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Pittston borough has 25 schools; 3 male and 23 female teachers; scholars, 482
males; 641 females; total tax levy for schools, $16,587.91.

Pittston township has 10 schools; 2 male and 8 female teachers; scholars, 245
males; 357 females; total tax levy for schools, $6,200.19.

Pittston, West has 14 schools; 2 male and 15 female teachers; scholars, 385 males;
463 females; total tax levy for schools, $13,261.79.

Plains has 15 schools; 5 male and 11 female teachers; scholars, 508 males; 582
females; total tax levy for schools. $16,091.32.

Plymouth borough has 25 schools; 5 male and 25 female teachers; scholars, 601
males; 760 females; total tax levy for schools, $13,285.13.

Plymouth township has 26 schools; 18 male and 8 female teachers; scholars, 786
males; 899 females; total tax levy for schools, $19,330.26.

Ross has 8 schools; 17 female teachers; scholars, 139 males; 140 females; total
tax levy for schools, $1,008.

Salem has 11 schools; 11 female teachers; scholars, 201 males; 169 females;
total tax levy for schools, $2,540.72.

Shickshinny has 6 schools; 1 male and 6 female teachers; scholars, 142 males;
157 females; total tax levy for schools, $2,155.33.

Slocum has 2 schools; 1 male and 1 female teacher; scholars, 40 males; 50
females; total tax levy for schools, $366.50.

Sugar Loaf has 9 schools; 6 male and 3 female teachers; scholars, 228 males;
172 females; total tax levy for schools, $3,159.50.

Sugar Notch has 9 schools; 3 male and 7 female teachers; scholars, 271 males;
388 females; total tax levy for schools, $7,307.55.

Union has 7 schools; 3 male and 4 female teachers; scholars, 83 males; 69
females; total tax levy for schools, $853.45.

White Haven has 6 schools; 2 male and 4 female teachers; scholars, 156 males;
180 females; total tax levy for schools, $2,849.31.

Wright has 2 schools; 2 male teachers; scholars, 30 males; 22 females; total tax
levy for schools, $444.73.

Wyoming has 6 schools; 1 male and 5 female teachers; scholars, 167 males; 192
females; total tax levy for schools, $1,305.44.

Yatesville has 2 schools; 2 female teachers; scholars, 37 males; 46 females; total
tax levy for schools, $723.02.

Laflin borough has 1 school; 1 male teacher; scholars, 19 males; 31 females;
total tax levy for schools, $1,154.54.

Wilkea-Barre Public Schools.—Whole number of schools, 115; number of school
buildings, 16; value of school property, $352,000. Board of control: W. G. Weaver,
president; Thomas F. Hart, secretary; G. W. Guthrie, S. J. Strauss, W. T.Smith,
Edward Mackin. Superintendent of schools, J. M. Coughlin. Enrollment: Balti-
more, 141; Bowman Hill, 336; Centennial, 189; Central, 512; Conyngham, 353;
Custer, 331; Franklin, 592; Hancock, 505; Hazel Street, 292; Hill Street, 211;
Hillard Grove, 352; Mead Street, 322; North Main, 186; Parrish Street, 404; Union
Street, 784. Total, 6,202. Average attendance, 4,335. Night schools, 12, with
an attendance of 505. Total collections for school purposes the past year, $100,-
482.76. The Courtright Avenue school was burned and rebuilt and enlarged in
1891. A fine school building is to be completed on Hazel street January 1, 1893;
also a building on North Main street. The past decade has built ten new school-
houses costing each $25,000. The buildings and paraphernalia of this city com-
paratively stand second to none in the country. The elegant, seventeen-room high-
school building was erected in 1889. In this building is the office of James M.
Coughlin, city superintendent of schools. In the city are employed 20 male teachers
and 97 female teachers.

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CHAPTER XIV.

THE PRESS.

The First PrintersHerald Of The Times Gradual Growth Of Printing Lono List Of Papers And Many Able Newspaper Men Papers Now Published In The CountyEtc.

THE old style oountry newspaper was one of the most marked institutions—the product of America. The modern onslaught upon it by the metropolitan press, a part of that general trend to centralization or gathering in one what had been many, is, to the writer, one of the keenly regretable things of our most modern civilization. The marked evolution in the general newspaper business the past third of a century, both in city and country publications, makes, perhaps, the strongest landmarks of the past generation.

The press, in general terms, signifying the art of printing, is, after all, the supremest thing genius has given to the world. As we have it in its present nearly perfected form, it is simply the one little idea that started some centuries ago, of making a movable type, rudely carved in wood; but the immeasurable idea was in making each type by itself, and therefore movable. Simple, was it not, but sublime? The supremacy of this gift to the human race is manifest more in the fact that since the invention came it has been possible to subvert it to so much and to such hurtful evils. In the hands of ignorance—above all, of learned ignorance— what an engine of evil it could be, and, indeed, it has been made. It is equally the pack-horse of vice as of virtue, ignorance and wisdom.

In 1795 Charles Miner, son of Seth Miner, who had been sent to the new country to look after his land claim in the Connecticut Land Compauy, wrote back to his brother to come on, and though himself without money, would set him up as a printer. His brother, Asher, brought to Wilkes-Barre a small printing press, a few pounds of type which they had obtained in Philadelphia. In a short time they issued the Herald of the Times, the first printing office and the first newspaper ever published in Luzerne county. A copy of this first paper would now be a rare and valuable relic. They issued the small paper, about the size of a sheet of foolscap paper, a short time, doing all the work with their curious way of inking the forms and their more curious press, and then transferred it to Thomas Wright. Asher Miner had served a seven years' apprenticeship at the trade in the office of the Gazette and Commercial Intelligencer, New London, Conn., and had worked for some time as journeyman in New York.

The Wrights changed the name of the paper to the Wilkes-Barre Gazette and Luzerne Advertiser, the first number dated November 28, 1797. In 1801 it was discontinued.

Asher Miner, who had worked in the Gazette office, started the Luzerne County Federalist, the initial number bearing date of January 5, 1801. In April, 1802, he associated as a partner his brother, Charles Miner, and in this style published the paper until May, 1804, when Asher relinquished his interest to Charles. The Federalist was printed on a press brought from Norwich on a sled.

Mr. Miner went afterward to where is now Doylestown—it was there then for that matter, but was nothing more than a crossroads hamlet, containing a dozen dwellings clustered at the crossing of the Easton and the road from Swede's ford to Coryell's ferry. July 7, 1804, he issued the first of the Pennsylvania Correspondent and Farmers Advertiser, which afterward became the Bucks County Intelligencer. It proved a success, and Mr. Miner was publisher of it twenty-one years.

September 22, 1806, the Federalist had succeeded so well that the proprietor announced the enlargement of his paper from a "medium to a royal sheet," and also issued a prospectus for "a monthly magazine—literary, moral and agricultural." There are no records showing this was ever carried out.

The Historical Record of 1888 gives a notice of two issues of the Susquehanna Democrat, published in Wilkes-Barre, March 15, 1811, and February 15, 1811. The possessor of these papers was in San Francisco, and wanted to sell them.

The late William Penn Miner, by far the best authority on the subject of newspapers in Luzerne county of the olden times, contributed a short article to the Historical Record, being impelled thereto by a paper that had appeared in another county on the subject, and that contained some errors that Mr. Miner corrected. The substance of his article is that Asher Miner established the Luzerne County Federalist on the first Monday in January, 1801. In October following the word "County" was omitted, and April 26, 1802, it was announced that "this paper will hereafter be published by A. & C. Miner." May 1, 1804, the partnership was dissolved and Asher Miner removed to Doylestown and established The Correspondent for twenty years, and to this day the Bucks County Intelligencer retains at the head of its column: "Established by Asher Miner in 1804."

The Federalist succeeded the Wilkes-Barre Gazette, owned by Thomas Wright, and published by his second son, Josiah, who announced December 8, 1800, that "a false report had stated that the paper was suspended and was given up in favor of the Federalist." The Wrights and Miners were rival publishers, but evidently adjusted matters in a most satisfactory way as well as sensible, Asher Miner married Mary, the only daughter of Thomas Wright, and Charles Miner married Letitia, only daughter of Josiah Wright. Charles Miner remained sole proprietor of the Federalist until May 12, 1809, when it passed to Sidney Tracy and Steuben Butler. Mr. Miner giving the young men a good "send off" in his valedictory. Mr. Tracy retired September 2, 1810, and Mr. Butler remained a few weeks longer.

The inference is that the Federalist then ceased to be, as December 28, 1810, appeared a prospectus by Miner & Butler of a new paper, The Gleaner and Luzerne Advertiser. The office now consisted of Charles Miner, editor, and Sidney and Steuben Butler, printers; the boys had been apprentices in the Federalist office, where they had learned their trades. January 29, 1813, Butler retired and Mr. Miner continued the publication until June 14, 1816, when Isaac A. Chapman, uncle of Charles Miner, became proprietor. - Charles Miner in his last issue stated that he was going to Philadelphia to aid in the publication of the True American, etc. June 6, 1817, Patrick Hepburn joined Mr. Chapman in the publication and in September following became sole proprietor. Charles Miner, after a successful newspaper career elsewhere, returned to his old home in 1832, and two years later came Asher Miner.

Charles Miner was born in Connecticut February 1, 1780, and came to WilkesBarre in 1795. where his brother Asher (great-grandfather of the present Asher Miner) established the Luzerne County Federalist. In 1807 Charles Miner was elected to the Pennsylvania legislature, and was re -elected the following year. Charles returned to Wyoming valley in 1832, Asher following in 1834, and they ended their lives on adjoining farms near Wilkes-Barre, now Plains township. His History of Wyoming was published in 1845, and is the standard work on that subject. His death occurred October 26, 1865, at the ripe age of eighty-five. Asher, who was the grandfather of Hon. Charles A. Miner, died March 13,1841. No stronger or more virile race of men came in the early day to the Wyoming than the Miners. Their descendants are here—worthy sons and daughters of worthy ancestors.

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