Gambar halaman
PDF
ePub

Grass lands and forage crops-Continued.
Millet harvested (acres; tons).
Alfalfa harvested (acres; tons)
Other clovers harvested (acres; tons).
Other forage crops harvested (acres; tons)
Hay of all kinds sold (tons; value).
Clover seed produced (bushels).
Grass seeds produced (bushels)
Grass and clover seed sold (value)
Straw of all kinds sold (tons; value).
Grass lands mown (acres)

Grass lands not mown (acres)

Silos (number; total capacity in tons). Sugar:

Sugar made (pounds).
Molasses produced (gallons).

Cane

[blocks in formation]

AGRICULTURE-PRODUCTS: 1840 TO 1890-Continued.

Area in sugar beets (acres)

Beets raised and sold for sugar making (tons; value).
Castor beans (acres)
Cereals:

Items of inquiry.

[blocks in formation]

1840. 1850. 1860. 1870. 1880. 1890.

1

1

[blocks in formation]

a Hogsheads of 1,000 pounds in 1850, 1860, and 1870; not specified in 1880 and 1890.
b Spring and winter wheat.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

Wool (pounds)

Clip, spring 1880, shorn and to be shorn (fleeces; pounds) Shorn spring of 1890 and fall of 1889 (fleeces; pounds). Dairy products:

AGRICULTURE-PRODUCTS: 1840 TO 1890-Continued.

Products of the dairy (value)

Butter made on farm (pounds)

Butter sold (pounds).

Cheese made on farm (pounds).

Cheese sold (pounds)

Milk sold (gallons).

Milk sold, or sent to butter or cheese factories (gallons).. Milk produced on farm; sold for consumption in families; sent to creamery or factory; used on farm, including for butter and cheese; used on farm in raising cream for sale, including for creamery or factory (gallons)..

Cream sent to creamery or factory; sold other than to creamery or factory (quarts).

Beeswax and honey:

Beeswax (pounds).

Nurseries:

Items of inquiry.

Honey (pounds)

Beeswax and honey sold (value)
Stands of bees June 1, 1889

[blocks in formation]

1840. 1850. 1860. 1870. 1880. 1890.

1

2

1

1

62

1

1

1

1 1

1

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

a Bales of 400 pounds, in 1850 and 1860; bales of 450 pounds, in 1870; not specified, in 1880 and 1890. b Dew and water rotted, in 1850; dew and water rotted, and other prepared hemp, in 1860, cOrchard products of all kinds sold or consumed.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

One or two illustrations will suffice to explain the purpose of these summaries. For instance, under "sugar," there was but one inquiry at the census of 1840, which called for the number of pounds of sugar made, but at the censuses of 1850, 1860, and 1870 a return was required as to the number of gallons of molasses produced, the number of hogsheads of cane sugar produced, and the number of pounds of maple sugar produced, or 3 specifications in all. At the census of 1880 there were 8 specifications under this head, 3 relating to cane sugar, 3 to sorghum sugar, and 2 to maple sugar, but at the census of 1890 the number of specifications under this head was increased to 17, 5 relating to cane sugar, 5 to sorghum sugar, 4 to maple sugar, and 3 to beet sugar, as shown in detail in the preceding summary. Similarly, under "horses, mules, and asses," it is seen that at the census of 1840 there was an inquiry as to the number of horses and mules on hand; that at the next four censuses 2 inquiries were made, 1 as to the number of horses and 1 as to the number of mules and asses on hand; and that at the census of 1890 inquiry was made as to the number, respectively, of horses, mules, and asses on hand, and, in addition, the number of each class foaled, the number of each class sold, and for the three classes combined the number that died during the year.

The foregoing summaries relate to the details or specifications called for in the general schedule of agriculture, but do not apply to the special subjects of investigation which were intrusted to experts and special agents in 1880 and 1890, and for which special schedules were prepared and used. The special subjects of investigation at these two censuses, and the number of schedules or circulars of inquiry used in each case, may be briefly summarized:

Census of 1880.-Production of cereals, 1 schedule; cotton culture, 3 schedules; forest products, etc., 15 schedules; fruit growing, etc., 4 schedules; hops, 1 schedule; meat production, 8 schedules; sheep husbandry and wool growing, 1 schedule; tobacco culture, 2 schedules.

Census of 1890.—Agricultural organizations, 1 schedule; florists, 1 schedule; irrigation, 4 schedules; live stock not on farms, 1 schedule; live stock on ranges, 1 schedule; nurseries, 1 schedule; seed farms, 1 schedule; tobacco, 1 schedule; tropic and semitropic fruits and nuts, 1 schedule; truck farms, 1 schedule; viticulture, 7 schedules.

The following summary shows the total number of inquiries or details called for by each of these special schedules and, in each case, the number of inquiries not common to the general or other special schedules:

NUMBER OF INQUIRIES OR DETAILS ON SPECIAL SCHEDULES OF AGRICULTURE: 1880 AND 1890.

1880.

Cereals, production of..
Cotton culture, etc.:

Name, etc., of special schedule.

Details of cotton culture.......

Cost of labor and material expended in the cultivation of an acre of cotton..
Cotton-seed oil industry...

[blocks in formation]

Forest lands on Indian and military reservations

Fuel (wood) consumed annually for domestic purposes.

Fuel consumed during year ending May 31, 1880

Fuel used for household purposes.

Gunpowder, kinds of wood used in making.

Oak bark and sumac ground for tanning and dyeing purposes, kinds of.

Uncultivated native nuts, return of.

Veneering manufactured from native woods.

Wheels and wheel stock, kinds of woods used in making.

Woodlands..

Wood pulp, excelsior, shoe pegs, baskets, etc., matches, oars, and handles for agricultural implements, kinds of wood used in making. Fruit growing, etc.:

Fruit growing and orchards.

Fruit trade of cities...

Tropical fruits..

Tropical fruit trees

Hops, culture and kiln-drying of.

Meat production:

Cattle feeding

Cattle raising

County clerk's return of herds..

Effect of winter of 1880-81 on cattle and sheep.
Hog raising..

Pastures and ranges for cattle and sheep.

Railroad transportation of live meat stock

Statement relating to herds.

Sheep husbandry and woolgrowing
Tobacco culture:

Culture and curing of tobacco..
Supplemental tobacco schedule

Total number of different inquiries or details

Agricultural organizations..

Florists

Irrigation:

1890.

Schedule A.-Location of irrigated areas; the water supply, its cost and use; artesian wells, etc

Schedule B.-Irrigation canals and ditches

Schedule C.-Supplemental inquiry: General

Schedule D.-Supplemental inquiry: Artesian wells.

Live stock not on farms.

Live stock on ranges..

Nurseries

Seed farms.

Tobacco....

Tropic and semitropic fruits and nuts

Truck farms

Viticulture:

Schedule A.-Area planted and production of vineyards...

Schedule B.-Values of vineyard property and products, profits on investments, etc.

Schedule C.-Distribution and cost of labor in vineyard operations... Schedule D.-Distribution of varieties, susceptibility to disease, bearing qualities, etc.

Sehedule E.-Shipment of vineyard products.

Schedule F.-Capacity and output of wineries

Schedule G.-Soils, irrigation, drainage, meteorology, fertilizers, etc.

Total number of different inquiries or details .

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][subsumed][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »