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Naral Establishment and its Expenses.

New York. This young gentleman, it seems, was wars, the United States will probably be influedeapprized of his danger by an old seaman, but he ed by the example of all other nations, to suffer had already so much the principle of an officer en- the capture of vessels merely commercial from grafted on his mind, not to leave his quarters, that their enemy; and, in this event, the enterprising he replied, if the mast went, they must go with it; spirit of our citizens will quickly furnish, for priwhich was the case, and only one of them was vate emolument, nearly all the small vessels Desaved. I regret much his loss, as a promising cessary to be employed; and will thus add to the young officer, and amiable young man, as well as national means of annoyance, without adding to on account of a long intimacy that had subsisted the national expense. In this view, it may be sufbetween his father and myself, but have great sat- ficient for the United States to attend principally isfaction in finding that I have lost no other, and to a provision for ships of the line and frigates. only two or three were slightly wounded ; out of The expense of maintaining the thirteen frigthirty-nine of the crew killed and wounded, four-ates herein enumerated, in constant service, and teen of the former, and twenty-five of the latter. on the present establishment of numbers, pay, and As soon as the mainmast went, every effort was rations. would amount, annually, to the sum of made to clear the wreck from the ship as soon as one million two hundred and twenty-five thoupossible, which was effected in about an hour; and, sand and forty-eight dollars and seventy-three as her security was then the great object, it being cents, as will be seen in paper No. 1. But, on a impossible to pursue the enemy, I immediately peace establishment, the ration, which is too large, bore away for Jamaica, for repairs, &c., finding it ought to be reduced; seamen's wages will unimpracticable to reach a friendly port in any of doubtedly fall, on a general peace; and, in such a the islands to windward.

state of things, it would be unnecessary to employ, I should be wanting in common justice was I 10 in each ship, more than two-thirds of the present omit here to journalize the steady atiention to order, number of able and ordinary seamen. The paper and the great exertion and bravery shown by all No. 2 contains an estimate of the annual expense my officers, seamen, and marines, in the action of these ships on a peace establishment, and on many of whom I had sufficiently tried before on the principle of keeping the whole of them in a similar occasion, (the capture of the Insurgent,) constant service, amounting to seven hundred and and all their names are recorded in the muster- twelve thousand seven hundred and twenty-four roll I sent to the Secretary of the Navy, dated the dollars and thirty-five cents. The paper, No. 3, 19th of December last, signed by myself.

shows the expense of keeping only six of the frig. THOMAS TRUXTUN. ates in constant service; the others remainiag in

port, but allowing half-pay to a sufficient number of commissioned officers and midshipmen for the

ships so laid up, amounting to three hundred and THE NAVAL ESTABLISHMENT, AND ITS eighty-seven thousand two hundred and fifty-seven EXPENSES.

dollars. In the paper, No. 4, there is added to the estimate, No. 3, the expense of allowing half-pay

to all the commissioned officers and midshipmen [Communicated to the House of Reps., Jan. 15, 1801.] at present in the service, making the whole

Navy DEPARTMENT, Jan. 12, 1801. amount to the annual sum of four hundred and Sir: The report of the Secretary of the Treas-forty-four thousand six hundred and seventy-seven ury containing a statement of the appropriations dollars. necessary for the year 1801, includes the estimates The act establishing and organizing the Marine of the expense of maintaining the Navy for the Corps considers that corps as part of the Military same year. It is unnecessary, therefore, for me to Establishment, but subject to perform duty on repeat them here.

ship-board, as well as in posts and garrisons on the But it will be observed that these estimates seacoast, and elsewhere on shore. It is questionawere formed on the idea of employing our whole ble, therefore, whether the expense of ihis corps force in cruising, as heretofore, for the protection ought to be provided for in the estimates of the of our commerce. Should the United States be War or the Navy Department. It is certainly, so fortunate as to terminate, by an honorable trea- one of the most useful corps belonging to the Unity, the differences with France, it would be good ted States; and is particularly advantageous in economy to sell all the public vessels, excepi the facilitating the means, and lessening the expense, following frigates:

of manning our ships; and affords to every vessel

a body of experienced and disciplined men, always The United States, The New York, President,


prepared for action. The war expense of this Constitution,


corps is two hundred and seventy thousand nine Chesapeake,

hundred and fifty-seven dollars and ninety-eight Essex, Philadelphia, Boston,

cents, per annum; in peace, the expense might be John Adams, Adams, and

reduced to two hundred and seven thousand three

hundred and ten dollars, per estimate No. 5. General Greene.

which, being added to the estimate No. 4, would The rest were either built of materials which make the whole amount to six hundred and fiftydo not promise long duration, or are too small to one thousand nine hundred and eighty-seven form a part of the national defence. In future dollars.

Naval Establishment and its Expenses. The acts of Congress have appropriated one and provisions, has heretofore been estimated at million of dollars towards building six seventy-two millions four hundred and three thousand four gun ships, and for procuring: arming, &c., six eight hundred dollars and ninety-four cents; to sloops of war, leaving about seven hundred thou complete the wharves and docks, for seasoning sand dollars to be applied towards the six seventy- timber at the six places, where ground has been four gun ships ; also, two hundred thousand dol-purchased, and to erect suitable houses, for the relars for the purchase of growing or other timber, ception of public stores, will cost, including what or of timbered lands, for the Navy, and for prepar- has already been expended, six hundred thousand ing proper places for securing the timber procured; dollars; and to make, at two of these places, proper and fifty thousand dollars for the erection of two docks for repairing of ships, may cost one hundocks, for repairing the publie ships.

dred thousand dollars, amounting, in the whole, Under these acts, contracts have been made for to

$3,103,800 OO eight frames for seventy-four gun ships; two of From which is to be deducted the them under the appropriation of two hundred sums already expended

529,299 75 thousand dollars, and the execution of them, as far as six frames, will, it is believed, be completed Leaving a balance still to be approthis Winter. A considerable part of the other

priated, of

$2,574,500 25 timber, necessary for six ships, has been procured. Ground has been purchased at Portsmouth, New If this balance should be divided into four equal Hampshire, Charlestown,, (near Boston,) Pbila- parts, and one part should be appropriated in the delphia, the City of Washington, and Norfolk; present, and one in each of the three succeeding and measures have been taken to procure ground years, the money will be furnished as fast as it at New York, for capacious buildings and dock- will be proper to build the ships. to give them yards; and progress is making in preparing docks every chance of long duration. for receiving the timber, and wharves for building The timber alone of a seventy-four gun ship the ships. Contracts have also been made for will cost delivered at the ship yard: cannon, and for the copper bolts and spikes, and For the frame, consisting of twenty-seven thoufor sheathing.copper, for the seventy-four gun sand three hundred and eighty-seven cubic feet; ships; but it is impossible to say how far those If of live oak, cut to the moulds $54,774 00 which respect copper will be executed, the works It partly of live oak, or other timber for manufacturing sheathing copper being very as valuable, and partly of white expensive, and, it is to be feared, beyond the reach oak .

41,080 00 of individual capital and enterprise.

If of white oak alone • $27,387 00 The sums already advanced and expended on All the other timber

40,000 00 these different objects cannot be precisely ascer

67,387 00 tained; but they are not materially different from the following estimate:

All the timber for a frigate, 10 mount forty-four For ground and improvements $186,800 00 guns, has been estimated to cost fifty thousand Timber

- 210,070 00 dollars. Copper purchased, and advances on

It will be impracticable to get more live oak contracts for sheathing copper 76,913 00 from Georgia, after the frames already contracted Cannon

33,000 00 for are completed, except from the islands belong; Purchase of Grover's Island and

ing to the United States, and these are too small Black Beard

22,516 75 to furnish more than a few of the most material

pieces for many ships. It will, also, soon be im$929,299 75 practicable to obtain, in the United States, any

other kind of timber superior to white oak; but The agents for disbursing this money are also there is reason to believe that, when our timber is agents for all other purposes of the Navy; and it as well seasoned, our white oak ships will last as can only be seen what has been expended, under long as those of most other countries. The exeach head of appropriation, on settlement of their periment has never yet been fairly made. accounts. To remit money to them under each When the United States own twelve ships of head of appropriation, allowing them to expend seventy-four guns, and double the number of strong on that particular object only the sum remitted, frigates, and it is known that they possess the would be to create the necessity of keeping, in means of increasing, with facility, their naval each ageni's hands, four or five times as much strength, confidence may be indulged that we may public money as necessary; hence, the practice then avoid those wars in which we have no interhas arisen in the Navy Department of drawing est, and without submitting to be plundered. An on one appropriation, for all 'Navy purposes, until annual sum of one hundred and seventeen thouthat appropriation is exhausted ; leaving until the sand three hundred and eighty-seven dollars, (over settlement of the agent's accounts the charges and above the appropriation for the six seventyagainst each appropriation for which the money four gun ships already authorized,) for the pur

chase of timber, to be laid up in docks for seventyexpense of building six seventy-four gun four gun ships and frigates, and the adoption of ships

, and fitting them for sea, with guns and mil- efficient arrangements to secure the manufacture itary stores, and every other article except men l of copper, the culture of hemp, and the manufac

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has been expended;


Naral Establishment and its Expenses.

ture of canvass, would, in a few years, raise us to hundred and seventeen thousand three hundred this desirable state of security,

and eighty-seven dollars, for the timber of a serThus, then, it appears that, for the small sum of enty-four and a forty-four gun ship, to be repeated six hundred and fifty-one thousand nine hundred annually, until an adequate quantity of timber and eighty-seven dollars thirty-four cents, the shall be obtained, the United States may acquire United States may keep in constant service six the means of suddenly raising their Navy to any frigates; seven others in port, but always ready size which the exigency of their affairs may de for service; the corps of marines, consisting of mand. more than eleven hundred officers and men; and It will require years to cut the timber from the may remunerate the past, and secure the future, woods and to build a ship of seventy-four guns. services of a meritorious class of men, who, in and, after she is built, of green timber, sbe will general, either sacrificed more profitable and less not last longer than the time consumed in building hazardous private employment to devote them- her. A ship of the same size, besides the immense selves to their country, in a season of peril; or advantage in point of duration may be built and who, being qualified by education for any pursuits, sent to sea in less than a year, if all the materials have entered into the Navy, as a profession, at are on the spot. Timber may be preserved for that time of life when professions are usually ages in docks, and at little expense; and the chosen.

knowledge that we possess it in that state will inAll great maritime nations retain in peace the , spire nearly as much respect for our flag, as if the commissioned Navy officers necessary to be em-'ships were built and on the ocean. ployed in war, by allowing them a portion of their ín a pecuniary point of view, there can be no monthly pay, on the condition of their holding comparison between the expense of creating a sufthemselves in readiness, at all times, to be called ficient Navy, and the loss a commerce, so great as into active service. The same provision is not ours, will too certainly sustain for the want of so generally extended to the midshipmen ; but the such protection. But the loss of property is but a discrimination is no where just, and, in the United paltry consideration, compared with all the humilStates, in the present instance, it would be ex- iating and destructive consequences which must tremely impolitic: for the midshipmen are among flow from that debasement of mind which a systhe most promising young men of our country, tem of eternal submission to injury and injustice possess all the materials to make officers equal to cannot fail to produce. any in the world, and well merit the fostering care Before I conclude, I will take the liberty of obof their Government. But it would be injurious serving, that the business of the Navy Department to themselves and to their country to pay them for embraces too many objects for the superintendenee remaining in idleness at home. "No midshipman of one person, however gifted. The public interought to receive half-pay, without exhibiting sat-' est, I am very sensible, has already suffered from isfactory proof that at least four months of the this cause; and I have no doubt that the estat year for which he demanded it had been employ- lishment of a Board, to consist of three or five ed by him in acquiring a better knowledge of his experienced Navy officers, 10 superintend, in subprofession; if not in foreign service, at least in the ordination to the Head of the Department, such merchant ships of his own country,

parts of the duties as nautical men are best qualiIt also appears that, for the further sum of six fied to understand and to direct, would produce a hundred and forty-three thousand six hundred and saving to the public far beyond the expense of twenty-five dollars and six cents, appropriated for such an establishment. Their full pay as officers, the present, and for each of the three succeeding indeed, and full ratiops, might be deemed sufficient years, six seventy-four gun ships may be added to compensation for such duty, as it would be proper the Navy; two frames for two other seventy-four that the members of the Board should retain their gun ships may be placed in dock for seasoning; rank in the Navy. six capacious building yards, with docks for re I have the honor to be, with great respect, sir. ceiving large quantities of timber, may be prepar- your most obedient servant, ed; and suitable houses, which are indispensable

BEN. STODDERT. for the security of the naval stores, may be erected

Harrison Gray Oris, Esq. at each of the building yards.

Chairman of the Committee of Naral Affairs. And that, for the further appropriation of one [The tabular statements are omitted.]




AN ACT for reviving and continuing suits and pro- | be entitled to the privilege of sending and receiv

ceedings in the Circuit Court for the district of Penn- ing letters free of postage, on the same terms, and sylvania.

under the same restrictions, as are provided for the Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep-members of the Senate and of the House of Representatives of the United States of America, in resentatives of the United States, by the act, entiCongress assembled, That all suits, process, and tled " An act to establish the post office and post proceedings, of what nature or kind soever, which roads within the United States." were pending in the circuit court of the United Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said States, for the district of Pennsylvania, at the time William Henry Harrison shall receive for his appointed by law for holding a session thereof, in travelling expenses, and attendance in Congress, October, one thousand seven hundred and ninety- the same compensation as is or may be allowed nine, and which were discontinued by failure to by law, to the members of the House of Reprehold the said court, shall be, and they are hereby, sentatives of the United States, to be certified and revived and continued, and the same proceedings paid in like manner. may and shall be had in the same court, in all suits Approved, January 2, 1800. and process aforesaid, and in all things relating to the same, as by law might have been had in the An Act supplementary to the act, entitled “ An Act to same court, had it been regularly holden, at the provide for the valuation of lands and dwellingtime aforesaid.

houses, and the enumeration of slaves, within the Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all United States." writs, and other process, which may have been,

Be it enacted, fc., That the commissioners apand which shall be issued, by the clerk of the said pointed under the act to which this is a supplecourt, bearing teste of April session or October ment, shall have power, on consideration and exsession, one thousand seven hundred and pinety- amination of the lists, returns, valuation, and abnine, shall be held and deemed of the same valid-stracts, rendered by the assessors, to revise, adjust ity and effect, as if the same court had been re- and vary the valuations of lands and dwelling gularly held on the eleventh day of October, one houses in each and every sub-division of the sevthousand seven hundred and ninety-nine.

eral assessment districts, by adding thereto, or deSec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall ducting therefrom, such'a rate per centum as shall be lawful for the judge of the district court of appear to be just and reasonable; Provided, That the district of Pennsylvania, to direct the clerk the relative valuations of the different lots or tracts of the said circuit court to issue such process, for of land, or dwelling houses in the same sub-divithe purpose of causing jurors to be summoned to sion, shall not be changed or affected. attend at the session of the said circuit court, on

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said the eleventh day of April next, as hath heretofore commissioners may direct the additions or deducbeen issued for the like purposes, returnable to any tions, as aforesaid, to be made out and completed preceding session thereof; and the persons so by the several principal assessors, or, if they shall summoned shall, in case of non-attendance, be lia- deem it more advisable, by their clerk, and such ble to the same penalties as if such process had assistants as they shall find necessary and appoint been issued in the ordinary course of proceeding. for that purpose: Provided, That the compensaTHEODORE SEDGWICK,

tion to be made to the said assistants shall not exSpeaker of the House of Representatives. ceed the pay allowed to the assistant assessors, by

SAMUEL LIVERMORE, the act to which this is a supplement.
President of the Senate, pro tempore. Approved, January 2, 1800.
Approved, December 24, 1799.

An Act for the relief of persons imprisoned for debt.
President of the United States.

Be it enacted, f-c., That persons imprisoned on

process issuing from any court of the United States, An Act extending the privilege of franking to William as well at the suit of the United States, as at the

Henry Harrison, the delegate from the Territory of suit of any person or persons in civil actions, shall the United States Northwest of the Ohio; and mak- be entitled to like privileges of the yards or limits ing provision for his compensation.

of the respective jails, as persons confined in like Be it enacted, fc., That William Henry Har- cases on process from the courts of the respective rison, the delegate to Congress from the Territory States, are entitled to, and under the like regulaof the United States Northwest of the river Ohio, tions and restrictions.

Acts of Congress. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That any opinion of the said judge or commissioners, canperson imprisoned on process of execution issuing not be had with safety or convenience in the prifrom any court of the United States in civil ac-son wherein the debtor is confined, it shall be tions, except at the suit of the United States, may lawful for him or them, by warrant under his or have the oath or affirmation, hereinafter expressed, their hand and seals, to order the marshal or priadministered to him by the judge of the district sop-keeper, to remove the debtor to such other court of the United States, within whose juris- place, convenient and near to the prison, as he or diction the debtor may be confined ; and in case they may see fit; and to remand the debtor to the there shall be no district judge residing within same prison, if, upon examination or cause shown twenty miles of the jail wherein such debior may by the creditor, it shall appear that the debtor be confined, such oath or affirmation may be ad- ought not to be admitted to take the above recited ministered by any two persons who may be com- oath or affirmation, or that he is holden for any missioned for that purpose by the district judge: other cause. The creditor, his agent or attorney, if either live Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That if any within one hundred miles of the place of impris- person shall falsely take any oath or affirmation. onment, or within the district in which the judg- authorized by this act, such person shall be deemed ment was rendered, having had at least thirty guilty of perjury, and, upon conviction thereof, days previous notice by a citation served on him, shall suffer the pains and penalties in that case issued by the district judge, to appear at the time provided : and, in case any false oath or affirmaand place therein mentioned, if he see fit, to show tion be so taken by the debtor, the court, upon the cause why the said oath or affirmation should not motion of the creditor, shall recommit the debtor be so administered: At which time and place, if to the prison from whence he was liberated, there no sufficient cause, in the opinion of the judge to be detained for the said debt, in the same manner (or the commissioners appointed as aforesaid) be as if such oath or affirmation had not been taken. shown, or doth from examination appear to the Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That any contrary, he or they may, at the request of the person imprisoned upon process issuing from any debtor, proceed to administer to him the follow- court of the United States, except at the suit of ing cath or affirmation, as the case may be, viz. the United States, in any civil action, against “You

solemnly swear (or affirm) that whom judgment has been or shall be recovered, you have no estate, real or personal, in possession, shall be entitled to the privileges and relief proreversion, or remainder, to the amount or valué vided by this act, after the expiration of tbirty of thirty dollars, other than necessary wearing ap- days from the time such judgment has been or parel; and that you have not directly or indi- shall be recovered, though the creditor should not. rectly, given, sold, leased, or otherwise conveyed within that time, sue out his execution, and charge to, or intrusted any person or persons with all or the debtor therewith. any part of the estate, real or personal, whereof Approved, January 6, 1800. you have been the lawful owner or possessor, with any intent to secure the same, or to receive or ex- | An Act for the preservation of peace with the Indian pect any profit or advantage therefrom, or to de

tribes. fraud your creditors, or have caused or suffered to Be it enacted, f-c., That if any citizen or other be done anything else whatsoever, wbereby any person residing within the United States, or the of your creditors may be defrauded." Which oath territory thereof, shall send any talk, speech, mesor affirmation being administered, the judge or sage, or letter, to any Indian nation, tribe, or chief, commissioners shall certify the same under his or with an intent to produce a contravention or intheir hands to the prison-keeper, and the debtor fraction of any treaty or other law of the United shall be discharged from his imprisonment on such States, or to disturb the peace and tranquillity of judgment, and shall not be liable to be imprisoned the United States, he shall forfeit a sum not ex. again for the said debt, but the judgment shall re- ceeding two thousand dollars, and be imprisoned main good and sufficient in law, and may be satis- not exceeding two years, fied out of any estate which may then, or at any Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That if any time afterwards, belong to the debtor. And the citizen or other person shall carry or deliver any judge or commissioners, in addition to the cer- such talk, speech, message, or letter, to or from tificate by them made and delivered to the prison- any Indian nation, tribe, or chief, from or to any keeper, shall make return of their doings to the person or persons whatsoever, residing within the districi court, with the commission, in cases where United States, or from or to any subject, citizen, a commission has been issued, to be kept upon or agent of any foreign Power or State, knowing the files and record of the same court. And the contents thereof, he shall forfeit a sum not es: the said judge, or commissioners, may send for ceeding one thousand dollars, and be imprisoned books and papers, and have the same authority as not exceeding twelve months. a court of record, to compel the appearance of Sec. 3. And be it further enacted. That if any witnesses, and administer to them, as well as to citizen or other person, residing or being among the debtor, the oaths or affirmations necessary for the Indians, or elsewhere within the territory of the inquiry into, and discovery of the true state the United States, shall carry on a correspondence of the debtor's property, transactions and affairs. by letter or otherwise, with any foreign nation or

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That when power, with an intent to induce such foreign nathe examination and proceedings aforesaid, in the tion or power, to excite any Indian nation, tribe,

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