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M'CLURE, Alexander K., journalist and / odist Episcopal Church South, 51

politician, 81, Wallingford, Penn., Tokio, Japan, Sept. 20. June 6.

WRIGHT, Carroll D., ex-Commissione M'KIM, Charles F., architect, 62, St. of Labor and Director of the Censu James, N. Y., Sept. 14.

educator, statistician and sociologis M'LAURIN, Anselm J., United States 68, Worcester, Mass., Feb. 20. Senator from Mississippi, ex-Governor of

NOTABLE DEATHS ABROAD. Mississippi, 61, Brandon, Miss., Dec. 22. M'QUAID. the Right Rev. Bernard J.,

| AMADOR. Manuel, first President Roman Catholic Bishop, 85, Rochester,

Panama, 75, Panama, May 2. Jan. 18.

BARTH, Theodor, German journali MODJESKA, Helena, actress, 65, Bay

and statesman, 59, Baden-Bade City, Cal., April 8.

June 3. MORRISON. William R., ex-Representa

CERVERA, Pascual, Spanish vice-at tive in Congress from Illinois, ex

miral, 70, Puerto Real, Spain, April member Interstate Commerce Com

CHANG-CHIH-TUNG, Chinese state mission, Democratic tariff reformer. man, Pekin, Oct. 5. 83, Waterloo, Ill., Sept. 29.

COQUELIN, Benoit Constant, Freni NEWCOMB, Simon, astronomer and

actor, 68, Pont aux Dames, Franc mathematician, 74, Washington, July

Jan, 27. 11.

COQUELIN, E. A. H., “Cadet,” Freni O'BRIEN, Denis, ex-judge New York

actor, 61, Paris, Feb. 8. Court of Appeals, 72, Watertown, N. Y.,

DON CARLOS OF BOURBON, pretei May 18.

der to the throne of Spain, 61, Vi OTIS, Elwell s., major general U. S. A. reso, Italy, July 18. (retired), former Military Governor

GALLIFFET, Marquis de, French gener the Philippine Islands, 71, Rochester,

and Minister of War, 78, Paris, July Oct. 21.

GEVAERT. François A., Belgian con PECKHAM, Rufus W., associate justice, U. S. Supreme Court, 71, Altamont, N.

poser, 80, Brussels, Dec. 28, 1908. Y., Oct. 24.

IGLESIAS, Manuel, Peruvian general al RAINES, John. New York State Senator

statesman, Lima, Nov. 8. and Republican political leader, 69,

ITO, Prince Hirobumi, Japanese state Canandaigua, N. Y., Dec. 16.

man, 71, Harbin, Manchuria, Oct. 26, RICHARDS, John K., United States Cir

LEOPOLD II, King of the Belgians, 7 cuit Judge, 53, Cincinnati, March 1.

Brussels, Dec. 17. ROGERS, Henry H., capitalist, 69, New

| LOMBROSO. Cesare, Italian scientist al York, May 19.

criminologist, 69, Turin, Italy, Oct. 1 SPRECKELS, Claus, sugar refiner, 80,

MARTIN, Sir Theodore, English schola San Francisco, Dec. 26, 1908.

translator and author, 93, London, En

land, August 18. STARIN, John H., ex-Representative in Congress from New York, former Rapid

MENDES, Catulle, French poet, nove Transit Commissioner. New York City

ist and dramatist, 67, Paris, Feb. 8. developer of harbor transportation, MEREDITH, George, English noveli New York City, March 22.

81, Boxhill, England, May 18. STEWART, William M.. ex-United PENNA, Alfonso M., President of Braz

States Senator from Nevada, pioneer, 1 62. Rio de Janeiro, June 14. 84, Washington, April 23.

| POIRE, Emmanuel ["Caran d'Ache" STURGIS, Russell, architect and art French cartoonist, Paris, Feb. 26.

critic, 72, New York City, February 11. ROJESTVENSKY, Sinovi P., Russis SULLIVAN. Timothy P., New York City vice-admiral, 60, St. Petersburg, Ja

Alderman and Tammany leader, 39, New 14.
York City, December 22.

SWINBURNE, Algernon C., Engli TURPIE, David, ex-United States Sen poet and essayist, 71, Putney, En

ator from Indiana, lawyer and orator, land, April 10. 80, Indianapolis, April 21.

VON SONNENTHAL, Adolt R., Au WARD, the Rev. Seth, Methodist Episco trian actor, 74, Prague, April 4. · pal Bishop (South), 61, Kobe, Japan, VON WILDENBRUCH, Ernst, Germ Sept. 20.

poet and dramatist, 63, Berlin, Ja WARD, Rev. Dr. Seth, Bishop of Meth- 1 15.

1908

IMMIGRATION BY COUNTRIES.
Countries.

1906. I 1907. I Austria-Hungary ...

265,138] 338, 452|| Belgium ....

5,099 6,396 Denmark ...

.7,7411

7,2431 France, including Corsica....

9,386 9.731 German Empire....

37,564 37,807 19,4891. 36,5801

Greece

............

11,359
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Countries.

1906. | 1907. T 1908.
taly, including Sicily and Sardinia.

273,1201 285,731|128,503
Fetherlands ...........

4,9461 6.637 5,946
Corway ..::::::

21,730) 22,133 12,412
ortugal, including Cape Verde and Azore islands...

8,517 9,608 7,307
um a n ia .............................................

4,476 4,384 5,228
ussian Empire and Finland......

215,665 258,943 156,711
ervia, Bulgaria and Montenegro....

4,666

10,827
bain ...............

1,921

3,899
weden ...........

23,310) 20,589 12,809
itzerland .............

3,846 3,748 3,281
urkey in Europe. ...

9,5101 20,767
pe..................

11,290
nited Kingdom:
England .......

49,491 56,637 47,031
Ireland ....

34,995 34,530 30,566
Scotland ....

15,866 19,740 13,506
Wales .....

1,841

2,660 2,287
urope, not specified.....

481
107

97
Total Europe.....

11,018,365|1,199,5661 691,901
nina .....................................................

1,5441 961 1,397
upan ..

13,835 30,226 15,803
her Asia................................................. 6,921 9,337) 11,166
Total Asia......

22,300 40,524 28,368
rica .... .............

7121 1,486, 1,411
ustralia, Tasmania, New Zealand and Pacific islands,
not specified.........

1.7331

1,989 1,179
ritish North America........

5,063 19,918 38,510
entral America .........

1,1401 970 1,217
exico ...............

1,997 1,406 6,067
uth America.....

2,7571 2,779 2,318
est Indies.........

13,656 6,689) 11,888
1 other countries....

33,012

22
Grand total.............................................11,100,735/1,285,349 78
Note The number of immigrants for the fiscal year 1908-'09 was 751.786. Figures
countries are not yet available.

17

IMPORTANT EVENTS OF 1909.

January 0-United States Supreme Court April 27-Sultan Abdul Hamid was de-
held the New York State 80-cent gas posed and his brother Mehemmed Effendi

succeeded to the throne as Mehmed V.
January 23—Steamers Florida and Re June 14-Alfonso M, Penna, President
iblic in collision in fog off Nantucket of Brazil, died.
ghtship. Use of wireless telegraphy July 1-Indictments were found by a
ved 1,000 passengers. Republic sank Federal grand jury in New York City
way to New York.

against officials of the American Sugar
January 28—United States evacuates Refining Company for violation of the
iba and José Miguel Gomez was in Sherman anti-trust law.
uled as President of Cuban Republic. July 16Ali Mirza, Shah of Persia, was
February 21-United States battleship deposed, and his son, Ahmed Mirza, put
et returned to Hampton Roads, Va., on the throne.
ter circumnavigating the globe. Length July 25-Louis Bleriot crossed the Eng-
cruise, 42,303 miles.

lish Channel from Calais to Dover in an
March 4-William H. Taft inaugurated aeroplane. Time of flight, about 30 min-
President of the United States.

| utes.
March 15-Congress met in extraordin-1 July 27-Orville Wright fulfilled the
► session to revise the tariff schedules. conditions of the government's endurance
March 24-Lieutenant Ernest H. Shack test for aeroplanes at Fort Myer, Va.,
on, of the British navy, returned from by remaining in the air 1 hour, 12 min-
tarctica and reported that he had l utes and 36 seconds.
ched a point 111 miles from the South July 30 to August 2- Riots in Barce-
le.

lona, Spain, caused by popular feeling
April 9--Payne tariff bill passed the against the war with the Moors.
use of Representatives.

July 31-Orville Wright fiew 10 miles in
April 13-Reactionary movement to de- 14 minutes and 43 seconds at Fort Myer,
by the constitutional parliamentary Va., meeting the conditions of the gov-
rernment of Turkey was begun in Con-ernment's speed test for aeroplanes.
ntinople by the garrison of that city August 5-The Payne tariff law was
the instigation of the Sultan.

signed and took effect.
pril 18–Troops under orders from the August 25—M. Paulhan flew in an aero-
kish Committee of Union and Progress plane for 2 hours, 53 minutes and 24 sec-
ved on Constantinople from Salonica. onds at Rheims, France.
pril 24Turkish constitutional forces August 27-Henry Farman flew 111.78
upied Constantinople after subduing miles in 3 hours. 4 minutes and 56 2 51
garrison.

seconds at Rheims, France.

ner 20They was

the Shed B

August 28—Glenn H. Curtiss flew 12.421 November 20_The Standard Oil Com
miles in 15 minutes and 50 3–5 seconds at pany of New Jersey was declared to b
Rheims, France.

operating in violation of the Sherma
August 29—Glenn H. Curtiss won the anti-trust law and ordered dissolved b
prize for swiftness in flight, doing 30 kilo the United States Circuit Court for th
meters in 20 minutes and 49 2-5 seconds, Eighth Federal Circuit.
at Rheims, France.

November 30—The British House (
July 12-The House of Representatives Lords suspended the operation of the bud
passed the resolution, passed by the Sen-get passed by the House of Commor
ate on July 6, submitting an amendment and forced a dissolution of Parliament an
to the Federal Constitution enlarging the an appeal to the electorate on the con
government's power to tax incomes.

stitutional question of the right of th
September 1-Dr. Frederick Cook re Lords to annul budget legislation.
ported from Lerwick, Shetland Islands, December 10—The American Ice Com
that he had reached the North Pole on | pany was convicted of violating the Ne
April 21, 1908.

York State anti-trust law forbidding com
September 6Commander Robert E. binations in restraint of trade.
Peary. U. S. N., reported from Indian | December 16- José S. Zelaya resigne
Harbor, Labrador, that he had reached | as President of Nicaragua
the North Pole on April 6. 1909.

December 21-The University of Coper
September 8-Commander Peary de hagen pronounced worthless the proo
nounced as fraudulent Dr. Cook's claim to offered by Dr. Frederick Cook_of his a
have reached the North Pole.

leged discovery of the North Pole.
October 13-Beginning of constitutional | December 23-Albert 1 ascended t?
government in China.

I throne of Belgium.

ADDENDA AND ERRATA.

On Dec. 20 President Taft sent to the Senate a long list of nominations to pos
in the diplomatic service. Most of these changes appear in the table of ambassadoi
ministers, agents and secretaries, on page 56. These additional corrections, howeve
should be made on pages 56 and 57 and in the consular list. pages 59 to 68: Edwin
Morgan succeeds Edward C. O'Brien as Minister to Uruguay as well as to Paragua
Philip M. Brown succeeds James G. Bailey as Secretary of Embassy at Mexico Cit
Henry L. James succeeds Lewis Einstein as Secretary of Embassy at Constantinopl
Montgomery Schuyler, jr., succeeds Peter Augustus Jay as Secretary of Embas
at Tokio; George Post Wheeler succeeds Montgomery Schuyler, jr., as Secretary
Embassy at St. Petersburg; Lewis Einstein succeeds Henry R. Fletcher as Seci
tary of Legation at Peking: Paxton Hibben succeeds Charles D. White as Secreta
of Legation at The Hague: Charles D. White gucceeds M. Marshall Langhorne
Secretary of Legation at Christiania: a Bikam Schoyer succeeds Paxton Hibben
Secretary of Legation at Bogota: Peter Augustus Jay succeeds Lewis M. Iddings
Consul General as well as Diplomatic Agent at Cairo: Horace G. Knowles succee
Fenton R. McCreery ag Consul General as well as Minister Resident to San D
mingo; Hoffman Philip ceases to be Consul General at Addis Ababa.

On page 34. under Department of Justice. Charles W. Russell, Assistant Attorn
General, was nominated on Dec. 20 to be Minister to Persia.

On Dec. 20 Joseph E. Morrison was nominated to succeed J. L. B. Alexander
United States District Attorney for the District of Arizona.

On Dec. 21 Chang Yin-tang was received by President Taft as Chinese Minis
to the United States, succeeding Dr. Wu Ting-fang.

Joseph C. S. Blackburn has resigned as a member of the Isthmian Canal Coi
mission, his resignation dating from Dec. 4.

On Dec. 16 José Santos Zelaya resigned as President of Nicaragua, and on Dec.
the Nicaraguan Congress elected José Madriz to succeed him,

It has been announced by the War Department that Brigadier General Winfield
Edgerly will be retired for disability on Dec. 29, and that Colonel Walter Howe, Co:
Artillery, will be appointed to succeed him.

Anselm J. M'Laurin, United States Senator from Mississippi. died at Brands
Miss., on December 22.

King Albert of Belgium ascended the throne on December 23 and took the ti
of Albert I.

The vote in the 3d Assembly District of Erie County on Dec. 21, to break tle
Nov. 2. resulted: Leo J. Neupert, D., 2,645; George J. Arnold, R., 2,564.

The vote for Assemblyman in Richmond County was: John Anderson,
C. A. and Pro., 7,147; William A. Shortt, D., 7,537; Charles Bickel, Soc.. 11
Ralph Van Name, Pro., 95.

President Taft on Nov. 26, 1909, issued an executive order extending
scope of the examinations required for admission into the lower grades of 1
diplomatic service. An executive order instituting such examinations was issu
by President Roosevelt on Nov. 10, 1905. The order of Nov. 26, 1909, provid
that initial appointments from outside the service to secretaryships in the dip
matic service shall be only to the classes of third secretary of embassy, or,
case ofhig her existent vacancies, of second secretary of legation at such post
has assigned to it but one secretary. Vacancies in secretaryships of higi
classes shall be filled by promotion from the lower grades of the service, bai
I upon efficiency and abilityas shown in the service.

...........379

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Acts of Congress, 1908-09..., ....77-134 Census, Federal: Populat'n of cities. 148-155
Addenda and errata.................

........386 Population of states, etc., 1900.. 147. 148
Agricultural Department...... ..... 37 Population of states, 1800-1900..265, 266
Agricultural statistics........

..182 Population of United States.....147, 148
Llabama: General information.

-272 Population of principal countries. 252, 254
Election tables.......

273

Sex, nativity, race, illiteracy....147, 148
Military forces....

........ 44

Censuses, Interdecennial... ...... 155
State officials........

Census, New York State, 1905........345
Maska: General information.......255-272

Chess .....................
Territorial officials.....

Chinese Calendar...
Imbassadors and Ministers of U. S.. Chronological cycles................

Chronological eras.....
Imbassadors and Ministers to U. S..57-59 Churches: Officers and organization of,
Lpportionment:

221-227
Assembly Districts in New York ....344 Church days and feasts..............6, 7
Congress Districts in New York..341-343 Circulation, Treasury statement........157
Representation of states in Congress.183

Of coin and paper...............157, 158
Senate Districts in New York.......344 of various moneys..............164, 165
uppropriations by Congress, 1908-10...134 Cities of U. S. over 25.000.........148-150
.rbitration treaties ratified.......133, 134 Between 3,000 and 25,000........150-155
.reas: Principal nations....

253

| Civil Service Commission.....
States and territories....

266 Civil Service Laws: Federal......135, 136
rizona: General information.... 255-272 Civil War statistics.....

............... 46
Election tables...........

318 Coins and coinage: Coinage in United
Military forces...............

States .........................100-104

......160-162
Territorial officials.....

255 Coins of United States...............164
rkansas: General information

Coinage of principal nations........ 251
Election tables..................273, 274 Values of foreign coins.........247, 248
Military forces....

. 44 Colorado: General information..... 255-272
State officials.....

Election tables..................275, 276
rmy:

Military forces..............
United States: Officers of ...... 38-43

State officials......

.255
General staff of ...

1 ..........

38 Colleges and universities...........2
Losses in Civil War.....

Comet, the great.................
Military Academy................

Commerce and Labor Department..37, 38
Military divisions and commanders. Commercial and financial statistics.156-182
Nationalized militia......

44

Congregational officers, etc............225
Pay tables................

45

Congress, U. S.: Appropriations of
Soldiers' homes......

60th, second session................134
Strength of ........

Laws of 60th, second session......77-79
Troops in wars, U.

Laws of 61st, first session.......79-134
War College...

Representatives and Delegates in
ssembly of New Jersey.

299
61st .....................

.74-77
ssembly of New York: Members.335, 336 Senators in 61st.....

..72-74
Vote for....

.......327-329 Treaties ratified. 1908-'09. 133, 134
tronomical calculations............3-15 Vote for. 1906 and 1908.........187, 188
hletics .....................

...368-371 | Conjunctions of planets....... .... 11
itomobile racing records.........371-373 | Connecticut: General information.. 255-272
ink notes outstanding. National.....158 Election tables..................

276, 277
Savings Banks, condition of ....159-161 Military forces..................
Savings in.......................159-161 State officials..........

...255
State banks, trust companies, etc., Constitution of United States.... ...28-34

159-161 Amendment submitted, 1909...
ptist officers and organizations.....225 Consular service .............69,

.....59. 68, 386
sebali
....359-394 Copyright ...................

....145
ycling ...........................
.295 Corporation tax ..........

129-132
Iliards ..................

.382 Court of customs appeals.......
ard of Tarife Experts....

Cricket ........

.382
Iling temperatures................... 14
nds, U. S., on deposit in Treasury..158 Currency: Kinds in circulation
dget, New York City, 1909-10..352, 353 National bank notes........
binet, the.....

...... 35
Paper outstanding............

158
binet chiefs, 1789-1909..........189-193 Per capita ...............
lendar ....................
.....16-27 Deaths of 1909.................

...377, 378
lendar, Chinese......

Debt: U. S. debt statement.......156, 157
lendar, Jewish.......

Debts of principal nations......253, 254
lendar, Mahometan .........

Delaware: General information.... 255-272
ifornia: General information.... 255-272 Election tables.......................277
Plection tables........

Military forces....................... 44
Iilitary forces..............

State officials.......

..255, 256
tate oficials..................

..255 Democratic national platform and can
nadian athletic records......

didates, 1909....
jadian boundary waters treaty 133 | Democratic Party: National organiza-
nadian fisheries treaty.....

133

tion ..........................217. 218
negie Institution.....

State committee chairmen...........220
'negie Teaching Foundation.... .240 Departments, executive. U. S.: Agri-,

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ident, 1789_1000.....183

culture ....

World's production of ..........
Commerce and Labor.

......380
Interior

Government, U. S......... ....35–197
Justice

Government Printing Office..... ...... 38
Navy

Grand Army of the Republic..
Postoffice

G uam .........................

.196
State ......................

Halley's Comet........

.... 14
Treasury ...................

Hawaii: General information..... 255-272
W ar .........

· 36
Election returns..........

....318
Diplomatic service, U. S...... 6. 57. 386 Military forces.......

.... 44
Diplomats accredited to U. S.. .......57-59 Territorial officials.....

.256
Distances at sea level.....
.. 14 | Hockey .............

....367
District attorneys, U. S.......

Holidays, legal.......

262-264
Divorce laws and statistics..26

Horizon at sea level....

.... 14
Eclipses ............................ 9 Horse racing...............

.374 377
Education: Carnegie Institution.....

House of Representatives, U. S., 618t
Carnegie Teaching Foundation....... 240

Congress .................

......74-77
Colleges and universities........ -240 Idaho: General information... .....255-272
General Education Board....... .241

Election tables..............

....280
Rhodes Oxford scholarships.... .241

Military forces............

....44
Embassies and legations, U. S..56, 57, 386 State officials..........

256
Foreign, in U. S................

.57-59

| Illinois: General information... ...255-272
Elections: Elections in states......273-336 Election tables...................280-282

Elections in New York State....319-330 Military forces..............
Elections in N. Y. City. 1909,

State officials............

354, 355, 357, 358 | Immigration statistics ...... ...384, 385
Election of Representatives, 1906 and Important Events of 1909... .....385, 386
1908 ......

...........187, 188 | Imports and exports, U. S... .....167-173
Election of U. S. Senators, 1909..271, 272 Of principal nations.....

252,

253
Electoral College.............183, 184, 187 Increase of the navy, 1909.

78
Representation in....

Income Tax amendment......
Votes for President, 1789-1909.......187 Indebtedness of states........ 261, 262
English Derby winners......

Independence party: Platform and
Episcopal bishops, Methodist..... 222, 223 candidates, 1908.........

....213-216
Episcopal sees and bishops, Protes-

National committee.....

.219, 220
tant .......................... 221, 222 Indiana: General information...... 255-272
Episcopal sees and bishops, Roman

Election tables..........

282-284
Catholic ..........................227 Military forces........................44
Eras ............. ...................

State officials............

......256
Errata and addenda ....

Industries and products, U. S.; cen-
Events of 1909............

:.385, 386

sus of 1900...

300....................176. 177
Executive departments ..

....35-38

Insular and other dependencies.....194-191
Executive officers, U. S.... .....35-39

Interest laws..........................270
Executive officers, U. s., 1789-1909.189-193 Interior Department....

....... 37
Expenditures, U. S.. 1908-09......175, 176 | Internal revenue statistics.....

166
Expenditures, U. s., 1876-1909...175 76

| Interstate Commerce Commission.
Expenditures, principal nations.... 253, 254 | Iowa: General information.....

-272
Exports and imports. U. S........167-174

Election tables............

1, 280
Of principal nations............. 252, 253 Military forces.............
Extradition treaties ratified...........134 State officials............

.256
Financial and commercial statistics. 156-182 | Isthmian Caral Zone.......

197, 388
Fixed stars, distances from earth..... 14 Isthmian Caral bonds......

......132
Florida: General information...... 255-272 Jewish calendar............. .....6, 7

Election tables..................277, 278 Judiciary and courts of U. S... -71, 193
Military forces........

. 44 | Justices U. S. Supreme Court .69193
State officials...

Kansas: General information... 255-272
Football .....

365 Election tables..............
Foreign: Area, population, trades, debt, Military forces..............
revenues, etc., principal nations. 252-254 State officials........

...256, 257
Coinage of principal nations.........251 Kentucky: General information....255-272
Cuba ...........................249, 250 Election tables..................287, 200
Embassies and legations in U. S...57-59 Military forces...........
Heads of nations ....

247. 386 State officials......
Mexico ...............

Kings County: Dfficials....
Panama ................

Vote in 1909...
Value of coins.....
248 Labor laws, U. S

. 144. 145
Foreign carrying trade,

.365-367
Foreign trade of U. S....

Legal holidays.....................262-61
Freezing and fusing temperatures... .. 14 | Loan and trust companies... ..159, 160
General Education Board.....

..241 Legislation: Federal, 1908-09.. ...68-131
General staff, U. S. Army...... . 38 For New York State. 1909......336–34]
Georgia: General information.

Lovisiana: General information... .255-27
Election tables..........

8-280
....
Election tables...............

288 289
Military forces..............

.. 44 Military forces...........
State officials.....

256

State officials.....
Gold: Production of U. S..

Lutheran Church.
Coins of foreign nations....

248 Mahometan calendar.....
Coinage of principal nations........251 Maine: General information..
Coins of U. S.....

.......164 1 Election tables........
Coinage of U. S............

- 162

Military forces.......
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.......387

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