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The boy reads and writes. If he is steady and faithful, he will improve. If he get riches and make not a good use of them, he fails. Should you wish improvement, seek it. If you love virtue or a good name, behave well. He may
improve his mind if his industry be brought into action. She laughed and cried for joy. I could have guessed the riddle and discovered the trick. They may have been here once or twice; but not thrice. Every sentence must have one subject and one verb.
SPELLING.--LESSON 17. in-flux in'flūks itch-y itsh'e jock-ey jök'ke in-gress in' grės jab-ber jób búr joc-und jok'und in-jure in'jūr jack-al ják kall jog-ger jogʻgúr ink-y ingk'e jack-et ják két jog-gle jög gi in-ly in'lē
jog-gy jög'ge jolly jólʻlē in-ner in'nur jal-ap jāllūp jon-quille jūn'kwil in-quest in'kwěst jas-mine jăs'min jos-tle jõs'si in-road in'rode
jas-per jăs'pūr jour-nal jūrnăl in-sect in'sěkt jeal-ous jěl'ús jour-ney jūr'ne in-sight in site jel-ly jěl'ě
judg.er jádje'ūr in-stance in'stănse jen-net jěn'nět jug-gle jūgʻg? ip-voice in'vòise jeop-ard jõp'purd jum-ble jum'bl in-wards in'wards jer-kin jēr'kin jun-ket jūngʻkit isk-some irk'sīm jes-ter jěs’tūr jus tice jūs'tis i-ron i'urn
jet-ty jět'te jus-tle jūs sl is-sue is'shū jin-gle jingʻgl just-ly jūst'lē isth-mus ist'mús job-ber job búr just-ness jūst'něs
READING, -LESSON 13. The Diamond and other Precious Stones. Mary. But Diamonds', Ma'; diamonds are the most precious and costly of all the gems in the world'; so my little book says'.
Me. They are so', my child', not only from their scarcity, but also from their great beauty' and brilliancy'. The diamond is so hard that it can be cut only by the diamond'; it is what the glaziers employ to cut their glass.'
Maay. In what part of the world', Ma', are diamonds found
Ma. They are found in Asia and America'; sometimes irnbedded in earth', and sometimes in the beds of rivers'; carried there from the places of their primitive deposit, by the current of the stream',
Jane. Are they originally bright', or are they manufactured ?
Ma. They are found with a thick, earthy crust', perfectly qpaque'; this is removed by polishing'; and the gem appears in all its lustre!
Jane. There are many other gems or precious stones, are there not, Ma'?
Ma. Yes'; many others'; but all inferior to the diamond'. There is the sapphire', remarkable for its soft, blue colour'; the topaz', of a bright, transparent yellow'; the emerald', of a dark green complexion'; the amethyst', dressed in rich purple'; and the ruby', of a varied, red cast.
Mary. What a charming diversity of colours'! Yet', aside from the diamond', I am the best pleased with the cornelian'.
Ma. The best cornelians', or rather, carnelians', are brought from the East Indies'; but a poorer kind is sometimes found in England'.
Of Fractions. Note. When figures stand for whole things, they are called Integers, or whole numbers; but when they stand for parts of things, they are called fractions, or something less than unit.
Fractions are of two kinds, Vulgar and Decimal.
In Vulgar Fractions, unity or one is supposed to be divided into equal parts, and these parts make the fraction. This is expressed by two or more figures placed near each other, with a small line between them; as: , 1; , 1, }, , , &c. The lower or larger figure, shows the parts into which unity is divided, and is called the denominator; and the smaller or upper figure, shows how many of those parts belong to the fraction, and it is called the numerator. All fractions originate in division. The denominator is the divisor, and the numerator is the remainder.
Vulgar Fractions may be numerated, added, subtracted, multiplied, and divided; they may be reduced, and stated in proportion. In short, they are subject to all the rules and principles of common arithmetic. The integers, however, may be divided into any indefinite number of parts, and those of different kinds; hence, it is not always easy
young scholars to manage them. Besides, they are of less importance, since the introduction of decimal fractions, which are more siinple, and more expeditiously managed.
GRAMMAR. LESSON 20.
Of the Infinitive Moud. The I:finitive mood is that form of the verb, which expresses an action in general, but not the action of any subject or agent. It is distinguished by the preposition, to, either expressed or understood, immediately before it; as: to read, to write, to walk, to be, to live, to die, &c. This verb has neither person, nor number; but it is governed, and sometimes governs. It is used only in two tenses; the Present and Perfoct.
To have been,
To bave written,
To have walked,
To have loved. Note. This form of the verb, may be regarded as the root from which all the other forms of the verbs are derived; and it is used without the sign of the preposition, to, before the following verbs: bid, dare, fcel, sce, make, need, hear, and let.
SPELLING.-LESSON 21. hec-kle kēk'kl,
kiln-dry kil'dri knot-ted nöt'těd lieck-y fékkē kin-de kin'di knot-ty röt'te hedg-er hedi'ur king-craft king'kræft knuc-blo nuk ki hed.lack hed'lak king-cup king'kup lack-er läkskur hel-son hel'sun king-dom king'duin lack-ey lãk'kē ken-nel kěn'nél
king-ly king'lē lad-der lad'dür ker-mes kēr'měz kius-folk kinz'foke lay-ger lag'gur ker-nel kérnil kins-man kinz hìa lanb-sin làm kin ker-sey kērʻzē kir-tle kêr't lain-prey lăm prẽ kes-trel kes'tril kitch-en kitsh'in lam-pron lăm prăn ket-tle kıt't1
kit-ten kit'tn lan-det lăn’sit kick-er kik'ūr knap-tle năP pl land-less lănd'lės kick-ing kik'ing knap-sack năp'sāk land-tax lănd'tāks kid-der kid'dūr knob-bed nob'd lan-guid lăn'gwid kid-ney kid'ne knock-er nok'kūr lan-guish lăngwish kil-ler kil'lur knot-grass not-gras lan-guoi lăn gwũr
READING. -LESSON 22.
Coral and Ivory. Jane. Ma', sister Mary believes that coral is a mineral"; but I have doubts about it'; will you be so kind as to inform us'?
Ma. Coral', my child', is an animal production. It is produced by a species of the Polypus'; a poor half animated worm. The creature is supposed to form the coral for its habitation'; and thus produce a constant supply'.
Mary. Ma', you tell us wonders'! Where is coral obtained"?
Ma. It is found attached to rocks', deep in the sea', whence it is gathered by coral fishermen' The principal fisheries are at Marseilles' and Messina'; both on the northern coast of the Mediterranean sea'.
Jane. Now we are on the subject of rare and delicatethings', I should be glad to hear something about ivory'.
Ma. Ivory is the tusks of the Elephant', and it answers to the horns of other animals'.' Horn, I understand', can', by long and intense boiling', be reduced to a jelly'; and so can the shavings of ivory'. The shavings of ivory burnt in a crucible to a black powder', make a useful paint"; called ivory black!
Mary. What is a crucible', Ma?
Jane. I can answer that', sister'; it is a chemist's melting pot'. But, Ma, is not ivory frequently coloured?
Ma. Yes'; such as red', green', black': &c.' but I think its rrative, creamy white', is the richest and most beautiful.
DECIMAL FRACTIONS. Decimal Fractions, like those of Vulgar Fractions, express a part of a unit. But in this case, the unit, is always divided into cqual parts, and each of these, again subdivided into 10 lesser parts, and so on to infinitude. Hence, the denominator is always 10, 100, 1000, 10000, &c. or unity with any indefinite number of naughts to the right of it. These, il written in the form of vulgar fractions, would stand. thus: io 100, 1000, 10000 From these examples it will be seen that the number of naughts below the line, is equal to the number of significant figures above the line; and this will always be the case when both terms of Decimal Fractions are expressed; therefore, the numerator only is written; but in order to distinguish it from whole numbers, a point is placed before the fraction, thus: .4,.14, .114,.2124. These may be readily valued, if the naughts are supposed to be written below them.
Whole numbers are valued from the right, toward the left, and increase in a tenfold ratio; but Decimal Fractions are numerated from left to right, and decrease in the same ratio, as exhibited in the subjoined table.
coc of Millions,
C of Thousands,
C Thousandth do
76:9 NOTE. A naught at the left of a Decimal Fraction, diminishes its value tenfold; two naughts, a hundred fold, foc. for they remove the fraction further from mity.
Exercises in Parsing. Obs. The 14th and 18th Rules, the first of which provides that conjunctions connect nouns, and pronouns in the same case, and the second, that conjunctions connect verbs in the same mood and tense, are of familiar construction, and of very eltensive application.
I told him he might go, and stay a week, if he chose. Ile should have come back at the appointed time, and he would have met with favour. Bid him call to-morrow. Ask him ihe time of day, and when he leaves home. Time and chance happen to all. The winds blew, and the rains descended, and beat upon that house, and it fell. Hear her and her sister sing and play. Bid him and his brother read and write. She loves to study and work, and I will let her try to write and speak.
LESSON 25. lank-ness lăngk'nis leav-en lèv'vn
lev-y ley've lan-turn lăn turn lec-tion lēk/shun lic-tor lik'tür lap-pet lăpʻpit lec-ture lěk'tshüre lift.er lift'ur lar-um lărrum leg-er lěd'jår lil-y lil'le lash-er lăshʻūr lem-on lem'mun lim-beck lim'bělo Jast-ing lăst'ting lend-er lěnd'úr limb-ed lim'd last-ly lăst'le
length-en lengt'H'n lim-ber lim'búr latch-er lătsh úr lėnt-or lent'ūr lim-it lim'mit latch-et lătsh'it lent-ons lént'uns lim-ner lim'nür fat-in lăt'tin
leop-ard lep'půrd linch-pin linch'pin lat-ter lăt'tūr lep-rous lép prūs lin-en lin'nin lät-tice lăttis les-sen les's ling-er ling'gür làx-ness lăks'nės les-ser lěs' sur ling-go lingʻgo Tead-en lěd'da let-ter lėt-tur lin-guist ling'gwist