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their soil to all parts of the world'; and they have proud and gallant navies that protect their trade' and guard their shores from invading foes'.
Jane. Are there no bad folks in that country, to trouble and annoy the good?
Ma. There are doubtless some unworthy members of community in all countries'; but in that of which I speak, there are laws, open alike to the rich and the poor, to punish evil doers'. The laws, however, are mild and just', and the life of man', is held in high repute'. It is a country of civil and religious freedom', and where all grades of people are equal'. They need but grateful hearts to acknowledge and enjoy the blessings they possess'.
Mary. Oh! Ma', tell us where that country is'; certainly our little story books', give no account of it! From your de scription', I like it better than any other of which I have read or heard'.
Ma. That my description is true', there can be no doubt'; yourselves can bear me witness'; for the country in question', the land of beauty', of fertility', of health', of peace', of wealth', and of liberty', is our own happy country': the United States of America'; a crown upon the Atlantic brow', adorned with thirty pearls of more than princely size'.
Jane. Why Ma'! how you disappoint us! We were looking for it in some southern clime', or rather', western world, near where the sun goes down with such mild glory!
Ma. Your views', my children', were natural'. We all agree too well in looking for some fancied bliss', lying in fairy regions, beyond the solid comforts which are at hand', and therefore overlooked'.
SINGLE PROPORTION.-LESSON 35. 25. 5 horses eat 10 bushels of oats in one week; how mauy bushels will 35 eat in a like time. Ans. 70 bushels.
26. A. bought goods to the amount of $560, and gained by the sale, $190.40, how much would he have gained, had he laid out but $150?
Ans. $51. 27. 30 men built a wall in 11 days, how many men will build another wall, 4 times as large in } of the time?
Ans. 600 men. 28. What is the tax on $5097, at 10 cents on a dollar?
Ans. $509.70. 30. What is the cost of 2cwt 2qrs 25lbs of raisins, at 16cts a pound?
Ans. $159. 95.
31. The equator revolves through the meridian 150 each hour, in what time will 150° 51' 15'' pass through?
Ans. 10h 3' 25''. 32. $100 in one year gains $6, what will $314.15 gain in one year?
$18.25. GRAMMAR.- LESSON 36.
01 RUCE 22. When a noun or pronoun is used before the present participle, and is the subject of no verb, it is in the nominative case absolute. As, The boy being hurt, the people sent for a coach, and he rode home. In this example, the noun, boy, is put before the present participle, being, independent of any verb, hence, in the nominative case absolute, for it is the subject of no verb, aud it is governed by no word in the sentence.
The storm abating, the party took up their line of march. He being sick, the doctor was called. The tree falling, the horse took fright. She singing, the birds were charmed. The house burning, the family flcd.
The sun rising, the day was fine. The rain falling in torrents, the whole country was flooded. He having submitted his cause, the court gave judgment. 40
SPELLING,LESSON 37. 11g-ly ugle ven-om vēn um
vis-cid vis'sid ul-cer úl'sur ven-tage věn'tidje vis-cous vis kūs um-ber um'bur ven-ter věn'tūr vis-ion vish'un um-brell úm'brel ven-ture věn'tshūre vis-it viz'it ain-cle ung kl ver-sion věr'shún vi-cious vish'ús unc-tion ùng shăn ver-tex vẽ teks
viz-ier viz'yēre un-der un'dūr
vol-ley võlle up-per up'pūr ves-per věs'pūr
vol-ume vol'yüme up-right úp'rite ves-sel věl'sil vul-gar vũl'gúr up-roar up'rore ves-tige věs'tidje yul-ture vul'tshüre up-ward úp'würd ves-try věs'trē
wad-ding wăd'ding ur-chin úr'tshin ves-ture věs'tshūre wad-dle wăd'dl ur-gent úr'gent vic-tim vik/tim wag-gish wăg'ish ush-er ushur vic-tor vik'tür
wag-on wăg'un ut-ter ŭt'tūr vic-tress vik'tres wain-scot wěn'skut vac-cine văk'sine vict-uals vit'tlz wal-let wol'lit val-ance văl lănse vig-il vidj'il wal-low wol'lo val-iant vălyănt
vig-nette vin' yết wan-der won'dūr val-ley vălle vig-our vigúr
wan-ness wõn'nės val-our văl'úr vil-lage villidje van-ton lăn tăn
val-ue văl'ū vil-lain villin war-rant wărrant vast-ly văst le
vint-ner vint'nŭr wasp-ish wăsp'ish vast-ness văst'něs vir-tue vir'tshū watch-ful wătsh'fûl vel-vet vēlvit vis-age vis'idje wax-en wăx'sn
READING LESSON 38. Mary. I am pleased', Mamma', that the lovely country you described', proves to be our own country's
Jane. We hope', Ma', to know more of our own country', and to admire it more'. Will you be so good as to get us the fourth part of Mr. Bartlett's Common School Manual, which has the geography and the history of our country? Then we can read and know its excellences, and learn to prize it above all other countries'.
Ma. I will endeavour to', and', in the mean time', let me admonish you to shun the common error of expecting more froin that country than any country has to give'; and do not, because the country of your birth has not all you expect', imagine there is another favoured spot', beyond the seas, or western hills', where pleasures grow which earth does not yield'.
Jane. But', Ma', those who fall into that error, never read', and can not judge'; they are weak' and silly'.
Ma. Not more so than yourselves', for you looked beyond the land of your nativity', and imagined forcign countries better'Now try and correct your mistake', and learn to value the blessings within your reach'. These', upon'a fair estimate', will be found as great and as inviting', as fall to the lot of any country on the face of the globe'.
True it is', you can be perfectly happy in no part of the world'; nor is it best you should'; for then you would be in love with the earth’, nor think of preparing for a better country's Jane. I feel ashamed', Ma', that
views on this subject are so limited'. From what you have said', I hope I shall be able to form more liberal notions'.
Ma. You must not fall into the opposite extreme', and despise all other countries'. While you cherish a love for your own', hold all others in due respect'. Admire the beauties of art and nature in all countries'; cherish a regard for the people of all countries'; and honour virtue', though found in the wandering Arab
SINGLE PROPORTION.--LESSON 39. 34. At the rate of 15° an hour, how much of the equator revolyes through any meridian in 11h 58m 26 seconds!
Ans. 1790' 36' 38".
35. Mexico is 100° 5' 45'' west of London: when it is noon at the latter, what is the o'clock at the former?
Ans. 50'c. 19m. 37 sec. A. M. 36. Moscow is 37° 45' east of London, at which, when it is noon, what is the hour at Moscow?
Ans. 2o'clock, 31 min. 37. The sun comes to the meridian of London, 4h 45m 20 seconds sooner than at that of Cambridge, Ms. what is the longitude of Cambridge?
Aps. 71° 20' west. 28. Sound, not interrupted, moves through the air at the rate of 1142 feet a second; A. at Hartford, heard the report of a cannor two minutes after it was fired at Springfield; what is the distance?
Ans. 26 miles nearly. 39. B. saw the flash of lightning, and heard the report 6 seconds after, how far was he from the explosion?
Ans. 6852 feet. GRAMMAR.-LESSON 40. Rule 23. The verb in the infinitive mood may be used without any dependence on any governing word; and it is then called the Infinitive Mood absolute. As, To confess the truth, he was in fault. In this example, the phrase, to confess the truth, is parsed in connecion, by saying it is the infinitive mood absolute.
To be plain, he left his work undone. To be short, let him bring it. To lay aside jesting, he was dangerously ill. To be up with
he took it. Note. The nominalive case absolute, the nominative case independent, and tie infinitive mood absolute, are all magi estly different.
SPELLING.-LESSON 41. wealth-y wělt'l'ê wick-ed wik'id
worm-y wūrm'ē weap-on wěp'pn wick-er wik'ūr
wor-ry wūr'rē weath-er wět'h'ùr wick-et wik'it wor-ship wŭr'ship wed-lock wěd'lõk wid-ow wid'o wors-ted wūrs'těd wel-come wělíkum wil-low wil'lo worth-less wŭrth’lės well-spent wěl'spěnt wind-less wind'les wor-thy wür't'he welt.er wăltūr win-dow win'do
wrap-per răp'pūr wen-ny wěn'ne
win-dy win'de wrath-less rat'h'les west-ern wěstūrn win-ner win'nür wres-tle rés's) wet-ness wět'nės win-now win'no wrist-band risť bănd wher-ry hwěr're
win-try win trẻ writ-ten rit'in wheth-er hwět'h'ùr wis-dom wis'dūm wrong-ful rõng'fal whif-fle hwif'A
west-ly wěst'le wrong-ly rõngle
whim-sey hwim'zē with-er withúr
xys-ter zis'tür whip-lash hwiplăsh wit-less wit'lės
yar-row yăr'ro whip-saw hwip'saw wit-ness wit'něs yel-low yello whip-staff hwip'stăf wit-ty wit'tē
yes-ty yes'te whis-ker hwis kūr wiz-ard wiz zurd yon-der gon'dūr whis-per hwis'păr won-der wŭn'dŭr young-islı yüng'isla whis-tle hwis'st wont-ed wünt'ěd zeal-ot zēļūt whith-er hwit'h'úr word-y wŭrd'ē zeal-ous zěl'ús whit-low hwit'lo world-ly wūrld'lē zeph-yr zěffer whit-tle hwit't1
The queen of the world', and the child of the skies';
While ages on ages', thy splendour unfold'.
Enlarged as thy borders', and just as thy cause';
Extend with the main, and dissolve with the skies, 3. Thy reign is the last', and the noblest of time';
Most fruitful thy soil, most inviting thy clime',
Be virtue', and science', and freedom thy fame'. 4. To thee', the last refuge of virtue design'd',
Shall fly from all nations', the best of mankind';
Their incense', more fragrant than odours of spring 5. As the day-spring unbounded', thy splendour shall flow',
And earth’s little kingdoms', before thee shall bow';
SINGLE PROPORTION-LESSON 43. 40. If 20 horses eat 70 bushels of oats in 3 weeks, how many bushels will 6 horses eat in the same time? Ans. 21.
Thus: As 20 : 6 :: 70 : 21 NOTE. The statement of every arithmetical proposition requires thought, and in ininy cases, careful and particular consideration. In the last question, there appears to be four terms given, and, at first view, the scholar may be at a loss to know which of the iour is to be rrjecied in the operation. But upon examination, he will nd the 3 weeks equally api licable to the supp:osition and the demand. Hence, not a part of the terms in the proposition.