Liquid Fuel and Its Combustion
A. Constable & Company, Limited, 1903 - 410 halaman
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absorbed acid allowed amount apparatus appears arranged atmosphere atomizing barrels becomes boiler brick burner burning calculated calorific capacity carbon carried cent chimney closed coal combustion compression considerable contains cost crude cubic diameter difference draught effect efficiency employed engine equal equivalent evaporation excess experience feed feet figures fire fitted flame flow foot forced furnace gallons gases give given grate gravity heat hour hydrogen inches increased installation iron kilo less light lime liquid fuel locomotive means miles minute mixed necessary ordinary oxygen pass petroleum pipe placed possible pounds practice present pressure produced pump reduced regulated secured ship shown shows side smoke soda solid space specific heat spray square steam sufficient supply surface TABLE taken tank temperature tests tons trials tube units usually valve volume weight
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Halaman 343 - Rules in the cases of vessels carrying petroleum in bulk, and the scantlings and arrangements must be to the Committee's satisfaction. 6. All compartments intended for carrying oil fuel must be tested by a head of water extending to the highest point of the filling pipes, or 12...
Halaman 337 - That under heavy forced-draft conditions, and particularly when steam is used, the board has not yet found it possible to prevent smoke from issuing from the stack, although all connected with the tests made special efforts to secure complete combustion. Particularly for naval purposes is it desirable that the smoke nuisance be eradicated in order that the presence of a war ship might not be detected from this cause.
Halaman 337 - ... to those who have given careful study to the matter, and who have had extended experience in burning the crude product. The form of the burner will play a very small part in increasing the use of crude petroleum. The method and character of the installation will count for much ; but where burners are simple in design and are constructed in accordance with scientific principles, there will be very little difference in their efficiency. Consumers should principally see that they do not purchase...
Halaman 336 - That the evaporative efficiency of nearly every kind of oil per pound of combustible is probably the same. While the crude oil may be rich in hydrocarbons, it also contains sulphur, so that, after refining, the distilled oil has probably the same calorific value as the crude product. (c) That a marine steam generator can be forced to even as high a degree with oil as with coal. (d) That up to the present time no ill effects have been shown upon the boiler. (e) That the firemen are disposed to favour...
Halaman 337 - ... c. That a marine steam generator can be forced to even as high a degree with oil as with coal. d. That up to the present time no ill effects have been shown upon the boiler. e. That the firemen are disposed to favor oil, and therefore no impediment will be met in this respect. /. That the air requisite for combustion should be heated if possible before entering the furnace. Such action undoubtedly assists the gasification of the oil product.
Halaman 167 - ... of the steam. This arrangement tends to wire-draw the steam and increase its velocity at the point of contact with the oil, giving a better atomizing effect. A permanent adjustment of the plate can be made for each burner after the requirements of service are ascertained. The moving of the plate would not then be required except for cleaning purposes.
Halaman 343 - If the oil fuel is heated by a steam coil the condensed water should not be taken directly to the condensers, but should be led into a tank or an open funnel mouth and thence led to the hot well or feed tank.
Halaman 319 - ... through small helical passages arranged like the rifling of a gun. It crosses axially and whirling through the fine oil streams spurting radially from the end of the burner, breaking up the oil into fine spray, the drops of which can be seen before they ignite. A further air supply (cold) is admitted through the hinged door of the ash pan, and is directed up across the path of the flame and heated also by a curved fire-brick wall built in the ash pan close to the front. This ash-pan door is not...
Halaman 167 - The moving of the plate would not then be required except for cleaning purposes. The oil, as it passes through the burner, is heated to a certain extent by the effect of the steam in the lower portion, and flows freely in a thin layer over the orifice. It is here caught by the jet of steam issuing from the lower port, and is completely broken up and atomized at the point of igniting. The oil is carried into the...
Halaman 23 - No. 1 contain rates to apply on shipments transported over a single line of railroad or over two or more lines of railroad which are under the same management and control.