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comitants, tended, undeniably, to of pecuniary resources? However impede cultivation, and to defolate successful on their frontiers, through the countries where it was waged: military efforts, and the chances of the most fertile parts of Europe hav- war, the system of the French was ing lately been the continual scenes fo radically. heinous, that it could of this destructive war, the produc- 1100 last. Were the European powers: tions of the earth had been necef- to reunite against them, they could farily diminillied, and it was un no longer stand their ground. The reasonable to deny that the war was, interior parts of that large kingin a very considerable degree, the dom were in a state of the utınost cause of a deficiency in the necesla- wretchedness. Trade and commerce ries of life. He concluded by mov were annihilated, and industry found trg, that fuch conditions of peace no occupation. Hence proceeded thould be offered, to the French, as the facility with which the French would consist with the safety and recruited their armies, and the des-dignity of Great Britain.

perate spirit, that animated men, The ideas of peace and security, who could procure no fuftenance were, in answer to Mr. Fox, repre- but at the point of their swords. fented by Mr. Pitt, as incompatible But energies of this kind were not with the fitiration of this country in their mature durable, and would respecting France. Every motive certainly terminate in a short lapse militated for a perseverance in the of time. So great was the difficulty conteft. . The enemy felt his in- of procuring fpecie for the most creasing debility, and, notwithstand- urgent demands, that necessary aring his fuccelles in the field, betrayed ticles, in kind, were given in paya consciousness that his strength was ment, and people were glad to acmaterially diminished. Hence it was cept of any thing that bore the that he had latterly shewn a dispo- femblance of pay. Would it not,

But the interelt of therefore, be the height of impruthis country required a deliberate dence, after reducing them to lach consideration of the state of France, a situation, to pass by fo favourable in order to judge of the expediency an opportunity of reducing them of entering into negociations at the ftill lower, and of !ecuring, to ourpresent moment. Such was the fall felves, the advantages resulting from of the French paper in circulation, their evident and undeniable depresthat it was now funk to one and a fion? After adducing farther arguihalf, for every hundred of nominal ments, in vindication of liis conduct, value.. Seven hundred and twenty a division took place, when two hunmillions sterling had been fabricated dred and forty voted for the address, and made current, and this enor- and fifty-nine for the amendment, mous quantity was still on the in- moved by Mr. Fox. creale. Was it credible that a na On the next day, which was the tion, reduced to luch Itraits, would thirtieth of October, the address was be able to make head againft the moved, in the house of lords, by lord formidable enemies that were pre- Mountedgecomb, who supported it paring to assail it with redoubled vi- with much the same reasonings that gour, and whose fituation was fo had been used in the house of commuch more advantageous in point mons. He was seconded by lord

Walfingham,

fition to peace.

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Waltingham, who dwelt particular- lay these grievances before the foly on the dangerous consequences vereign, and to supplicate him to of a precipitate peace, which would relieve the fufferings of the nation, be throwing away the advantages by consenting to a negociation for we had gained by our perfererance peace, which was the only effectual in this arduous contest, and yielding remedy for the inany calamities to defpondence, at a time when we under which the people laboured, ought to make the most of the dif- in consequence of this anfortunate ficulties our éneinies bad to contend with, and were not likely to lur The observations of the duke of mount, if we continuell to act with Bedford were warmly controverted the resolution that had hitherto by lord Grenville, who infifted charaderiled our measures.

that the situation of this country In reply to these assertions, it was evidently superior to that of was observed by the duke of Bed France in every point of view. Our ford, that it was more confifient succeilės at lea were far more conwi the dignity of a British par- ducive to the internal prosperity of Diament, to frame an address of its the kingdom, than the dear-hought own, than to copy the speech of victories of the French had, or could the minister, though delivered from ever prove to the people of France. the throne. His sentiments differed The depreciation of ihe paper curmaterially from the ministerial lan- rency in that country, was, in his opiguage he had heard. It represented nion, a circumstance to its detriment, the French as on the verge of ruin; and in our favour, that fully deserved but the truth of facs, opposed to the reiterated notice that had been the illufion :jf words, was that they taken of it. The most judicious of were hitherto superior in the con the French financiers were deeply teft, notwithltanding the constant fenfible of the citects it would ultipredictions of the minister and his mately produce, and firongly departisans, during the three preced- precated the farther issue of any ing years, that they had not fulli- potes, and the withdrawing of no cient resources to prolong it another less than ten parts out of thirteen campaign. The duke adverted from circulation. With such glaring with great severity to the reiterated proofs of the pecuniary distrelles or allegation, that the French ge the enemy, was it prudent or rea: vernment was incapable of fulfilling fonahle to advise pacific mealures, the customary duties and relations when with a moderate degree of of amity and good understanding patience on our side, lie would prowith other states. He reprobated bably be foon compeilei to listen to with equal afperity the fruitlels dic- more rentonable terms of peace, struction of men in the West Indies, than the pride reuniting trom his and the ill-fated expedition to the late fuccelles wouid now perint coast of Frarice. There, and the him to accept. He concluded, by other evils of the war, particularly representing the failure of the exthe scarcity that afflicted the na- pédition to the coat of Fiance as tion, he imputed to the misconduct occasioned by the treachery of thote and incapacity of ministers. It was French corps, that had been tou therefore the duty of parliament to confidently relied upon.

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He was replied to by the marquis fortune had favoured them. Cou. of Lansdowne, who pointedly ani- rage was inexhaustible, but wealth madverted on the prosperous fitu- had its limits : and the example of ation wherein ministers aflerted the France ought to warn us of the country stood at the present mo- danger of stretching the pecuniary ment.' What he had foretold was resources of the nation beyond their come to pass; our allies had desert- natural bearings. The wư liad ed us, and our enemies were every tried them to such an extent, that where victorious. The trite argu- it was time to cease the experiment ment of their ruined finances was how far they would go, and to make Itill revived; but in what state were negociation take place of hostiliour own? were they inexhaustible? ties. were they cqual to the support of The earls of Mansfield and Darnourselves, together with the weight ley spoke in favour of the address, of those pretended friends who had and the duke of Grafton and the taken our money, and converted it earl of Lauderdale against it. The to purposes entirely foreign to those latter inveighed bitterly against mifor which it was granted, and who nisters for the asurances they had were waiting with their accustomed given to the public in the former avidity for fresh grants. Taxes leslions, that such was the superior could only be carried to a cer- might of the confederacy, that tain lengih: beyond which they France would be utterly unable would in this country, as in all to resist it; but how different the others, become intolerable. But reality from the fair appearances money alone was no fecurity for they had held out! deleat and defucceis; fagacity was of far greater fertion had characterised those allies conlequence. The ministerial pro- in whose name such lofty promises jects and enterprizes displayed little had been made; and to complete of this eflential requifits; failures the picture of the national calamiand dilappointments continually at- ties, we were now visited by a tended them. This however was scarcity, undeniably owing to the nut furprifing, as their artempts a- improvident conduct of those at the gainst the fue were glaringly narked heim; yet ministers boldly allerted with imprudence. The expedition that our condition was improved, to St. Domingo, for instance, was an and that of the enemy worse than un pardonable act of temerity; here crer. But did not lacks give the the French 'were informountable: firongest denial to those shancful it was the capital feat of their asseverations ! was not the enemy firength in the West Indies; of this in poflession of all we had conquerthe great lord Chaiham was fo well ed, and preparing for new conconvinced that he wilely forbore, quests? was not the coalition broken even in the midst of his fuccesses, to and disolved, ard fome of its prinmake it an object of attack. The cipal members in treaties of peace Frer.ch, it was true, were straitered and amity with the French? could for money, but they had that which any man of sense and integrity inwas better; they had good soldiers terpres such things as improvements and excellent commanders; in the fivation of this country? did those they chiefly depended, ard they entitle is to expect that the

French

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French should be the first to sue for the amendment, and the lord chanpeace, as ministers presumptuously cellor in opposition to it. The duke aflerted ?

of Bedford in resuming that subject The amendment brought forward recurred to the expressions used by by the duke of Bedford was strong-, lord Grenville, which were, that ly opposed by earl Spencer, who “ in case the constitution now ofcontended that in fo extensive a fered to the people of France, war, waged in almost every part of should be found likely to establish the globe, it could not be expected itself in such a form as to secure a that the mercantile shipping of this government that might preserve the, country would always escape the relations of peace and amity, his vigilance of an enemy, whole only objections to treat with them would and perpetual object at fea was de- be entirely removed.” predation. It was indeed more The fubftance of what had been surprising that his captures were so spoken hy lord Grenville, was confew, when it was considered that fomable to the words taken down we carried on nearly the whole by the duke of Bedford ; but the trade of Europe. He gave a fa- former declared himself of opinion, tisfactory account of the naval tranf- that it was not parliamentary to actions during the peceding season, make the words of a peer, uttered and made it appear that the mil- in the course of the debate, a formal chances which had befallen the ground of proposing or of recalling commercial fleets were owing to

a motion. Hereon the duke cons { navoidable accidents, and not to sented to withdraw his amendment; misconduct. He justified the em- refusing however his approbation ployment of Mr. Puisfaye, as a per-' to that part of the address which Ion through whose means the prin- aflerted an improvement in the cipal communication was kept up fituation of public affairs. The ad. with France, where he leaded a dress was then finally moved, and confiderably party of royalists.' carried in the affirmative..

The duke of Norfolk spoke for

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CHA P. II.

A Proclamation offering a large pecuniary Reward for the Discovery of any

Persons guilty of the recent Outrages against the Person of the King: Conference between the Lords and Commons on this Subject.-A Bill for the Safety and Preservation of the King's Person and Government.-Debates thereon in both Houses of Parliament.-A Bill for the Prevention of Seditious Meetings.-Debates thereon.The two Bills under Discussion in Parliament occafion a general Alarm, and much Opposition without Doors.In' this Opposition the lead was taken by the Whit-Club.-1Vhich was follored by the Corresponding Societies and other Asociations.-As well as different Bodies legally incorporated.The Ministry fill persevere in their Measures.--Debates on the numerous Petitions against the two Bills now pending in Parliament.-General Indignation again the Principles and Objects of these.---The two Bills passed into Laas.

manner.

I
N the mean time the indignities which his person had been imminent-

Rumours had also ject of universal discourse, and high- been spread, that assemblies were to ly reprobated by the prudent and be held by disaffected people for moderate, as procurfory of tar great- illegal purposes. In consequence er evils than had hitherto been ex. of those proceedings, it was enjoinperienced by those who vented ed by the proclamation to all magifiheir discontent in this outrageous trates, and well affected Tubjects,

On the last day of Octo- to exert themselves in preventing ber, a proclamation was issued, of and suppressing all unlawful meetfering a thousand pounds for the ings, and the dissemination of sedia discovery of any person guilty of tious writings. those outrages. On the fourth of

So great had been the alarm and November it was followed by ano- indignation, created by the treatther, wherein it was said, that pre- ment of the king, that as soon as he viously to the opening of parlia- had gone through the reading of ment, multitudes had been called his speech, and had left the house, together by hand-bills and adver- it was immediately ordered to be tilements, who met in the vicinity cleared of all strangers, and a conof the metropolis, where inflamma- sultation held by the lords, in what tory speeches were made, and di manner to proceed upon so extravers means used to sow discontent ordinary an occalion. An address and excite feditious proceedings. to the king was refolved upon, and These meetings and discourses were a conference with the house of followed three days after by the commons to request their concur. mnost daring insuks to the king, by rence therein. The majority agreed

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