Gambar halaman
PDF
ePub

-33

Minn.......

STANDARD TIME TABLE, To obtain standard time take local time and add or subtract the figures give Standard Correc

Standard Co
City.

of
tion.
City.

of

ti Division, Minutes.

Division. Mi Albany, N. Y.

Eastern

5 Little Rock, Ark.. Central Austin, Texas..

Central + 31
Louisville, Ky

Central
Baltimore, Md.
Eastern + 6 Lynchburg, Va..

Eastern
Baton Rouge, La... Central + 4 Memphis, Tenn.

Central Bismarck, N. Dak... Central

43 Milwaukee, Wis.

Central
Boston, Mass.

Eastern
16 Mobile, Ala...

Central
Buffalo, N. Y..

Eastern + 16 Montgomery, Ala. Central Burlington, Iowa... Central

Nashville, Tenn.. Central Cairo, Ill...

Central

3 New Haven, Conn. Eastern Charleston, S. C... Eastern

20 New Orleans, La. Central Chicago, Ill.

Central

10 New York, N. Y... Eastern Cincinnati, Ohio... Central

22
Norfolk, Va..

Eastern
Cleveland, Ohio.. Central

Ogdensburg, N. Y. Eastern
Columbia, S. C..... Eastern

+ 24
Omaha, Neb..

Central
Columbus, Ohio..... Central

Pensacola, Fla.

Central Dayton, Ohio....... Central

Philadelphia, Penn.. Eastern Denver, Col.

Mountain

Pittsburg, Penn... Eastern Des Moines, Iowa... Central

Portland, Me...

Eastern Detroit, Mich..... Central

- 28

Providence, R. I. Eastern Dubuque, Iowa...... Central + 3 Quincy, Ill.

Central
Duluth,

Central + 9
Raleigh, N. C.

Eastern
Erie, Penn.

Central

39
Richmond, Va.

Eastern
Evansville, Ind.

Central

10

Rochester, N. Y.. Eastern Ft. Gibson, Cher. N. Central + 21

Rock Island, Ill.

Central Fort Smith, Ark.... Central, + 19

San Francisco, Cal.... Pacific Fort Wayne, Ind.... Central

Mountain Galena, Ill.

Central

Santa Fe, N. M.

2 Galveston, Texas....

Savannah, Ga.

Central
Central
19

Central
Grand Haven, Mich. Central

15

Shreveport, La. Harrisburg, Penn.... Eastern

Springfield, Ill.

Central

7 Houston, Texas.

Central
Central

21

St. Joseph, Mo..
Huntsville," Ala.

Central
12

Central

St. Louis, Mo..
Indianapolis, Ind.. Central

16
St. Paul, Minn.

Central
Jackson, Miss.

Central

1 Superior City, Wis. Central Jacksonville, Fla.. Central

33 Syracuse, N. Y

Eastern
Janesville, Wis.. Central

4
Toledo, Ohio

Central
Jefferson City, Mo... Central

9 Trenton, N. J...

Eastern Kansas City, Mo... Central + 19 Utica. N. Y..

Eastern Keokuk, Iowa..

Central

6 Washington, D. C.... Eastern Knoxville, Tenn.. Central - 24 Wheeling, W. Va.. Eastern La Crosse, Wis... Central

5 Wilmington, Del.. Eastern Lawrence, Kan.

Central + 21 Wilmington, N. C. Eastern Lexington, Ky.

Central - 23 | Yankton, S. Dak... Central

TIME STANDARDS. The following is the table of times, based upon the meridian used by the I States and Canada:

Central Meridian. Name of Time. Degree, From Greenwich.

Nearest Place. Intercolonial

60 4 hours west. About 348° east of Halifax, N. S. Eastern

75

5 hours west. Between New York and Philadelp Central

90
6 hours west.

St. Louis and New Orleans.
Mountain

105 7 hours west. Denver, Col. Pacific

120 8 hours west. 142° East of Sacramento, Cal. Sitka

135 9 hours west, 14° east of Sitka, Alaska. Tahiti

150 10 hours west. 42° west of the island of Tahiti. Hawaiian

15742 10 h. 31 m. west. Near centre of Molokai. It is obvious that to express the time of rising and setting of the Sun and in standard time would limit the usefulness of such data to the single point or for which they were computed, while in mean time they are practically corre places as widely separated as the width of the continent, as already explained, ani sons having the mean time may easily ascertain the correct standard time o event by making use of the table on this page. EXPLANATION OF THE CALENDAR PAGES.

Time. All the calculations in The Tribune Almanac are based upon mean or clock unless otherwise stated. The Sun's rising and setting are for the upper limb. cor for parallax and refraction, In the case of the Moon no correction is needed, the Sun, for “parallax and refraction"; with her they are of an opposite natur Just balance each other. The figures given, therefore, are for the Moon's cent a true horizon, such as the ocean or a large plain affords.

1111十十十十十HTTT中中中1十十十十十十1 十十十十十十

[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES. Dominical Letter..

B Roman Indiction... Epact (Moon's age, Jan. 1).

19

Julian Period.......... Lunar Cycle (Golden Number).

11

Dionysian Period. Solar Cycle....

15

Jewish Lunar Cycle.... EXPLANATORY NOTE.-The DOMINICAL Letter or letters (two for Leap Yea or Sunday Letters, indicates the day of the year on which the first Sunday occurs, first seven letters of the alphabet being used. Thus for 1910 the Dominical Letter is the second letter of the alphabet, and hence the second day of the year will be the i Sunday of the year. In Leap Years two letters are used, the first being for Janu and February and the latter, being the preceding letter, answers for the last months in order to maintain the cycle. * The GOLDEN NUMBER is that number a cycle of 19 years, which shows how many years have passed since New Moon on January 1, for in nearly 19 years the Solar and Lunar years nearly come togeth The chief use of this cycle is in fixing the date of Easter, and in this same connect is used the EPACT. The SOLAR CYCLE is the number of years that have elap since the days of the week fell on the same days of the year, or when there will therefore, a recurrence of the Dominical or Sunday Letter. This would be the ci every seven years but for Leap Year; hence, four times seven is the cycle, or 28 yes It is the remainder found by adding 9 to the year and dividing the sum by 28. ROMAN INDICTION is a cycle of 16 years and is of no utility except to chronologe It is the remainder found by adding 3 to the year and dividing by 15. THE JULI PERIOD is a cycle of 7980 years, and is the product of the three cycles-Golden Nu ber (19). Solar Cycle (28) and Roman Indiction (15) and hence shows the time wh these three cycles will coincide, or begin at the same time. The first of this cy will be completed in the year 2267. It is the year +4713. The DIONYSIAN Period a cycle of 532 years, and is also called the Great Paschal Cycle, being the product of complete Solar and Lunar Cycle (28x19). It is the remainder found by adding 487 the year and dividing by 532, and with the Julian Period is chiefly used by chi nologers. The JEWISH LUNAR CYCLE is always three less than the Golden Numb and is used by the Jews in fixing the time of their festivals.

•The rule for computing the Dominical Letter for any year is somewhat comp cated and for that reason is omitted here.

CHURCH DAYS, FIXED AND MOVABLE FEASTS.
New Year's Day.....
.Jan. 1 Whitsunday (Pentecost).

May
Epiphany
.Jan. 6 Trinity Sunday.

May Septuagesima Sunday. Jan. 23 Corpus Christi.

May Conversion of St. Paul. Jan. 25 St. Barnabas..

June Sexagesima Sunday. Jan. 30 St. John the Baptist.

.June Purification B. V. M.. .Feb. 2 Sts. Peter and Paul.

June Quinquagesima Sunday. .Feb. 6 St. James.

July Shrove Tuesday. .Feb. 8 Transfiguration

.Aug. Ash Wednesday (Lent begins). .Feb. 9 St. Bartholomew

Aug Quadragesima Sunday .Feb. 13 St. Matthew...

.Sept. St. Valentine..

.Feb. 14 Michaelmas (St. John & All Angels). Sept. St. Mathias. .Feb. 24 St. Luke..

.Oct. Mid-Lent Sunday. ..Mch. 6 Sts. Simon and Jude.

Oct. St. Patrick's Day Mch. 17 All Saints' Day

Nov. Palm Sunday. Mch. 20 All Souls' Day

Nov. Lady Day .Mch. 25 Thanksgiving Day

Nov. Good Friday. Mch. 25 Advent Sunday.

Nov. Easter Sunday .Mch. 27 St. Andrew..

Nov. Low Sunday..

. Apr. 3
St. Thomas.

Dec. St. George.

.Apr. 23

Christmas Day (Sunday)
St.
Mark..

. Apr. 25
St. Stephen..

Dec. Sts. Philip and James.

.May 1 St. John the Evangelist.
Rogation Sunday.
May 1 Holy Innocents.

.Dec. Ascension (Holy) Thursday. . May 5

EMBER DAYS. Wednesday, Friday and Saturday after: First Sunday in Lent-February 18 and 19; Pentecost-May 18, 20 and 21; September 14-September 21, 23 and 2 December 13-December 14, 16 and 17.

JEWISH OR HEBREW CALENDAR. Year 5670-71.
The Jewish year 5670 is the 8th of the 299th cycle of 19 years.

Month
Year. No. Name.
Day, Fasts and Feasts.

Gregorian Date, 5670 6 Sh'vat Rosh-Chodesh.

Tuesday, January 5670 6 Adar

1 Rosh-Chodesh. ... Wednesday-Thursday, February 9 5670 6 2d Adar. 1 Rosh-Chodesh.

Friday-Saturday, March 115670 6 20 Adar. 13 Fast of Esther.

Thursday, March 5670 2d Adar.

14-16
Purim....

Friday-Saturday, March 255670 7 Nissan 1 Rosh-Chodesh.

.Sunday, April 5670 7 Nissan .15 First Day of Passover.

Sunday, April 5670 8 Ijar 1 Rosh-Chodesh.

Monday-Tuesday, May 95670 8 Ijar .18 Lag B'Omer...

..Friday, May

Dec.

Dec.

Thirty-third Day of Omer.
Year. No. Name.

Day.
Fasts and Feasts.

Gregorian Date. 5670 9 Sivan Rosh-Chodesh..

Wednesday, June 8 5670 9 Sivan First Day of Pentecost.

Monday, June 13 8670 10 Tammuz 1 Rosh-Chodesh.

Thursday-Friday, July 7-8 5670 10 Tammuz Fast of Tammuz.

Sunday, July 24 8670 11 Ab or Av.. Rosh-Chodesh..

. . Saturday, August 6 5670 11 Ab or Av.

Fast of Av.......

....Sunday, August 14 5670 12 Ellul

1 Rosh-Chodesh.

Sunday-Monday, September 4-5 5671 1 Tishri

1 First Day of New Year. Thurs., Oct. 4, or sunset, Oct. 3 5671 1 Tishri 3 Fast of Gedaliah..

Thursday, October 6 5671 1 Tishri .10 Yom-Kippoor.

Thursday, October 13 5671 1 Tishri 15 First Day of Tabernacles.

Tuesday, October 18 5671 1 Tishri 21 Hoshannah-Rabbah.

.Monday, October 24 5671 1 Tishri 22 Sh'mini-Atseres...

Tuesday, October 25 5671 1 Tishri 23 Simchas Torah..

Wednesday, October 26 5671 2 Chesvan

1 Rosh-Chodesh. ... Wednesday-Thursday, November 2-3 5671 3 Kislev 1 Rosh-Chodesh.

Friday, December 2 5671 3 Kisley

25
First Day of Chanukah.

Monday, December 26 5671 Tebet

1 Rosh-Chodesh.. Saturday-Sunday, Dec. 31-Jan. 1, 1911

CHINESE CALENDAR, YEAR 4607. The year 1910 corresponds nearly with the Chinese year 4607, or the 47th year of the 76th cycle of 60 years, and contains 354 days: 1st Month begins Feb. 10. ....lasts 29 days 7th Month begins Aug. 6. ..... lasts 30 days 2d Month begins Mch. 11. ....lasts 30 days 8th Month begins Sept. 4. .lasts 29 days 3d Month begins Apr. 10.....lasts 29 days 9th Month begins Oct. 3. ..lasts 30 days 4th Month begins May 9.....lasts 29 days 10th Month begins Nov. 2. .lasts 30 days 5th Month begins June 7. ..lasts 30 days 11th Month begins Dec.

2.

...lasts 30 days 6th Month begins July 7.....lasts 29 days|12th Month begins Jan. 1, 1911. .lasts 29 days

MAHOMETAN CALENDAR, A. M, 8019.
The year 1328 is the 8th of the 45th cycle of 30 years and has 854 days.
-Month.

Lasts,
-Month.

Lasts,
Years. No. Name.
Begins. days. Years. No. Name.

Begins. days. 1328... 1... Muharrem .Jan. 13 301328...8...Shaban

.Aug. 8 29 1328.. 2... Saphar

Feb. 12 29 1328... 9...Ramadan *Sept. 6 30 1328... 3...Rabia I.

.Mch. 13 30 1328...10... Schawall . tOct. 6 29 1328... 4... Rabia II. .Apr. 12 29 1328...11... Dul Kaeda. Nov.

30 1328... 5...Jomhadi I. ..May 11

1328...12... Dulheggia

Dec. 4 1328... 6...Jomhadi II...... June 10 29 1329... 1... Muharrem...Jan. 2, 1911 80 1328... 7... Rajab

.July

9 30 *Fasting. Feast of Bairam. THE SEASONS; ALSO SUN'S APPARENT PATH THROUGH THE ZODIAC.

Eastern Standard Time,
Sun enteri,
Sign. Con Date. H.M.

D. H.M.
Dec. 22, 6 12 a.m., 1909. Winter begins and lasts 89 0 32 s. of Equator.
Jan. 21.
Feb. 20.
Mch, 21, 6 64 a.m., 1910. Spring begins and lasts 92 19 46 N. of Equator.
Apr. 21.
May 21.
June 22, 2 40 a.m., 1910. Summer begins and lasts 93 14 42 N. of Equator.
July 21.
Aug. 23.
Sept. 23, 622 p.m., 1910. Autumn begins and lasts 89 18 42 S. of Equator.
Oct.

23.
Nov. 23.
Dec. 22, 04 p.m., 1910. Wirter begins and

Tropical year=365 6 42
H. M.

D. H. M.
0 32

92 19 46 89

93 14 42

[ocr errors]

30

[blocks in formation]

The sun will be 7 15 14 longer north of the Equator than south of it. This is due to the slower motion of the earth (apparent motion of the sun) when the earth is near its aphelion or furthest point in its orbit from the sun during the summer months.

THE PLANETS. Mercury will be brightest (1) as a morning star, west of the sun, rising about Th. 20m. before the sun, February 8-16 and October 6-14. He will be furthest west of the sun February 19 (27o) and October 11 (180). (2) As an evening star, east of the sun, setting about lh. 25m, after the sun, January 6-14. April 13-21 and December 22-30. He will be furthest east of the sun January 10 (19°) and December 24 (20°).

Venus

righies

On two other occasions Mercury will be at his greatest angular distance from t1 sun. but other conditions will be such as to render it difficult if not impossible see him.

Look for a red "star” near the sunrise or sunset points of the horizon about a hour before sunrise or an hour after sunset within the limits of the dates given ai you will be very apt to catch this elusive planet.

Venus will be brightest as an evening star January 7, and as a morning sta! March 18-19. At the beginning of the year she will be an evening star and so coi tinue until February 12, after which she will be a morning star until November 2 and then an evening star until the end of the year. On February 12 she will pa between the earth and sun (inferior conjunction), and on November 26 she will be ci the opposite side of the earth from the sun (superior conjunction). This planet very beautiful when at or near her greatest brilliancy, and at such times will cast distinct shadow in the dark of the moon. An added feature of interest is her phase for in the course of her orbit she presents all the phases of the moon and with a fea greater difference in apparent size or diameter, as shown by the annexed figures:

EXPLANATION: A-15 days befo superior conjunction, or November 11 1910. B-At greatest elongation (angulau distance) west of the sun, April 23, 1910 C-When brightest as a morning star March 18-19, 1910. D-Just after inte ferior conjunction, February 17-28, 1910 E-15 days after superior conjunction December 11, 1910. F-At greatest eloitgation east of the sun, July 7, 1911. GWhen brightest

as

an evening star January 1-10, 1910. H-Just before iriferior conjunction, February 1, 1910.

All these phases may be seen by the aid of a small telescope or gold field

glass. The motion of Venus past the stars is so rapid that it is very interesting to follow her in her journeyings. As her orbit is within that of the Earth's she will more than make the circuit of the heavens in a year. In connection with the following data, see “Chart of the Heavens," also table of “Rising, Southing and Setting of the Planets." Here follows a tour of the heavens, with Venus (time, 365 days):

January 1 as an evening star in , moving slowly eastward: Stationary January 20 in eastern ha i retrogrades, moving slowly west past the stars, until March 3, when she will be west of her place on January 1 and stationary again. Being at inferior conjunction February 12 she will not be visible for a few days before and after that date. As a morning star she will first be seen low in the east the last week in February, and will advance with increasing velocity past the stars until August 5: then her daily rate of motion will decrease until October 8 and then increase until December 20. As shown by the figure, she will appear largest early in February and steadily diminish in size throughout almost the entire year, until at the last she will be apparently only one-thirty-sixth of her size in February.

On April 23 she will attain her greatest angular distance west of the Sun (46°), appearing. as in B in the figure, a half-moon phase, with the illuminated hemisphere toward the Sun. Throughout May, June and July, Venus and Saturn will be more or less close companions in the eastern morning sky. June 5 they will be only four minutes of arc, or one-eighth of the Moon's apparent diameter, apart, Venus being the most northern. On the previous day (June 4) the Moon will pass south of and close to them, but too late in the morning to see them at the time of nearest approach. Both will be occulted by the Moon on this occasion. This grouping of these three bodies will take place near the boundary line between Hand P. By June 25 Venus will be only. 5° below the Pleiades, and by July 6 about the same distance above (N.) of Aldebaran, the brightest star of the Hyades. On or about Julv 20 she will be close to the great Crab Nebula in 8, and between the tips of the Bull's horns, with the glorious Capella just above (N.) and the brilliant Orion nearly equally distant below her. From this time on she will rise later and later, until the time of her superior conjunction on November 26, becoming invisible considerably before that date. About August 10 she will be nearest to and just south of Castor and Pollux, in [l, and on September 10. Regulus, in the handle of the Sickle in N, will be close to and south of her. About the last we shall see of her, as she becomes lost in the morning twilight. she will be about 5° above (N.) of Spica in m, with Mars just south of her a beautiful stellar combination in the twilight. When she is next visible she will be on the other (E.) side of the sun as an evening star, the last half of December, being just above the Milkmaid's Dipper in I. See "Conjunctions, etc," for various conjunctions with the Moon. Mars will not be conspicuously bright at any time this year.

He will be an evening sta: until September 27 and afterward a morning star.

At the beginning of the year he will be in eastern # and close to h: having been in with the ringed lanet Decemher 31, 19r9. when? was only 30 N. of h.

Bq March 10 he will have advanced to eastern P, just below the seven stars cr Plejades, and the last week of March he will pass jrstarove the Hyades. April 20 he will be about midway between Capella on the N. and the Belt of Orion on the S.;, by June 1 in a S. of Castor and Pollux, and August 1 close to and N. of Regulus in the Sickle in ? His conjunction with Spica Virginis and Venus October 24 has already been alluded to under

« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »