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THE SECRETARIES OF STATE. (Until the reign of Henry VIII. there was only one Secretary of State ; and

until the reign of Elizabeth, the Secretaries were never of the Privy Council. From the death of Queen Anne to the Rebellion of 1745, there was a third Secretary for Scotland; and from 1768, to the loss of America, in 1782, there was one for the Colonies, which office was revived in 1804, in conjunction with the War Department. The departments of the two Secreturies were, previous to 1782, divided into Northern and Southern, now styled the Home and Foreign Departments. From 1782 until 1854 there were two, and sometimes three, Secretaries of State. In that year a fourth was added, in consequence of the separation of the Department of War from that of the Colonies, and in 1858 the creation of a Secretary of State for India increased the number to five, at which it now remains. With the Home Secretary, all grants, pardons, and regulations in civil matters of every kind, are made out and executed. To the Foreign Secretary belong ull despatches to and from other courts, and all business appertaining to the same. They have the custody of the privy signet, because the Queen's private letters are sealed with it. There are four Clerks of the Signet, who make out grants, patents, &c. which have the sign manual, to which the Signet being added, it is a warrant to the Privy Seal, as the Privy Seal is a warrant to the Great Seal. The Paper Office belongs to the Secretaries of State, where all papers, letters, memorials, negotiations, fc., are deposited and preserved.]

Home Department; previous to 1782 styled the Northern Department. 1798,

Duke of Portland. 1801, July 30, Lord Pelham. 1803, Aug. 17, Right Hon. Charles Yorke. 1806, Feb. 5, Earl Spencer. 1807, Mar. 25, Lord Hawkesbury. 1809, Nov. 1, Right Hon. Richard Ryder. 1812, June 11, Viscount Sidmouth. 1822, Jan. 17, Right Hon. Robert Peel. 1827, May 1, Right Hon. William-Sturges Bourne.

July 16, Marquess of Lansdowne. 1828, Jan. 26, Right Hon. Robert Peel. 1830, Nov. 22, Viscount Melbourne. 1834, July 19, Lord Duncannon.

Dec. 15, Right Hon. Henry Goulburn. 1835, April 18, Lord John Russell. 1839, Aug. 30, Marquess of Normanby. 1841, Sept. 6, Sir James-Robert-George Graham, bart. 1846, July 6, Sir George Grey, bart. 1852, Feb. 27, Right Hon. Spencer-Horatio Walpole.

Dec. 28, Viscount Palmerston.

1855, Feb. 8, Right Hon. Sidney Herbert.

28, Right Hon. Sir George Grey, bart. 1858, Feb. 26, Right Hon. Spencer. Horatio Walpole. 1859, Feb. 28, Right Hon. T. H. S. Sotheron-Estcourt..

June 18, Rt. Hon.Sir George-Cornewall Lewis, bart. 1861, July 23, Right Hon. Sir George Grey, bart. 1866, July 6, Right Hon. Spencer. Horatio Walpole. 1867, May 17, Right Hon. Gathorne Hardy. 1868, Dec. 9, Right Hon. Henry-Austin Bruce... 1873, Aug. 9, Right Hon. Robert Lowe. 1871, Feb. Right Hon. Richard Assheton Cross. 1880, April Right Hon. Sir W.-Vernon Harcourt.

Under Secretaries of State for the Home Department. 1880, April Mr. Arthur Peel.

Hon. Sir A.-F.-O. Liddell. (Permanent.)

Foreign Department; previous to 1782 styled the Southern Department. 1800,

Lord Hawkesbury. 1804, May 14, Lord Harrowby. 1805, Jan. 11, Earl of Mulgrave. 1806, Feb. 7, Right Hon. Charles-James Fox.

Sept. 24, Viscount Howick. 1807, Mar. 25, Right Hon. George Canning, 1809, Oct. 11, Earl Bathurst.

Dec. 6, Marquess Wellesley. 1812, June 11, Viscount Castlereagh. 1822, Sept. 16, Right Hon. George Canning. 1827, May 1, Viscount Dudley. 1828, May 30, Earl of Aberdeen. 1830, Nov. 22, Viscount Palmerston. 1834, Nov. 21, Duke of Wellington. 1835, April 18, Viscount Palmerston. 1841, Sept. 2, Earl of Aberdeen. 1846, July 6, Viscount Palmerston, 1851, Dec. 26, Earl Granville. 1852, Feb. 27, Earl of Malmesbury.

Dec. 28, Lord John Russell. 1853, Feb. 21, Earl of Clarendon, 1858, Feb. 26, Earl of Malmesbury. 1859, June 18, Lord John Russell. 1865, Nov. 3, Earl of Clarendon. 1866, July 6, Lord Stanley. 1868, Dec. 10, Earl of Clarendon. 1870, July 7, Earl Granville, 1874, Feb.

Earl of Derby 1878,

Marquis of Salisbury. 1880, April Earl Granville.

Under Secretaries of State for the Foreign Department.

1880, April

Sir Charles Dilke, bart.
Lord Tenterden. (Permanent.)

Colony and War Department. 1804, May 14, Earl Camden. 1805, July 10, Viscount Castlereagh. 1806, Feb 5, Right Hon. William Windham. 1807, Mar. 25, Viscount Castlereagh. 1809, Oct. 11, Earl of Liverpool. 1812, June 11, Earl Bathurst. 1827, May 1, Viscount Goderich.

Sept. 3, Right Hon. William Huskisson. 1828, May 30, Sir George Murray. 1830, Nov. 22, Viscount Goderich. 1833,

Right Hon. Edward G. Stanley. 1834, June Right Hon. Thomas-Spring R..e.

Dec. 20, Earl of Aberdeen. 1835, April 18, Right Hon. Charles Grant. 1839, Feb. 20, Marquess of Normanby.

Aug. 30, Lord John Russell. 1841, Sept. 3, Lord Stanley. 1845, Dec. 23, Right Hon. William-Ewart Gladstone. 1846, July 6, Earl Grey. 1852, Feb. 27, Right Hon. Sir John S, Pekington, bart. Dec. 28, Duke of Newcastle.

(1854, June 10.- The Departments were divided.]

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1854, June 10, Duke of Newcastle.
1855, Feb. 8, Right Hon. Lord Panmure.
1858, Feb. 26, Right Hon. Jonathan Peel.
1859, June 18, Right Hon. Sidney Herbert.
1861, July 23, Right Hon. Sir George-Cornewall Lewis, bt.
1863, April 28, Earl De Grey and Ripon.
1866, Feb. 16, The Marquess of Hartington.

July 6, Right Hon. Jonathan Peel. 1867,

Right Hon. Sir J.-Somerset Pakington, bt. 1868, Dec. 10, Right Hon. Edward Cardwell. 1874, Mar. Right Hon. Gathorne Hardy. 1878,

Right Hon. F.-A. Stanley. 1880, April Right Hon. H.-C.-E. Childers.

1880, April

Under Secretaries for the War Department.

Earl of Morley.
Mr. Campbell-Bannerman. (Financial.)
Mr: R. W. Thompson, C.B. (Permanent.)

Secretaries of State for the Colonies Department. 1854, June 10, Right Hon. Sir George Grey, bart. 1855, May 15, Lord John Russell.

July 21, Right Hon. Sir William Molesworth, bart.

Nov. 17, Right Hon. Henry Labouchere. 1858, Feb. 26, Right Hon. Lord Stanley.

May 31, Right Hon. Sir Edward Lytton-Bulwer,, bart.. 1859, June 18, Duke of Newcastle. 1864, April 7, Right Hon. Edward Cardwell. 1866, July 10, Earl of Carnarvon.

Duke of Buckingham and Chandos. 1868, Dec. 10, Earl Granville. 1870, July 6, Earl of Kimberley. 1874, Mar. Earl of Carnarvon. 1878,

Right Hon. Sir M. Hicks-Beach, bart. 1880, April Earl of Kimberley.

Under Secretaries of State for the Colonies Department 1880, April

Right Hon. M.-E. Grant-Duff.
Mr. R. G. W. Herbert. (Permanent.)

1867,

The Board of Control, now. Styled
THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR INDIA.

President. 1801, April 25, Viscount Lewisham. 1802, July, Viscount Castlereagh. 1806, Feb. 11, Earl of Minto.

July 15, Right Hon. Thomas Grenville.

Sept. 30, Right Hon. George Tierney. 1807, April 4, Right Hon. Robert Dundas. 1809, July 11, Earl of Harrowby.

Nov. 7, Right Hon. Robert Dundas. 1812, April 4, Earl of Buckinghamshire. 1816, June 4, Right Hon. George Canning, 1821, Jan. 12, Right Hon. C. Bathurst. 1822, Feb. 5, Right Hon. C. W. W. Wynn, 1828, Feb. 4, Viscount Melville.

Sept. 17, Lord Ellenborough. 1830, Nov. 22, Right Hon. Char Grant. 1834, Dec. 15, Lord Ellenborough. 1835, April 23, Right Hon. Sir John-Cam Hobhouse, bart. 1841, Sept. 4, Lord Ellenborough.

1843, May 17, Earl of Ripon.
1846, July 6, Lord Broughton.
1852, Feb. 5, Right Hon. Fox Maule.

Feb. 27, Right Hon. John-Charles Herries.

Dec. 28, Right Hon. Sir Charles Wood, barte 1855, Feb. 28, Right Hon. Robert-Vernon Smith. 1858, Feb. 26, Right Hon. Earl of Ellenborough. May 31, Right. Hon. Lord Stanley.

[By Act of Parliament, Session 1858.] 1858, Sept. 2, Right Hon. Lord Stanley, Secretary of State for India, 1859, June 18, Right Hon. Sir Charles Wood, bart. 1866, Feb. 16, The Earl De Grey and Ripon. July 6, Right Hon. Lord Cranborne.

Right Hon. Sir Stafford-H. Northcote, bto 1868, Dec. 10, Duke of Argyll. 1874,

Marquis of Salisbury.

Right Hon. Viscount Cranbrook. 1880, April Marquis of Hartington.

Under-Secretaries. 1880, August

Viscount Enfield.

Sir Louis Mallet, C.B. (Permanent.)

GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA. 1880, May 6, Marquis of Ripon.

1867,

1878,

THE COMMISSIONERS OF ROYAL PARKS, PALACES,

WORKS, AND PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 1850, Mar. 22, Right Hon. Lord Seymour. 1852, Feb. 27, Lord John Manners.

Dec. 28, Right Hon. Sir William Molesworth, bart. 1855, July 21, Sir Benjamin Hall, bart. 1858, Feb. 26, Right Hon. Lord John-James-Robert Manners. 1859, June 18, Right Hon. Henry Fitzroy. 1860, Feb. 9, Right Hon. Francis-William Cowper. 1866, July 6, Right Hon. Lord John-James-R. Manners. 1868, Dec. 9, Right Hon. Austen-Henry Layard. 1869, Nov. 12, Right Hon. Acton-Smee Ayrton. 1873, Aug. 11, Right Hon. William-Patrick Adam, 1874,

Right Hon. Lord Henry Lennox. 1876,

Right Hon. Gerard-J. Noel. 1880,

Right Hon. G. J. Shaw-Leferve.

THE COMMISSIONERS OF WOUDS, FORESTS, AND LAND

REVENUES. 1850, Aug. 10, Hon. Charles-Alexander Gore. 1855, Mar. 16, Hon. James-Kenneth Howard..

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