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23. Divide 24606039 by 43000. 24. 116000000 by 17400,
Exercises in Division.
25. B. had 3264 miles to travel, and that too in 136 days; how far must he go each day?
Ans. 24 miles. 26. A. paid 1040 shillings for 52 weeks' board; what did he pay for each week?
Ans. 20 shillings. 27. 8 boys went to gather nuts, and brought home 6488; how many had each?
Ans. 811 nuts. 28. Mr. D. pays 976 dollars a year for the use of a farm of 244 acres; what is that an acre?
Ans. 4 dollars. 29. A. put his money out for one year, or 356 days, and got for it 2555 dollars; what was that a day. Ans. 7 dolls.
30. B. has 16 bags of coffee, each 120 pounds; and 8 barrels, each 343; he wishes to put them in kegs each 22 pounds; how many kegs musi he have?
Ans. 212 kegs. 31. G. left at his death, 46646 dollars, and ordered his widow to take 8000 for herself, and divide the remainder equally among her six children; how much will each have?
Ans. 6441 dollars.
The following sentence exhibits all the parts of speech arranged in order, and forming complete sense.
3 2 The gift of speech is a faculty peculiar to man, hence, he is
4 bound to use it wisely, but, alas! he daily perverts it.
It must be remembered that the same word is not always the same part of speech. From the relation which they sustain, and the situation which they occupy in the sentence into which they are introduced, the same word is often made to exchange offices and names, and perform a variety of parts, all tending however, to promote the agreement, and perfect the members which immediately form the sentence. All this will be made perfectly clear and familiar as the subject advances towards the rules of syntax.
Note. Allow me to submit one word of advice to the young pupil, which is, never to advance a word in any branch of study, beyond what you do not comprehend. Clear up every obscurity and difficulty, as you progress; understand distinctly as you proceed, and remember what you understand. For this purpose, bring into action the powers of your own mind, and the facutties of your memory.
Questions on the sixteenth chapter.
READING EXERCISES. Les. 2. What is said of Time? In what sense is it brief: What of the stages of man's life? Repeat the verse? What of the past, the future, the present? How is the present to be used?
Les. 6. Relate some of the objects to which time in brevity is likened. Which appears the most natural? Which the handsomest? Why? What admonition does it convey?
Les. 10. What is time to tell the child, &c.? What several things is line to inform the child? What does time bid the child do? Can time speak? Why?
Les. 14. Can you repeat the lines in this lesson? What is meant by an archer's arrow, and shooting star? How do we begin to die when our life begins?
Les. 18. What attends the steps of the child in youth? What soon follows? What comes in the rear of life's noon? To what are you likened? What is remarked of your days, and your last hour? What advice is finally given?
ARITHMETICAL EXERCISES. Les. 3. Ilow do you state the first question? How work it? How
prove it? How state the fifth question? How work it? How prove it?
Les. 7. What does division show? How many and what terms? What constitutes the remainder! When is the
operation called short division, and why? What the 1st step in stating? The 2d? The 3d? What the 4th? What the proof?
Les. 11. How multiply by 10, 100, 1000, &c.? When the divisor is more than 12, how is the quotient placed? What the 1st step in stating? What the 2d? What the 3d? What the 4th? What the proof? What of cyphers on the right?
GRAMMATICAL EXERCISES. Les. 4. What is the 8th part of speech? Its office? Character? Example? Application? How is the conjunction known?
Les. 8. What is the 9th part of speech? Its office? Character? Example? Application? How may the preposition be known?
Les. 12. What is the 10th part of speech? What its use? Character? Examples? How is the Interjection known?
Les. 16. How is the noun known? The article? The verb? The pronoun? The adjective? The participle? The adverb?.
The conjunction? The preposition? The Interjection? Which part of speech appears the most familiar? Which the easiest understood? Which the most important? Which the least inviting.
Les. 20. Point out the several parts of speech marked with figures, as arranged in the sentence. Is the saine word always the same part of speech? What induces an exchange of office? When is this to be illustrated? What advice is submitted to the pupil? Is he capable of following it?
SPELLING.-LESSON 1. Easy words of two syllables;the accent on the first, vowels short. åb'-bis
ăn -thăm băg-pipe băr'-rěn ab'-sént ăn-vil
bă!'-låd băsh'-ful ad'-věnt ăp'-tate bă”'-lăst bă v'-in åd'-věrb ăp'tote băn-dit
běd'-ding ăd'-věrse ăr'-ră at bănd'-rõll běd'-mäte ör-răs bănk'-bill
běd'-post äm'-bit ăs'-pěn
bănk’-rupt běd'-rid im-bush ăs'-trăl bănt-ling ănt-hill ht-las băp'-tist
The visible works of God. 1. The study of nature', the handy works of God, is one of the highest, the noblesť, the richest, and most delightful employments that can engage the attention of human beings'.
2. To him whose taste is formed for this sublime pursuiť; whose mind is seasoned with the spice of nature's beauties', and nature's wonders', this study is as his bread when hungry'. or his drink when thirsty!
3. The vast but distant glowing worlds', which he nightly sees above his head', wheeling their course in empty space;' and the more minute, less brilliant, though not less curious, objects which meet his eye as he casts a look along the earth', are so many proofs, to his mind', that there is a God';-the builder of worlds', and the author of lif:'.
4. At the silent watch of night, he lifts his eyes to the star spangled vault', and lo! the distint rising clouds', the lightning's vivid flash', and thunder's hoarse roar, passing, in gran: deur, through the nocturnal arch, połıt him to a God',
"Who rides upon the stormy skies',
ARITHMETIC.-LESSON 3. The rules which have been previously introduced, are termed simple, because their operations have been confined to whole numbers. They are capable however, of being applied to compound numbers and fractional parts, whether vulgar or decimal.
Compound numbers refer to the terms used in money, weights, measures, &c. The
currency of the United States, is called Federal money, and the terms by which it is known, are eaglez, dollars, dimes, cenis and mills. Eagles and dimes are not often used; the first being blended with dollars, and the other with cents. These terins have a decimal relation, the same as whole numbers, hence the same rules may be applied to them.
1 dime (di)
1 dollar (dol or $) 10 dollars
1 eagle (E)
Addition. RULE. 1. Place the given sums under each other, and let dollars come under dollars, cents under cents, and mills under inills.
2. Add and carry as in addition of whole numbers, keeping the terms separate by dots.
3. Proof, as in addition of whole numbers. Thus: (1)
(2) 25.14 5 (3) 56.19 3 34.26 5
42.36 6 112,72 5 53.35 8
19.42 5 76.12 9 165.827
24.55 4 246.65 6
$375 58 4 Ans.
5001. 4 O 226.55 6
6000. 2 1
(6) $162.5713 3
60215.000 7623.77 1 333.34 5
GRAMMAR LESSON 4.
Of Nouns and their properties. Nouns or names have four distinet properties which distinguish them from every other part of speech. These are,
1st, Person; 2d, Number; 3d, Gender, 4th, Case. PERSONS. Nouns have two persons, termed the second, and third. When you speak to a person or thing, the name liy which it is called, is in the second person; but when you speak of or about a person or thing, then the noun is in tho third person: As: Mary, your copy is ready. Here, Mary, is spoken to, and is in the second person, and copy, is spoken of, i and is in the third Names or Nouns are also of two kinds, proper
and cominon. A proper name is that which is given to one person or thing; as, Mary, Thomas, Washington, America, 'Ohio, Boston, London, Thames. A common name is that which is given to many things of the same sort; as, book, pen, knise, tree, man, animal, fear, hope, love, joy, pain, pleasure, &c.
bod'-kin brin, děd būs'-kin
'brot'h'-ěl būt'ěnd blănd'-ish bồnd-măn
READING.-LESSON 6. 5. At 'early dawn, and through the busy day, the pupil of nature, contemplates the vast machine of worlds. He views the peerless sun', rising in strength', and spreading forth his glory over half the globe. With steady, sturdy march', he sees him climb the hill of moon', and shed a kindly warmth on man' and beast', on shrub' and tree', and on the watery waste'.
6. He then beholds him, verging down the western sky', until he hides his splendours in the shades of night'.
“Soon as the Evening shades prevail',
The Moon takes up the wondrous tale'.” These glorious objects, point lis enquiring mind to their still more glorious Author', and manifest his goodness' and his power.
7. The varied year', Nature's gay patch work', opened with blushing spring', advanced by ripening summer', folded in gathering autumn'; and closed with consuming winter, pre