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1. XLII. Wayne, Ontario and YatesThe apportionment act of 1906, ap

116,803. proved May 14, having been pronounced XLIII. Steuben and Livingston—115,void by the Court of Appeals, the Légis

581. lature of 1907 passed in special session XLIV. Genesee, Wyoming and Allean act, approved July 25, rearranging the gany-107,281. Senate districts as follows:

XLV and XLVI. Monroe — Average, 1. Suffolk and Nassau counties—Citizen


L XLVII. Niagara and Orleans-107,328. population, 137,175. il. Queens-179,746.

XLVIII to L. Erie-Average, 146, 192. III to X. Kings-Average, 150,024.

LI. Chautauqua and Cattaraugus-155,XI to XXII. New York-Average, 149,390.

No change was made in the apportionXXIII. Richmond and Rockland—107, ment of Assemblymen, which remains as 681.

follows: XXIV. Westchester-202,650. Xxv. Orange and Sullivan-135,236.

Assembly. XXVI. Columbia, Dutchess and Put Counties Having 1 Member.-Allegany, nam-132,215.

Broome, Cattaraugus, Cayuga, Chemung. XXVII. Ulster and Greene--113,619.

Chenango, Clinton, Columbia, Cortiand, XXVIII. Albany-163,983.

Delaware, Essex Franklin Fulton and XXIX. Rensselaer-118,732.

Hamilton, Genesee Greene, Herkimer, xxx. Washington and Saratoga-106,

Lewis, Livingston, Madison, Montgomery, 103.

Nassau, Ontario, Orleans, Uswego, Otsego. XXXI. Schenectady, Montgomery and

Putnam, Richinond, Rockland, Sara tuga, Schoharie—136,383.

Schenectady, Schoharie, Schuyler, Seneca, XXXII. Lewis, Fulton. Hamilton and

Sullivan, Tioga, Tompkins, Warren, WashHerkimer-122,441.

ingtun. Wayne, Wyoming and Yates. XXXIII. Clinton, Essex and Warren107,886.

Two Members.--Chautauqua, Dutchess, XXXIV. St. Lawrence and Franklin

Jefferson, Niagara, Orange, Rensselaer, 127, 796.

St. Lawrence, Steuben, Suffolk and Ulster. XXXV. Jefferson and Oswego—143,527. Three Members.-Albany, Oneida and XXXVI. Oneida-131,390.

Onondaga. XXXVII. Otsego, Madison and Chenango-122,969.

Four Momberg.—Queens and West

chester. XXXVIII. Onondaga-169.732. XXXIX. Delaware and Broome, 115,994. Five Members.—Monroe.

XL. Cayuga, Seneca and Cortland Nine Members.--Erie. 116,681.

Twenty-three Members.-Kings.
XLI. Tompkins, Chemung, Tioga and
Schuyler-125, 451.

Thirty-five Members.- New York.


The following table gives the names and politics of the Governors of New York State and the terms which they have served since the first election. Those marked with an asterisk were elected tor three-year terms and the others for two-year terms. Name. Politics. Years served. | Name.

Politics. Years served. George Clinton. ...- D. R. .....1777-1795 John Young...........Whig......1847-184 John Jay.............Federal...1795-1801

| Hamilton Fish........Whig......1849-1061 *Geurge Clinton.......D. R......1801-1804 Washington Hunt..... Whig......1851-1883 * Morgan Lewis........D. R......1804-1807 Horatio Seymour......D.........1853-1856 •D. 5. Tomukins... D. R...... 1808-1817 | Myron H. Clark.......Whis......1850-1807

John A. King .........R.........1867-1809 (John Taylor, Lieutenant-Governor, suc- Edwin D. Morgan....R.........1859-1863 ceeded D. L. Tomukins when the latter

Horatio Seymour......D.........1863-1865 becaine Vice-President, March 4, 1817.

Reuben E. Fenton....R.........1865-1869 Name. Politics. Years served. John T. Hoffman.

.1864-1873 •De Witt Clinton.....D. R......1817-1823

John A. Dix..........

..1873-1875 * Joseph C. Yates......D. R......182.-1826

Samuel J. Tilden...

..1876-1877 De Witt Clinton......D. R......1826–1828

*Lucius Robinson


*Alonzo B. Cornell.... ....1880-1882 (Nathaniel Pitcher, Lieutenant-Governor, *Grover Cleveland....D.........1883-1886 succeeded Gov. Clinton February 11, 1828.

(David B. Hill, Lieutenant-Governor, Name,

Politics. Years served. Martin Van Buren....D.........1829

succeeded Governor Cleveland Jan. 6, 1885. Name.

Politics. Years served. (Enos T. Throop, Lieutenant-Governo

David B. Hill........D.........1886-1891 succeeded Gov. Van Buren March 12, 1829.

1. Roswell P. Flower...D.........1892-1894 Name.

Politics. Years served. Levi P. Morton....... .....1895-1896 Enos T. Throop.......D.........1831-1833 Frank S. Black....... .....1897-1998 William L. Marcy....D.........1833-1839

...1894-1900 William H. Seward... Whig.....1839-1843 B. B. Odell, jr...

....1901-1904 William C. Bouck....D.........1843-1845 | Frank W. Higgins....R.... ....1908-1906 Silas Wright..........D .........1845-1847 Charles E. Hughes....R.... ...1907-1910

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STATE CENSUS OF 1905. The population of the State of New York on June 1, 1905, as shown by the enumeration taken on that date under the direction of the state authorities, was 8,066,672, compared with a population shown by the federal census of 1900 of 7,268,894 and one shown by the federal census of 1890 of 6,003,174, including Indians and other persons on Indian reservations. The increase in population between 1900 and 1905 was 797,778, or 11 per cent, against an increase during the preceding decade of 1,265,720, or 21.1 per cent. The population of the State in 1905 and 1900, respectively, was distributed by counties as follows:

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Albany ...
171,497 165,571 5,926||Greene ...

31, 2461 31,478 *232 Allegany .. 43,2591 41,501 1.758 / Hamilton ..

4,912 4,947

*35 Broome 72,286 69,149 3,137 Herkimer

53,856 51,049 2,807 Cattaraugus 65,894 65,643 251 | Jefferson .. 80,459 76,748) 3,711 Cayuga 65,311 66,234 *923||Kings .....

(1,358,891 (1,166,5821 192,309 Chautauqua 96,882 88,314 8,568|Lewis ....

26,643 27,427 *784 Chemung 61,606 64,063 •2,458|Livingston .

36,450 37,059 *609 Chenango. 36,784 36,568

216||Madison .....

29,690 30,545 .856 Clinton ...

46,949 47,430) *481||Monroe ..... 239,442 217,854 21,588 Columbia.

42,868 43,211 *343 Montgomery .. 49,928 47,488 2,440 Cortland 29,503 27,576 1,927 Nassau

69,477 55,448 14,029 Delaware 46,788 46,413

375 New York..... 2,384,326 2,050, 600 333,726 Dutchess 81,689 81,670

19||Viagara .... 84,744 74,961 9,783 Erie ...

478,682 433,686 39,996] neida ..... 139,347 132, 8001 6.547 Essex . 32, 452 30,707 1,745 ||nondaga

178,436) 168,735 9,701 Franklin 47,012 42,853 4,159 Ontario

62,691 49,605 3,086 Fulton ... 42,330 42,842 *512 Drange ...

108,270 103,859 4,411 Genesee 35,736 34,561 1,175., rleans ..

31,323 30,164 1,159 Oswego .. 70.111 70,881 *770 Steuben ..

81,815 82.822 *1,007 Otsego ...

48,2091 48.939 *730 Suffolk .... 81,653 77.582 4,071 Putnam ...

14,169 13,787 382 ! Sullivan .... 34.795 32,306 2,489 Queens. 198, 241 152.999 45,242 Tioga

26.885 27.951 •1,066 Rensselaer. 122.579 121,697 882 | Tompkins ... 34,1351 33.8301

305 Richmond .... 72.846 67,021 5.825 Ulster ....... 86,661 88.422 *1,761 Rockland ..... 45.032 38,299 6.734|'Warren ..... 31,935 29.943 1,992 St. Lawrence.. 90.043 89,083 960 Washington

47,059 45,624 1,438 Saratoga 62.6571 61,089 1.568|| Wayne

48,441 48,660 Schenectady .. 71,334 46.852 24.482 | Westchester 228.941 184,2571 44,684 Schoharie .. 25, 273) 26,854 *1,581 | Wyoming

31,355 30,413 942 Schuyler .... 15,122 15,811 +689Yates .......

19,408 20.318 *910 Seneca ...

25,315 28,114 *2,799|| Totals......18,066,67217,268,894 797,778 *Decrease.

The plan of distributing the population of public institutions is not observed in the United States Census, and the gains and losses due to this cause should be borne in mind in making comparisong with the results of the last Federal Census.






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Ropublican. Chairman, Timothy L. Woodruff, Brooklyn; secretary, Lafayette B. Gleason, New York; treasurer, Luther B. Little, New York. Headquarters, No. 43 West 39th street, New York, District.

| District. 14John J. Bartlett, Greenport.

20—B. B. Odell, jr., Newburg. 2 John H. Campbell, Brooklyn,

21—L. F. Payn, Chatham. -L. M. Swasey, Brooklyn.

22-Cornelius V. Collins, Troy. 4-Jacob A. Livingston, Brooklyn,

23-William Barnes, jr., Albany. -F. J. H. Kracke, Brooklyn.

24—J. Duncan Lawrence, Bloomville. -Timothy L. Woodruff, Brooklyn.

25-John K. Stewart, Amsterdam, 7-M. J. Dady, Brooklyn.

26—John F. O'Brien, West Chazy. 8 George Cromwell, New Brighton, S. I. 27—Daniel F. Strobel, Herkimer. 9-C. H. Murray, New York.

28J. T. Mott, Oswego. 10_Samuel S. Koenig, New York.

-Francis Hendricks, Syracuse, -George W. Wanmaker, New York, 30—G. W. Dunn, Binghamton. 12-William Henkel, New York.

31-Charles H. Betts, Lyons. -Ezra P. Prentice, New York.

32-G. W. Aldridge, Rochester. -Jos. H. De Bragga, Evergreen, L. I. 33–J. Sloat Fassett, Elmira. 15-Harry W. Mack, New York.

34–J. A. Merritt, Lockport. 16-Samuel Krulewitch, New York.

35—John Grimm, jr., Buffalo. 17-Moses M. McKee, New York.

36—William H. Daniels, Buffalo. 18W . H. Ten Eyck, New York.

37-Frank R. Utter, Friendship. 19 W. L, Ward, Port Chester.

Additional member, c. W. Anderson, N. Y.


The following table gives a list of the Mayors of New York since 1665. when Thomas Wi}lett was appointed by the Governor of the province. The office was filled by the same appointing power until 1784, when for six years the power was vested in the Appointing Board of the State of New York. From 1820 to 1830, when the charter was amended, the Common Council was the appointing power. R. A. Van Wyck was the first Mayor elected under the Greater New York charter:

I Mayors. | Terms. ll Mayors. | Terms. ll I Mayors. 1 Terms. 11 Thos. Willett. 1665 1|33|Robt. Walters) 17201725/65/H. H. Have2 T. Dela vall... 1666 34 J. Jansen.... 1723-1726|| 3)Thos. Willett. 1667 35 Robt. Lurting 1726–1735 6A. H. Mickle.. 1846-1847 4 C. Steenwyck. 1668-16701 36 Paul Richard. (1735-1739 Wm. V. Brady. 1847-1848 5 T. Delavall... 1671 |37|J. Cruger, sr. 1739-174468/W. F. Have6 M. Nicolls.... 1672 38 S. Bayard.... 1744-1747 meyer ....... (1848-1849 7 J. Lawrence.. 1673 39 Edw. Holland (1747-1757

S. Woodhull. 1849-1851 8 Wm. Dervall. 1675 40 J. Cruger, jr.. (1757-1766

A. C. Kingsland 1851-1853

J. A. Westervelt 1853-1855 9 N. de Meyer. 1676 41 W. Hicks..... 1766-1776

72) Fernando Wood 1855-1858 10 S. v. Cortlandt 1677 | 42 D. Matthews

73 D. F. Tlemann. 1858-1860 11 T. Delavall... 1678

(Tory) .....1776–1784

174 Fernando Wood. 1860-1862 12F. Rombouts. 1679 ||43|James Duane. (1784-1789||

|75| George Opdyke. (1862-1864 13] William Dyre. 1680–1681 44 R. Varick.... (1789-180140

176 C. G. Gunther.. (1864-1866 14 C. Steenwyck. (1682-1683|45 E. Livingston 1801-1803 |

18031|77J. T. Hoffman. 11866-1868 G. Minville...) 1684

De W. Clinton 1803-1807

78 T. Coman (act.) 1868 16 N. Bayard.... 1685 147 M. Willett.... 1807-18081|79) A. Oakey Hall. (1869-1872 171s. V. Cortlandt 1686-1687 || 48 |De W. Clinton 1808-181011801 w.

Have 181P Delanov. 1689-1690149 Jacob Radcliff|1810-1811|

meyer .......(1873-1874

mever 19 J. Lawrence. 1691

1691 !150 De

501 De W. Clinton 1811-1815|181 | SBH Vance(act)l 1874 20 A. de Peyster 1692-1695

Vooriinu J. Ferguson.. 1815 82|W. H. Wickham 1875-1876 21 Wm. Merritt.. 1695-1698

152 Jacob Radcliff 1815-1818183 Smith Ely...... 1877-1878

1531c 22 J. de Peyster. 1698-1699

D. Colden. 11818-1821|84|Edward Cooper. 11879-1880 23 David Provost 1699-1700

54 Stephen Allen 1821-1824 | 86 | Wm. R. Grace..1881-1882

55 | w. Paulding. 1825-1826! 86 Franklin Edson. I 1883-1884 24 (1. de Riemer. (1700-1701

56 Philip Hone. . 1826-1827| 87 | Wm. R. Grace..1885-1886 25 Thomas Noell 1701-1702

57|W. Paulding. 1827-1829188 A. S. Hewitt... 1887-1898 26 Philip French 1702-1703

59'Walter Bowne1829-1833|189]Hugh J. Grant. 1889-1892 27 Wm. Peartree 1703-1707|159 Gideon Lee... 1833-1834) 90 T 28 E. Wilson.... 1707-1710

F. Gilroy....(1893-1894 50C. W. Law29 J. v. Cortlandt (1710-171!!! I rence...... (1834-1837'92R. A. Van Wyck 1898-1901

1191 Wm. L. Strong. |1895–1897 30 C. Heathcote. 1711-1714||61|Aaron Clark. 1837-183993 Seth Low 31 John Johnson. |1714-1719||62 I. L. Varian. 1839-1841||94|G. B. McClellan 1904-1909

85 eth LOW ..... |1902 1903 32 J. v. Cortlandt|1719-17 201|63|R. H. Morris. 11841-1844||95| Wm. J. Gaynor. ]1910–1913

1164 James Harper 1844-1845||

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THE REVISED CITY CHARTER. A revision of the charter of the city of New York, which was drawn up by the rter Revision Commission and passed in an amended form April 4, 1901, by the islature, was subsequent y approved by Governor Udell, and therefore is now a law, ir its passage several supplementary acts were passed by the Legislature, and these are laws. The legislative power of the city was vested in two houses, known respectively as Council and the Board of Aldermen. The charter revision conferred all legislative

power upon a Board of Aldermen. The Aldermen were to be elected Board of in November, 1901, and every two years thereafter. The president ermen of the Board of Aldermen is elected every four years by the city at

large. There are seventy-three aldermanic districts. The presiof the Board of Aldermen possesses all the powers of the Mayor during his bility or absence. Tho Aldermen receive salaries of $2,000 a year. No ordinance can be passed except by a vote of a majority of all the members of Board of Aldermen. The act says that in case the ordinance or resolution involves

the expenditure of money, the creation of a debt, or the ers of the Board laying of an assessment, it shall require a vote of threeIdermen.

fourths of all the members of the Board of Aldermen to

pass it over the Mayor's veto; and if it involves the grant franchise the Mayor's veto shall be final." It declares that "the Board of Aldershall have power to make, establish, alter, modify, amend and repeal all ordies, rules, and police, health, park, fire and building regulations." Also that "the d of Aldermen is authorized to grant from time to time to any corporation thereduly authorized the franchise or right to construct and operate railways in, upon, under and along streets, avenues, waters, rivers, public places, parkways or high

of the city, but no such grant shall be made except upon the limitations and itions of this act elsewhere provided in respect of the grant by the Board of Alder-1 of franchises and rights in or under the streets, avenues, waters, rivers, public :8, parkways and highways of the city." The Board of Aldermen is given auty to pass ordinances in regard to theatres, the markets, the hotels, the fire 8, use of vaults, and to fix the annual fee, not exceeding $20, for each streetcari | in the city. The act further says: “It shall be the duty of the Board of rmen, upon the recommendation of the Board of Estimate and Apportionment. 1

the salary of every officer or person whose compensation is paid out of the city ury other than day laborers and teachers, examiners and members of the superg staff of the Department of Education, irrespective of the amount fixed by this except that no change shall be made in the salary of an elected officer or head of partment during his tenure of office. The Board of Aldermen may reduce, but not increase, any salary recommended by the Board of Estimate and Apportion; but the action of the Board of Aldermen on reducing any salary so recomled shall be subject to the veto power of the Mayor, as provided in Section 40 of act. In case the Board of Aldermen shall vote to reduce more than one salary, Layor may approve the reduction of one or more salaries, and may disapprove the tion of others. In such case the reductions he shall approve shall become efre; and as to those which he shall not approve, the recommendations of the 1 of Estimate and Apportionment shall become effective unless the reductions be I passed by a three-fourths vote of the Board of Aldermen." the Mayor of the city. the charter revision provided, should be elected in Novem1901, for a term of two years, and every two years thereafter for a like period,

In 1905 the charter was amended so as to extend the mayoralty term yrs of the to four years. The salary of the Mayor is $15,000 a year. The

Mayor may, whenever in his judgment the public interests shall so

require, remove from office any public officer holding office by apment from him, except members of the Board of Education, Aqueduct Commisrs, trustees of the College of the City of New York, trustees of Bellevue and I Hospitals, and except also judicial officers for whose removal other provision de by this constitution." he administrative departments are as follows: Department of Finance, Law Delent, Police Department, Department of Water Supply, Gas and Electricity, De

partment of Street Cleaning, Depaitment of Bridges, Departnistrativement of Parks, Department of Public Charities, Department rtments. of Correction, Fire Department, Department of Docks and

Ferries, Department of Taxes and Assessments, Department of ition, Department of Health, Tenement House Department. The head of Department of Finance is the Controller, who is to be elected at the same with the Mayor, and is to have like him a term of twosince 1905, four-years, I the departments are single headed commissions, except the Park Department,

has three commissioners; the Department of Taxes and Assessments, which has the Department of Education, forty-six members of a Board of Education, and epartment of Health, which has three commissioners (two ex-officio). he Mayor must at least once a year submit to the Board of Aldermen a general nent of the finances, government and improvements of the city, keep himself

informed as to the doings of the several departments and s of the Mayor. be vigilant in enforcing the ordinances of the city and the

laws of the State. The Mayor appoints besides those ly named all members of any board authorized to superintend the erection or ro

6 tour wear whenever ice any pubble Educatlostees of Belleprovision

by said boardin entitled to cast three to cast two votes, entitie Board of Aldanhattan and Brooklynronx, Queens &

all each bond Richmondu ficient numers hereb

pair of any building belonging to the city, inspectors of weights and measures, tw commissioners of accounts and five Civil Service commissioners.

The Controller has control of the fiscal concerns of the corporation. To scoounts of every department are subject to his inspection and revision. Al

claims against the city, except certain specified ones, ar Controller, Chamber- subject to his audit. The assent of the Controller is neces lain, Sinking Fund. sary to all agreements for the acquisition of real estate

He receives a salary of $15,000 a year. He has charg of the Wallabout Market. The Mayor appoints the Chamberlain of the city, wh receives all moneys paid into the treasury of the city. His salary is $12,000 a year The Sinking Fund Commissioners consist of the Mayor, Controller, Chamberlain president of the Board of Aldermen and chairman of the Finance Committee of th Board of Aldermen. This board administers the various sinking funds.

The Board of Estimate and Apportionment consists of the Mayor, the Con troller, the president of the Board of Aldermen, and the presidents of the bor

oughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, The Bronx, Queens ans Rich The Board of mond. Except as specifically provided by the charter, every ac Estimate and of the board must be adopted, if adopted, by a "majority of th Apportionment. whole number of votes authorized by this section to be cas

by said board. The Mayor, Controller and the president of th Board of Aldermen shall each bo entitled to cast three votes, the presidents of th boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn shall each be entitled to cast two votes, and th presidents of the borvughs of The Bronx, Queens and Richmond shall each be entitle to cast one vote. A quorum of said board shall consist of a sufficient number of th members thereof to cast nine votes, of whom at least two of the members hereb authorized to cast three votes each shall be present." It is provided that this boar shall annually "make a budget of the amounts estimated to be required to pay th expenses of conducting the public business of the City of New York and of th counties of New York, Kings, Queens and Richmond for the next ensuing year. Suc budget shall be prepared in such detail as to the titles of appropriations, the tern and conditions not inconsistent with law under which the same may be expended, th aggregate sum and the items thereof allowed to each department, bureau, office, boal or commission, as the said Board of Estimate and Apportionment shall deem advisable. The budget is submitted to the Board of Aldermen. The act then says: "The Boai of Aldermen may reduce the said several amounts fixed by the Board of Estimate ar Apportionment, except such amounts as are now or may hereafter be fixed by law, at except such amounts as may be inserted by the said Board of Estimate and Apportio ment for the payment of State taxes and payment of interest and principal of the ci debt, but the Board of Aldermen may not increase such amounts nor vary the tern and conditions thereof, nor insert any new items. Such action of the Board of Alde men on reducing any item or amount fixed by the Board of Estimate and Apportioi ment shall be subject to the veto power of the Mayor, as elsewhere provided in th act, and unless such veto is overridden by a three-fourths vote of the Board of Alde men, the item or amount as fixed by the Board of Estimate and Apportionment she stand as part of the budget." The Board of Estimate and Apportionment also directed to include in its final estimate money for the support of a large number charitable institutions, which are named.

The Corporation Counsel, who is the head of the Law Department, receiv $15,000 a year. He has charge of all the law business of the corporation, 1

legal proceedings in opening, widening and closing streets. Law Department. acquiring property for the city by condemnation proceeding

and the preparation of all leases and contracts. He is ti legal adviser of the Mayor, the presidents of the boroughs, the Board of Alderm and every department.

The head of the Police Department is the Police Commissioner, whose ter of office is five years. The act then says: "The said commissioner may. whe

ever in the judgment of the Mayor of said city or t Police Department. Governor, the public interests shall so require, be remov

from office by either, and shall be ineligible for reappoir ment thereto. The successor in office of the said commissioner shall also be appoint by the Mayor of the city within ten days after any vacancy shall occur, and shall removed by either the Mayor or Governor whenever the public interests so requi The salary of said Police Commissioner shall be $7,500 a year. The said commissior shall have the power to appoint, from citizens of the United States and residents the said city, and at pleasure remove, three deputies, to be known as first depr commissioner, second deputy commissioner and third deputy commissioner. The Pol Department consists also of fifteen inspectors, one captain to each fifty of the to number of patrolmen, except in the rural part of the city, sergeants of police, I exceeding four in number to each fifty of the total number of patrolmen; roundsm not exceeding four in number to each fifty patrolmen; detective sergeants to the nu ber authorized by law; the members of the telegraph force as specified in Section: of this act; the superintendent and inspectors of boilers as specified in Section 342 this act; doormen of police, not exceeding two in number to each fifty of the to number of patrolmen; surgeong of police, not exceeding forty in number, one of whi shall be chief surgeon, and patrolmen to the number of 6,382."

The president of each borough 18 elected for four years. He has the follo ing powers: "He may appoint and at pleasure remove a Commissioner of Pub

Works for his borougn, who may discharge all the administr Borough Officers. tive powers of the president of the borough relating to stree

sewers, public buildinge and supplieg conferred upon h

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