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command of our troops in distant fields, to have hereafter monthly reports sent here.

In order that an accurate sketch of each Regiment and Battery might be given in this Report, I sent in October last a copy of the following letter to each Colonel and Adjutant of a Regiment, and to each Captain of a Battery, and received from them the information I desired, with two or three exceptions :

ADJUTANT ; }

Boston, Oct., 1862. The time is near at hand when I must make my Annual Report to his Excellency the Governor, and the Legislature. It is my purpose, as it is my wish, to be as accurate and as full as I can. I also wish to embody in it a sketch of each Regiment and Battery belonging to Massachusetts, showing

The camps occupied, their names, and location.
The marches made, and when made.
The battles in which the Regiment or Battery was engaged.
The number of killed in each battle, belonging to the Regiment.
The number of wounded in each battle.
The number of prisoners and missing in each battle.

The total number of killed, wounded, prisoners and deserters belonging to the Regiment, since the Regiment left the State.

The number who have died from sickness, and such incidents, changes, and matters of interest as you may deem valuable to be preserved.

I wish the facts to be stated as compactly as possible, and I shall make good use of them. It will probably not be possible to insert in my Report the entire narrative of each Regiment and Battery, as it would make the Report too large. My intention is to make an abstract of each, giving the prominent facts which it contains—preserving in our archives the original documents, for future historians of this rebellion to examine, when they write the part which Massachusetts troops have taken in it.

I wish to have the reports made up to the 10th of November, and forwarded to me as soon as possible after that date. When my Report is published, I shall take much pleasure in sending a copy of it to yourself, and to each of the officers in your command.

Respectfully yours,

William SCHOULER, Adjutant-General.

A circular was also addressed by your Excellency, on the 7th: of November, to those Generals under whose immediate command the Massachusetts troops have served during the present war, as follows:

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EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, Boston,

Nov. 7, 1862. GENERAL,—By my order a circular letter (of which a copy is herewith enclosed.) has been addressed to the commanding officers of the Massachusetts Volunteer forces, for the purpose of compiling from the answers a summary of the history of those forces since they took the field, for the information of the Legislature of this Commonwealth.

Knowing that, during the progress of the war, troops of this State bare served under your command, and having reason to believe that their services may have been not without satisfaction to you, I take the liberty to bring this subject to your attention. If, during the next few weeks, you shall have the leisure for the purpose, I shall esteem it an obligation if you will favor me with an expression of your opinion of the merits of the Massachusetts corps with which you have had occasion to be acquainted, -with the understanding that I shall be at liberty to communicate your letter to the Legislature. And if you shall be able to make any suggestions of legislation by which Massachusetts may promote the efficiency and welfare of her soldiers, they will be gratefully received, and I shall be glad to present them to the same body. I have the honor to be, Respectfully, your obedient servant,

JOIN A. ANDREW,

Governor of Massachusetts.

Answers were received from Generals Grover, Heintzelman, Gordon, Williams, Barry, Abercrombie, Sully, Sedgwick, Devens, Howard, Viele, Wool, Martindale, Burnside, Phelps, Benham and Meagher, which are printed in connection with the historical accounts of several of the regiments to which they particularly refer, in the following pages; and a letter containing valuable information and suggestions was received in reply to the same circular from General Casey, which is printed at the end of the narratives of the three years' troops.

In these narratives of the several Regiments and Batteries, I have followed very closely the manuscripts furnished me by the several officers. This will account for the different styles in which they are written, and which I trust will add to, rather than take from, the interest of the whole.

FIRST REGIMENT.

XAMES.

Rank.

Date of Commis

sions.

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Robert Cowdin, George D. Wells, Charles Peleg Chandler, . Richard H. Salter, . Samuel A. Green, Warren H. Cudworth, John R. Lee, (Rgt. Lt. Qrm'r,) William C. Johnston, (Rgt. Lt. Qr.,) Francis Le Baron Munroe, Thomas F. Oakes, Clark B. Baldwin, Gardner Walker, Napoleon B. McLaughlen, Edward A. Wild, Edward Pearl, Gardner Walker, Ebenezer W. Stone, Jr., Clark B. Baldwin, Alfred W. Adams, Henry A. Snow, Sumner Carruth, Charles E. Rand, Abial G. Chamberlain, George H. Smith, Francis H. Ward, George E. Henry, Charles M. Jordan, Charles S. Kendall, William C. Johnston, Francis W. Carruth, Miles Farwell, Henry Parkinson, William L. Candler, George H. Smith, Joseph Hibbert, Jr., Charles M. Jordan, George H. Johnston, John L. Rogers, William H. Lawrence, Albert S. Austin, Charles E. Mudge, William H. Sutherland, George E. Henry, Charles S. Kendall, Charles L. Chandler, Francis W. Carruth, Miles Farwell, William P. Cowie, John McDonough, John M. Mandeville, Forrester A. Pelby,

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22,

22, Aug. 26,

26, July 12, 1862,

18,

24, Aug. 21, Sept. 8,

9, Oct. 3, May 25, 1861,

25, 25, 25, 25, 25,

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66

25,

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25,

66

25,

25,
July 13,
Aug. 26,
M'ch 21, 1862,
May 8,

66

13,

66

66

July 12,

1, 17, 18,

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Boston,

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Appt'd Brig.-Gen. Volunteers, Oct. 1, '62.
July 30, 1862, Prom'd Col. 31th Regt. Vol's, July 16, '62.

Killed in battle, June 30, 1862.
Nov. 21, 1862

Promoted Surgeon 21th Regt., Sept. 2, '61.

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Brookline,
Boston,

On General Hooker's Staff.
Promoted Captain, Aug. 26, 1861.
Appointed Assist.-General, May 12, 1862.

Promoted Captain, July 18, 1962.
May 7, 1862, App'ted Asst. Adjt.-General of Vols. U. S.
July 13, 1861.

On General Hooker's Staff.
Commis'y Subsistence U. S., July 17, 1862.

Charlestown, Boston, Chelsea, Boston, Roxbury, Boston,

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Brookline,
Boxbury,
Boston,

Commis'y Subsistence U. S., Sept. 10, 1862.

Roxbury,
Chelsea,
Cobasset,

Killed in battle, June 30, 1862.

First Regiment—Continued.

XAMES.

Rank.

Date of Commis

sions.

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30,

66

66

66

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Horatio Roberts,
Henry Hartley,
Moses H. Warren,
Frank Thomas,
Amos Webster,
Joseph H. Dalton,
Shedrick K. Morris,
Charles L. Chandler,
Charles S. Kendall,
Daniel G. E. Dickenson,
Oliver Walton, 2d, .
Miles Farwell,
George E. Henry,
Francis H. Ward,
Robert A. Saunders,
Elijah B. Gill, Jr.,
Francis W. Carruth,
William P. Cowie,
Henry Parkinson,
Forrester A. Pelby,
William H. B. Smith,
John McDonough,
Henry Hartley,
Horatio Roberts,
Moses H. Warren,
Amos Webster,
Frank Thomas,
Joseph H. Daltorr,
James Doherty,
John S. Clark,
George Myrick,
John S. Willey,
Frederic E. Dolbeare,
William E. Hayward,
William H. Fletcher,
George L. Lawrence,
William P. Drury,
Nathaniel Averill,

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Sept. 8,

9,

15,
May 25, 1861,

25,
25,
25,
25,
25,
25,
25,
25,

25,
July 13,
Aug. 26,

26,
May 25,
July 27,
Aug. 26,
Oct. 12,
Feb. 10, 1862,
May 8,

13,

29, Sept. 9, July 1,

12, 18,

24, Aug. 21,

30,

30, Sept. 8, Oct. 3,

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I regret that the officer in command of this regiment did not make a return, as requested, in sesson for insertion here. This was the first three years regiment that left the State, and the first in the service of the United States. It has seen much service, has been in many battles, and has always beliaved well. Its history, when written, will reflect honor upon the Commonwealth.

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