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President of the Senate, in which body he has only a casting vote, which is given in case of an equal division of the votes of the Senators. The Vice President of the United States, when he acts as President of the Senate, receives no addition to his pay as Vice President, which is $5,000 per annum. In his absence a President pro tempore is chosen, who, during the period of his serv ces, receives $16 per diem for every day he attends

The House of Representatives is composed of members chosen every second year by the People of the several States; and the election in each State must have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State Legislature.

Representatives are apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, which are determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. An enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States must be made every ten years. The first enumeration was made in 1790, the fifth in 1830.

The Speaker of the House of Representatives is chosen by a majority of the members of the House, for the term of the Congress to which he belongs as member of the House. His privileges are the same as those of any other member; and his compensation is $16 per diem.

The Congress must assemble, at least once in every year on the first Monday in December, if not otherwise provided by law. The President of the United States may convene them at any time upon giving forty days notice. Neither House can adjourn for more than three days, without the consent of the other, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting. In case of disagreement about the time, the President of the United States may adjourn them to such time as he thinks proper. The Senate and House each form their own rules, and are, respectively, judges of their own election.

Senators, when elected, must be thirty years of age; and Repre sentatives twenty five years; and each Senator and Representative, must, when elected, be an inhabitant of the State in which he shall be chosen

The times, places, and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives, is prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof. but the Congress may, at any time by law, make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing Senators.

Both Senators and Representatives are, in all cases except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, privileged from arrest during their attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to er returning from, the same; and for any speech or debate in either House they cannot be questioned in any other place. Bills for raising revenue must originate in the House; and the House solely has the power of im peachment.

No Member of Congress, can, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased, during such time; and no person holding any office under the United States, can be a member of either House during his coutouance in office; nor can he be concerned either directly or indirectly, an whole, or in part, in any contract, &c. with the United States.


First Session, Twenty-Third Congress.

MARTIN VAN BUREN, of New-York, Vice President of the United States, and President of the Senate.


Peleg Sprague.... ........1835 Bedford Brown...............................................



.....1839 Willie P. Mangum.............1837

North Carolina.

South Carolina


.1835 John P. King, (d).......... .... .......... .... .1839 John Forsyth..................1887 Kentucky.


...1835 John C. Calhoun (b)...........1835 Isaac Hill............................................. ....1837 Wm. C. Preston (c)............1837

Ether Shepley


New Hampshire.

Samuel Bell

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Nehemiah R. Knight...........1835 George M. Bibb.............

......1839 Henry Clay.......





Gideon Tomlinson..............

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Samuel Prentiss...............1837 Thomas Ewing.........
Benjamin Swift......................

Silas Wright jun. (a)..............................1837 George A. Waggaman.........1835
Nathaniel P Tallmadge......1839 Alexander Porter (e)........... 1837

Theodore Frelinghuysen. ....1835 William Hendricks.........
Samuel L. Southard........................ ....1839 John Tipton.........

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1839 Thomas H. Benton.............1839

(a) In place of William L. Marey, resigned, elected Governor of New York.
(b) In place of Robert Y. Wayne, resigned, elected Governor of South Carolina.

(c) In place of Stephen D. Miller, resigned.

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Members of the House of Representatives, for the First Session of the Twenty Third Congress; showing the Congressional Districts in each State, and the Counties represented by each Member, where the State is divided into Districts.

Note.-The Post Office of each Representative, follows immediately after his name; the county in which he resides is in Italic.

ANDREW STEVENSON, of Virginia, Speaker.


1 Rufus M'Intire, Parsonsfield, York.

2 Francis O. J. Smith, Portland, Cumberland, except three towns. 3 Edward Kavanagh, Damariscotta Mills, Lincoln, except four towns 4 George Evans, Gardiner, Kennebec, west of Kennebec River, except 4 towns, Somerset, west of Kennebec river, and 1 town iu Lincoln 5 Moses Mason, Jr. Oxford, part of Cumberland, Lincoln, Kennebec. 6 Joseph Hall Camden, Waldo, and Kennebec, east of Kennebec river 7 Leonard Jarvis, Ellsworth, Hancock, and Washington.

8 Gorham Parks, Bangor, Penobscot, Somerset, east of Kennebec river. NEW HAMPSHIRE.

1 Benning M. Bear, Moultonborough, Stafford. 1

2 Robert Burns, Hebron, Grafton,

3 Joseph M. Harper, Canterbury Merrimack 4 Henry Hubbard, Charlestown, Sullivan

5 Franklin Pierce, Hillsborough, Hillsborough.


1 Benjamin Gorham, Boston, Suffolk.

2 Rufus Choate, Salem, Essex.

3 Gayton P. Osgood, North Andover, Essex.
4 Edward Everett, Charlestown, Middlesex.
5 (Vacant)* Worcester, Worcester.

6 George Grennell, Jr. Greenfield, Franklin.
7 George N. Briggs, Lanesboro, Berkshire.
8 Isaac C. Bates, Northampton, Hampton.
9 (Vacant) Norfolk.

10 William Baylies, West Bridgewater, Plymouth.

Elected by General

11 John Reed, Yarmouth, Barnstable, Nantucket and Dukes. 12 John Quincy Adams, Quincy, Norfolk.


1 Tristam Burges, Providence, Providence
2 Dutee J. Pearce, Newport, Newport.

1 Noyes Barber, Groton, New London
2 William W. Ellsworth, Hartford, Hartford.
3 Samuel A. Foot, Cheshire, New Haven.
4 Jabez W. Huntington, Litchfield, Litchfield
5 Samuel Tweedy, Danbury, Fairfield

6 Ebenezer Young, Killingly Centre, Windham.

Elected by General

Elected by General Ticket,

*Occasioned by the resignation of John Davis, elected Governor of Massachusetts. + There has been no election in this District.


Hiland Hall, Bennington, Bennington, Windham, and Seven
Towns of Windsor.

2 William Slade, Middlebury, Addison and Rutland,

3 Horace Everett, Windsor, residue of Windsor and Orange.

4 Heman Allen, Burlington, Chittenden, Franklin, Grand Isle, and part of Orleans

5 Benjamin F. Dening. Dansville, Caledonia, Essex, and residue of Orleans.


1 Abel Huntington, Easthamption, Suffolk, and Queens.

2 Isaac B Van Houten, Clarkstown, Rockland, Richmond and Kings. Churchill C. Cambreleng, New York.


Campbell P White, New York.

Cornelius W. Lawrence, New York.

City and County of
New York.

Dudley Selden, New York

4 Aaron Ward, Mount Pleasant, Westchester, and Putman.

5 Abraham Bockee, Federal Store, Dutchess.

6 John W Brown, Newburg, Orange.

7 Charles Bodle, Bloomingburg, Sullivan, and Ulster.


Aaron Vanderpoel, Kin lerhook, Columbia Columbia, Greene
John Adams, Catskill, Green,

9 Job Pierson, Schaghticoke, Rensselaer.

10 Gerrit Y. Lansing, Albany, Albany.

and Scoharie.

11 John Cramer, Waterford, Saratoga and Schenectady.

12 Henry C. Martindale, Sandy Hill, Washington.

13 Reuben Whallon, Split Rock, Essex, Warren and Clinton. 14 Ransom H Gillet, Ogdensburg, St. Lawrence, and Franklin. 15 Charles M Vean, Conajoharie, Montgomery and Hamilton. 16 Abijah Mann, jon. Fairfield, Herkimer and Lewis.

Samuel Beardsley,Uuca,

17 { Joel Turrill, Oswego, Oneida Oneida and Oswego.

18 Daniel Wardwell, Mansville, Jefferson.

19 Sherman Page, Unadilla, Otsego.

20 Noadiah Johusou, Delhi, Delaware and Broome.

21 Henry Mitchell, Norwich, Chenango


Samuel G. Hathaway, Solen, Cortlandt.
Nicoll Halsey, Halseyville, Tompkins S

William Taylor,

Cortlandt, Tompkins

and Tioga.

232 William K. Fuller, aulius, Onondaga. Onondago and Madi

24 Rowland Day, Sempronius Cayuga.

25 Samuel Clark, Waterloo, Wayne and Seneca.

26 John Dickson, West Bloomfield, Ontario.

27 Edward Howell, Bath, Steuben and Yates.

28 Frederick Whittlesey, Rochester. Monroe.

29 George W. Lay, Batavia Gennessee.

30 Philo C. Fuller, Alleghary and Livingston.


31 Abner Hazletine, Jamestown, Chautauque, and Cataraugus. 32 Mellard Fillmore, Buffalo, Erie.

33 Gideon Hard, Albion, Orleans, and Niagara.


1 Philemon Dickerson, Patterson, Essex.

2 Samuel Fowler, Hamburg, Sussex.

3 Thomas Lee, Port Elizabeth, Cumberland. 4 James Parker, Perth Amboy, Middlesex.

5 Ferdinand S. Schenck, Six Mile Run, Somerset. 6 William N. Shinn, Mount Holly, Burlington


Elected by Gen

eral Ticket.

1 Joel B. Sutherland, Philadelphia, East and West Southwark, Moyamensing, Passyunk, Kingsessing, Blockley, Penn Township, Germantown, Roxborough and Bristol, in the County of Philadelphia Horace Binney, Philadelphia. City of Philadelphia.


James Harper, Philadelphia,

3 John G. Watmough, Philadelphia, Residue of Philadelphia County William Heister, New Holland, Lancaster.


David Potts, Jr. Pottstown. Chester.

Edward Darlington, Chester, Delaware.

5 Joel K. Mann, Jenkintown, Montgomery.

6 Robert Ramsay, Hartsvill, Bucks,

Delaware, Chester and Lancaster.

7 David D. Wagener, Easton, Northampton, Pike and Wayne. 8 Henry King, Allentown, Lehigh and Schuylkill.

9 Henry A. Muhlenberg, Reading, Berks.

10 William Clark, Dauphin, Dauphin and Lebanon.

11 Charles A. Barnitz, York, York.

12 George Chambers, Chambersburg, Franklin, and Adams.

13 Jesse Miller, Landisburgh, Perry, Cumberland and Juniata.

14 Joseph Henderson, Brown's Mills, Mifflin, Huntingdon and Centre. 15 Andrew Beaumont, Wilkesbarre, Luzerne and Columbia.

16 Joseph B Anthony, Williamsport, Lycoming, Union and Northumberland. [and M'Kean.

17 John Laporte, Asylum, Bradford, Susquehanna, Tioga, Potter, 18 George Burd, Bedford, Bedford. Somerset and Cambria.

19 Richard Coulter, Greensburg, Westmoreland and Indiana.

20 Andrew Stewart, Uniontown, Fayette and Green.

21 T M. T. M'Kennon. Washington, Washington.

22 Harmar Denny, Pittsburg, Alleghany.

23 Samuel S. Harrison, Kittaning, Butler, Clearfield, Jefferson, and Armstrong.

24 John Banks, Mercer, Mercer and Beaver.

25 John Galbraith, Franklin, Venango,Crawford, Erie aad Warren. DELAWARE.

John J. Milligan, Wilmington, New Castle.


1 Littleton P Dennis, Somerset, Princess Anne, Worcester, Somerset,

and Dorchester.

[Kent and Cecil.

2 Richard B. Carmichael, Centreville, Queen Anne, Caroline, Talbot 3 James Turner, Wiseburg, Baltimore, and Harford. 4 James P. Heath, Baltimore, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10, 11th, and 12th Wards of the City of Baltimore.

5 Isaac McKim, Baltimore, 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, and 5th Wards of the City of Baltimore, Anne Arundel and the City of Annapolis.

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