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In case or a fie, legisla

ante Governor and State officers, and of such other officers as shall by law be referred to them.

$ 5. In case two or more persons have an equal and the highest cure to make number of fotes for any office, as canvassed by the board of State

canvassers, the Legislature, in joint convention, shall choose one of said persons to fill such office. When the determination of the board of State canvassers is contested, the Legislature, in joint convention, shall decide which person is elected.




81. The Governor shall receive an annual salary of one thousand dollars; the Judges of the Circuit Court shall each receive an annual salary, of one thousand five hundred dollars; the State Treasurer shall receive an annual salary of one thousand dollars; the Auditor General shall receive an annual salary of one thousand dollars; the Superintendent of Public Instruction shall receive an annual salary of one thousand dollars; the Secretary of State shall receive an annual salary of eight hundred dollars; the Commissioner of the Land Office shall receive an annual salary of eight hundred dollars; the Attorney General shall receive an annual salary of eight hundred dollars. They shall receive no fees or perquisites, whatever, for the performance of any duties connected with their offices. It shall not be competent for the Legislature to increase the salaries herein pro vided



Counties to he bodies corporate. .

Not to be reduced to leas

$ 1. Each organized county shall be a body corporate; with sucir powers and immunities as shall be established by law. All suits and procedings, by or against a county, shall be in the name thereof.

82. No organized county shall ever be reduced, by the organizathan sixteen tion of new counties, to less than sixteen townships, as surveyed by

the United States, unless, in pursuance of law, a majority of electors residing in each county to be affected thereby shall so decide. The Legislature may organize any city into a separate county, when it has attained a population of twenty thousand inhabitants, without reference to geographical extent, when a majority of the elector of

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a county in which such city may be situated, voting thereor, shall be in favor of a separate organization.

$ 3. In each organized county there shall be a sheriff, & county elerk, a county treasurer, a register of deeds and a prosecuting attor- County'ok. ney, chosen by the electors thereof, once in two years, and as often as vacancies shall happen, whose duties and powers shall be prescribed by law. The board of supervisors in any county may unite the offices of county clerk and register of deeds in one office, or disconnect the same.

$ 4. The sheriff, county clerk, county treasurer, judge of probate Offices at and register of deeds, shall hold their offices at the county seat. 85. The sheriff shall hold no other office, and shall be incapable

Sheriff to of holding the office of sheriff longer than four in any period of six hold no old. years. He may be required by law to renew his security from time to time, and in default of giving such security, his office shall be deemed vacant. The county shall never be responsible for his acts.

$ 6. A board of supervisors, consisting of one from each organized township, shall be established in each county, with such powers as pervisors. shall prescribed by law.

$ 7. Cities shall have such representation in the board of supervi-Cities to be sors of the counties in which they are situated, as the Legislature may in board. direct.

$ 8. No county seat, once established, shall be removed, until the place to which it is proposed to be removed shall be designated by County two-thirds of the board of supervisors of the county, and a majority of the electors voting thereon shall have voted in favor of the proposed location, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.

$9. The board of supervisors of any county may borrow or raise by tax one thousand dollars, for constructing or repairing public pervisor buildings, highways or bridges; but no greater sum shall be borrowed money for

highways, or raised by tax for such purpose in any one year, unless authorized by a majority of the electors of such county voting thereon. $ 10. The board of supervisors, or, in the county of Wayne, the

In county of board of county auditors, shall

have the exclusive power to prescribe Wayne. and fix the compensation for all services rendered for, and to adjust all claims against, their respective counties; and the sum so fixed or defined shall be subject to no appeal.

seate; how removed.

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Board of su- $11. The board of supervisors of each organized county may pervisors to provide for provide for laying out highways, constructing bridges and organimiest ways, zing townships, under such restrictions and limitations as shall be

prescribed by law.



Township oficers.

§ 1. There shall be elected annually, on the first Monday of April, in each organized township, one supervisor, one township clerk, who shall be ex-officio school inspector, one commissioner of highways, one township treasurer, one school inspector, not exceeding four constables, and one overseer of highways for each highway district, whose powers and duties shall be prescribed by law.

§ 2. Each organized township shall be a body corporate, with Townships to be bodies such powers and immunities as shall be prescribed by law. All suits

and proceedings by or against a township, shall be in the name thereof.




$ 1. The House of Representatives shall have the sole power of Imapecho

impeaching civil officers for corrupt conduct in office, or for crimes and misdemeanors; but a majority of the members elected shall be necessary to direct an impeachment.

8 2. Every impeachment shall be tried by the Senate. When the How tried.

Governor or Lieutenant Governor is tried, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall preside. When an impeachment is directed, the Senate shall take an oath or affirmation truly and impartially to try and determine the same according to the evidence. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members elected. Judgment, in case of impeachment, shall not extend further than removal from office; but the party convicted shall be liable to punishment according to law.

3. When an impeachment is directed, the House of Representa

tives shall elect from their own body three members, whose duty it membrs to shall be to prosecute such impeachment. No impeachment shall be

tried until the final adjournment of the Legislature, when the Senate shall proceed to try the same.

House to elect three



$ 4. No judicial officer shall exercise his office, after an impeach. Impeachm

of judicial ment is directed, until he is acquitted.

8 5. The Governor may make a provisional appointment to à Facancy occasioned by the suspension of an officer, until he shall be acquitted, or until after the election and qualification of a suc

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Removal of

Removal of



School fund.

8 6. For reasonable cause, which shall not be sufficient ground for the impeachment of a judge, the Governor shall remove him

judge. a concurrent resolution of two-thirds of the members elected to each house of the Legislature; but the cause for which such removal is required shall be stated at length in such resolution.

$ 7. The Legislature shall provide by law for the removal of any officer elected by a county, township or school district, in such man- certain oli ner and for such cause as to them shall seem just and proper.


EDUCATION. § 1. The Superintendent of Public Instruction shall have the general supervision of public instruction, and his duties shall be prescrbied by law,

§ 2. The proceeds from the sales of all lands that have been or hereafter

may be granted by the United States to the State, for educational purposes, and the proceeds of all lands or other property given by individuals or appropriated by the State for like purposes, shall be and remain a perpetual fund, the interest and income of which together with the rents of all such lands as may remain unsold, shall be inviolably appropriated and annually applied to the specific objects of the original gift, grant or appropriation.

§ 3. All lands, the titles to which shall fail from a defect of heirs, shall escheat to the State; and the interest on the clear proceeds from the sales thereof, shall be appropriated exclusively to the support of primary schools.

§ 4. The Legislature shall, within five years from the adoption of this constitution, provide for and establish a system of primary Free schools schools, whereby a school shall be kept without charge for tuition, at least three months in each year, in every school district in the State; and all instruction in said schools shall be conducted in the English langaage.


District Schoods.

Blection of
Regents of


Naiset sily.

$ 5. A school shall be maintained in each school district at least three months in each year. Any school district neglecting to maintain such school, sball be deprived for the ensuing year of its proportion of the income of the primary school fund, and of all funds arising from taxes for the support of schools.

$ 6. There shall be elected in each judicial circuit, at the time of University. the election of the judge of such circuit, a regent of the University,

whose term of office shall be the same as that of such judge. The regents thus elected shall constitute the Board of Regents of the Uni. versity of Michigan.

§ 7. The regents of the University, and their successors in office, handy corpo. shall continue to constitute the body corporate, known by the name

and title of "the Regents of the University of Michigan." Domaident of $8. The regents of the University shall, at their first annual meet

ing, or as soon thereafter as may be, elect a President of the University, who shall be ex officio a member of their board, with the privilege of speaking but not of voting. He shall preside at the meetings of the regents,and be the principal executive officer of the University. The board of regents shall have the general supervision of the University, and the direction and control of all expenditures from the University interest fund.

$ 9. There shall be elected at the general election in the year one thonsand eight hundred and fifty-two, three members of a State Board of Education, one for two years, one for four years, and one for six years; and at each succeeding biennial election there shall be elected one member of such board, who shall bold his office for six years. The Superintendent of Public Instruction shall be ez officio a member and secretary of such board. The board shall hare the general supervision of the State Normal School, and their duties shall be prescribed by law.

§ 10. Institutions for the benefit of those inhabitants who are deaf, Asylums.

dumb, blind or insane, shall always be fostered and supported.

§ 11. The Legislature shall encourage the promotion of intellectual, scientific and agricultural improvement; and shall, as soon as practicable, provide for the establishment of an agricultural school The Legislature may appropriate the twenty-two sections of salt spring lands now unappropriated, or the money arising from the sale of the

Board of ed.

Agriculturai school.

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