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Part I.



Chapter from “Federal Statutes Annotated," volume 3,
compiled by William M. McKinney and Peter C. Kem-
per, jr.; copyright by Edward Thompson Company,
Northport, Long Island, New York, publishers, 1904.
Printed by permission of the publishers, by whom all
rights are reserved.


The following title from “ Federal Statutes Annotated—Evidence to Interstate Com. merce"-is reprinted as a part of the hearings before the Interstate Commerce Committee of the United States Senate, by permission of the publishers, The Edward Thompson Company, of Northport (Long Island), N. Y., in accordance with the following message:

NORTHPORT, N. Y., May 18, 1905. Hon. S. B. ELKINS,

Chairman Interstate Commerce Committee, Senate, Washington, D. C.: It is a pleasure to grant your committee the privilege of printing in your hearing and without charge the title " Interstate Commerce from volume 3, Federal Statutes Annotated, providing credit is given that publication and the copyright notice is repeated.



Act of February 4, 1887, ch. 104,
SEC. 1. Common carriers in interstate traffic-Railroad and transportation

defined-Charges to be reasonable and just,
2. Special rates, rebates, etc., prohibited,
3. Undue preferences prohibited-Equal facilities except in terminals to

connecting lines, 4. Long and short haul charges-Exceptions authorized, 5. Pooling agreements prohibited, 6. Printed schedules of rates to be posted-Notice of advance and reduc

tion-Joint-rate tariffs—Effect of failure to publish or file sched

ules, 7. Combinations to prevent continuous carriage of freight to destination

prohibited, 8. Liability to persons injured by violation of act, 9. Persons damaged may complain to Commission or sue personally, 10. Punishment for violation or evasion of the act. 11. Interstate Commerce Commission created—Eligibility and appoint

ment-Term of service, etc., 12. Scope of Commission-Prosecution of proceedings-Witnesses—Depo

sitions-Self-criminating testimony, 13. Petitions as to violations of law-Notice to carrier of charges-Inves

tigations, 14. Written reports of investigations—Reports and decisions may be

printed and distributed, 15. Notice to carrier of violation-Record of compliance with report, 16. Proceedings on refusal of obedience to Commission-Remedies-Jury

trials-Appeals-Costs, 17. Proceedings of Commission-Rules-Quorum---Appearances - Rec

ords-Seal-Oaths and subponas, 18. Salaries of Commissioners, secretary, and employees-Offices-Wit

ness fees-Expenses, 19. Office and sessions, 20. Annual reports from carriers to Commission-Contents-Uniform

system of accounts,
21. (Annual reports to Congress, see Estimates, Appropriations, and

Reports, vol. 2, p. 934),
22. Free carriage or reduced rates, when allowed,
23. (Makes appropriations- Temporary),
24. When law takes effect-Appointment of Commissioners,


Act of March 2, 1889, ch. 382,
SECS. 1-9. (Amend secs. '6, 10, 12, 14, 16, 17, 18, 21, 22),

10. Mandamus to compel equal facilities to shippers-Questions of

fact, Act of August 8, 1890, ch. 728,

Intoxicating liquors shipped in original packages subject to State laws, Act of February 11, 1893, ch. 83,

Self-incriminating disclosures by witnesses in proceedings—Refusal to tes

tify, Act of March 2, 1889, ch. 411,

Auditing of Commission's expenses,

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AN ACT To regulate commerce.

(Act of Feb. 4, 1887, ch. 104, 24 Stat. L. 379.) [Sec. 1.] [Common carriers in interstate trafficrailroad and transportation definedcharges to be reasonable and just.] That the provisions of this act shall apply to any common carrier or carriers engaged in the transportation of passengers or property wholly by railroad, or partly by railroad and partly by water when both are used, under a common control, management, or arrangement, for a continuous carriage or shipment, from one State or Territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia, to any other State or Territory of the United States, or the District of Columbia, or from any place in the United States to an adjacent foreign country, or from any place in the United States through a foreign country to any other place in the United States, and also to the transportation in like manner of property shipped from any place in the United States to a foreign country and carried from such place to a port of transshipment, or shipped from a foreign country to any place in the United States and carried to such place from a port of entry either in the United States or an adjacent foreign country: Provided, however, That the provisions of this act shall not apply to the transportation of passengers of property, or to the receiving, delivering, storage, or handling of property, wholly within one State, and not shipped to or from a foreign country from or to any State or Territory as aforesaid.

The term “ railroad” as used in this act shall include all bridges and ferries used or operated in connection with any railroad, and also all the road in use by any corporation operating a railroad, whether owned or operated under a contract, agreement, or lease; and the term “transportation ”shall include all instrumentalities of shipment or carriage.

All charges made for any service rendered or to be rendered in the transportation of passengers or property as aforesaid, or in connection therewith, or for the receiving, delivering, storage, or handling of such property, shall be reasonable and just; and every unjust and unreasonable charge for such service is prohibited and declared to be unlawful. [24 Stat. L. 379.]

“THE PRINCIPAL OBJECTS OF THE IN- corporations, or localities; to inhibit TERSTATE COMMERCE ACT were to se- greater compensation for a shorter cure just and reasonable charges for than for a longer distance over the transportation; to prohibit unjust dis- same line; and to abolish combinations criminations in the rendition of like for the pooling of freights." Interservices under similar circumstances state Commerce Commission v. Baltiand conditions; to prevent undue or more, etc., R. Co., (1892) 145 U. S. unreasonable preferences to persons, 263; Texas, etc., R. Co. v. Interstate

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