Political Recruitment: Gender, Race and Class in the British Parliament
Cambridge University Press, 1995 - 320 halaman
In this compelling book Pippa Norris and Joni Lovenduski provide the first full account of legislative recruitment in Britain for twenty-five years. Their central concern is how and why some politicians succeed in moving into the highest offices of state, while others fail. The book examines the relative dearth of women, black and working-class Members of Parliament, and whether the evident social bias in the British political Úlite matters for political representation. Legislative recruitment concerns the critical step from lower levels (activists, local counsellors) to a parliamentary career. The authors draw evidence from the first systematic surveys of parliamentary candidates, Members of Parliament and party selectors, as well as detailed personal interviews. The study explores how and why people become politicians, and the consequences for parties, legislatures and representative government.
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1992 general election affiliated Approved List Asian ballot black candidates branches Britain by-elections campaign candidate selection cent Central Office chapter choice Conservative Central Office Conservative Labour Conservative MPs Conservative party Conservative selection constituency association contestants demand-side Electoral College ency ethnic minority evaluated Executive Committee explanations F. W. S. Craig factors formal gender grassroots party Greens incumbents influence Inheritors interview Labour and Conservative Labour candidates Labour MPs Labour party leadership Liberal Democrats List Applicants major Member of Parliament membership minor parties MPs PPCs List national party nominations occupations outcome parliamentary candidates party members party organisation party selectors Plaid Cymru political career political experience politicians procedures reforms reselection role rules Scottish National Party seat Lab selection committee selection meeting selection process shortlisting social background social bias studies supply-side Table trade union trends union sponsorship vote Westminster woman working-class