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profited. But regarded from a wider was dead in Italy long since is beyond point of view, it is extremely doubtful dispute. During the reign of the late whether his lengthened lease of life, Emperor, indeed, it breathed through including the exceptionally-lengthened French rather than Italian lungs. occupancy of St. Peter's chair, is such There were many reasons why the an unmixed blessing as the more de cause of the Vatican and that of the vout among the faithful would have us Tuileries were one, and it is true that to believe,
the present President of the French We do not contend that the Papacy Republic was the bitterest opponent is even approaching its end; but it is of Italian independence, because such evident that, like many other earthly independence meant a fresh rival to institutions, it has entered upon a new the overweening ambition of France. phase of existence. Only a few years We do not suppose that the opinions back, the Vatican and its interests of M. Thiers on this point have underformed a centre round which conti. gone any change. But the situation nental politics gyrated without ever is greatly altered. The influence of appearing to approach a conclusion. France in the councils of Europe are That the occupancy of Rome by the at present at low-water ebb. Indeed, King of Italy was a mere question of for her Europe means Prussia, and in time, was admitted from the moment that country the power of the Pope, that Cavour succeeded in enlisting the even as a spiritual sovereign, can look sympathies of the late Emperor of the for no support. It is customary for French in the cause of Italian independ the French people ever to inveigh dence. From one point of view, Louis against the ingratitude evinced towards Napoleon was only following out the France by a people whom, it must very rocent traditions of the second be confessed, she assisted with much French Republic, which, true in its turn blood and treasure in the attainment to a still older maxim, was careful to of their independence. But whether give the lie to the so-called liberal Italy has or has not shown a proper principles upon which it was founded, appreciation of the material advan. by supporting vi et armis the most tages which she obtained from France grinding tyranny which the wit of man in her first great war of independence, had everdevised. We are not concerned it cannot be denied that she owes a with the feminine intrigues which, it still greater debt to that formidable is said, from time to time confirmed German Power which now occupies in the late Emperor in the vacillating Europe the place s0 recently held by policy which he persistently pursued France. The alliance of France towards Italy in the matter of her against Austria and the princes of the ancient capital, up to the moment Hapsburg and Bourbon houses was when the sceptre of European arbitra- purchased with a price-nothing less, tion fell from his unnerved hand. But indeed, than the cession of Nice and we are decidedly of opinion that had Savoy, Italian provinces. That of Pius IX, been relieved by the merciful Prussia was not altogether disinterband of death from the cares of a ested; but the bargain with Bismarck double sovereignty at the time when was at least so far advantageous to he had still a faithful, though possibly Italy, that while she obtained the gift selfish, ally in the throne of France, of Venice, she was enabled to retire the situation arising from his demise from a war in which she had individwould have been much more compli. ually gained anything but credit. The cated than it will prove itself to be result was that while the Goliath of when that event takes place, be it far Rome found himself face to face with or near,
the young David of Italian independ. That the Papacy as a secular power ence, the only friend the former had
in Europe threw away the last chance over the bodies as well as the souls of be had of profiting by Italian gratitude, her subjects and dependents. The So long as France was powerful, the death of the present wearer of the Papacy existed as a galvanized corpse tiara, when it takes place,-as take may be said to exist. When the place it must before very long-will Empire fell, the Vatican, figuratively occasion regret among those who speaking, was buried in its ruins. value and recognize the personal virtues
For all this, however, the spirit of of the venerable old man, who, while intrigue need not necessarily be said to he has outlived his predecessors in the be dead as regards a successor to Pius occupancy of the Papal throne, has IX. That the demise of the reigning been perforce compelled to surrender Pontiff will occasion, if not embarrass- all the materialadvantages of his triple ment, at least matter for solicitude to crown. But Pius IX. has at least this the Cabinet of Victor Emmanuel, is consolation, that in his closing hours beyond doubt. Indeed, recent commu- he has been privileged to witness a nications tell us that the probability of greater renewal of political sympathy the Pope's death occasions the advisers with Rome in the governing power of of the King of Italy considerable uneasi. these islands than has been evinced ness. As a rival in temporal power, since the days of James the Second Victor Emmanuel has nothing to fear of England. -Edinburgh Courant, in the election of a fresh occupant of the Vatican. But if the secular arm ROMISH ARROGANCE AND AMBITION.-of the Papacy is shrivelled and numb, An article in the “ Westminster the spiritual arm still maintains all Gazette," a Romish paper, advocates its pristine vigour. Strange to say, the organization of a "Catholic party" in no country in the world is the latter for political purposes in this country. showing the length of its reach more A distinct Catholic platform is to be distinctly than in Protestant England. adopted. It is not meant that the While Bismarck is rapidly profiting by Roman Catholic Church should strive the prostration of Rome's former ally to obtain a majority in the House of to curb the insolence of priestly supre. Commons, “and administer the govern. macy in the dominions of his royal ment of the country," but it is to have master, Great Britain exhibits the a policy and claims of its own, and to strange spectacle of men in authority support, or not support, any Governdoing their best, if not to foster the ment accordingly. This perhaps is spiritual power of the Papacy, at least natural, but what is to be the policy to truckle to its pretensions. France and what are to be the claims. We is helpless; Spain distracted; in gather that Catholic candidates must Prussia the ancient spirit of resistance be put forward, and only such candito Papal aggression, which once dates supported; but beyond this all formed the proudest boast of Protest is haze and cloud. What do the Roman ant Great Britain, is making itself Catholics want? Not the disestablishevery day more markedly apparent; ment and disendowment of the yet in the latter country the Papacy Established Church, for those objects finds a ministerial support which have been denounced by Archbishop would not have disgraced the Court of Manning and other Catholic bishops Austria at a time when she, now con- with as fierce invective as they are vinced of the folly and absurdity of denounced by Higli, Broad, and Low such a policy, attempted to her own Churchmen. Perhaps the Romanists serious detriment the propping up the want the endowments for themselves ! tottering fabric of Papal supremacy
* What makes this doubly sad is, that there is not much ground to hope for a more decided Protestant policy from either of the great parties into which British politicians are divided.
ELIZABETA REBECCA WARD was born daily life. She continued a faithful June 5th, 1831, at Compton-Wyniates, member of the Wesleyan-Methodist in the county of Warwick, and was the Society until it pleased God to remove eldest daughter of Mr. John Berrill, of her from this world of sin and sorrow. Compton. At the early age of four For some time before her death the years she was deprived, with a younger Lord was evidently preparing her for brother and sister, of the love and her home above, by visiting her often protection of both parents. The with severe bodily affliction, which orphans were then placed under prevented her very frequent attendguardians, appointed by their father, ance at Divine worship on the Sabwho was desirous, above all things, bath. Still, she kept holy that day, that his children should be brought and impressed upon her children and up in the nurture and admonition of servants the importance of conse. the Lord." Mr. Gardner and Mr. Ward crating its hours to the service of endeavoured to fulfil the important God. trust devolved on them, by choosing It is worthy of remark how careful suitable schools for their young Mrs. Ward was ever to set a good charges, and by every means in their example, and to avoid every occasion power striving to promote their best of stumbling to those who had not interests.
yet been brought under the influence As a girl, Mrs. Ward was distin- of the Gospel. guished for her conscientiousness, her I n a letter written to her bereaved desire for mental improvement, and husband by a gentleman who knew her her aim to give satisfaction to those well, occurs this passage : “Your wife who had the rule over her. Her was one of those very few ladies one truthfulness was likewise very marked occasionally meets with, whose supe. throughout her whole life. She was riority, while it impressed you, yet married September 19th, 1851, to Mr. throw a charm over every action, and James Ward, youngest son of John tended to heighten the great kindness Ward, Esq., of Oxhill, in the county of which she always manifested.” Warwick.* The family of the Wards About three months previous to her have been Methodists ever since the decease, various members of her family days of the Founder of the Society, were visited with scarlet fever, and it and their house has been the home of is thought she had a slight attack of the ministers from that time to the the same a month prior to her last ill. present.
ness. One Sunday about this time, Mrs. Ward was an affectionate wife when confined to her room, she exand devoted mother, and was beloved pressed a wish to be alone, and afterby all who knew her. She joined the wards said how happy she had been; Methodist Society June 5th, 1855, and she “had felt that her sins were all received her first class-ticket from the forgiven by her Saviour, and it seemed Rev. H. Laugher. Her leader men. as if she enjoyed some foretaste of tions how constantly she expressed the bliss of Heaven," herself thankful to her Heavenly Mrs. Ward was confined of her fifth Father for having brought her “out child on Sunday, June 26tb, 1870, after of darkness into His marvellous which she experienced severe pain, light;" and how she seemed to love which continued till her death. Two to think of God as her Father in days after her copfinement, her little connection with the incidents of her girl of four years of age was smitten
• See “ Christian Miscellany" for October, 1857, p. 316.
with fever, which in three days termi. who was constantly with her she renated fatally. When the mother heard marked that she should soon be with of her child's illness, she at once said those she had loved and lost,” and she would not recover, adding, that should “sleep herself away." Once she “bad given her to God at her when she woke, she said she saw birth, and the Lord would take her "angels waiting for her.” Her last again.” She was so calm that she word was “ Heaven,' repeated several was able to give directions for the times with great animation. She funeral of the little one, and observed passed away so quietly that the exact that she should soon follow her. Though moment of her departure was scarcely she suffered most acutely, she was known. Just before it took place her never heard to murmur, but was fre- sorrowing husband came into the room; quently engaged in earnest prayer to but her strength was then too the effect that God would take her to far gone to permit of any other sigu Himself; and when a friend expressed of recognition and farewell than one a hope that she might recover, she look. She died July 8th, 1870, leaving, exclaimed, “ How can you wish me to besides her husband, four children to live? There is nothing but a life of mourn her loss. suffering before me.” Her illness rendered her powerless to move without “Hark! a voice divides the sky, assistance; so much so that she once Happy are the faithful dead ! implored most earnestly of the Lord In the Lord who sweetly die, strength to change her position in bed. They from all their toils are freed. The prayer was answered, and help, Them the Spirit hath declared as by a miraculous power, afforded.
Blest, unutterably blest: Three days before her death she was engaged the whole morning in severe
Jesus is their endless Rest." mental conflict with the enemy of souls ; but, after unceasing prayer and wrestling, she came off“ more than conqueror," repeating various The local preachers of the Peter. passages of Scripture, and the follow. borough Circuit having expressed a ing lines :
wish that the name of one who for “ Believe in Him that died for thee,
more than fifty years stood in their
ranks, but who has recently been called And, sure as He hath died,
from the Church militant to the Church Thy debt is paid, thy soul is free, And thou art justified.”
triumphant, should be placed on re
cord, the following sketch of the life The following passage of Scripture and character of SAMUEL ROLLERSON was often repeated by her :-"There has been written. It is regretted that fore being justified by faith, we have materials for a full obituary cannot peace with God through our Lord Jesus be obtained, as the life of our deceased Christ.” When ordered to take some brother was at one period full of inci. port-wine by her medical attendant, dent and activity. It is known that she was heard to exclaim, on partaking for many years he kept a diary, but of it, that she should drink it no the house in which he lived having more till she drank it "new in her been burnt down, it was found that all Father's kingdom" above.
his papers had perished ; and it does A short time before the final gum- not appear that he afterwards commons, her eldest daughter was called to mitted to writing anything concerning her bedside to hear her dying counsels.' his personal history. He was born at She urged her to give her heart to God the village of Folksworth, in the county while she was young. To a friend of Huntingdon, in the year 1789. His
mother, a member of the Church of his apprenticeship he went to London, England, was a pious and remarkable where he at once connected himself woman. She repeatedly acted as with the Methodists. He was at this parish clerk in the village. Like time an earnest, praying, working, Hannah of old, she gave her son to Christian young man, using every God before he breathed the vital air; opportunity for promoting his own and as soon as he was old enough to growth in grace, and trying at all receive instruction, she diligently im- times, and in all places, to do good to planted in his young mind those seeds others. He managed, by dint of perseof Divine truth which eventually grew verance, to obtain an entrance within and ripened into precious fruit. “The the walls of Newgate, for the purpose mother's heart is the child's school of reading the Scriptures and praying room ; " and our friend through life with the prisoners. The writer has thanked God for lessons learned from heard the old soldier of Christ rehis strong-minded and devoted Chris- count, with great pathos, some of his tian parent.
many city-life adventures; and tell, For the first fourteen years of his in hearty Methodist fashion, of the life Samuel lived at home, and with blessed seasons enjoyed by him in his mother attended the services City Road and other London chapels. of the Established Church. In the In 1807 Mr. Rollerson left London fifteenth year of his age he was ap- for Peterborough. Here he met with prenticed to a baker at Hilton. At Ann Rose, who afterwards became his this time a number of French prisoners wife, and who proved a helpmate for were located at Norman Cross, and him till within five years of his death. business led young Rollerson fre. She was a pious woman, and did her quently to the barracks. Methodism utmost to assist her husband in train. in those early days had found its way ing their somewhat numerous family into the army, and religious services in the right way. Only three of their were often held in an out-house children survive them, all being belonging to the barracks. Samuel, members of the Wesleyan-Methodist whose mind had for some time been Society. For some years Mr. and Mrs. exercised on religious subjects, was Rollerson endured much family afflicadmitted to these meetings, and at one tion, but they maintained their inte. of them, while the hymn beginning, grity, blessing God for all things.
In the twenty-fifth year of his age "Bebold the Saviour of mankind !”
brother Rollerson came to reside in was being sung, he found his way to Croyland, and his high-toned conscithe Cross; his burden fell off, and entiousness, and the decided character the stable became to him the gate of of his piety, may be inferred from the heaven. He was born of God.
fact that he shortly left bis situation His second birth was the commence because he could not comply with the ment of a new life. He at once took requirements of baking on Sundays. a decided stand. With a few pious For acting thus he was termed "a people of Hilton, the nucleus of the fool;” but from that appellation he existing Methodist Society in that did not shrink, for Christ's sake, count. place, he worshipped and worked for ing it joy thus to bear the royal mark of God. He suffered much persecution the kingdom of God. He commenced for his religion, especially from his business for himself, and carried it father, a godless man; but the storm on sixteen years. In 1831 he removed only served to deepen the roots of his to Dunnington, in the Spalding Circuit. piety, and to cause the tree of the He was then a local preacher, and was "right-hand planting " of the Lord warmly welcomed by the Methodist to bear much good fruit. At the close of Societies there; as also in the Boston