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TABLE I.
MEAN TIME OF SIDEREAL NOON, OR MERIDIAN PASSAGE OF THE VERNAL EQUINOX AT WASHINGTON, D. C.,

FOR 1898.
(For other places, add 9.83 seconds for each hour of longitude east of Washington, and subtract the same for each hour west

of Washirgton.)
Day.
Jan. Feb, March. April.

May.
June. July. August. Sept. 1

Oct.
Nov.

Dec.
Eve.
Eve.
Eve. Morn. Morn. Morn. Morn.

Morn. Morn. 1 Eve. 1 Eve. Eve.
| H.M.S. | H.M.S. I H.M.S. | H.M.S. | H.M.S. | H.M.S. | H.M.S. | H.M.S. | H.M.S. | H.M.S. | H.M.S. H.M.S.
5:13:40 3:11:47 1:21:41 11:19:48 9:21:51 7:19:58 5:22:00 3:20:07 1:18:14 11:16:21 9:14:29 7:16:30
5:09:44 3:07:51 1:17:45 11:16:52 9:17:55 7:16:02 5:18:04 3:16:11 1:14:18 11:12:23

9:10:32 7:12:34
5:05:48 3:03:55 1:13:49 11:12:56 9:13:59 7:12:06 5:14:08 3:12:15 1:10:22 11:08:29 9:06:30 7:08:38
5:01:52 2:59:59 1:09:53 11:08:00 9:09:03 7:08:10 5:10:12 3:08:19 1:06:26 11:04:33 9:02:40 7:04:42
4:57:56 2:56:03 1:05:58 11:04:05 9:06:07 7:04:14 5:06:17 3:04:23 1:02:30 11:00:37 8:58:44 7:00:47

4:54:00 2:52:07 1:02:02 11:00:09 9:02:11 7:00:18 5:02:21 3:00:27 0:58:34 10:56:41 8:54:48 6:56:51
7.

4:50:04 2:48:11 0:58:06 10:56:13 8:58:15 6:56:22 4:58:23 2:56:31 0:54:38 10:52:45 8:50:52 6:52:55 8

4:46:08 2:44:15 0:54:10 10:52:17 8:54:19 6:52:26 4:54:29 2:52:35 0:50:42 10:48:49 8:46:56 6:48:59 9

4:42:12 2:40:19 0:50:14 10:48:21 8:50:23 6:48:30 4:50:33 2:48:40 0:46:46 10:44:53 8:42:00 6:45:03 10.

4:38:16 2:36:24 0:46:18 10:44:25 8:46:28 6:44:35 4:46:37 2:44:44 0:42:51 10:40:58 8:39:04 6:41:07 11.

4:34:20 2:32:28 0:42:22 10:40:29 8:42:32 6:40:39 4:42:41 2:41:48 0:39:55 10:37:02 8:35:08 6:37:11 12.

4:30:24 2:28:32 0:38:26 10:36:33 8:38:36 6:36:43 4:38:45 2:37:52 0:35:59 10:33:06 8:31:12 6:33:15 13.

4:26:28 2:24:36 0:34:30 10:32:37 8:34:40 6:32:47 4:34:49 2:33:56 0:31:03 10:29:10 8:27:16 6:29:19
14.

4:22:32 2:20:40 0:30:34 10:28:42 8:30:44 6:28:51 4:30:53 | 2:29:00 0:27:07 10:25:14 8:23:20 6:25:23
15.

4:18:36 2:16:44 0:26:39 10:24:46 8:26:48 6:24:55 4:26:58 2:25:04 0:23:11 10:21:18 8:19:25 6:21:28
16.

4:14:40 2:13:48 0:22:43 10:21:50 8:22:52 6:20:59 4:23:02 2:21:08 0:19:15 10:17:22 8:15:29 6:17:32
17.

4:10:44 2:09:52 0:18:46 10:17:54 8:18:56 6:17:03 4:19:06 2:17:12 0:15:18 10:13:26 8:11:33 6:13:36
18.

4:06:48 2:05:56 0:14:50 10:13:58 8:15:01 6:13:07 4:15:10 2:13:16 0:11:23 10:09:30 8:07:37 6:09:40 19.

4:02:52 2:01:00 0:10:54 10:09:02 8:11:05 6:09:11 4:11:14 2:09:20 0:07:27 10:05:34 8:03:41 6:05:44
20.

3:58:58 1:57:04 0:06:59 10:05:06 8:07:09 6:05:15 4:07:18 2:05:25 0:03:32 10:01:39 7:59:45 6:01:48
21.

3:55:01 1:53:08 0:03:03 10:01:10 8:03:13 6:01:19 4:03:22 2:01:29 Eve. 9:57:43 7:55:49 5:57:52
22.

3:51:06 1:49:12 11:59:07 9:57:14 7:59:17 5:57:23 3:59:26 1:57:33 11:51:39 9:53:47 7:51:53 5:53:56
23

3:47:10 1:15:16 11:55:11 9:53:18 7:55:21 5:53:27 3:55:30 1:53:37 11:47:43 9:49:51 7:47:57 5:50:00
24

3:43:14 1:41:20 11:51:15 9:49:22 7:51:25 5:49:31 3:51:34 1:49:41 11:43:47 9:45:55 7:44:01 5:46:04 25

3:39:18 1:37:25 11:47:20 9:15:26 7:47:29 5:45:36 3:47:38 1:45:45 11:39:56 9:41:59 7:40:06 5:42:08 26. 3:35:22 1:33:29

11:43:24 9:41:30 7:43:33 5:41:40 3:43:42 1:42:49 11:36:00 9:38:03 7:36:10 5:38:12 27

3:31:26 1:29:33 11:39:28 9:37:34 7:39:37 5:37:44 3:39:46 1:38:53 11:32:04 9:34:07 7:32:14 5:34:16 28

3:27:30 :20:37 11:35:32 9:33:38 7:35:41 5:33:48 3:35:50 1:34:57 11:28:08 9:30:11 7:28:18 5:30:20 29. 3:23:35

11:31:36 9:29:42 7:31:45 5:29:52 3:31:54 1:30:02 11:24:12 9:26:15 7:24:22 5:26:24 30. 3:19:39

11:27:40 9:25:47 7:27:50 5:25:56 3:27:59 1:26:06 11:20:17 9:22:19 7:20:26 5:22:29 31. 3:15:43 11:23:44

7:23:34 3:24:03 1:22:10

9:18:23

5:18:33

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TABLE II. TIMES OF UPPER MERIDIAN PASSAGE OF POLARIS, OR NORTH STAR, 1898. Surveyors and civil engineers may obtain the variation of the magnetic needle for any place in the United States by directing their compare to the North Star (Polaris) when it is upon the meridian, as given in the table below, for the upper culmination; or 11 hours 58 minutes 2 seconds, before or after, when the star is on the lower meridian. Exact local time is used in the table, and the timepiece used must be correct, and the bearing of the star taken promptly on time, and that bearing will be the true variation of the needle. An error ofy a few seconds in the timepiece will vitiate the bearing found; therefore, it will be much better to take the bearing when tutar is furthest east or west, at its greatest elongation, as observations made upon it then are not affected

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materially by small error of timepieces. To use this table for other places than Washington, D. c., add 9.83 seconds for each hour
of longitude east of Washington, and subtract 9.83 seconds for each hour west of it. From February 1 to August 1, use the lower
culmination. (For table to find the time of greatest elongation of Polaris, see Page 1, Table I. Almanac of 1897.)

Jan.
1 Feb. March. April

May.
June. July. August.

Sept. Oct.

Νον. Dec.
Day.
Eve.
Eve,
Eve, 1
Eve. Morn. Morn. . Morn. 1 Morn.

Morn. Morn. Eve.

Eve.
| H. M. S./ H. M. S. 1 H. M. S./ H. M. S. I H. M. S. H. M. S. H. M. S. H. M. S. H. M. S. H. M. S. H. M. S. H. M. S.

6:33:18 1 4:32:55 2:12:28 ! 0:40:22 10:42:31 ! 8:40:59 6:13:31 4:42:10 2:40:44 1 0:43:02 10:37:17 8:39:07
6:30:21 | 4:28:58 2:38:30 | 0:36:26 | 10:38:35 18:37:04 6:39:36 4:38:15 2:36:49 1 0:39:07 10:33:21 8:35:10
6:27:24 1 4:25:01 2:34:33) 0:32:30 | 10:34:40 8:33:09 6:35:41 4:34:20 2:32:54) 0:35:12 | 10:29:25 8:31:13
6:23:27 4:21:04 2:30:36 10:28:34 | 10:30:44 18:29:14 6:31:46 4:30:25 2:28:59 0:31:16 10:25:29 8:27:16
6:19:30 4:17:07 2:26:40 10:24:38 | 10:26:49 18:25:19 6:27:52 4:26:30 1 2:25:03 0:27:20 10:21:33 8:23:20
6:15:33 4:13:10 2:22:44 | 0:20:42 | 10:22:54 ! 8:21:24 6:23:57 4:22:36 2:21:07 0:23:24 | 10:17:37 8:19:25
6:11:37 | 4:09:13 2:18:48 ! 0:16:47 | 10:18:59 | 8:17:29 8:20:02 4:18:41 2:17:12 0:19:29 | 10:13:40 8:15:28
6:07:40 | 4:05:16 2:14:51 1 0:12:51 | 10:15:03 8:13:34 6:16:07 4:14:46 2:13:17 | 0:18:33 | 10:09:43 8:11:31

6:03:43 | 4:01:20 2:10:54 | 0:08:55 | 10:11:07 8:09:39 6:12:12 4:10:51 2:09:22 0:11:38 10:05:47 8:07:35
10

5:59:46 | 3:57:23 2:06:57 1 0:04:59 10:07:14 8:05:45 6:08:17 4:06:56 2:06:27 0:07:42 10:01:51 8:03:38
5:55:49 3:53:26 2:03:01 Morn. | 10:03:18 18:01:50 6:04:22 4:03:01 12:01:32 1 0:03:47 9:57:55 7:59:41
5:51:52 | 3:49:30 1:59:05 11:57:09 1 9:59:22 7:57:55 6:00:27 3:59:06 1:57:36 | Even'g. 9:33:59 7:55:44
5:47:55 | 3:45:33 1:55:08 | 11:53:13 | 9:55:26 17:54:00 1 5:56:33 3:55:11| 1:53:40 | 11:51:58 9:30:03 7:51:47
5:43:58 / 3:41:36 1:51:13 | 11:49:17 | 9:51:30 17:50:05! 5:52:38 3:51:16 1:49:44 11:48:02 19:46:07 7:47:51
5:40:01 | 3:37:39 1:47:17 | 11:45:21 1 9:47:35 17:46:10 | 5:48:44 3:47:21! 1:15:52 11:44:07 9:42:11 7:43:35
5:36:04 1 3:33:42 1:43:21 | 11:41:25 | 9:43:40 17:42:15 15:44:49 3:43:52 | 1:41:56 | 11:40:11 9:38:14 ! 7:40:58
5:32:07 3:29:45 1:39:24 | 11:37:29 1 9:39:45 17:38:20 5:40:54 3:39:31 ! 1:37:00 | 11:36:15 9:34:18 7:36:02

5:28:11 1 3:25:48 1:35:28 | 11:33:33 1 9:35:50 | 7:34:25 16:36:59 3:35:36 1:34:04 | 11:32:20 9:30:21 7:32:00
19

5:24:14 1 3:21:52 | 1:31:32 | 11:29:37 9:31:55 7:30:30 5:33:04 3:31:41 | 1:30:09 11:28:24 9:26:25 7:28:08
5:20:17 | 3:17:56 1:27:36 | 11:25:41 9:28:01 1 7:26:35 5:29:09 3:27:45 | 1:26:13 | 11:24:29 9:22:29 7:24:11
5:16:20 | 3:14:00 1:23:39 | 11:21:45 9:24:06 ! 7:22:41 | 5:25:14 3:23:50 1 1:22:17 11:20:33 9:18:33 7:20:14
5:12:23 1 3:10:03 1:19:42 ! 11:17:50 | 9:20:11 | 7:18:46 1 5:21:19 3:19:55 1:18:21 11:16:37 9:14:37 7:16:17
5:08:26 3:06:06 1:15:46 11:13:54 1 9:16:16 | 7:14:51 | 5:17:24 3:16:00 | 1:14:26 11:12:41 9:10:40

7:12:20
5:04:29 3:02:09 1:11:50 | 11:10:00! 9:12:20 ! 7:10:56 ! 5:13:29 3:12.05 1:10:29 11:08:45 9:06:43 7:08:23
5:00:32 2:58:13 1 1:07:51 ! 11:08:04 | 9:08:25 ! 7:06:01 5:09:34 3:08:10 1:06:36 11:04:49 9:02:46 7:04:26
4:56:35 2:54:16 1:03:57 | 11:02:08 ! 9:04:30 ! 7:02:06' 5:05:39 3:04:15 1 1:02:41 | 11:00:53 8:58:50 7:00:30
4:52:38 | :50:20 1:00:02 | 10:58:13 19:00:34 | 6:59:11 | 5:01:45 3:00:20 10:58:45 10:56:56 8:54:54 6:56:34
4:48:41 2:46:23 0:56:06 10:54:18 | 8:56:39 | 6:55:16 4:57:50 2:56:24 | 0:54:49 10:53:00 8:50:57 6:52:37
14:45 1

0:52:10 ! 10:50:22! 8:52:44 | 6:51:21 14:53:55 2:52:29 0:50:53 10:49:04 8:47:01 6:48:40
30
4:40:49

0:48:14 | 10:46:26 | 8:48:49 | 6:47:26 | 4:50:00 2:48:34 0:46:58 10:45:09 8:43:04 6:44:43 31 4:36:52 0:14:17 1 8:44:54 1 4:46:05 2:44:39

10:41:13

6:40:46
HEBREW CALENDAR.
Dura-
Dura-

Dura-
Jewish month. Greg'an tion in
Jewish month. Greg'an tion in

Jewish month. Greg'an tion in
Year. I No. 1 Name.

date.
days. Year. I No. 1

Name. date. days. Year. No.1 Name.

date. days. 3637 5) Shebat

Jan. 4

30 5657 1 10 | Sivan

Jne. 1 30 5658 2 | Hesvan

Oct. 26

29 5657 6 | Adar

Feb, 3 29 5657 1 11 | Tammuz July 1

29 5658 3 Kislev

Nov. 24

30 5057 7 | Veadar

Mar. 5

30 5657 12 | Ab

July 30 30 0658 4 Tebeth

Dec. 24

29 5657 8 1 Nisan

Apr. 3

30 5657 13 Eiul Aug. 29 29 5608 1 5 | Shebat

J'n22'98 30 5657 9 Iyar

May 3

29 5658 ] 1 | Tishri

Sep. 26 30 The year 5657 is an Emolismic year, containing 13 months: Veadar. the seventh, of 30 days being added. The year contains 05 Sabbaths, and is the lith year of the 298th cycle of 19 years. A TABLE OF ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEEN BRIGHT STARS. To ascertain when any Star or (onstellation found in the following Table will be on the upper meridian, add the numbers opposite in the left-hand column of figures to the time of "Sidereal Noon'' found in these pages. For the rising of a Star, sub tract the number opposite in the right-hand column of figures from its meridian passage, For the setting of a Star, add the same number to its meridian passage. Those marked (....) revolve in a circle of perpetual apparition, and do not 29°

rise (11 set north of the latitude of New York (40° 42' 40"). for which latitude the semidiurnal arcs are calculated. The civil day begins at midnight, and consequently 24 hours after midnight, or 12 hours from noon, is morning of the succeeding day, and more than 24 hours from noon, is evening of the next day, This table is arranged in the order of culmination. Stars having an asterisk (*) in the last column are seen only in Florida and Texas, when passing the meridian.

NAME OF STAR.

NAME OF STAR.

For
Meridian
For Ris.
ing and

Setting.
A Passage.

For
Meridian
Passage.
For Rise
ing and
Setting.

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y ('eti

o Ceti (Mira)
a Ceti Menkar)..
B Persei (Algol).
a Persei (Algenib)..
n Tauri (The Seven Stars)
a Tauri (Aldebaran)....
a Aurige (Capella)
B Orionis (Rigel)
y Orionis (Bellatrix).
B Tauri (El Nath)
8 Orionis (Mintaka)
e Orionis (Anilam)
a Columbie (Phat)..
* Orionis (Saiph)...
a Orionis (Betelguese)
B Aurige (Menkalina)...
i Geminorum
& Canis Majoris

Canis Majoris (Mirzam)
a Argus (Canopus)
y Geminorum (Alhena).
é Geminorum (Mebusta).
a Canis Majoris (Sirine)
€ Canis Majoris (Adhara).
8 Geminorum (Wasat).
m Canis Majoris (Aludra).
a Geminorum (Castor)..
a Canis Minoris (Procyon).
B Geminorum (Pollux)
y Argus
€ Argus ...
5 Argus (Naos).
i Argus
a Hydra (Alphard)..
e Leonis

Leonis a Leonis (Regulus) gre Leonis (Al Gieba)

H. M.H. M.

H, MH, M. 0 37 528 Ursæ Majoris (Merak).. 10 54 0 4 a Ursæ Majoris (Dubke).

10 56 0 8 6 51 Leonis

11 7 6 57 0 20 2 25 8 Leonis (Zozma)..

11 7 7 17 0 35 B Leonis (Denebola).

11 426 54 0 38 4 53 x Ursa Majoris (Phad)

11 46 0 50 al Crucis (Acrux)

12 19 1 3 y Crucis..

12 21 1 4 8 29 B Corvi...

19 27 4 35 1 19 5 30B Crucis

12 39 1 21 e Ursa Majoris (Alioth)

12 47 1 34 8 Virginis.

12 471 6 14 1 46 5 22 € Virginig..

12 651 6 40 1 491 7 14 a Virginis (Spica)

13 18 5 23 1 571 6 715 Urse Majoris (Mizar)... 13 18 1 57 9 21 Ureæ Majoris (Benetpasch) 13 41 2 1 7 26 Centauri (Agena)....

13 54 2 381 6 9 a Bootes (Arcturus)...

14 917 12 2 11 5 48 a Centauri (Bengula)

14 30 2 56 6 13 a? Libræ..

14 43 5 4 3 1 9 10 B Urea Minoris (Kochab).... 14 59 3 16 B Libræ...

15 9 5 29 3 41 ? 29 a Corona Borealis (Alpbecca)... 15 7 41 4 29 6 58 a Serpentis (Unuk)..

15 376 23 5 810 14 8 Scorpii.

15 52 4 37 5 9 5 31 B1 Scorpii...

15 571 4 49 5 18 6 21 a Scorpii (Antares).

16 201 4 20 5 19 7 52 B Herculis (Rutilicus)..

16 231 7 20 5 26 5 59 a Ilerculis

17 71 6 51 5 30 5 50 4 Scorpii (Lesuth)..

17 23 3 18 5 35 3 37 y Are...

17 14 5 42 5 26 Arie...

17 21 5 49 6 20 B Draconis (Rastoban).

17 25 5 51 953 Scorpii

17 27 2 27 6 87 24 a Ophiuchi (Ras Alhaguc). 17 2716 45 6 15 4 11 y Draconis (Etanin).

17 51 6 17 4 53 h Sagittarii.

18 5 4 43 6 21 € Sagittarii

18 141 3 35 6 S16 59 a Lyrå (Vega)....

18 30 8 54 6 377 36 B Lyra...

18 43 8 17 6 10 5 1 o Sagittarii

18 461 4 13 6 51 4 al a Aquilæe (Altair)..

19 43 6 30 137 22 a: Capricorni (Giedi)..

20 91 5 15 7 19 4 5 a Pavonis

2014 7 278 11a Cygni (Deneb)...

20 35 9 56 7 33 6 19 a Cephei (Alderamin)..

21 13 7 38 7 50 B Aquarii.

21 23 5 39 5 i 313 Cephei (Alphirk)

21 94 8 19 e Pegasi (Enif)..

21 306 33 7 59 2 58 a Aquarii

21 57 5 57 9 13 a Gruis

21 58 1 21 9 21 5 31 5 Pegasi..

02 331 6 36 9 387 31 a Pisces Australis (Fomalhant) ->2 481 4 0 9 45 7 42 B Pegasi (Scheat)..

22 10 1 6 41 a Pegasi (Markab).

22 561 6 59 10 13 7 14 y Cephei (Er Rai).

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RISING. SETTING AND MERIDIAN PASSAGE OF PLANETS, 1898.

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Mo.

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January
January
January
February
February
February
March
March
March
April
April
April
May
May
May
June
June
June
July
July
July
August
August
August
September
September
September
October
October
October
November
November
November...
December
December
December
December

Rises Rises
Rises Rises Rises Rises

Rises Rises
Mo.
Mo.
Mo.

Mo.

Mo.
MO
Eve.

Mo

Mo, Mo. H.M.(H.M./ H.M.(H.M. 11. M. H. M. H. M. H.M.H. M. H.M.H.M.|H.M. 1|11:171 6:15 6:4511:131 6:13 6:4+1 5:5212:00 0:03 9:39 1:27 4:52 11 11:32 6:29 0:58 11:06 6:00 6:37 5:15 11:25 Eve. 9:05 3:53 4:18 21 11:47 6:39 7:00 10:39 5:57 0:27 4:37 10:17 10:50 8:30 3:19 3:44 1 Eve. Sets. Sets. 10:52 5:19 6:16 3:53 10:03 10:06 7:50 2:39

3:04 11 0:12 Eve. Eve. 10:45 5:36 6:02 3:13 9:23 9:26 7:11 2:03 2:28 21 0:21 5:55 5:42 10:38 5:25

5:48

2:31 8:10 S: 13 6:36 1:26 1:51 1 0:27 6:10 6:01 10:32 5:15 5:36 1:37 8:03 8:05

6:06 0:56 1:21 11 0:34 6:29 6:20 10:23 4:39 5:17 1:13 7:20 7:22 5:27 0:17 0:42 21 0:40 6:16 0:40 10:14 4:11 1:59 0:30 6:36 6:37 1:18 Eve. Eve.

11 0:46 7:05 7:14 10:03 4:261 4:37 Eve. Sets. Sets. 4:03 10:59 11:24 11 0:14 7:24 7:39 9:33 4:09 1:17 10:37 Mor. Mor. 3:28 10:21 10:46 21 1:02 7:43 8:03 9:12 3:01 3:55 10:10 4:16 1:17

2:13

9:361 9:51 1

1:13 8:03 8:29 9:30 3:31 3:21 9:27 3:33 3:31 2:02 8:55 9:20 11 1:22 8:22 8:511 9:20 1 3:11 3:11 8:161 2:52 2:33 1:20 8:12 8:37 21 1:38 8:38 9:10 9:08 2:55 2:19 8:03 2:12! 2:14 0:3S 7:30 7:33

1 1:54 8:50 9:28 S:561 2:261 2:26 7 1:29 1:30 Eve. Sets. Sets. 11 2:07 9:05 9:35 8:33 2:27 2:14 6:13' 0:19: 0:30 11:04 Mor. Mor. 121 2:18! 9:11 9:38| 8:33 2:01 1:45 6:06' 0:12 0:13 10.22 3:38 3:14 1

9:12 9:35 8:22 1:141 1:25 5:31 | Eve. I Eve. 9:10 3:01 2:37 11 2:35 9:09 9:261 8:12 1:29 1:07 4:13 10:35 10:35 8:39 2:16 1:52 21 2:10 9:03 9:15! S:01 1:13 0:19 4:21'10:19 10:18! 8:18 1:35 1:11

1 2:13 8:51 8:59 7:49 0:37 0:31] 3:13 9:10 9:39 7:31 0:51 0:27
11 2:45 8:41 8:131 7:39 0:13 0:14 3:00) 19:051 9:03 6:34 0:11 Eve.
21 2:15 8:32 8:26 7:21 0:29 Eve. 2:37] 8:31 8:28 6:15 Eve. 111:04

1 2:45 8:19 8:06' 7:13! 0:15 11:15 2:02 7:54 7:301 5:33 10:46 10:22
11 2:45 8:08 7:501 7:00) 0:02 11:32 1:30 7:21 7:16 4:56 10:08 9:11
21 2:45 7:58 7:34 6:45 Eve. 11:17 0:581 6:161 6:10 4:19; 9:31 9:00
1 2:43

7:17 7:18 6:31 11:36 11:07 0:27 Ris's Ris's 3:13 8:53 8:30 111 2:391 7:35 7:02 6:13[11:20 10:52 Mor. Mor. Mor. 3:07 8:18! 7:53 21

7:22 6:461 5:54111:02 10:34 11:24 3:11 5:56 2:31 7:12 7:17 1 2:11 7:00) 6:22 5:30 10:10 10:13 10:3015:10 5:20 1:53 7:041 6:39 11

6:20 5:52 5:03 10:1019:30 10:19 4:40 4:31 1:1S1 6:28 6:02 21 0:30 5:15) 5:11 4:37 9:30 9:24 9:27 4:10 4:22 0:14 Ris's Ris's

1 Mor. I Ris's! Ris's! 4:04 9:17 8:511 9:13 3:391 3:31! 0:0 | Mor. Mor. 11 10:48 Mor.! Mor.! 3:27! 8:101 8:141 8:13 3:09 3:22 Mor. 6:27 6:53 21 10:01| 4:42 4:21 2:15 17:56 7:29! 8:10 2:39! 2:52 11:01 5:50! 6:22 1311 0:30 4:09 3:19 1:52 7:011 6:311 7:34 2:03 2:18 | 10:261 5:19 5:46

2:28

2:30

PLANETS BRIGHTEST OR BEST SEEX. Mercury, February 4 and September 24. Mars, not this year.

rising shortly before the Sun; also April Jupiter, March 25. 7 and December 1, setting soon after Saturn, May 30. the Sun.

Uranus, May 22. Venus, October 27,

Neptune, December 15.

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AZIMUTH TABLE OF

POLARIS, OR NORTH STAR, 1898. The azimuths in the annexed table, applied properly to the magnetic bearing of Polaris at the time of ite greatest elongation east or west, will give the true variation of the magnetic needle from a true north direction, and will be of great use to all isurveyors and engineers. When the elongation is east the azimuth will be east and vice versa. At ihe present time the line of "No Variation" of the needle runs southeasterly from near Toledo, Ohio, to a point on the Atlantic coast about fifty miles southwest of Cape Fear, N. C.. East of that line the north end of the needle points 'west of a true north, and west of that line east of the true north. The country may therefore be divided into eastern and western magnetic regions. In the Eastern Region" the bearing of Polaris at its western elongation, if eaetward, added to the lazimuth, gives the desired variation west; but if westward, the bearing taken from the azimuth gives the variation west. The bearing of Polaris at its eastern elongation will be eastward, and the azimuth subtracted therefrom gives the variation west. In the "Western Region" the bearing of Polarie at its eastern elongation, if west*ward, added to the azimuth, gives the variation east; but if eastward, the bearing taken from the azimuth gives the variation east. The bearing of Polaris at its westJern elongation will be wastward, and diminished by the azimuth gives the variation east. The azimuths in the table, given for two degree zones, are practically sufficient for all the United States except Alaska, For intermediate latitudee, and dates, the azimuths may be found by proportion sufficiently correct. or exactly by the formula, log-sine azimuth equal log-sine Polar Distance of Polaris, minus log-cosine latitude. The surveyor or engineer is on the line of "No Variation when the bearing of Polaris at greatest elongation is the same as the azimuth.

Polar Azimuth of Polaris at ite Greatest Elongation East or West,
Month.
Dis-

For Latitudes and Dates given below.
tance of
31° 33° 135° 1 37°

139°
1 41° 43°

45° Polaris. ' North. I North. İNorth, North. I North. North. I North. I North. North.

"1 January. | 111 13 4311 24 1711 26 111 27 5411 29 59 1 32 19/1 34 511 37 401 40 491 44 16 January.. 111 421 161 25 591 53 57

171 501 39 47 15 January.. 211 421 16, 59 53 57 17 50 39

15 February 11 121 161 59 53 57

17 50 39 47 15 February. 11 171 26 1 54 69 19 51 40 49

16 February. 211

46
19

3 56 1 30 1 21 5+ 43 51 19 March.... 11 47 21

6
58
3 24

45 54 March. 11 501 23

9 1 28 2 7 281 35 0 49 58 March.. 211 531 28 12

6
11
31

5311 41 2
April.
11 30 31
15 10 15

35
81 57

34 April. 111 59 3+

18 14 19

39 12 1 38 1 10 38 April. 21 1 1+ 2 37 20 16 23

43
16

5

14 42 May.

1
5 40 24 19 26

19
9
18

48 May.

11
7
28

28 49 22 12 22 50
21
101 47 31 25 30

51 24 15 24 33 June. 1

50
33 28 32 53 28 18

26 50 June. 111

51
36 30

35
56 30 20 30

59 June. 21 13

511
36
35 56

30

20 30 69 July.

1
13 51
36

35
561 30 20

30 59
11
13 51
36 30 35 66 30 20

59 July

21
12 501 33 29 34

65 29 18 29 57 August 1

10
48 32 26 32

52 26 15

26 64 August.

11

8
44
28 23 29
49 23 12

22 50 August.

21
6 40 24 19 26

19

9

18 September 1 2 37

16 23

43
16

5 14 September 111 13 59 34 18

19
39 121

1

10 September 21! 561 301 14

9 14 33

71 37 56

4
October...
11
261 10

4
8
28

1 50|1 40 59 October... 111/ 181 22

7
01
4

251 34 57 46 53 23 October... 121

151 211 27 53

0
20
53 42 50

18 November 1 401 12|1 25 561 4911 29 54

14
46 35 43

10 November.1111 361 8 52 44 491

9

29 38 November | 21 | 4 48 411 45

6 37 25 34 December 1 11 301

01
38

1 33 21 301 43 57 December. 1111 271 23

42
34 391 1 31 59 30

19 27 December. 211 25 53 391 31 351 55. 27

15 23 19 December. 1311 13 241

301

13 22

56

May.

12 131

July

30

46

20

14

52

331

41

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341

541

April

MOVABLE FEASTS. Septragesima Sunday.. February

6

Palm Sunday Sexagesima Sunday.

13 Good Friday Quirquagesima Sunday

20 Easter Sunday. Shrove Tuesday..

22

Rogation Sunday. Ash Wednesday.

23 Ascension Thursday. Quadragesina Sunday.

27 Whit-Sunday (Pentecost) Mid-Lent Sunday.

March 20 Trinity Sunday. Passion Sunday...

27

Corpus Christi.
Advent Sunday

.. November 27

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. May

3 8 10 15 19 20 5 9

.June

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