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HOLY FRAUDS IN JERUSALEM. Jarred and distracted by these strange rites and ceremonies, that almost confessed imposture, the church of the holy sepulchre, for some time, seems to an En. glishman the least sacred spot about Jerusalem. The lies, and the legends, aud'the priests, ayd their quarrels, and their ceremonies keep the holy place out on sight. A man has not leisure to view it, for the brawling of the guardians of the spot. The Roman conquerors, they say, raised up a statue of Venus in this sacred place, intending to destroy all memory of it. I don't think the heathen was as criminal as the Christian is now. To deny and disbelieve is not so bad as to make belief a ground to cheat upon. The liar Ananias perished for that; and yet out of these gates, where angels may have kept watch--out of the tomb of Christ-Christian priests, issue with a lie in their mouths. What a place 10 choose for imposture, good Good! to sully, with brutal struggles for self-aggraudisement, or shameful schemes of gain!
The situation of the tomb (into which, be it authen. tic or not, no man can enter without a shock of breath. less fear, and deep and awful self-humiliatiou) must have struck all travellers. It stands in the centre of the arched rotunda, which is common to all denomina. tions, and from which branch off the various chapels belonging to each particular sect. In the Coptic chapel I saw one coal black Compt, in his blue robes cowering in the little cabin, surrounded by dingy lamps, barbarous pictures, and cheap, faded trumpery, In the Latin church there was no service going on; only two fathers dusting the mouldy gew-gaws along the browy walls, and laugbing to one another. The gorgeous church of the Fire-impostors, hard by, was more fully attended; as what that of their wealthy neighbours, the Armenians. These three main sects hate each other : their quarrels are interminable ; each bribes and intrigues with the heathen lords of the seil to the prejudice of his neighbour. Now it is the Latina who interfere, and allow the common church to go to rain, because the Greeks propose to roof it: vow the Greeks demolish a monastry on Mount Olivet, and leave the ground to the Turks, rather than allow the Armenians to possess it. Ou' another occasion, the Greeks having mended the Armeniau steps, which led to the (so-called) Cave of the Nativity at Bethelem, the latter asked for permission to destroy the work of the Greeks, and did so. Aod so round this sacred spot, the centre of Christendom, the representatives of the three greatsects worship under one roof, and hate each other!
By far the most comfortable quarters in Jerusalemi are ihose of the Armenians, in their convent of Saint James. Wherever we have been, these Eastern Qua. kers look grave, and jolly, and sleek. Their couveut at Mount Zion is big enough to contain two or three thousand of their faithful, and their church is oroamented by the most rich and hideous giftsever devised by uncouth piety. Instead of a bell, the fat mouks of the convent beat huge noises on a board, and drub the faithful into prayers. I never saw men more lazy and rosy than these rererend fathers, kneeliug in their comfortable matted church, or sitiing in easy devotion Pictures, images, gilding, tjusel, wax candles, twinkle all over the place; and ten thousand ostriches' egg's (or any lesser number you may allot) dangle from the vaunted ceiling. There were great numbers of people at worship in this gorgeous church ; they went on their knees, kissing the walls with much ferrour, and paying reverence to the most precious relic of the convent--the chair of St. James, their patron, the first Bishop of Jerusalem.
The chair pointed out with greatest pride in the church of the Latin convent is that shabby red damask one appropriated to the French consul, the representative of the kiug of that nation, and the protection which it has from time immemorial accorded to the Christians of the Latin rite in Syria. All French writers and travellers speak of this protection with delightful complacency. Consult the French books of travel ou the subject, and any Frenchman whom you may meet : he says, "La France, monsieur, de tous les temps protege les Chretiens d'Orient;' and the little fellow looks round the church with a sweep of the arm and protects it accordingly.-- T'itmarsh's Tour from ('ornhill tu Cairo.
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References. 6. Iqwer Hippicus. 18 Home Gyat 15 Fort. Antonio 2 Gate of the Valley. Solomoró Houses
Helena 3 Tower Phasalus ho Fountain Gate 7 Tower of the Corner. 4 Tower Mariamne: \" Gare of the sens. is Poet of Bethesda. 5 Council House. 12 Psiphinus. 19 Monumenk of the Kings . 6 Pool of Siloamri 13. Foro Heonax 173102 WeMonument of the Juller.
watert Unteçhgan va 24. Solomons pool. 12 Monuments of the High Priest.
7 Water Gale.
Destruction of Jerusalem,
AS CONNECTED WITH THE
BY THE REVEREND GEORGE WILKINS, A.M.
DOMESTIC CHAPLAIN TO THE EARL OF KINNOULL,
VICAR OF LOWDHAM AND LEXINGTON,
PRINTED AND SOLD BY G. STRITTON; SOLD ALSO BT
LONGMAN, RIES, AND CO. LONDON.