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foresight and the correctness of the principles upon which his work was based. Father Lemke had similar ideas to those of Gallitzin before he joined him, and found in Gallitzin's work a corroboration of his views, and therefore became a worthy and capable disciple of Gallitzin. Their work is unique, and will ever stand out prominently in the history of the Church in the United States; and their names will ever be linked as the Apostles of the Faith in the Allegheny Mountains.


[The author desires to express appreciation of assistance given him by Rt. Rev. Abbot Innocent, O. S. B., of Atchison, Kansas, Revs. Fathers Adelbert Müller, 0. S. B., Vincent Huber, O. S. B., Ambrose Huebner, O. S. B., Aloysius Luther, 0. S. B., George Borneman, James E. Cleary, Albert Von Schilgen, and Messrs. A. C. Buck, F. X. Reuss and F. A. Sharbaugh. He desires to thank Rt. Rev. Leander Schnerr, O. S. B., Arch-Abbot of St. Vincent's Abbey, and the sisters of St. Joseph of Ebensburg, Pa., for the use of pictures for illustrating the article.

It may be proper to state here, because it was omitted in the proper place, that the date of April 1, 1857, as the time when Father Augustine Wirth, O. S. B., was sent to Kansas, was furnished me by Rt. Rev. Abbot Innocent, O. S. B. Father Moosmüller says that Father Wirth went to Kansas in 1856]


(The First Ship of the American Navy,)




A May-day sun-a noon-day tide

And a warm west wind for the ladies fair !
A hundred craft at anchor ride,

Their bright flags gemming the Delaware.
Ten thousand freemen crowd the quay,

The housetops other thousands hold :
All Philadelphia throngs to see

The launch of Barry's frigate bold.
The gallant ship, UNITED STATES,

First of our navy's valiant fleet-
A nation's fame on her future waits,

A nation's hopes in her present meet.
She is built of the sturdy Georgia oak,

White, and solid, and seasoned long;
Her hull was fashioned with many a stroke,

Her masts are high, and her cables strong.
All copper-sheath'd and iron-bound,

Assured in peace, alert for war,
The flag she bears shall be world-renown'd,

And great the name of her Commodore.

The anchors strain, like living things,

And ev'ry rope is taut and tarr'd; 'Tis time the sea-bird spread her wings,

To flee from Master Humphreys' yard ! Behold! the launching-plank is oiled

Knock back the blocks from keel and side! Cut loose the ropes round th' capstans coiled,

And let the Frigate waveward slide ! Over the throng, a mighty hush

Hath fallen. All the dock grows still: And white lips whisper in the crush,

“The ship !-How goes she-well or ill ?” Hurrah ! hurrah ! a thing of pride,

She rushes down her glorious ways ! The bridegroom, water, greets his bride,

The sunbeams on their union blaze !

Now, thunder, cannon !-left and right,

A shout goes up from myriad throats ! The ladies wave their kerchiefs white,

The men make merry in the boats. While, gaily past the water-gates,

And gaily past each dock and quay, Our gallant ship, UNITED STATES,

Sails forth to-Immortality!

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Launch'd in the month belov'd of Mary,

Her captain-Catholic Erin's sonThree cheers for the frigate of brave Jack Barry!

Three cheers for our Navy, this day begun !



It is a matter for serious reflection and tending to the disproof of the assertion that the “good” one does “is oft interred with the bones” of the doer, to know that the Catholics of Pennsylvania to-day enjoy the direct beneficence of the charity of an English Catholic, who died as far back as 1741. The fund is known as “The Sir John James Fund.” It was established to contribute forty pounds a year to the support of two priests to labor among the poor of London; the rest of the income for the Jesuits as missioners in Pennsylvania."

This fund is in the custody of the Archbishop of Philadelphia. Its income is annually distributed “among the dioceses of the province of Philadelphia.” For years it has been with me a matter of special research and study to discover the origin of this fund, of which traces come to the surface to any investigator of our past history. It is also spoken of as "The German Fund,” and “The Lancasterian Fund.” From my own seekings in this country, and from special investigations made for me in the British Museum and Public Record Office, London, I offer the following account of the fund and of the pious founder.

In the latter part of the reign of King Henry VIII, a Hollander, named Jacob Van Haestrecht, of Cleve, near Utrecht, came to England. Obtaining letters of denization, under the King's patent, he thus became a subject, between an alien and a natural born, and so might hold land by purchase. He changed his name to Roger James, on account of the antipathy to foreigners. He established a brewery in Lower Thames Street, then called Petty Wales, on account of the many natives of Wales who inhabited the neighborhood. He died

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in 1591, and was buried at All Hallows, Barking, London. To this day, in the church, may be seen a brass with his effigy and an inscription. He left eight sons, one daughter and his wife Sara. His fifth son was Richard. His sixth was John ; Richard marrying Gertrude Smith, whose first born was named after his father's brother, John.

In May, 1649, John James purchased Chrishall-bury, in Essex, and erected a mansion there. In 1655, he was knighted. Dying a bachelor on February 15th, 1676, he devised his estate to his nephew, James Cane, on condition of taking his name. Sir John James was buried in Chrishall church where there is a monument erected to his memory by his nephew. James Cane took the name of his uncle ; succeeded to the estates at Chrishall ; and was created a Baronet by King Charles II, on June 26th, 1682, by the name of Sir Cane James of Chrishall, Essex. Sir Cane married Susan, daughter of Sir Peter Soame, Bart., of Haydon, Essex. She died five months after marriage on September 23d, 1680, aged 17 years. Later he married Anne, daughter of Francis Phillipps, Esquire, of Inner Temple and of Kempton Park, Middlesex. They had four sons, the first being John, his heir. Sir Cane James died May 19th, 1736, at St. Edmund's-bury, aged 80, and was buried with his wife, Anne. A monument was erected there by their son, Sir John James, the second Baronet. He died September 28th, 1741, unmarried, and was buried at Chrishall. On his death the baronetcy became extinct. By his will, made May 15, 1740 and proven December 9th, 1741, he devised his estates to charitable uses, so says Burke's “ Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies; but “ Haestricht James, the male heir and head of the family after a long chancery suit, obtained possession.' [ American Catholic Historical Researches for 1889 and 1891.] This statement of Burke's is not substantiated by the record of the suit, which I have obtained from the Public Record Office in London, which shows that the will of Sir John James was “well-proved ” to have been his and that he“ was at the time of executing it of sound mind,” contrary to the averment of “his cousin and heir." Sir John James was a convert to Catholicity. “He became a Catholic by

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