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nine persons, we have deemed it proper to express hereby our satisfaction at seeing the cleanness and decency of the church, and still more at beholding the recollection and piety of the faithful, all which we feel compelled to ascribe, under God, to the zeal and piety of the Rev. Pastor, F. de Vos, and his Brethren in Religion.

† ANT. EV. DE LA Nouv. ORLEANS.

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*4 of Free Negroes, I of Slaves. Numbers doubling and tripling after 1836, when Jesuits took charge of parish. | Population increasing, but numbers decreasing, when two chapels were erected with separate records. Baptisms of whites and colored indistinct, performed by Rev. P. Parisot, C. M. I., on an excursion to Calcasieu in 1843 | Record of 1851 wanting. ** Colored marriages increasing after 1865, the year of emancipation. || Baptisms recorded without distinction of color.

W.

SELECTIONS FROM THE CORRESPONDENCE

OF THE DECEASED

MATHEW CAREY,

WRITER, PRINTER, PUBLISHER.

Born 1760. Died 1839.

With PREFACE BY LAWRENCE F. FLICK, M. D.

Mathew Carey was born in the city of Dublin, Ireland, on the 28th of January, 1760. His father was Christopher Carey, at one time an employé in the British Navy and a man of independent means. From early boyhood Mathew was a good student and devoted himself most assiduously to the acquisition of knowledge in general and languages in particular. Quite early in life he decided to take up the business of printer and bookseller, and as his father did not approve of this avocation, he himself secured an apprenticeship with a Mr. McDonnel. At the age of 17, he launched forth into a literary career, which he maintained with unabated vigor to

One of his earliest literary efforts drove him into exile. This was a pamphlet which he wrote in 1779, entitled, The Urgent Necessity of an Immediate Repeal of the whole Penal Code against the Roman Catholics, Candidly Considered; to which is added an inquiry into the prejudices against them ; being an appeal to the Roman Catholics of Ireland, exciting them to a just sense of their civil and religious rights as citizens of a free nation.The mere issue of the title page of this pamphlet earned for him prosecution by Parliament, wherefore lie fled to France. There he took up his residence in Paris, and entering the printing office of Dr. Franklin, to whom he had

old age.

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LIBRARY UNITSITY

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brought a letter of introduction from a Catholic Priest, continued serving his apprenticeship as a printer. While in Paris he became acquainted among others with Lafayette. At the end of twelve months he was allowed to return to Dublin, and having been emancipated by purchase from his apprenticeship to McDonnel, undertook the management of a paper called the Freeman's Journal. He continued this occupation until the latter part of 1783, when, with means furnished by his father, he started a paper of his own which he called the Volunteer's Journal. His paper being conducted upon lines of intense patriotism soon acquired a reputation, and within a year landed him in Newgate jail, where he lay for a month. Upon the adjournment of Parliament he was released by the Lord Mayor, and fearing a subsequent prosecution and conviction, with heavy fine and imprisonment, he sold his paper to his brother and fled to America. He landed in Philadelphia on the first of November, 1784, where, owing to his reputation as an Irish patriot, he was kindly received. Among others, who had watched with interest his imprisonment, was Lafayette, who, when he learned of his arrival in Philadelphia, sent for him, and in a very delicate and unobtrusive way aided him by letters of introduction to prominent men as well as by an advancement of $400 in cash. With this money, which Carey accepted as a loan from Lafayette, and with the friends that he found awaiting him, he at once began the publication of the Pennsylvania Evening Herald, the first number of which he issued on January 25th, 1785. In the beginning the success of the Herald was not very great, but after a little while, he took in new capital and began the publication of the Debates of the Assembly and thus found his way to success. In October, 1786, he commenced the publication of the Columbian Magazine. In January, 1787, he issued the first number of the American Museum, which ran until December, 1792. In 1790, he undertook the issue of the Douay Bible and carried it out successfully. Subsequently he brought out a number of editions of it, and, in 1801, published a quarto edition of the Bible.

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