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AN additional supplement to the act entitled “ An
act to regulate the elections of members of the le[Rév. 229] gislative council, and general assembly, sheriffs
and coroners, in this state.”
Passed November 11, 1803.
WHEREAS no provision is made in the be Preamble.
fore recited act, nor in any supplement thereto, for filling vacancies which may hereafter happen, in certain cases; for remedy whereof,
Sec. 1. BE IT ENACTED by the council and general assembly of this state, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same,
That in any case where any vacancy may have Vacancies already happened, or hereafter may happen, in how to be the council or general assembly of this state,
by death, removal or otherwise, of any of the members thereof, that it shall and may be law. ful for the president or vice-president of council, or speaker of the house of assembly, as the case may be, to cause said vacancy or vacancies to be filled, in the manner prescribed in the before recited act.
[Remainder of the act relates to the election held in. the county of Hunterdon.]
A supplement to the act entitled "An act to regulate
the election of members of the legislative council and general assembly, sheriffs and coroners in this
[Rev. 234] state ;" passed at Trenton the twenty-second day of February, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven.
Passed November 16, 1807.
WHEREAS doubts have been raised, and
greatdiversitiesin practice obtained throughout the state in regard to the admission of
Preamble. aliens, females, and persons of color, or negroes to vote in elections, as also in regard to the mode of ascertaining the qualifications of voters in respect to estate. And whereas, it is highly necessary to the safety, quiet, good order and dignity of the state, to clear up the said doubts by an act of the representatives of the people, declaratory of the true sense and meaning of the constitution, and to ensure its just execution in these particulars, according to the intent of the fram. ers thereof;—Therefore,
Sec. 1. BE IT ENACTED by the coun. cil and general assembly of this state, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That from and after the passing of this act, no Who shall person shall vote in any state or county elec- not vote. tion for officers in the government of the United States, or of this state, unless such person be a free, white, male citizen of this state, of the age of twenty-one years, worth fifty pounds proclamation money, clear estate, and have resided in the county where he claims a vote, for at least twelve months immediately preceding the election.
2. And be it enacted, That in order to es. tablish an uniform practice throughout the state, and to avoid all questions in regard to the qualification of the voter as to estate, as aforesaid, every person in other respects entitled to a vote, who shall have paid a tax, for the use of the county, or support of the state government, and whose name shall be enrolled on any duplicate list of the last state or county tax, shall be adjudged by the officers conducting the election to be worth fifty pounds clear estate, and entitled to vote for all officers of government chosen by the people at large.
3. And be it enacted, That no person shall Qualifica. hereafter be deemed by the officers conduct
ing the election to be a qualified voter, in respect to estate, who has not either paid a tax, or whose name is not enrolled in the duplicate as aforesaid ; except in the case of persons who may have arrived to the age of twenty one years
since the date of the last duplicate, or of persons removing from one township, wherein they have paid a tax, to another; or of persons who may have been inadvertently overlooked by the assessor, in either of which cases, such persons claiming a vote, and being in other respects qualified as before mentioned, shall be admitted, and their names entered accordingly on the tax list.
4. And be it enacted, That no person shall, Penalty for offering to on any occasion or pretence, be admitted to vote in an- vote at any election for the purposes aforesaid, other township,
in any township except that in which he usual. or to vote ly resides; and if any person who has already
voted, shall offer himself a second time as a voter, during the same election, either at the same poll or the poll of any other township, such person so offending, shall for each offence,
forfeit and pay the sum of fifty dollars, to be recovered in an action of debt, with costs of suit, to be applied to the use of the poor of the township, where the offence is committed, and the overseer or overseers of said poor, are hereby required, on notice thereof, immediately to prosecute for the same.
5. And be it enacted, That if any assessor or collector shall at any time, enrol on the Penalty on duplicate of assessment, the name of any per- and collecson or persons not of full age, knowing him tor. or them to be such, with intent and design of admitting such person or persons to the poll, the assessor or collector so offending, shall
, for each offence, forfeit and pay the sum of one hundred dollars, to be sued for, and applied as before directed.
6. And be it enacted, That in the evening of Time of the first day of election, the poll shall not be opening kept open later than the hour of nine o'clock, and closnor opened in the morning of the day follow-poll. ing earlier than eight o'clock.
7. And be it enacted, That if any clerk of the court of common pleas, judge of election, assessor, collector, town-clerk, or other officer of election or person concerned in conducting the elec. &c. tion, shall neglect, improperly delay, or refuse to perform any of the duties or services required by this or any former act relative to the election now in force, or shall knowingly admit any person to vote not qualified agreeably to this act, or shall be guilty of corruption, partiality or ma ifest misbehavior, in any matter or thing appertaining to said election, or shall unduly attempt to influence the election ; every person so offending, shall forfeit and pay one hundred dollars, to be sued for and applied as before directed, and shall further be
Penalties on officers
liable to a private action at the suit of the party
8. And be it enacted, That for the preservaElection
tion of good order, as well as for the security may com- of the election officers from insult and mit, &c.
persollal abuse, the said officers are hereby authorized and empowered to commit any person or persons who shall conduct in a riotous or disorderly manner, and persist in such conduct after being warned of the consequences, either into the custody of a constable, or the keeper of a common gaol for any term not exceeding twenty-four hours, and said constable or gaol. er is hereby required to execute said order, as tho? it had been issued or delivered in due form by a magistrate.
9. And be it enacted, That the judge of election, assessor and collector, or persons serving or acting as such, in case of their ab
sence or disqualification, shall severally, before officers.
they proceed to receive any votes, take the fol-
10. And be it enacted, That if any person or Penalty for persons shall at any time hereafter be found robbing guilty of robbing or plundering the electionelection
box, or attempting to change or alter the tick-