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This chapter has foretold the overthrow of Persia by the Greeks, and the invasion of the Romans ; such as the capture of Babylon, and the reduction of other Provinces, which it may be said, was completely effected in the reign of Augustus. Here we read also, the prediction of the different wars which have been carried on between the Persian and Roman Powers down to the time of Justinian. For, as Daniel in Chap. II. and VII. has prophecied refpecting one Empire, [Rome] to a specific period; it is fair to conclude, that he was empowered to deliver predictions with regard to the other Empire, [Persia] and that this has been the case, several Verses in this chapter, we presume, are striking proofs.

Verse 37. “ Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any God: for he shall magnify himself above all.”

This verse may be said to apply to the Apostacy and Heresy of Justinian, and to his fantastic opinion* concerning the Body of Christ.

Verse * Justinian was neither feady nor consistent in the nice process of fixing his volatile opinions on those of his subjects.


Verse 40. “And at the time of the end shall the King of the South pulh at him, and the King of the North shall come against him like a whirlwind with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships, and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.”

This strongly alludes to the war, which was begun by Chofroes, [Nushirvan] and to the defence of the East by Belisarius*.

Verse 41. “He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the Chief of the Children of Ammon.


Verse 42. “He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the Countries, and the land of Egypt shall not escape.”

In his youth he was offended by the flightest deviation from the orthodox line; in his old age he transgressed the measure of temperate heresy, and the Jacobites, not less than the Catholics, were fcandalized by his declaration, that the body of Christ was incorruptible, and that his manhood was never subject to any wants and infirmities, the inheritartce of our mortal flesh. This fantastic opinion was announced in the last edicts of Justinian. Gib. vol. 8, p. 328–9.

* Gib. Vol. 7, p. 311, 12, 13, 14, 15.


Here we find the boundary of the Roman conquests in Asia laid down, and also an allusion to the Treaty of Peace which was concluded with Chofroes for a term of fifty* years.

Ver. 43. “ But he shall have power over the treasures of gold, and of filver, and over all the pre. cious things of Egypt. And the Libyans, and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps."

In this verse we read of the alliance of the Abyffinians with Justinian t, who folicited the friendship of the Ethiopian Usurper Abraha, who honoured with a slight tribute, the supremacy of his Prince.

Ver. 45. “And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas, in the glorious holy mountain.”

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This alludes to the completion by Justinian, of the fortifications g which had been begun by his predecessor Anastasius, and to the circumstance of the addition of new fortifications by his indefatigable prudence; so that the whole extended from the Euxine ta the Persian Frontier.

* Gib. vol. vii. p. 339. *Gib. vol. 7, p. 343, 4. $ Gib. vpl. 7. p. 129, 33.



The preceding chapter we consider as very closely connected with this. For instance, in Chap. xi.ver. 45, “Yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.—The pronoun He, we consider in general to allude to an empire : for whenever be relates to an Emperor, it is solely for the purpose of marking the æra. Therefore the dates in this chapter are to be considered as the different periods, at which the prophecy in the above verse will be fulfilled. And as this divine prophet of Our Saviour could not interpret *the vision t he had seen, we have very good reason to conclude, that no other prophet in the Old Testament was endued with the knowledge thereof.

Verse 6. " And one said to the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, How long shall it be to the end of these wonders ?

Verse 7. "And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he

* " And I heard, but I understood not."-Ver. 8.

t " Then I Daniel looked, and behold, there stood other two, the one on this side of the bank of the river, and the other on that side of the bank of the river.Verle 5.




his right hand, and his left hand unto Heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever, that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power

of the holy people, all these things shall be finished.”


9. “And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.”

Verse 11. “And from the time that the daily facrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thoufand, two hundred and ninety days.

Verse 12. “Blessed is he, that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand, three hundred and five and thirty days.”

Our comments on the above verses will be found in the following pages, as also our observations respecting the daily sacrifice.


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