising under this act shall be esa inined, allowed, and paid in the same manner by the Third duditor that similar claims were under " an act to authorize the payment of property lost, captured or destroyed by the enemy, while in the military service of the United States, and for other purposes," passer April 9, 1816, and the act in amendment thereof, passed March 3, 1817, this act to be and remain in force three years from and after its passage.
Statement Exhibiting, the amount expended from the 4th of March, 1789 to 31st
Dec. 1791, and in each year; (ending 31st Dec ) from 1791 to 1831, under
the following heads of the Military estahlishment of the U Stutes; viz. 1. Pay of Officers, and Pay, Rutions, and Clothing of Soldiers, and Recruiting II. Fortifications, Arsenals, Armories, and Buildings of all kinds relating to
the Army, III. Cannon, Ġun Carriages, Stores of all kinds, Arms, Ammuntion, Balls, f-c IV. Invalid Pensions V. Revolutionary Pensions, Half Pay, and Pay per act of 18 March, 1828.
V. Revolution 1. Pay &c.
&c. 1791 620,789 62 12,014 41
175,813 88 13,102 96 1792 1,100,702 09
109,243 15 5,597 72 1793 1,132,443 91
80,087 81 5,329 51 1794 2,597,047 93 42,049 661
81,399 24 6,417 72 (1795 2,366,889 92 81,773 50 32,502 71 68,673 22 2,970 20 1796 1,195,954 19
38,548 39 100,843 71 2,422 21 1797 999,311 68 40,090 78
92,256 97 2,464 98 1798 1,644,338 33 185,956 34 180,397 72104,845 33 3,060 82 1799 2,218,572 80 171,127 42 77,468 95 95,444 03 2,980 83 1800 2,194,976 68 116,000 00 249,933 31 64,430 73 2,177 46 1801| 1,412,892 63 85,000 00 175,051 45 73,533 37 1,631 14
1802 1,048,135 75 18,000 00 155,012 50 85,440 39 2,187 12 1803)
678,456 81 100,000 00 108,599 04 62,902 10 2,104 38 1804 844,227 05 94,696 88
80,092 80 1,247 40 1805 668,384 40 99,896 88
81,854 59 1,086 02 1806 1,071,716 45 301,838 93
81,875 53 630 00 1807| 1,164,285 91 225,000 00
70,500 00 1,180 00 1808 1,706,434 40 955,000 00 60,000 00 82,576 04) 930 00 1809 1,910,772 171,275,000 00| 455,000 00 87,833 54 370 00 1810 1,756,923 94 538,000 00 95,000 00 83,744 16 1,020 v0 (1811 1,683,828 19 95,000 00 154,000 00 75,043 88 810 00 1812 8,752,798 24 370 000 00 640,000 0091,402 10 1,452 60 1813 17,241,927 72 761,046 30 684,039 00 86,989 91 900 00 1814 18,982,945 86
819,961 00 90,164 36 740 00 1815 13,830,356 22 20,009 00 1,038,338 00 69,656 06 715 00 1816 14,438,248 55 530,000 00/1,218,848 25 188,804 15 690 00 1817 6,082,131 53 600,000 00 908, 105 00 297,374 43 1,450 00 1818! 4,194,715 10 746,000 001 682,000 00 590,719 90 301,418 33 1819 5,010,390 85 494,637 99 782 000 00 568,039 00 1,849,498 35 18202, 208,452 30 405,362 01 116,650 00 441,936 312,767,590 00 1821 3,194,247 22 602,000 00 805,250 00|242,817 25 1,300 00 1822 2,509,140 46 425,592 61 8,100 00 305.608 46 1,652,590 94 1823 1,770,409 43 933,536 25 33,231 66331,491 481,451,425 18! 1824 2,073,855 06 966,506 11 50,514 09233,679 20 1,267,600 41 1925 1,838,045 73|1,165,186 86 52,250 41
1,310,910 57 1826 1,857,192 46 1,272,658 26 69.429 561251,392 01/1,307,344 82 1827) 1,827,239 89 1,269,285 54 88,146 61 180,126 34 798,012 52 1828 1,772,394 331,418,556 5x 249.775 19/127,438 771,134,097 34 1829 1.935,204 931,518,361 95 232 319 49 185, 102 091,052,733 62 1830 1,828,253 0:51,564,732 94 177.398 39295,349 98 1,320,124 42 18311 1,806,436 63|1,356,216 61 144,975 00 168,726 1611,229,043 46
REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY.
Navy DEPARTMENT, Norember 30, 1833. To the President of the United States.
SIR : In submitting to your consideration a review of the operations of the naval branch of the public service during the past year, I would first invite attention to jis adininistration in this place.
The separate organization of the Navy Department in the manner originally established by Congress, and the change since made by the addition of a Navy Board, have, with the several clerks now allower, furnished a sufficient nuinber of persons for the suitable discharge of all ordinary duties immediately connected with this office. So far as my knowledge extends, these duties have generally been performed with promptitude and accuracy ; but some changes in the present laws respecting thein would probably prove beneficial. Though the number of clerks, and the aggregate amount of salary paid to then, are deemed sufficient, yet more substantial justice could be enforced if that amount was so appropriated as to permit the departinent to divide it in couformity to the usefulness of their respective services. It has happened that some of them receiving large sajaries perforin no greater or more difficult duties than those receiving less pay, and no power exists here to equalize their compensation, except by an occasional transfer of duties, not always convenient, apo propriate, or useful.
A different arrangement of the Navy Board has, for a few years, been a subject of consideration by Congress. The Board itself, and the head of this departinent, once united in recommending such a change as to apportion its ordinary business among the several members, with a view to
greater convenience, despatch, and responsibility. This could be ar. complished without any material increase of expense, and it seems, on many accounts, very desirable. The reasons for the change have been so fully detailed in former reports as not to need at this time further es. planation.
There might be some useful alterations connected with the administra. tion of the naval branch of the service in the office of the Fourth Auditor, whose ruties, though nominally belonging to the Treasury Department, are intimately a lief win, and very essential in must of, the operations of the wavy. The great amount of property which is in charge of this department, and which is yearly i.creasing, seems to require that a regu. lar account of it should be opesioci in that office, and kept in such manner as to ensure safety and responsibility. In another particular, impıdvement could be mode. The old balances ou his books, due froin defaulters who were once in the naval service, are large, and though few such) balances have occurred lately, yet the collectiou of all of them would doubtless he promoted it it were devolved upoi him as the person who, from his official station, is best acquainted with the situation of the clains, and the means of payment possessed by the debtors, and who could act with the most promptitude in securing the public.
Auxiliary to the central administration of be naval service, the in.
spection of our ordvance was a few years since assigned to an officer of rank residing in this neighborhood, and authorized to receive the usual extra allowances while engaged in actual duty. His employmerìt during the past season has been much extended, having embraced the inspection of all our ordnance and ordnance stores in depot at all the naval stations. The result it is hoped may prove highly beneficial in our future operatrons. Under a similar arrangement, the custody and correction, as well as occasionally the purchase of charts, chronometers, compasses, and vautical instruments generally, were devolved on two intelligent officers rarioned at this place. The system has worked favorably ; anu the small increase of expense attending it, has been amply paid in the better
preservation and quality of those articles, and in the probable increase of safety to our vessels afloat, and to the lives of their gallant officers and crews. A specific estimate ($1,000] for the purchase and maintenance of a lithographic press is submitted as a means of saving, under charge of these officers, still more to the public in the procurement of charis, circulars, and blank foris, of such kids as are employed, not only in this office, but at the several yards and on board vessels in commission Its various conveniences and usefulness in other respects, and especially in the drawings and plans connected with the survey of our coast, now in progress, are inore particularly detailed in the reports annexed. To prevent any nominal or real increase of appropriations in consequence of the purchase of this press; it will be seen in the general estinates that a corresponding, or; indeed, a larger reduction has been made in what is asked for the general contingent appropriations for this office and for the service, and out of which appropriations most of the above articles are now provided.
It was formerly recoinmended to organize at this place a naval medical bureau, and a bill is now on the fles of Congress reported for that pur. pose.
As that bill was not finally disposed of; I did not deem it proper to adopt any different system for attaining in a different manner most of the benefits expected to be accomplished by that measure. But if nothing be done during the ensuing session of Congress, regulating this subject, it is intended, under our present laws, that one of the older surgeons, in connexion with other services, either at the barracks or wavy yard ju this city, shall be detailed and employed in performing many of the duties contemplated for a surgeon general.
The whole expeuses, the past year, for all persons situated here, and belonging to the administration of this department, as well as the expense's for the care and repair of our furoiture, buildings, and the grouvds appurtepant, were about $48,000. This amount, I trusl, will be thought
11, bear a favorable comparison with the saole class of expenses at former periods, or in other similar establishments, when the large iocrease and extent of duties at this place are duly considered.
Passing from the central administration of this department, to that of persons connected with iis operations elsewhere, I would next submit to your consideration a few reinarks on the situation of such of those persont as fill official stations, but are not technically denoininated naval
fficers They are a large and useful class, belonging to what, may be considered our civil list, and consist of agents, storekeepers, constructors, builders, scboolmasters, secretaries to comman ers, clerks of yards, engi
neers, live oak superintendents, and some others attached to stations and hospitals.
In an establishment growing like the navy in a few years from soʻsmall la beginning to its comparatively great size at the close of the laie war, and at the present moment, it was perhaps unavoidable that many ineasures and appointments, considered as incidental to other important ob jects expressly authorized, should be left to the discretion of the depart, ment. In this way most of the above persons have been employed and pajd, usually by virtue of estimates and general appropriations, without any specific provision in any act of Congress regulating the manner of their appoiutment, or the amount of ineir compensation. Indeed, a sys tein similar in some respects has been extended to others; as the ooly limit, which now exists, to the number of every class of payal officers is the same discretion, restrained solely by estimates and appropriations) and by the confirmation required from the Senate in the case of commis sioned officers. These practices have not, in my opinion, been the safest; though the custom of this department to submit to Congress, through ene Executive and otherwise, fuil communications of its doings in relation to most of these subjects, enables the Government to exercise any control deemed necessary over any supposed abuse. My own desire has been whenever convenient and practicable, to impose still further limits ou that discretion. With this view, ön'a former occasion, the estimates for the contingent appropriations were made by me more specific, and settled rules of allowances and compensation in most cases were established or collected, and then digested and published. The revision of our whole naval “régulations by the Board 'heretofore appointed for that purpose, will, when finished and adopted, probably introduce greater system and eertainiy in relation to some of these matters. But it still deserves con sideration, whether additional legal provisiou might not judiciously be made concerning the appointment and wages of some of the classes before pa med.
All the persons on the civil list now under consideration are believed to have conducted, during the past year, with fidelity to their duiies. The only essential changes in' relation to them have been the fol. lowing. There has been a discontinuance of two naval constructors, whose services were no longer needed; and new and more economical arrangements have been made as to the duties of some of our agents and storekeepers abroad. The few live oak agents, appointed for certain dis. tricts, who renained in office last December, have been dispensed with; and no salary is now paying ou that account, except to one person, ju temporary employ for a few months, in the examination of our unfinished district. In some cases in which we have had warranted officers, con. petent to perform the labors assigned to persons belonging to civil life, and bired at some of the yards, it has been deemed sound economy to order the former upon such duty, and to discontinue the services the latter. It has not yet been found necessary to select a permanent engi. neer, as the superintendents of the dry docks and of the erection of the hospitals have been able, for the present, to perforın such duties as would have been required of him. But the additional schoolinasters, authorized at the last session, have been employed, and it is hopesi with increased benefit to the class of younger officers. A general order has recently been issued with a view to improve the education of these officers, by rapuiring