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70.040,845

Farm animals—Value.$.... 23, 223, 1061 48,453,009

121,88:888 129.002. 208 121,913,548

750,575,841 544,180,5161 1,089,329,915 Production of gold....$|s11,697,829)

484,846,235 1,521,960, 149 50,000,000

1,576,917,556 46,000,000

183,982,182 B0,000,000

2,228, 123, 134 Silver, com. value.. $1 50,9001 36,000,000

q4,525, 259,000 156,800

32,845,000

16,434,000 Coal

79, 171, 000 ............ tons

t96,313,256 1,848, 249

34,717.000 6,266,233

57,242, 100 13,044, 680 29,496, 054

35, 741, 100 Petroleum

63,822,830 ......galls

t27, 452, 961

140,866,931 21,000,000 220,951, 2901

240,789, 310

V428,895,914

1,104,017, 166 Pig iron ...

286,903
..tons
563, 755

1,924,552,224
821, 223

2,672,062,218
1,665,179

v6,976,004,070

3,835,191 9,202, 703
Steel ....
.. tons

13,789,242
68,750 1, 247,335

15,936, 018
Tin plates

4,277,071 10,188,329

v23,362,594
Copper

w2,236, 7431
.... tons

1001
6501

849,004,022
7,200

v1, 153,096,000
12,600

27.0001 115,966
Wool
....Ib) 35,802,114

270,588

v387,945
62,516,959 60,264,913 162,000,000 232,500,000 276,000,000 288,636,6211 311, 138,321
Wheat
.bush 84,823, 272 100,485,944 173, 104,924 235,884,7001 498,549,868 399,262,000 522, 229,505

664, 602,000
Corn

...bush 377,531,875 592,071,104 838,792,7401 1,094,255,000 1,717,434,543| 1,489,970,000 2,105, 102,516 2,668, 651,000
Cotton .. .... bales 2,177,835 2,333, 718 4,861,292 3,114,592 5,761, 252 7,311,322 10,245, 6021 13,432, 131
Dom, cotton exp't'đ..10 743,941,061 635,381,604) 1,767, 686,338 958,558,523 1,822,061,114 2,471, 799,853 3,100,583, 188! 3,816,998,693
Railways operated.miles 2,818

9,021
30,626
52,9221
93,267 166,703

194, 2621

v236,949
Pass'gers carried. No.

520,439,082 584,695,935 v873,905,133
Freight car. 1 m.tons

79,192,985, 125 141,162, 109,413 v236,601,390, 103
Rev'nue, ton, per m.cts

92.7
72.91

v75.9
Passenger cars... No.

12,7881 21,6641

26,786

V43,973
Other cars ....... No.

514, 185 1,069, 205

1,358,467

v2,082,621
Amer. vessels blt.. tons 121,203 279,255

214,797
276,953
157,409
294,122
393,790

614,216 Trading dom., etc. tons 1,280,999 1,949, 743 2,807,631 2,729, 707 2,715, 224 3,477,802 4,338,145

6,425,377 Trading, foreign..tons 899, 765 1,585, 711 2,546,237 1,516,800 1, 352,810

946, 695
826,694

940,068
On Great Lakes.. tons 54,199 198, 266

467,774
684,704
600, 102 1,063, 063 1,565,587

2,729,169
Vessels through Sault
Ste. Marie Canal.tons
403,657 690,826 1,734,8901 8,454,435 22,315,834

31,091,730
Commercial failures. No

3,676
3,546
4,735
10,907
10,774

15,690
Amount liabilities...$

79,807,000 88, 242,000 65,752,000 189,856,964 138,495, 673 222,315,684 Postoffices .........No. 13,468 18,417

28,498
28,492
42,989
62,401
76,688

61,158
Receipts, P. O. Dept... $ 4,543,122 5,499,985 8,518,067 19,772, 221 23,315,479 60,882,098 102,354,579 191,478,663
xNewspapers, etc.....No...

2,526

4,0511
y5,8711

9,723
16,948
20,806

21,320
Patents issued...... No.

473
993
4,7781
13,333
13,947
26,292
26,499

33, 682
zImmigrants arrived. No 84.066 369,980

150,237
387, 203
457,257
455, 302
448,572

782,870
a Exclusive of Alaska and islands belonging to the United States. bCensus figures, unless otherwise specified by note. cTrue o
valuation of real and personal property. d1904. eTotal debt prior to 1855. fFigures for the years 1800 to 1850 include the total
public debt. gGold and silver cannot be stated separately prior to 1876. From 1862 to 1875, inclusive, gold and silver were not in
circulation except on the Pacific Coast, where it is estimated that the average specie circulation was about $25,000,000, and this
estimate is continued for the three following years under the head of gold. After that period gold was available for circulation.
hTotal specie in circulation. Gold and silver not separately stated prior to 1876. iAs the result of a special investigation by the
Director of the Mint, a reduction of $135,000,000 was made in the estimate of gold coin in circulation on July 1, 1907, as com-
pared with the basis of previous years. jIncludes notes of Bank of United States; State-bank notes; demand notes of 1862 and 1863;
fractional currency, 1863 to 1878; Treasury notes of 1890, 1891 to date, and currency certificates, act of June 8, 1872, 1892 to
1900. kData of the Department of Agriculture. Exclusive of neighborhood industries and hand trades, included in previous years.
m'Net ordinary receipts” include receipts from customs, internal revenue, direct tax, public lands and "miscellaneous." n'Net
ordinary expenses" include expenditures for War, Navy, Indians, pensions, interest and "miscellaneous.” Imports for consumption
after 1860. pDomestic exports only after 1860. January 1, 1909. sDr. Soetbeer's estimate averaged for the period. tEstimate of
the Director of the Mint. v1907. wLast six months of 1891. x1810 to 1860, inclusive, from census of 1880 after 1860, from Rowell's
Newspaper Directory. y1828. 21820 to 1850. includes aliens not immigrants: 1820 and 1830, years ending September 30, 1850, NI-
teen months ending December 31; 1840 and 1860, calendar years; after 1860, fiscal years.

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Mileage on June 30, 1905.

Numbe

of mile Propor

of line State or Territory.

tion to Increase per 10 Official. Unofficial. Totals.

total over June Squar mileage.

30, 1904. miles

territo Alabama

4,776.061 77.461 4,853.52 2.231 184.171 Arkansas.

4,183.491 46.12 4,229.61 1.941 103.17 California ..

6,477.46 29.74 6,507.201 2.98 244.66 Colorado ..

5,027.17

5,027.17 2.30 50.93 Connecticut

1,017.72

1,017.72

.47 Delaware

334.72
334.72

11.21 Florida ..

3,599.78 39.00 3,628.781 1.66 72.941 Georgia .. 6,442.371 70.25 6,512.62

2.991 207.901 Idaho ...

1,465.431

1,465.43

.671 3.901 Illinois

11,829.731 2.60 11,832.33 5.43 209.591 Indiana

6,915.111 13.41 6,928.52 3.181 10.671 Iowa

9,870.66 22.53 9,893.191 4.54 33.96 Kansas

8,840.981

8,840.981 4.051 29.551 Kentucky

3,286.14 48.75 3,334.891 1.53 81.89 Louisiana

4,011.41 125.00 4,136.41 1.90 237.671 Maine ...

2,027.86
2,027.86

6.28
Maryland
1,434.401 6.701 1,441.10

.661 20.00 Massachusetts

2,119.40

2,119.40

.971 Michigan

8,789.281 4.601 8,793.881 4.03 133.59 Minnesota

7,992.09 72.00 8,064.09 3.70 253.05 Mississippi

3,672.241 36.00 3,708.24 1.70 227.99 Missouri ..

8,038.68 6.76 8,045.44 3.69 334.39 Montana

3,308.70

3,308.70 1,52 41.601 Nebraska

5,832.89

5,832.891 2.67 12.011 Nevada.......

1,180.491

1,180.49

.54 193.93 New Hampshire

1,266.731

1,266.731

.58

19.24 New Jersey.. 2,223.701 50.50 2,274.20 1.04

13.651 New York

8,336.301

8,336.30 3.82 39.01 North Carolina

4,210.04 46.00 4,256.04 1.95 181.041 North Dakota

3,233.38

3,233.38 1.48 42.61 Ohio .........

9, 259.221 10.00 9,269.22 4.25 72.34 Oregon ......

1,812.79

1,812.79

.83 75.95 Pennsylvania

11,043.28 112.561 11,155.84 5.12 132.601 Rhode Island

211.89

211.89

.101 South Carolina

3,159.87

20.00

3,179.87 1.461 4.59 South Dakota

3,067.24

3,067.24 1.41 20.101 Tennessee ..

3,560.751 15.00 3,575.751 1.641 94.921 Texas .....

11,983.11 64.56 12,047.67| 5.52 199.641 Utah ..... 1,773.501 31.50 1,805.00

.831 25.31) Vermont .. 1,057.841 5.001 1,062.841 .491

1.41 Virginia

3,950.07 21.701 3,971.77 1.82 39.44 Washington

3,367.041 21.21 3,388.251 1.55 32.42 West Virginia

2,929.06 58.61 2,987.671 1.371 150.84) Wisconsin

7,211.331

7,211.331 3.31 162.57

= Wyoming ..

1,247.401
1,247.401 .57

1.30
Alaska? ........
Arizona
1,820.85 25.00 1,845.85

94.50 District of Columbia..

31.101

.801
31.90

1.101 Indian Territory .....

2,638.47

2,638.47

1.21 106.471 New Mexico ............

2,533.73

2,533.73 1.161 29.071 loklahoma ..

2,624.731

2,624.731 1.20 13.701 United States, 1905. | 217,617.68 1,083.36 | 2218, 101.04 100.00 4,196.70 United States, 1904.. 212,577.57] 1,326.77] 213,904.34 100.000 5,927.12 United States, 1903......207.186.84 790.381 207.977.22 100.00 5,505.37 United States, 1902. 1201,672.83 7 99.02 202,471.85 100.001 5,234.41 United States, 1901... ... 196,075.07 1,162.37 | 197.237.44 100.00 3,891.66 United States, 1900... ..192940.671 405.11| 193.345.78 100.001 4,051.12 United States, 1899... ... 188,277.491 1,017.17 189, 294.66 100.001 2,898.34 United States, 1898... 185,370.771 1,025.55 186,396.32) 100.00 1,967.85 United States, 1897......182,919.82 1,508.65 184,428.47 100.00 1,651.84 United States, 1896...... 181,153.771 1,622.861 182,776.63 100.00 2,119.16 United States, 1895...... 179,175.51) 1,481.96 | 180,657.47 100.00 1,948.92 United States. 1894...... 176,602.61 2,105.94 1 178.708.55 1 100.00 1 2,247.48 United States, 1893......170,332.301 6,128.771 176,461.07 100.00 4,897.55

Decrease. 2 Includes mileage in Alaska (61.79 miles) and Hawaii. For 1900 subsequent years on basis of 2,970,038 square miles, which covers "land surface o and excludes Alaska.

On June 30, 1906, the total single track mileage had increased to 224,363.17 ml on June 30, 1907, to 229,951.19.

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Year ending.

June 30. 1897 1898 . 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907

Employes.

Passengers. Other persons - Totals.Killed.1 Injured. | Killed.Injured. I Killed. Injured.] Killed. Injured. 1,693 27,667 222 2,795 4,522 6,269 6,437 36,731 1,958 31,761 221 2,945 4.680 6,176 6,869 40.882 2,210 34,923 239 3, 442 4,674 6,255 7.123 44,620 2,550 39, 643 249 4,128 5,066 6,549 7,865 50,320 2,675 41,142 282 4,988 6,495 7,209 8,455 84,662 2,969 50,524 345 6,683 5,274 7,455 8,588 64,662 3, 606 60,481 355 8,231 6,879 7,841 9,840 76,553 3,632 67,067 441 9,111 5,973

7,977

10,046 84,156 3,361 66,833 537 10,457 5.805 8,718 19, 708 86,008 3,929 76,601 359 10,764 6,330 10,241 10,618 97,708 4,534 87,644 610 13,041 6,695 10,331 11,839 | 111,016

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EARNINGS FROM OPERATION AND OPERATING EXPENSES,1903-1908.

Per mile of line.

Item.

Amount.

1908.

earnings...
to total
Proportion

1908.1) 1907.) 1906. 1905. 1904.5 1903. |

Passenger service..... $566,905, 109] 23.381 $7,364 $3,032 $2,787 $2,647 $2,552182.492
Freight service........ 1,665, 119,842) 68.68) 2,507) 8,095) 7,403) 6,710] '6,519|6,530
Other earnings from
operation ...........1

167,873,7956.92 742 336 269) 241 235 221 Unclassified earnings..) 24,687,932 1.02 109) ....

Total gross earn-1

ings ............ ]$2,424,640,637) 100.00 $10,722) $11,463) $10,460) $9,598) $9,306 $9,258 Less operating ex

penses ..............) 1,695,101,879) 69.91 7,496 7,740 6,912) 6,409) 6,308) 6,128 Income from opera-i tion ................ $729,538,7581 30.091 $3,226) $3,723) $3,548 $3,189 $2.998 $3,135!

1226,121.10 miles of line. 2225,584.30 miles of line. *222,340.30 miles of line. 4 216,973.61 miles of line. 5212, 243.20 miles of line. 6205,313.54 mileg of line. Less than $1.

PASSENGER AND FREIGHT SERVICE ON RAILROADS FOR THE YEARS

ENDED JUNE 30, 1905, 1906 AND 1907.
Item.

1905.
1906.

1907.
Passengers carried:
Number of passengers reported as
carried ....

738,834,667 799,507,838 873,905,13
Passengers carried 1 mile.......... 23,800, 149, 436 1 25,175,480,383 27,718,654,030
Tons carried:
Number of tons reported as carried. 1,427,731, 905 1,631,374, 219 1,796,336,659
Tons carried 1 mile................ 86,463, 109,510 | 215,877,551,241 236, 601, 390, 103
Tons carried 1 mile per mile of line.

861,396
982,401

1,052, 119 Average revenue per passenger a mile

1.962 cts.
2.003 cts.

2.014 cts. Average revenue per ton of freight a m ile .........................

0.7666 ct.

0.748 ct. 1 0.759 ct

Corn

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AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS.
Total Yield of Principal Farm Products of the United States, 1904-1908.

1904.
1905.
1906.
1907.

1908. Crops.

Bushels. i Bushels. Bushels. Bushels. Bushels.

12,467,481,000/2,707,994,000/2,927,416,000 12,592,320,000/2.668.651.00 Wheat ...........

552,400,000 692,979,000 | 735, 261,0001 634,087,000 1 664,602,00 Oats .....

894,596.0001953, 216,0001 964,905,0001 754,443,0001 807.156.000 Barley .....

139,749.000 136.651,0001 178,916.0001 153,597,0001 166, 756,00 Rye ........

27,242,000/ 28,486,0001 33,375,000 31,566,000) 31.851,000 Buckwheat ..

15,008, 336) 14,585, 082) 14.641,937| 14, 290,000 15,874,000 Potatoes ....

332.830,300) 269,741,294 308.038.000! 298, 262.0001 278,985,000 Hay (tons) ......

60,696,028 60,531,611 | 57,145,9591 63, 677,000 70,798,000 Cotton (bales) ..

13,439,088) 10,576,898 13.273,800111,107,179) 13,241,799 Tobacco (pounds)

660,461,000) 633,034,0001 682,429,0001 698,126,0001 718,061,390 Hops (pounds)...

49, 125,000 55,536,0001 60,286.0001 54,000,000 39,000,000 Rice ...............

21.096,038 12,933, 436 17,854,768 18,738,000 21,889,620 1 Sugar, domestic (tons) 1,219, 155 1,363,143 1 ,423,167 1,576,2421 1.575,263

1 Includes mainland, Porto Rico, Hawaii and the Philippines. The Ägures for sugar are for the fiscal years ended June 30, 1904-05 to 1908-09.

PRESENTATION OF THE SEVERAL STATES IN THE LOWER BRANCH OF CONGRESS UNDER THE APPORTIONMENTS OF 1891 AND 1901.

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65

Census Census

Census/ Census States. of 1890 of 1900

States.

of 1890 of 1900 bama ........

Nevada kansas ...

New Hampshire. lifornia ..

New Jersey orado

New York ...... inecticut .......

North Carolina .... laware ....

North Dakota ... rida .....

Ohio ........... orgia ...

Oklahoma ..... ho ....

Oregon ....... nols ...

Pennsylvania ... liana ..

Rhode Island ... Ta .......

South Carolina ... nsas

South Dakota .. ntucky

Tennessee ...... alsiana .

Texas ...... ine .....

Utah ..... ryland ...

Vermont ... ssachusetts

(Virginia ...... higan ....

Washington .... inesota ...

West Virginia sissippi ..

Wisconsin souri ....

Wyoming ..... atana ........ raska ..

6

Totals .................. 356
Utah admitted after the Apportionment act of 1891; one Representative allotted on
nission. Oklahoma admitted in 1907; five Representatives allotted.
RATIO OF REPRESENTATION SINCE 1789.

JNo. of Rep-
How determined.

Year./ Ratio. (resentatives Population. stitution ....

1789 30,000 it Census.....

1793 i 30,000

105

3,929,214 und Census....

1803 33,000

141

8,308,483 id Census.....

1813 35,000

181 7,239,881

1823 rth Census....

40,000 213 9,633,822 1833 47,700

240 12,866,020 h Census.....

1843 70,680 223 17,069,453 h Census.....

1853 93,423

23, 191,876 enth Census...

1863 127,381

31,443,321 ath Census....

1873 131,425 293 38,558,371 th Census.....

1883 151,911 325 50,155,873 th Census.....

1891 173,901 356 62,622,250 Tenth Census...

1901 | 194,182

386 74,565,906 Itth Census.......

THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE IN 1900 AND 1908.
States.
1900. 1908.1

States.

11900.1908. 1 | 11 ||New Hampshire .. sama .......

New Jersey ...... ansas ...

I New fornia

York .........

North Carolina. rado ....

North Dakota ..., hecticut

Ohio .......... ware ida

Oklahoma .... ..

Oregon gla

........

(Pennsylvania .. 0 ...

Rhode Island .... ois ... ana

South Carolina ... ...

South Dakota ...

Tennessee ..... sag .....

Texas ...... tucky ..

| Utah ...... Isiana .

Vermont ... ne .......

Virginia ....... yland

16 Washington .. sachusetts higan ...

14 West Virginia ..

Wisconsin .... nesota

(Wyoming .... issippi. ourt ..

Totals tana

Necessary to a choice. ::: raska Ada ....

233 243

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